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CIVIL SERVICES EXAMINATION 1-37Section-I• Plan of ExamSection-II• Scheme and subjects for the Preliminary and Main Examinations• Services and Posts to be filled through Civil Services Examination• Eligibility Condition• Minimum Educational Qualification• Number of Attempts• Regulation Relating to the Physical Examinations of Candidates• FeeSection-IIISyllabus for the Examinations• Part-A: Preliminary Examination• Part-B: Main Examination


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RAU’S IAS—UPSC Syllabus for Civil Services Exami


V. P. Gupta, DirectorRau’s IAS Study Circle

New Delhi - Jaipur

Every one wants to win, but a few have the will to give all that it takes to win. We allseek success in our life, but have not realized what success is made of. Well, insimple language success is achieved when preparation meets performance. Wespend more time in planning ordinary day to day things, than planning our lives. Theroad-map to success can be briefly put like this: PLAN, PREPARE, PRACTICE,PERFORM and WIN. In short, success takes more than just slogging.

Now, I propose to take you on a conducted tour of how to prepare for “the career”, i.e.a career in Civil Services or simply I.A.S.

The Nature of the ExaminationThe Civil Services Examination offers widest range of jobs in our country and is con-ducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). Some of the top servicesoffered by this examination are: IAS (Indian Administrative Service), IPS (Indian Po-lice Service), IFS (Indian Foreign Service), IRS (Indian Revenue Service), Indian Cus-toms and Central Excise Service etc. There are, in all, about twenty-four servicesoffered through this single examination. Considering the importance and the nature ofthe jobs, UPSC takes utmost care in selecting the right people. A three-level exami-nation is conducted to achieve this purpose.

The Structure of the ExaminationThe candidates are put through three kinds of testings to ensure that the personsselected have: (i) a wide range of general awareness; (ii) analytical ability and contentretention capacity; and (iii) a cheerful mental disposition even under stressful condi-tions and some other officers like qualities. Each one of these requirements is testedrespectively through:(A) Preliminary Examination (objective-type questions),(B) Main Examination (descriptive-type questions), and(C) Interview Test

Structure of Preliminary ExaminationAs per the new pattern, at the Preliminary Examination stage, there will be twoobjective-type question papers common for all the candidates. Both these papers willhave equal weightage. The emphasis will be on testing the aptitude of the candidate

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for the demanding life in the civil service, and on the ethical and moral dimensions ofdecision-making.

The new scheme will have the advantages of (a) testing a candidate’s decision-mak-ing skills and aptitude for the civil services; and (b) providing a level playing field for allthe aspirants, since all the candidates will have to attempt two common objective-type papers.

The new pattern has come into effect from Civil Services Exam, 2011. The change iseffective only for the Preliminary Test, i.e., the first stage of the Civil Services Examfrom 2011 onwards. The second and third stages — Civil Services Main Exam andInterview, respectively — will remain the same.

The Preliminary Examination is conducted in the month of May/June every yearand it consists of two Objective type (multiple choice questions) compulsory papersand carries a maximum of 400 marks in the following manner:1. Paper I – 200 marks and,2. Paper II – 200 marks.

Syllabus for Preliminary Examination as per the New Pattern

Paper I - It comprises seven areas:1. Current events of national and international importance2. History of India and Indian National Movement3. Indian and World Geography - Physical, Social, Economic Geogra-

phy of India and the World.4. Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System,

Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.5. Economic and Social Development – Sustainable Development,

Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc.6. General issues on Environmental ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate

Change - that do not require subject specialization7. General Science.

Paper II - It comprises seven areas:1. Comprehension2. Interpersonal skills including communication skills;3. Logical reasoning and analytical ability4. Decision making and problem solving

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5. General mental ability6. Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude

etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, datasufficiency etc. -Class X level)

7. English Language Comprehension skills (Class X level).

Questions relating to English Language Comprehension skills of Class X level (lastitem in the Syllabus of Paper-II) will be tested through passages from English lan-guage only without providing Hindi translation thereof in the question paper.

A Hindi equivalent / translation will be available for the initial six tested areas, whilethe seventh area. English Language Comprehension skills, will be available exclu-sively in English language, indicating a need of understanding of English language inprospective IAS officers as English is the Lingua Franca of our country.

Strategy for Preparation for Preliminary Exam

Now we will discuss how to prepare for both the papers of Preliminary Examination.

On the analysis of the sample questions, given by UPSC, based on the revisedpattern of Civil Services Preliminary Examination effective from 2011, we find thatPaper I of Preliminary Exam is the same which was known earlier as GeneralStudies paper. To prepare for Paper I, the candidate should see the last ten years’question papers of General Studies Preliminary Exam. These questions will givethem a fair idea as to how the question is framed from the respective themes of thesyllabus and also know the difficulty level.

1. Current Events of National and International Importance – Here, questionsgenerally revolve around such happenings that have taken place during the previ-ous 12 months.

2. History of India and Indian National Movement – Under this topic, questionsinclude social, economic and political aspects of ancient, medieval and modernIndian history. Special emphasis should be given to 19th century resurgence andthe attainment of the Indian Independence.

3. Indian and World Geography – Physical, Social, Economic Geography ofIndia and the World - Geography questions usually focus on Indian geography,with regard to physical, social and economic aspects.

4. Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, PanchayatiRaj, Public Policy, Rights Issues etc. – In these topics, an analysis of theprevious years’ questions suggests that majority of the questions cover the themes

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related to the Indian Constitution and the existing political system.5. Economic and Social Development – Sustainable Development, Poverty,

Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc. – Recent develop-ments in the field of economic priorities are also a favourite area for questioning.The candidate should be more focused on various policy programmes initiated bythe government to eradicate poverty.

6. General Issues on Environmental ecology, Bio-diversity and ClimateChange – This is a new topic added in the new pattern of the syllabus, so thecandidates should thoroughly understand the basic concepts of Ecology,Biodiversity and Climate Change. They should also keep in mind the recentdebates on environment and climate change.

7. General Science - In this segment, questions include the basics and scientificawareness of related areas. It comprises themes such as physics, astrophysics,chemistry, botany, zoology, agriculture, medicine & life sciences etc. Though,each one of these is a fully developed discipline, but the questions asked here arethe ones that can be expected from a well-educated person without any specialknowledge of these disciplines.

The syllabus of Paper II of Preliminary Exam reflects that it is like an APTITUDETEST for Civil Services. To understand the impact of introduction of the Civil Ser-vices Aptitude Test (CSAT) on a student’s approach, preparation and attitude, weneed to understand the context of its evolution.

The Background of CSAT

The concept of CSAT was advocated, first of all, by Dr Y.K. Alagh in his Civil ServicesReview Committee Report, 2001. He recommended major changes in the structure ofthe examination system. He favoured the idea of testing the candidates in a commonsubject rather than on optional subjects.

To decide the exact content and syllabus of CSAT, the honourable UPSC Chairman,Prof. D.P. Agrawal, constituted a high-power committee under Prof. S.K. Khanna,former Vice-Chairman, University Grants Commission. The committee submitted itsreport at the end of April, 2010, after which the UPSC formally announced the con-tents of the syllabi of the two objective-type papers of the CSAT stage.

The Myths

The candidates for CSAT (Civil Services Aptitude Test) are confronted by a plethora of

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information, conjectures and assumptions disseminated by people lacking the per-ception needed for handling the CSAT and by organizations with vested interests.Candidates need to sift through the chaff and understand what direction to take. Ihave tried to dispel some myths that my students ask me about.

Myth 1 – CSAT will be a diluted version of the IIM-CAT, XAT or MAT

The CSAT stands for the Civil Services Aptitude Test, an exam customised to testa candidate’s aptitude for the Civil Services and not a Management Aptitude Test,which tests for aptitude to do an MBA successfully. Management Aptitude Testssuch as the IIM-CAT and XAT have a dual focus – to test whether a student has theaptitude / potential to become a manager in the corporate world and to test whether astudent will be able to handle the academic rigours of a demanding course, a Mastersin Business Administration or a Post Graduate Diploma in Business Management.CSAT, on the other hand is not an entrance exam for admission into an MBA programoffered by a Business School, rather CSAT is a recruitment exam for a career in theCivil Services, a discipline which requires a different set of abilities and attitude, sothe CSAT is an entirely different exam.

Myth 2 – The Maths of CSAT will be difficult and will give an undue advantageto candidates with a Maths background

CSAT, by virtue of being an Aptitude Test for Civil Services, will test students for theirability to play with numbers and not higher level Maths. The sample questions re-leased by UPSC are indicative of the difficulty level of this component. They do notneed knowledge of formulae or any difficult Math skills. A difficult Maths question inwhich more students tend to make mistakes will not be difficult because of higherlevel Maths but will be difficult because of a twist or a trap in question due to fancylanguage. A candidate who has passed 10th standard knows more Maths than isneeded by the CSAT. I agree that with passage of years the mathematical skillswould have got rusty but would definitely not need learning from scratch. Understand-ing and practicing various types of questions that can come in the exam is requiredinitially, while later the candidates can focus on finding out what type of questionsthey most frequently make mistakes in and correcting themselves is required for thefinal honing of quantitative skills.

Myth 3 – The English and Reasoning questions are easy and do not need hardwork

The English questions are not easy rather they are seemingly easy. If you compare

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English with say an area like Maths, then the differences are stark. Candidates fromour Indian schooling systems have to do a lot of Maths in their syllabi. Parents,teachers and students work hard on Maths, but except for the initial focus on Englishduring primary schooling, at later stages from standards 5 to 12, students are justhanded a mandatory English Reader (book), which has a few stories followed bysome questions. Students can recall that during the high school and later stagesthey could study English for a few days before exam and could secure the desiredscore in English subject. So if you analyze, English is an area where our foundationis weak and candidates will have to put in an extra effort to match the standards oftesting. To know more about CSAT preparation, visit us at http://www.rauias.com/csat

The Structure of the Main Examination

The Main Examination comprises total nine papers of two types:[A] 2 papers of non-ranking type[B] 7 papers of ranking type

Two papers of non-ranking type include one paper of an Indian language to be se-lected by the candidate out of languages included in the Eighth Scheduled to theConstitution and the second paper is of English, which is a compulsory language.Both these papers are of a very simple nature and, in a way, mentally prepare thecandidate for writing the subsequent examination.

Among ranking or scoring papers, there are three groups of papers, which are: twooptional subjects – 4 papers in all (comprising a total of 1200 marks), Essay- onepaper (200 marks) and General Studies – two papers (total 600 marks).

For the optional papers in the Main Examination, UPSC has a list of about twenty-sixsubjects out of which two subjects have to be selected by the candidate. However, afew combinations belonging to disciplines having substantial overlaps in content arenot allowed, viz.

(a) Political Science & International Relations and Public Administra-tion;

(b) Commerce & Accountancy and Management;(c) Anthropology and Sociology;(d) Mathematics and Statistics;(e) Agriculture and Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science.

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(f) Management and Public Administration;(g) Of the Engineering subjects, viz., Civil Engineering, Electrical Engi-

neering and Mechanical Engineering–not more than one subject.(h) Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science and Medical Science.

General Studies for Main Examination

It comprises two papers of four and five segments, respectively.Paper – I – The four segments of Paper-I are:1. History of Modern India and Indian Culture,2. Geography of India,3. Constitution of India & Indian Polity, and4. Current National Issues and Topics of Social Relevance.

Paper – II – The five segments of Paper-II are:1. India and the World,2. India’s Economic Interaction with the World,3. Developments in the Field of Science & Technology, IT and Space,4. International Affairs & Institutions, and5. Statistical Analysis, Graphs and Diagrams

The Main Examination, apart from optional subjects and General Studies papers,also includes an ESSAY PAPER. It carries 200 marks. The candidates are advised toprepare for this paper keeping some major themes in mind. Besides their preparationfor the contents, aspirants are also advised to polish their basic skills for essay-writing. The basic idea behind the Essay Writing paper is to test the candidate’sgrasp of his material, its relevance to the subject chosen, and to his ability to thinkconstructively and the present his ideas concisely, logically and effectively.

The Strategy for Preparation for Main Exam

The strategy for General Studies preparation is a bit different from that of the optionalsubjects, as the word “General” is very difficult to define. But if one proceeds with rightapproach and strategy, it becomes fairly organised. Then the next question is “whatis the right approach and strategy”? Well, for that, one needs to keep in mind thebasic fact that if the goal is to reach the highest level of achievement, then one musthave not only ample patience for details, but should be able to keep the big pictureregarding any theme in one’s mind at the time of study. Thus the preparation strategyis to follow a mix of both micro and macro level approaches.

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The first step in this direction is the understanding of the syllabus. One must look atthe syllabus closely and in detail. After that, one should analyze the past years’question papers that indicate the important areas, as well as, the real scope of thesyllabus. Then comes the next step of apportioning of time depending on the impor-tance and length of each area.The next step would cover the selection of right books and an efficient method tostudy them. The basic guideline at the start of the preparations for both Preliminaryand Main Examination is to read N.C.E.R.T. books on related subjects. There is nosubstitute for them. One should refrain in the beginning from reading guidebooks, asthey load you with information, but with very little concept.Interview TestInterview Test is the final lap of the Civil Services selection process. Though itcarries only 300 marks, one can not afford to take it lightly, because a candidate’sselection or ranking is likely to be affected by the marks that he/she gets in it. Thistest is not a cross-examination of the candidate, but something which appears be-tween the twilight of a question-and-answer session and a purposive conversation.Well, let me tell you that the most important part of the interview is “you”. Everythingelse that goes on in an interview is peripheral or secondary. Talking about oneself isnot easy for any one in such a situation. Yet, that is what precisely you are requiredto do in an interview. Your achievements, interests and vision are what you must beready to talk about in a clear-headed manner. An interview is a celebration of “you”from start to finish. The interviewers usually have two major enquiries in their mind: (a)the personality issues and (b) the knowledge base of the candidate.Now, in case of Civil Services Examination the knowledge aspect is taken care of byan elaborate written examination which is already over by the time you go for theinterview. What remains to be evaluated is the personality aspects of the candidate,and it is for this reason the interview has been, at times, also called the personalitytest.The Personality Test of a person has been variously defined to include a vast numberof qualities of head and heart. The personality of any person is the sum total of whatone has experienced, seen, heard, read or felt from the very moment one starts beingaware of one-self in the society.In short, what UPSC is looking for in a candidate is a person of substance who hasthe intelligence and courage to take on any job and give his/her best to it without fearor favour. Briefly, they are looking for a person who will hold his/her ground and standby his/her colleagues in difficult situations with complete sincerity and commitment.Finally, remember that winning is an event, but being a winner is a spirit. To win,you will have to understand the spirit of deserving something before getting it. Themantra for success in an examination like Civil Services is to cultivate the real ‘joy oflearning’ as a pre-condition for any learning to have an impact on your mind.

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BOOKS1. NCERT : The basic concepts of the different segments of General

Studies are derived from the NCERT books, as mentioned below:i) General Science : 9th and 10th Standardsii) History : 11th and 12th Standardsiii) Geography : 11th and 12th Standardsiv) Economics : 11th Standard (Preferably latest edition)

MAGAZINES1. Pratiyogita Darpan: (available in both English and Hindi)2. Special issues of Pratiyogita Darpan: It is coming out with 4 special

issues, viz., History, Geography, Indian Polity and Indian Economy(latest issue of Indian Economy is preferred).

3. Frontline4. India Year book: (latest issue) by Publication Division, Government

of India5. Economic Survey: (latest issue) by Ministry of Finance, Government


1. The Hindu 2. The Times of IndiaRADIO NEWS

1. BBC World Newsi) 6.20 a.m. to 7.00 a. m. (Hindi)ii) 7.30 p.m. to 8.30 p. m. (Hindi)

2. All India Radio National News:9.00 p.m. to 9.30 p.m. (English)

MISCELLANEOUS1. The candidates are also advised to make it a regular habit of writing

at least one page on current and contemporary events, issues andaffairs every day, of what they observe from newspapers/news,magazine, etc.

2. The events of National and International which effect human lives atlarge are important from General Studies point of view.

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RAU’S IAS—UPSC Syllabus for Civil Services Exam1



PLAN OF EXAMINATION1. The competitive examination comprises two successive stages :

(i) Civil Services (Preliminary) Examinations (Objective Type) for the selectionof candidates for Main Examination; and

(ii) Civil Services (Main) Examination (Written and Interview) for the selection ofcandidates for the various services and posts.

2. The Preliminary Examination will consist of two papers of Objective type (multiplechoice questions) and carry a maximum of 400 marks in the subjects set out insub-section (A) of Section-II. This examination is meant to serve as a screeningtest only; the marks obtained in the Preliminary Examination by the candidateswho are declared qualified for admission to the Main Examination will not becounted for determining their final order of merit. The number of candidates to beadmitted to the Main Examination will be about twelve to thirteen times the totalapproximate number of vacancies to be filled in the year in the various Servicesand Posts. Only those candidates who are declared by the Commission to havequalified in the Preliminary Examination in the year will be eligible for admissionto the Main Examination of that year provided they are otherwise eligible foradmission to the Main Examination.

3. The Main Examination will consist of a written examination and an InterviewTest. The written examination will consist of 9 papers of conventional essay typein the subjects set out in sub-section (B) of Section-II. Also see Note (ii) underpara I of Section-II (B).

4. Candidates who obtain such minimum qualifying marks in the written part of theMain Examination as may be fixed by the Commission at their discretion, shallbe summoned by them for an interview/for a Personality Test vide sub-section ‘C’of Section-II. However, the papers on Indian Languages and English will be ofqualifying nature. Also see Note (ii) under para 1 of Section-II (B). The marksobtained in these papers will not be counted for ranking. The number of candidatesto be summoned for interview will be about twice the number of vacancies to befilled. The interview will carry 300 marks (with no minimum qualifying marks).

• Marks thus obtained by the candidates in the Main Examination (written part aswell as interview) would determine their final ranking. Candidates will be allottedto the various Services keeping in view their ranks in the examination and thepreferences expressed by them for the various Services and Posts.

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Section-IIScheme and subjects for the Preliminary and Main Examinations.

A. Preliminary Examination• The Examination shall comprise two compulsory papers of 200 marks each.NOTE(i) Both the question papers will be of the objective type (multiple choice questions).(ii) The question papers will be set both in Hindi and English. However, questions

relating to English Language Comprehension skills of Class X level will be testedthrough passages from English Language only without providing Hindi translationthereof in the question paper.

(iii) Details of the syllabi are indicated in Part A of Section III.(iv) Each paper will be of two hours duration.

Blind candidates will however, be allowed an extra time of twenty minutes ateach paper.

B. Main Examination• The written examination will consist of the following papers :

Paper I One of the Indian 300 markslanguages to beselected by thecandidate from theLanguages includedin the Eighth Scheduleto the Constitution.

Paper II English 300 marksPaper III Essay 200 marksPapers IV General Studies 300 marksand V for each paperPapers VI Any two 300 marksVII, VIII subjects to for eachand IX be selected from paper

the list of theoptional subjects setout in para 2 below.Each subject will havetwo papers.Interview Test will carry 300 marks.

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NOTE(i) The papers on Indian Languages and English will be of Matriculation or equivalent

standard and will be of qualifying nature; the marks obtained in these papers willnot be counted for ranking.

(ii) Evaluation of the papers, namely, ‘Essay, ‘General Studies’ and Optional Subjectsof all candidates would be done simultaneously along with evaluation of theirqualifying papers on ‘Indian languages’ and English’ but the papers on ‘Essay’,General Studies’ and ‘Optional Subjects’ of only such candidates will be takencognizance of as attain such minimum standard as may be fixed by theCommission at their discretion for the qualifying papers on ‘Indian language’ and‘English’ and, therefore, the marks in ‘Essay’ ‘General studies and Optionalsubjects’ will not be disclosed to those candidates who fail to obtain such minimumqualifying standard in ‘Indian language and ‘English’.

(iii) The paper-I on Indian Languages will not, however, be compulsory for candidateshailing from the North-Eastern States of Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya,Mizoram and Nagaland and also for candidates hailing from the State of Sikkim.

(iv) For the Language papers, the script to be used by the candidates will be asunder :

Language ScriptAssamese AssameseBengali BengaliBodo DevanagariDogri DevanagariGujarati GujaratiHindi DevanagariKannada KannadaKashmiri PersianKonkani DevanagariMaithili DevanagariMalayalam MalayalamManipuri BengaliMarathi DevanagariNepali DevanagariOriya OriyaPunjabi GurumukhiSanskrit DevanagariSantali Devanagari or Olchiki

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Sindhi Devanagari or ArabicTamil TamilTelugu TeluguUrdu Persian

NOTE : For Santali language, question paper will be printed in Devanagari script; butcandidates will be free to answer either in Devanagari script or in Olchiki.

2. List of optional subjects for Main Examination• Agriculture • Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science• Anthropology • Botany• Chemistry • Civil Engineering• Commerce and Accountancy • Economics• Electrical Engineering • Geography• Geology • History• Law • Management• Mathematics • Mechanical Engineering• Medical Science • Philosophy• Physics• Political Science and International Relations• Psychology • Public Administration• Sociology • Statistics• Zoology

• Literature of one of the following languages:• Arabic, Assamese, Bodo, Bengali, Chinese, Dogri, English, French, German,

Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri,Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Pali, Persian, Punjabi, Russian, Sanskrit, Santali, Sindhi,Tamil, Telugu, Urdu.

NOTE(i) Candidates will not be allowed to offer the following combinations of subjects:–

(a) Political Science & International Relations and Public Administration;(b) Commerce & Accountancy and Management;(c) Anthropology and Sociology;(d) Mathematics and Statistics;(e) Agriculture and Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science.(f) Management and Public Administration;(g) Of the Engineering subjects, viz., Civil Engineering, Electrical Engineering

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and Mechanical Engineering–not more than one subject.(h) Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science and Medical Science.

(ii) The question papers for the examination will be of conventional (essay) type.(iii) Each paper will be of three hours duration.

Blind candidates will, however, be allowed an extra time of thirty minutes at eachpaper.

(iv) Candidates will have the option to answer all the question papers, except thelanguage papers viz. Papers I and II above in any one of the languages includedin the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution or in English.

(v) Candidates exercising the option to answer papers III to IX in any one of thelanguages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution may, if they sodesire, give English version within brackets of only the description of the technicalterms, if any, in addition to the version in the language opted by them.Candidates should, however, note that if they misuse the above rule, a deductionwill be made on this account from the total marks otherwise accruing to themand in extreme cases, their script(s) will not be valued for being in an unauthorisedmedium.

(vi) The question papers other than language papers will be set both in Hindi andEnglish.

(vii) The details of the syllabi are set out in Part B of Section-III.“General Instructions (Preliminary as well as Main Examination)” :

(i) Candidates must write the papers in their own hand. In no circumstances, willthey be allowed the help of a scribe to write the answers for them. However, blindcandidates will be allowed to write the examination with the help of a scribe.

(ii) An extra time of twenty minutes per hour shall be permitted for the candidateswith locomotor disability and cerebral palsy where dominant (writing) extremityis affected to the extent of slowing the performance of function (minimum of 40%impairment) in the Civil Services (Main) Examination only. However, no scribeshall be permitted to such candidates.

NOTE:1. The eligibility conditions of a scribe, his/her conduct inside the examination hall

and the manner in which and extent to which he/she can help the blind candidatein writing the Civil Services Examination shall be governed by the instructionsissued by the UPSC in this regard.Violation of all or any of the said instructions shall entail the cancellation of thecandidature of the blind candidate in addition to any other action that the UPSCmay take against the scribe.

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2. For purpose of these rules the candidate shall be deemed to be a blind candidateif the percentage of visual impairment is 40% or more. The criteria for determiningthe percentage of visual impairment shall be as follows :

All with Corrections PercentageBetter eye Worse eye

Category 0 6/9-6/18 6/24 to 6/36 20%Category I 6/18-6/36 6/60 to nil 40%Category II 6/60-4/60 3/60 to nil

or field of 75%vision 10-20º

Category III 3/60-1/60 F. C. at 1 ft 100%or field of to nilvision 10º

Category IV FC. at 1 ft F. C. at 1 ft 100%to nil field of to nil field ofvision 100º vision 100º

One eyed 6/6 F. C. at 1 ft 30%person to nil

NOTE 3 :• For availing of the concession admissible to a blind candidate, the candidate

concerned shall produce a certificate in the prescribed proforma from a MedicalBoard constituted by the Central/State Governments alongwith his applicationfor the Main Examination.

NOTE 4 :(i) The concession admissible to blind candidates shall not be admissible to those

suffering from Myopia.(ii) The Commission have discretion to fix qualifying marks in any or all the subjects

of the examination.(iii) If a candidate’s handwriting is not easily legible, a deduction will be made on this

account from the total marks otherwise accruing to him.(iv) Marks will not be allotted for mere superficial knowledge.(v) Credit will be given for orderly, effective and exact expression combined with due

economy of words in all subjects of the examination.(vi) In the question papers, wherever required, SI units will be used.(vii) Candidates should use only international form of Indian numerals (i.e. 1,2,3,4,5,6

etc.) while answering question papers.

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(viii) Candidates will be allowed the use of Scientific (Non-Programmable type)Calculators at the conventional (Essay) type examination of UPSC. Programmabletype calculators will however not be allowed and the use of such calculatorsshall tantamount to resorting to unfair means by the candidates. Loaning orinterchanging of calculators in the Examination Hall is not permitted.It is also important to note that candidates are not permitted to use calculatorsfor answering objective type papers (Test Booklets).

They should not therefore, bring the same inside the Examination Hall.C. Interview test1. The candidate will be interviewed by a Board who will have before them a record

of his/her career. He/she will be asked questions on matters of general interest.The object of the interview is to assess the personal suitability of the candidatefor a career in public service by a Board of competent and unbiased observers.The test is intended to judge the mental calibre of a candidate. In broad termsthis is really an assessment of not only his intellectual qualities but also socialtraits and his interest in current affairs. Some of the qualities to be judged aremental alertness, critical powers of assimilation, clear and logical exposition,balance of judgement, variety and depth of interest, ability for social cohesionand leadership, intellectual and moral integrity.

2. The technique of the interview is not that of a strict cross-examination but of anatural, though directed and purposive conversation which is intended to revealthe mental qualities of the candidate.

3. The interview test is not intended to be a test either of the specialised or generalknowledge of the candidates which has been already tested through their writtenpapers. Candidates are expected to have taken an intelligent interest not only intheir special subjects of academic study but also in the events which are happeningaround them both within and outside their own state or country as well as inmodern currents of thought and in new discoveries which should rouse the curiosityof well educated youth.

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i) Indian Administrative Service.ii) Indian Foreign Service.iii) Indian Police Service.iv) Indian P & T Accounts & Finance Service, Group ‘A’.v) Indian Audit and Accounts Service, Group ‘A’.vi) Indian Revenue Service (Customs and Central Excise), Group ‘A’.vii) Indian Defence Accounts Service, Group ‘A’.viii) Indian Revenue Service (I.T.), Group ‘A’.ix) Indian Ordnance Factories Service, Group ‘A’ (Assistant Works Manager,

Administration).x) Indian Postal Service, Group ‘A’.xi) Indian Civil Accounts Service, Group ‘A’.xii) Indian Railway Traffic Service, Group ‘A’.xiii) Indian Railway Accounts Service, Group 'A'.xiv) Indian Railway Personnel Service, Group ‘A’.xv) Post of Assistant Security Commissioner in Railway Protection Force, Group ‘A’xvi) Indian Defence Estates Service, Group ‘A’.xvii) Indian Information Service (Junior Grade), Group ‘A’.xviii) Indian Trade Service, Group 'A' (Gr. III).xix) Indian Corporate Law Service, Group "A".xx) Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service, Group ‘B’ (Section Officer’s Grade).xxi) Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra &

Nagar Haveli Civil Service, Group 'B'.xxii) Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra &

Nagar Haveli Police Service, Group 'B'.xxiii) Pondicherry Civil Service, Group 'B'.xxiv)Pondicherry Police Service, Group 'B'.• Reservation will be made for candidates belonging to Scheduled Castes.

Scheduled Tribes, Other Backward Classes and Physically Disabled Categoriesin respect of vacancies as may be fixed by the Government.

POST RESERVED FOR PHYSICAL DISABLED CANDIDATESThe eligibility for availing reservation against the vacancies reserved for thephysically disabled persons shall be the same as prescribed in “The Personswith Disability (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation)

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Act, 1995.” Provided further that the physically disabled candidates shall also berequired to meet special eligibility criteria in terms of physical requirements/functional classification (abilities/disabilities) consistent with requirements of theidentified Service/Post as may be prescribed by its Cadre Controlling Authority.

• The physical requirement and functional classification can for example be one ormore of the following :Code Physical RequirementsMF 1. Work performed by Manipulation by FingersPP 2. Work Performed by Pulling & PushingL 3. Work Performed by LiftingKC 4. Work Performed by Kneeling and CrouchingBN 5. Work Performed by BendingS 6. Work Performed by Sitting (on bench or chair)ST 7. Work Performed by StandingW 8. Work Performed by WalkingSE 9. Work Performed by SeeingH 10. Work Performed by Hearing/SpeakingRW 11. Work Performed by Reading and WritingC 12. Communication

Code FUNCTIONAL CLASSIFICATIONBL 1. Both legs affected but not armsBA 2. Both arms affected

a. Impaired Reachb. Weakness of Grip.c. ataxic

BLA 3. Both legs and both arms affected.OL 4. One leg affected (R or L)

a. impaired reachb. weakness of gripc. ataxic

OA 5. One arm affected (R or L)a. impaired reachb. weakness of gripc. ataxic

OAL 6. One arm and one leg affectedMW 7. Muscular weakness.B 8. BlindLV 9. Low visionH 10. HearingNote : The above list is subject to revision.

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• Services identified suitable for Physically Disabled Categories alongwithrespective functional classification and physical requirements are given below:

S No. Name of the Category(ies) Functional *PhysicalService for which classification requirements

Identified1. Indian i) Locomotor BA, OL, OA, S, ST, W,

Administrative Disability BH, MW SE, H, RWTService

ii) Visual PBimpairment

iii) Hearing PDimpairment

2. Indian Foreign i) Locomotor OA, OL, OAL S, ST, W, RW,Service Disability C, MF, SE

ii) Visual LVimpairment

iii) Hearing HHimpairment

3. Indian Revenue i) Locomotor OL, OA S, ST, W, BN, LService (Customs disability SE,MF, RW, H,C& Central Excise, ii) Hearing HHGr. ‘A’) impairment

4. Indian P&T i) Locomotor OA, OL, OAL, S, W, SE, RW,Account & disability BL CFinance Service ii) Visual LV

impairmentiii) Hearing HH

impairment5. Indian Audit & i) Locomotor OA, OL, OAL S, ST, W, BN,

Accounts disability SE, RW, H, CService, Gr. ‘A’ ii) Visual LV

impairmentiii) Hearing HH

impairment6. Indian Defence i) Locomotor OA, OL, OAL, S, ST, W, BN,

Accounts disability BL SE, RW, CService, Gr. ‘A’ ii) Visual LV

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impairmentiii) Hearing HH

impairment7. Indian Revenue i) Locomotor OA, OL, OAL, S, ST, W, SE,

Service (I. T.), disability BL RW, CGr. ‘A’ ii) Hearing HH

impairment8. Indian Ordnance i) Locomotor OA,OL,OAL S,ST,W,BN,RW

Factories disability SE, H, CService Gr. ‘A’ ii) Visual LV

impairmentiii) Hearing

impairment9. Indian Postal i) Locomotor OA, OL, OAL S, ST, W, BN,

Service, Gr. ‘A’ disability BL RW, SE, H, Cii) Visual B, LV

impairment HHHearing

iii) impairment10. Indian Civil i) Locomotor OA, OL, OAL, S, ST, W, SE,

Accounts disability BL RW, H, CService, Gr. ‘A’ ii) Visual LV

impairmentiii) Hearing HH

impairment11. Indian Railway i) Locomotor OA, OL, OAL, S, ST, W, SE,

Accounts disability BL RW, H, CService, Gr. ‘A’ ii) Visual LV

impairmentiii) Hearing HH

impairment12. Indian Railway i) Locomotor OA, OL S, ST, W, BN,

Personnel disability SE, RW, H, CService, Gr. ‘A’ ii) Visual B, LV

impairmentiii) Hearing HH

impairment13. Indian Defence i) Locomotor OA, OL S, ST, W, BN,

Estates Service disability MF, PP, KC,Gr. ‘A’ ii) Blindness or LV SE, RW, H, C

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Low Visioniii) Hearing HH

impairment14. Indian Information i) Locomotor OA, OL, OAL,

Service, Gr. ‘A’ disability BLii) Visual B, LV S, ST, W, SE

impairment RW, H, Ciii) Hearing HH

impairment15. Indian Trade i) Locomotor OA, OL, OAL, S, ST, W, BN,

Service Gr. ‘A’ disability BL MF, SE, RW,(Gr. III) ii) Visual LV H, C

impairmentiii) Hearing HH

impairment16. Indian Corporate i) Locomotor OA, OL, ST, RW, SE

Law Service, disability BL S, BN, HGroup ‘A’ ii) Visual LV

impairmentiii) Hearing HH

impairment17. Armed Forces i) Locomotor OA, OL S, ST, W, BN

Headquarters disability MF, SE, RW,Civil Service, Gr. ‘B’ ii) Visual LV H, C(Section Officers impairmentGrade) iii) Hearing HH

impairment18. Delhi, Andaman i) Locomotor OA, OL, OAL, S, ST, W, SE,

Nicobar Islands, disability BL RW, MF, H, CLakshadweep, ii) Hearing HHDaman & Diu and impairmentDadra & NagarHaveli CivilService, Gr. ‘B’

19. Delhi, Andaman & i) Locomotor OL S, ST, W, BN,Nicobar Islands, disability PP, KC, MF,Lakshadweep, ii) Hearing HH SE, RW, H, CDaman & Diu and impairment

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Dadra & NagarHaveli PoliceService, Gr. ‘B’

20. Pondicherry i) Locomotor OA, OL, OAL, S, ST, W, SE,Civil Service, disability BL, LV RW, H, C(Group B) ii) Visual LV

impairmentiii) Hearing HH



The examination will be held at the following Centres:

Agartala Chandigarh Imphal Lucknow Ranchi

Ahmedabad Chennai Itanagar Maduri Sambalpur

Aizawl Cuttack Jaipur Mumbai Shillong

Aligarh Dehradun Jammu Nagpur Shimla

Allahabad Delhi Jodhpur Panaji (Goa) Srinagar

Aurangabad Dharwad Jorhat Patna Thiruvananthapuram

Bangalore Dispur Kochi Puducherry Tirupati

Bareilly Gangtok Kohima Port Blair Udaipur

Bhopal Hyderabad Kolkata Raipur Vishakhapatnam


The examination will be held at the following Centres:

Ahmedabad Allahabad Bangalore Bhopal Mumbai

Kilkata Cuttack Delhi Dispur (Guwahati)

Hyderabad Jaipur Chennai Patna Shillong

Shimla Thiruvanathapuram Lucknow Jammu


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RAU’S IAS—UPSC Syllabus for Civil Services Exam14

ELIGIBILITY CONDITIONS(i) Nationality(1) For the Indian Administrative Service and the Indian Police Service, a candidate

must be a citizen of India.(2) For other services, a candidate must be either :—

(a) a citizen of India, or(b) a subject of Nepal, or(c) a subject of Bhutan, or(d) a Tibetan refugee who came over to India before 1st January, 1962 with the

intention of permanently settling in India, or(e) a person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka,

East• African countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia,

Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia and Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling inIndia.

• Provided that a candidate belonging to categories (b), (c), (d) and (e) shall be aperson in whose favour a certificate of eligibility has been issued by theGovernment of India.

• Provided further that candidates belonging to categories (b), (c) and (d) above willnot be eligible for appointment to the Indian Foreign Service.

• A candidate in whose case a certificate of eligibility is necessary, may be admittedto the examination but the offer of appointment may be given only after thenecessary eligibility certificate has been issued to him/her by the Government ofIndia.

(ii) Age Limits :(a) A candidate must have attained the age of 21 years and must not have attained

the age of 30 years on 1st August, of the year in which he/she is appearing forthe Preliminary Examination (i.e. a candidate appearing for the preliminaryexamination of the year 2011 should be between 21-30 years of age as on 01stAugust, 2011) i.e. he/she must have been born not earlier than 2

nd August, 1981

and not later than 1st August, 1990.(b) The upper age limit prescribed above will be relaxable :

(i) upto a maximum of five years if a candidate belongs to a Scheduled Casteor a Scheduled Tribe.

(ii) upto a maximum of three years in the case of candidates belonging to OtherBackward Classes who are eligible to avail of reservation applicable to suchcandidates.

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(iii) upto a maximum of five years if a candidate had ordinarily been domiciled inthe State of Jammu & Kashmir during the period from the 1st January, 1980to the 31st day of December, 1989.

(iv) upto a maximum of three years in the case of Defence Services personneldisabled in operations during hostilities with any foreign country or in adisturbed area and released as a consequence thereof.

(v) upto a maximum of five years in the case of ex-servicemen includingCommissioned Officers and ECOs/SSCOs who have rendered at least fiveyears Military Service as on 1st August, 2011 and have been released (i) oncompletion of assignment (including those whose assignment is due to becompleted within one year from 1st August, 2011) otherwise than by way ofdismissal or discharge on account of misconduct or inefficiency, or (ii) onaccount of physical disability attributable to Military Service, or (iii) oninvalidment.

(vi) Upto a maximum of five years in the case of ECOs/SSCOs who havecompleted an initial period of assignment of five years Military Service as on1st August, 2011 and whose assignment has been extended beyond fiveyears and in whose case the Ministry of Defence issues a certificate thatthey can apply for civil employment and that they will be released on threemonths notice on selection from the date of receipt of offer of appointment.

(vii) upto a maximum of 10 years in the case of blind, deaf-mute andorthopaedically handicapped persons.

NOTE I:• Candidates belonging to the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes and

the Other Backward Classes who are also covered under any other clauses ofpara 3(ii) (b) above, viz. those coming under the category of Ex-servicemen,persons domiciled in the State of J & K, blind, deaf-mute and orthopaedicallyhandicapped etc. will be eligible for grant of cumulative age-relaxation under boththe categories.

NOTE II:• The term ex-servicemen will apply to the persons who are defined as ex-servicemen

in the Ex-servicemen (Re-employment in Civil Services and Posts) Rules, 1979,as amended from time to time.

NOTE III :• The age concession under para 3(ii) (b) (v) and (vi) will not be admissible to Ex-

Servicemen and Commissioned Officers including ECOs/SSCOs who are releasedon own request.

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NOTE IV:• Notwithstanding the provision of age-relaxation under para 3 (ii) (b) (vii) above, a

physically disabled candidate will be considered to be eligible for appointmentonly if he/she (after such physical examination as the Government or appointingauthority, as the case may be, may prescribe) is found to satisfy the requirementsof physical and medical standards for the concerned Services/posts to be allocatedto the physically disabled candidates by the Government.

SAME AS PROVIDED ABOVE THE AGE LIMITS PRESCRIBED CAN IN NO CASEBE RELAXED.• The date of birth accepted by the Commission is that entered in the Matriculation

or Secondary School Leaving Certificate or in a certificate recognised by anIndian University as equivalent to Matriculation or in an extract from a Register ofMatriculates maintained by a University, which extract must be certified by theproper authority of the University or in the Higher Secondary or an equivalentexamination certificate.

• These certificates are required to be submitted only at the time of applying forthe Civil Services (Main) Examination. No other document relating to age likehoroscopes, affidavits, birth extracts from Municipal Corporation, service recordsand the like will be accepted.

• The expression Matriculation/Secondary Examination Certificate in this part ofthe instruction includes the alternative certificates mentionedabove.

NOTE 1:• Candidates should note that only the Date of Birth as recorded in the Matriculation/

Secondary Examination Certificate or an equivalent certificate as on the date ofsubmission of applications will be accepted by the Commission and no subsequentrequest for its change will be considered or granted.

NOTE 2 :• Candidates should also note that once a Date of Birth has been claimed by them

and entered in the records of the Commission for the purpose of admission to anexamination, no change will be allowed subsequently (or at any other examinationof the Commission) on any grounds whatsoever.

NOTE 3 :• The candidates should exercise due care while entering their date of birth in

column 3 of the Application Form for the Preliminary Examination. If on verificationat any subsequent stage, any variation is found in their date of birth from the oneentered in their matriculation or equivalent Examination certificate, disciplinaryaction will be taken against them by the Commission under the Rules.

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MINIMUM EDUCATIONAL QUALIFICATIONS• The candidate must hold a degree of any of Universities incorporated by an Act of

the Central or State Legislature in India or other educational institutions establishedby an Act of Parliament or declared to be deemed as a University Under Section-3 of the University Grants Commission Act, 1956, or possess an equivalentqualification.

NOTE I :• Candidates who have appeared at an examination the passing of which would

render them educationally qualified for the Commission’s examination but havenot been informed of the results as also the candidates who intend to appear atsuch a qualifying examination will also be eligible for admission to the PreliminaryExamination.

• All candidates who are declared qualified by the Commission for taking the CivilServices (Main) Examination will be required to produce proof of passing therequisite examination with their application for the Main Examination failing whichsuch candidates will not be admitted to the Main Examination. The applicationsfor the Main Examination will be called sometime in the month of July/August,2011.

NOTE II :• In exceptional cases the Union Public Service Commission may treat a candidate

who has not any of the foregoing qualifications as a qualified candidate providedthat he/ she has passed examination conducted by the other Institutions, thestandard of which in the opinion of the Commission justifies his/her admission tothe examination.

NOTE III :• Candidates possessing professional and technical qualifications which are

recognised by Government as equivalent to professional and technical degreewould also be eligible for admission to the examination.

NOTE IV :• Candidates who have passed the final professional M.B.B.S. or any other Medical

Examination but have not completed their internship by the time of submissionof their applications for the Civil Services (Main) Examination, will be provisionallyadmitted to the Examination provided they submit along with their application acopy of certificate from the concerned authority of the University/Institution thatthey had passed the requisite final professional medical examination. In suchcases, the candidates will be required to produce at the time of their intervieworiginal Degree or a certificate from the concerned competent authority of theUniversity/Institution that they had completed all requirements (includingcompletion of internship) for the award of the Degree.

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NUMBER OF ATTEMPTS• Every candidate appearing at the examination who is otherwise eligible, shall be

permitted four attempts at the examination. Provided that this restriction on thenumber of attempts will not apply in the case of Scheduled Castes and ScheduledTribes candidates who are otherwise eligible.

• Provided further that the number of attempts permissible to candidates belongingto Other Backward Classes, who are otherwise eligible shall be seven. Therelaxation will be available to the candidates who are eligible to avail of reservationapplicable to such candidates.

• Provided further that a physically handicapped will get as many attempts as areavailable to other non-physically handicapped candidates of his or her community,subject to the condition that a physically handicapped candidate belonging tothe General Category shall be eligible for seven attempts. The relaxation will beavailable to the physically handicapped candidates who are eligible to avail ofreservation applicable to such candidates.

NOTE :(i) An attempt at a Preliminary Examination shall be deemed to be an attempt at

the Examination.(ii) If a candidate actually appears in any one paper in the Preliminary Examination,

he/she shall be deemed to have made an attempt at the Examination.(iii) Notwithstanding the disqualification/cancellation of candidature, the fact of

appearance of the candidate at the examination will count as an attempt.RESTRICTIONS ON APPLYING FOR THE EXAMINATION

• A candidate who is appointed to the Indian Administrative Service or the IndianForeign Service on the results of an earlier examination and continues to be amember of that service will not be eligible to compete at this examination.

• In case such a candidate is appointed to the IAS/IFS after the PreliminaryExamination of Civil Services Examination, 2011 is over and he/she continues tobe a member of that service, he/she shall not be eligible to appear in the CivilServices (Main) Examination, 2011 notwithstanding his/her having qualified inthe Preliminary Examination, 2011.

• Also provided that if such a candidate is appointed to IAS/IFS after thecommencement of the Civil Services (Main) Examination, 2011 but before theresult thereof and continues to be a member of that service, he/she shall not beconsidered for appointment to any service/post on the basis of the result of thisexamination viz. Civil Services Examination, 2011.

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• Candidates must be physically fit according to physical standards for admission toCivil Services Examination. The regulations are published for the convenience ofcandidates and enable them to ascertain the probability of their possessing therequired physical standard. The regulations are also intended to provide guidelinesto the medical examiners.

NOTE-1 “The medical Board while conducted medical examination of the candidates whohave applied against the posts reserved for physically handicapped category will keep therelevant provisions of the persons with Disabilities (equal opportunity. Protection of rightand full participation ) Act,1995 wherein the extent of permissible physical disability hasbeen defined.”

NOTE-2 “Further, Government also constitute Special Medical Board(s)/Appellate MedicalBoard to issue the Disability Certificate in the prescribed form to physically disabledcandidates and also to conduct the regular medical examination of physically disabledcandidates in terms of these regulations.

Blind candidates shall be eligible only for selection/appointment in posts which areidentified as suitable for them in the Brochure on Reservations and Concessions forphysically handicapped in Central Government services.

2. (a) The Government of India reserve to themselves absolute discretion to reject oraccept any candidate after considering the report of the Medical Board.

2. (b) The medical examination shall be conducted in two parts, i.e. Part I which shallconsist of the entire medical examination which the medical board may prescribe for acandidate, except the Radiographic Examination of the chest (X-ray test ) and Part II whichshall consist of Radiographic Examination (X-ray test of the chest ). The part II shall beconducted only in respect of the candidates who have been declared finally successful onthe basis of the examination.

The classification of various Services under the two categories, namely “Technical”and “Non-Technical” will be as under:-


(1) Indian Railway Traffic Service.

(2) Indian Police service and other Central Police Services Group ‘A’ and ‘B’.

(3) Group ‘A’ Posts in the Railway Protection Force.


IAS,IFS,IA, and AS, Indian Customs and Central Excise service, Indian Civil AccountsService, Indian Railway Accounts service, Indian Railway personnel service, Indian DefenceAccounts services, Indian Revenue Service, Indian Ordnance Factories Services. Group A,

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Indian Postal Service, Indian Defence Estates Service Group A, Indian P&T Accounts andFinance Service, Group A and other Central Civil Services Group A and B.

1. To be passed as fit for appointment, a candidate must be in good mental andbodily health and free from any physical defect likely to interfere with the efficientperformance of the duties on his appointment.

2. (a) In the matter of co-relation of age limit, height and chest girth of candidates ofIndia (including Anglo-Indian race), it is left to the Medical Board to use whatevercorrelation figure are considered most suitable as a guide in the examination ofthe candidates. If there be any disproportion with regard to height, weight andchest girth, the candidates should be hospitalized for investigation and X-ray ofthe chest taken before the candidate is declared fit or not fit by the Board. However,the X-ray of the chest will be done in respect of only such candidates who aredirected to appear before the medical board for Part II of the medical examination.

(b) However, for certain services minimum standard for height and chest girthwithout which candidates cannot be accepted , are as follows:-

Height Chest girth fully expanded Expansion

(1) (2) (3) (4)

(1) Indian Railways 152 cm* 84 cm 5 cm (for men)

Traffic service (s) 150 cm* 79 cm 5 cm (for women)

(2) Indian Policy 165 cm 84 cm 5 cm (for men)

Service Group ‘A’

Post in Railway

Protection Force

and other Central 150 cm** 79 cm 5 cm (for women)

Police Services

Group ‘A’ & Group ‘B’

*The minimum height prescribed is relaxable in the case of candidates belonging toscheduled Tribes and to races such as Gorkhas, Garhwalis, Assamese, Kumaonis, andNagaland Tribal etc. whose average height is distinctly lower.

**The following relaxed minimum height standard in case of candidates belongingto the Scheduled Tribes and to the races such as Gorkhas, Assamese, Kumaonis, andNagaland are applicable to Indian Police Service.

Men 160cms.

Women 145cms.

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3. The candidate’s height will be measured as follows:-

He will be remove his shoes and be placed against the standard with his feettogether and the weight thrown on the heels and not on the toe or other sides ofthe feet. He will stand erect without rigidity and with heels calves’ buttocks andshoulder touching the standard; the chin will be depressed to bring the vertex ofthe head level under the horizontal bar and the height will be recorded incentimeters and parts of a centimeter to halves.

4. The candidate’s chest will be measured as follows:

He will be made to stand with his feet together and to raise arms over his head.The tape will be so adjusted round the chest that its upper edge touches theinferior angles of the shoulder blades behind and ties in the same horizontalplane when the tape is taken round the chest. The arms will then be lowered tohang loosely by the side and care will be taken that the shoulders are not thrownupwards or backwards so as to displace the tape. The candidate will then bedirected to take a deep inspiration several times and the maximum expansion ofthe chest will be carefully noted and the minimum and maximum will then berecorded in centimeters 84-89, 86-93.5 etc. In recording the measurementsfractions of less than half a centimeter should not be noted.

N.B.- The height and chest of the candidates should be measured twice before comingto a final decision.

5. The candidate will also be weighed and his weight recorded in kilograms; fractionsof half a kilogram should not be noted.

6. (a) The candidate’s eye-sight will be tested in accordance with the followingrules. The result of each test will be recorded.

(i) General- The candidate’s eyes will be submitted to a generalexamination directed to the detection of any disease or abnormality.The candidate will be rejected if he suffers from any morbidconditions of eye, eyelids or contiguous structure of such a sortas to render or are likely at future date to render him unfit forservice.

(ii) Visual Acuity- The examination for determining the acuteness ofvisions includes two tests-one for distant the other for near vision.Each eye will be examined separately.

(b) There shall be no limit for maximum naked eye vision but the naked eyevision of the candidates shall however be recorded by the Medical Board or other medicalauthority in every case, as it will furnish the basic information in regard to the condition ofthe eye.

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(c) The following standards are prescribed for distant and near vision withor without glasses for different types of services.

Class of Service

IAS, IFS and Other

IPS and other Police Central Civil

Services, Group ‘A’ & Services, Group

‘B’ and IRTS/RPF ‘A’ & ‘B’ (Non-

(Technical Services) technical Services)

Better eye Worse eye Better eye Worse eye

(corrected (corrected

vision) vision)

1. Distant vision 6/6 or 6/9 6/12 or 6/9 6/6 or 6/9 6/18 to Nil or


2. Near vision J1** J2** J1** J3 to Nil**

J2 J2

3. Types of corrections Spectacles Spectacles

permitted 10L*

Radial Keratotomy*/

Lasik Laser Surgery

4. Limits of refractive +4.00 D (including None but without

permitted cylinder)-Non- Pathological


+4.00 D (including



5. Colour vision High Grade Low grade


6. Binocular vision Yes No


* To be referred to a Special Board of Ophthalmologists.

** Near vision for Railways Service viz., IRTS, IRAS, IRPS and RPF is JI in better eye and JIIin worse eye

(d) (i) in respect of the Technical service mentioned above any other service concernedwith the safety of public the total amount of Myopia (including the cylinder) shall not exceedminus 4.00 D. Total amount of hypermetropia (including the cylinder ) shall not exceed plus4.00 D:

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Provided that in case a candidate in respect of the services classified as “Technical”(other than the Services under the Ministry of Railways ) is found unfit on grounds of highmyopia the matter shall be referred to a special board of three ophthalmologists to declarewhether this myopia is pathological or not. In case it is not pathological, the candidate shallbe declared fit, provided he fulfils the visual requirements otherwise.

(ii) In every case of myopia, fundus examination should be carried out and the resultsrecorded. In the event of pathological condition being present which is likely to beprogressive and affect the efficiency of the candidate, he/she should be declared unfit.

(e) Field of vision: The field of vision shall be tested in respect of all services by theconfrontation method. When such test gives unsatisfactory or doubtful result the field ofvision should be determined on the perimeter.

(f) Night Blindness: Broadly there are two types of night blindness (1) as a result ofVitamin A deficiency and (2) as a result of Organic disease of Retina-common cause beingRetinitis Pigmentosa. In (1) the fundus is normal, generally seen in younger age groupand ill nourished persons and improves by large doses of Vitamin A. In (2) the fundus isoften involved and mere fundus examination will reveal the condition in majority of cases.The patient in this category is an adult and may not suffer from malnutrition personsseeking employment for higher posts in the Government will fall in this category. For both(1) and (2) dark adaptation test will reveal the condition. For (2) specially when fundus isnot involved electro-Retinography is required to be done. Both these tests (dark adaptationand retinography) are time-consuming and require as a routine test in a medical check up.Because of these specialized set up, and equipment and thus are not possible as atechnical considerations, it is for the Ministry/Department to indicate if these tests for nightblindness are required to be done. This will depend upon the job requirement and natureof duties to be performed by the prospective Government employees.

For Railway Services (IRTS, IRAS, IRPS and RPF) - Night blindness need not be testedas a routine but only in special cases. No standard test for the testing of night blindness ordark adaption is prescribed. The Medical Board should be given the discretion to improvisesuch rough test e.g., recording of visual acuity with reduced illumination or by making or bymaking the candidate recognize various objects in a darkened room after he has beenthere for 20 to 30 minutes. “Candidates” own statements should not always be relied uponbut they should be given due consideration.

(g) Colour Vision: The testing of color vision shall be essential in respect of the TechnicalServices mentioned above. As regards the non-Technical Services/posts the Ministry/Department concerned will have to inform the medical board that the candidate is for aservice requiring colour vision examination or not.

Colour perception should be graded into higher and lower depending uponthe size of aperture in the lantern as described in the table below:-

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Grade Higher Grade Lower Grade

colour Perception Colour Perception

1 2 3

1. Distance 16 ft 16 ft

between the

lamp and the


2. Size of

aperture 1.3 mm. 13 mm.

3. Time of

exposure 5 seconds 5 seconds

For the IPS and other Police Services, Group ‘A’ and ‘B’ Indian Railway Traffic ServiceGroup A posts in the Railway Protection force and for other Services concerned with thesafety of the public higher grade of colour vision is essential but for others lower, grade ofcolour vision should be considered sufficient.

Satisfactory colour vision constitutes, recognition with ease and without hesitation ofsignal red, green and yellow colours. The use of Ishihara’s plates, shown in good light anda suitable Edrige Green’s lantern shall be considered quite dependable for testing colourvision. While either of the two tests may ordinarily be considered sufficient in respect ofservices concerned with road, rail and air traffic, it is essential to carry out the lantern test.In doubtful cases where a candidate fails to qualify when tested by only one of the two tests,both the tests should be employed. However both the Ishihara’s plates and Edrige Green’slantern shall be used for testing colour vision of candidates for appointment to the IndianRailway Traffic Service and Group ‘A’ posts in the Railway protection Force.

(h) Ocular condition other than visual acuity-

(i) Any organic disease or a progressive refractive error, which is likely toresult in lowering visual acuity, should be considered a disqualification.

(ii) squint: For technical services where the presence of binocular vision isessential squint, even if the vision acuity in each eye is of prescribedstandard should be considered a disqualification. For other services thepresence of squint should not be considered as a disqualification if thevisual acuity is of the prescribed standards. For Railways technical servicesbinocular vision is essential.

(iii) if a person has one eye or if he has one eye which has normal visionand the other eye is amblyopic or has subnormal vision the usual effect is

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that the person is lacking stereoscopic vision for perception of depth. Suchvision is not necessary for many civil posts. The medical board mayrecommend as fit such persons provided the normal eye has-

(i) 6/6 distant vision j/I near vision with or without glasses providedthe error in any meridian is not more than 4 dioptres for distantvision.

(ii) Has full field of vision.

(iii) Normal colour vision wherever required:

Provided the Board is satisfied that the candidate can perform all thefunctions for the particular job in question.

The above relaxed standard of visual acuity will NOT apply to candidatesfor post/services classified as “TECHNICAL” The Ministry/Department concernedwill have to inform the medical board that the candidate is for a “TECHNICAL” postor not.

(iv) Contact Lenses: During the medical examination of

Candidate, the use of contact lenses is not to be allowed. It isnecessary that when conducting eye test the illumination of the typedletters for distant vision should have an illumination of 15 foot-candles.


Special ophthalmic Board for eye examination shall consist of 3 ophthalmologists:

(a) Cases where the Medical Board has recorded visual function within normalprescribed limits but suspects a disease of progressive and organic nature, whichis likely to cause damage to the visual function should refer the candidate to aspecial ophthalmic Board for opinion as part of the first Medical Board.

(b) All cases of any type of surgery on eyes. IOL, refractive corneal surgery, doubtfulcases of colour defect should be referred to special ophthalmic Board.

(c) In such cases where a candidate is found to be having high myopia or highhypermetropia the Central Standing Medical Board/State Medical Board shouldimmediately refer the candidates for a special Board of three ophthalmologistsconstituted by the Medical Superintendent of the hospital/A.M.O. with the head ofthe Department of ophthalmology of the hospital or the senior most ophthalmologistas the Chairman of the special Board . The ophthalmologist/Medical Officer whohas conducted the preliminary ophthalmic examination cannot be a part of thespecial Board.

The examination by the special board should preferably be done on the same day.Whenever it is not possible to convene the special board of three Ophthalmologists onthe day of medical examination by the central standing Medical Board/State Medical

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board, the board may be convened at an earliest possible date.

The special Ophthalmic Board may carry out detailed investigation before arrivingat their decision.

The Medicals Board’s report may not be deemed as complete unless it includesthe report of the Special board for all such cases which are referred to it.

FEE(a) Candidates applying Online (exempting Female/SC/ST/PH Candidates who are

exempted from payment of fee) are required to pay a reduced fee of Rs. 50/-(Rupees Fifty only) either by remitting the money in any Branch of SBI by Cash,or by using net banking facility of SBI or by using Visa/Master Credit/Debit Card.

(b) Candidates applying Offline (through Common Application Form) are required topay a fee of Rs. 100/- (Rupees One Hundred only) through a single CentralRecruitment Stamp. Central Recruitment Fee Stamp (NOT Postage Stamp) ofthe requisite denomination may be obtained from the Post Office and affixed onthe application form in the space provided therein. The stamp must be got cancelledfrom the issuing Post Office with the date stamp of the Post Office in such amanner that the impression of the cancellation mark partially overflows on theapplication form itself but within the space provided on the Application form itself.The impression of the cancellation mark should be clear and distinct to facilitatethe identification of date and the Post Office of issue.

• Candidates residing abroad should deposit the prescribed fee in the office ofIndia’s High Commissioner, Ambassador or representative abroad as the casemay be for credit to account head “051-Public Service Commission-ExaminationFees” and attach the receipt with the application.

• All female candidates and candidates belonging to Scheduled Caste/ScheduledTribe/ Physically Handicapped categories are exempted from payment of fee.No fee exemption is, however, available to OBC candidates and they are requiredto pay the prescribed fee in full.

• Physically disabled persons are exempted from the payment of fee providedthey are otherwise eligible for appointment to the Services/Posts to be filled onthe results of this examination on the basis of the standards of medical fitnessfor these Services/

• Posts (including any concessions specifically extended to the physicallydisabled).

• A physically disabled candidate claiming fee concession will be required by theCommission to submit along with their Detailed Application Form, a certifiedcopy of the certificate from a Government Hospital/Medical Board in support ofhis/her claim for being physically disabled.

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NOTE :• Notwithstanding the aforesaid provision for fee exemption, a physically disabled

candidate will be considered to be eligible for appointment only if he/she (aftersuch physical examination as the Government or the Appointing Authority, asthe case may be, may prescribe) is found to satisfy the requirements of physicaland medical standards for the concerned Services/Posts to be allocated tophysically disabled candidates by the Government.

• ‘Postage Stamps’ will in no case be accepted in lieu of ‘Central Recruitment FeeStamp’.

• Candidates should note that the fee sent through Indian Postal Orders, BankDraft, Money Order, Crossed Cheque, Currency notes or Treasury Challanetc. will not be accepted by the Commission and such applications will be treatedas without fee and will be summarily rejected.


REMISSION OF FEE IS CLAIMED) SHALL BE SUMMARILY REJECTED.NOTE II :• Fee once paid shall not be refunded under any circumstances nor can the fee be

held in reserve for any other examination or selection.NOTE III :• If any candidate who took the Civil Services Examination held in 2010 wishes to

apply for admission to this examination, he/she must submit his/her applicationso as to reach the Commission’s Office by the prescribed date without waitingfor the results or an offer of appointment.

NOTE IV :• Candidates admitted to the Main Examination will be required to pay a further fee

of Rs. 200/- (Rupees Two hundreds only).HOW TO APPLY

(a) Candidates may apply online using the website http://www.upsconline.nic.inDetailed instructions for filling up online applications are available on theabovementioned website.

(b) Candidates may also apply offline in the Common Application form devised bythe commission for its examinations which can be processed on computerizedmachines.

• This application form along with an Information Brochure containing generalinstructions for filling up the form, an acknowledgement card and an envelope forsending the application will be obtainable from the designated Head PostOffices/Post Offices throughout the country of Notice against cash payment of

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Rs. 30/- (Rupees Thirty only). Form should be purchased from the designatedHead Post Offices/Post Offices only and not from any other agency. This Formcan be used only once and for only one examination. Candidates who wishto apply offline must use the form supplied with the Information Brochure onlyand they should in no case use photocopy/reproduction/unauthorisedly printedcopy of the Form. Since this form is electronically scanned, due care should betaken to fill up the application form, correctly. While filling up the applicationform. The candidates should also fill up in the relevant places of theAcknowledgement Card, their Application Form Number and the name of theexamination. The applicants are required to affix the postage stamp of Rs. Sixon the Acknowledgement Card and send the same along with application form toUPSC.

• If an applicant fails to affix the postage stamp of requisite amount hisacknowledgement card will not be dispatched and Commission will not beresponsible for non-receipt of acknowledgement cards by the applicant.

• The duly filled in application form and the acknowledgement card should then bemailed in the special envelope supplied with the Information Brochure. Thecandidate should also write the name of examination viz. Civil Services(Preliminary) Examination (of that particular year in which the candidateapply) on the envelope before dispatching it to Controller of Examinations, UnionPublic Service Commission, Dholpur House, Shahjahan Road, New Delhi-110069.

(c) All candidates, whether already in Government Service, Government ownedindustrial undertakings or other similar organisations or in private employmentshould submit their applications direct to the Commission. If any candidateforwards his/her application through his/her employer and it reaches the UnionPublic Service Commission late, the application, even if submitted to the employerbefore the closing date, will not be considered.

• Persons already in Government Service, whether in a permanent or temporarycapacity or as workcharged employees other than casual or daily rated employeesor those serving under the Public Enterprises are however, required to submit anundertaking that they have informed in writing their Head of Office/Departmentthat they have applied for the Examination.

• Candidates should note that in case a communication is received from theiremployer by the Commission withholding permission to the candidates applyingfor/appearing at the examination, their application will be liable to be rejected/candidature will be liable to be cancelled.

NOTE 1 :• While filling in his/her Application Form, the candidate should carefully

decide about his/her choice of centre for the Examination. More than

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one application from a candidate giving different centres will not beaccepted in any case. Even if a candidate sends more than one completedapplication the Commission will accept only one application at theirdiscretion and the Commission’s decision in the matter shall be final.

• If any candidate appears at a centre other than the one indicated by theCommission in his/her Admission Certificate, the papers of such a candidatewill not be valued and his/her candidature will be liable to cancellation.

NOTE 2 :• Since these Application Forms are to be processed in a computerised

system, due care should be taken by the candidates to fill up theirApplication Form correctly.

• Necessary instructions for filling up the Form may be seen at Appendix II(B). No relevant columns of the application should be left blank. Incompleteor defective applications shall be summarily rejected. No representationor correspondence regarding such rejection shall be entertained underany circumstances.

• Candidates are not required to submit alongwith their applications anycertificate in support of their claims regarding Age, EducationalQualifications, Scheduled Castes/Scheduled Tribes/Other BackwardClasses and Physically disabled etc. which will be verified at the time ofthe Main examination only. The candidates applying for the examinationshould ensure that they fulfil all the eligibility conditions for admission tothe Examination.

• Their admission at all the stages of examination for which they areadmitted by the Commission viz. Preliminary Examination, Main (Written)Examination and Interview Test will be purely provisional, subject to theirsatisfying the prescribed eligibility conditions. If on verification at anytime before or after the Preliminary Examination, Main (written)Examination and Interview Test, it is found that they do not fulfil any ofthe eligibility conditions, their candidature for the examination will becancelled by the Commission.

• If any of their claims is found to be incorrect, they may render themselvesliable to disciplinary action by the Commission in terms of Rule 14 of theRules for the Civil Services Examination, 2011 reproduced below :A candidate who is or has been declared by the Commission to be guilty of :

(i) Obtaining support for his/her candidature by the following means, namely :(a) offering illegal gratification to, or

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(b) applying pressure on, or(c) blackmailing, or threatening to blackmail any person connected with the

conduct of the examination, or(ii) impersonating, or(iii) procuring impersonation by any person,or(iv) submitting fabricated documents or documents which have been tampered with,

or(v) making statements which are incorrect or false or suppressing material

information, or(vi) resorting to the following means in connection with his/her candidature for the

examination, namely(a) obtaining copy of question paper through improper means, (b) finding out the

particulars of the persons connected with secret work relating to the examination.(c) influencing the examiners, or (vii) using unfair means during the examination, or(viii) writing obscene matter or drawing obscene sketches in the scripts, or(ix) misbehaving in the examination hall including tearing of the scripts, provoking

fellow examinees to boycott examination, creating a disorderly scene and thelike, or

(x) harassing or doing bodily harm to the staff employed by the Commission for theconduct of their examinations, or

(xi) being in possession of or using mobile phone, pager or any electronic equipmentor device or any other equipment capable of being used as a communicationdevice during the examination; or

(xii) violating any of the instructions issued to candidates along with their AdmissionCertificates permitting them to take the examination, or

(xiii) attempting to commit or as the case may be abetting the Commission of all orany of the acts specified in the foregoing clauses; may in addition to renderinghimself/herself liable to criminal prosecution, be liable.(a) to be disqualified by the Commission from the examination for which he/she

is a candidate and/or(b) to be debarred either permanently or for a specified period(i) by the Commission from any examination or selection held by them;(ii) by the Central Government from any employment under them; and

(c) if he/she is already in service under Government to disciplinary action under theappropriate Rules.Provided that no penalty under this Rules shall be imposed except after:(i) giving the candidate an opportunity of making such representation, in writing

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as he/she may wish to make in that behalf; and(ii) taking the representation, if any, submitted by the candidate within the period

allowed to him/her into consideration.ACKNOWLEDGEMENT OF APPLICATIONS

• Immediately on receipt of an application from a candidate, the AcknowledgementCard submitted by him/her alongwith the Application Form will be despatched tohim/her by the Commission’s Office duly stamped in token of receipt of his/herApplication.

• If a candidate does not receive the Acknowledgement Card within 30 days, he/she should at once contact the Commission by quoting his/her Application FormNo. and name & year of examination. Candidates delivering the Application Formin person at the Commission’s Counter will be issued Acknowledgement Card atthe Counter itself. The mere fact that a candidate’s application has beenacknowledged by the Commission does not mean that his/her candidature forthe examination has been accepted by the Commission. Candidates will beinformed at the earliest possible about their admission to the examination orrejection of their application.

CORRESPONDENCE WITH THE COMMISSION• The Commission will not enter into any correspondence with the candidates

about their candidature except in the following cases:(i) Every candidate for this examination will be informed at the earliest possible

date of the result of his/her application. Admission Certificates, indicating theRoll Nos. will be issued to the candidates who are admitted to the examination.The Admission Certificate will bear the photograph of the candidate. If a candidatedoes not receive his Admission Certificate or any other communication regardinghis/her candidature for the examination three weeks before the commencementof the examination, he/she should at once contact the Commission. On receiptof such a communication, Admission Certificate or a duplicate copy thereto willbe issued to the admitted candidate. Information in this regard can also be obtainedfrom the Facilitation Counter located in the Commission’s Office either in personor over phone Nos. 011-23381125/011-23385271/011-23098543. In case nocommunication is received in the Commission’s Office from the candidateregarding non-receipt of his/her Admission Certificate atleast 3 weeksbefore the examination, he/she himself/herself will be solely responsiblefor non-receipt of his/her Admission Certificate.It may be noted that the Admission Certificate will be issued at the address asphotocopied from the Application Form filled in by the candidate. The candidateshould, therefore, ensure that address given by him/her in the Application Formis correct and complete with pin code.

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• No candidate will ordinarily be allowed to take the examination unlesshe/she holds a certificate of admission for the examination. On the receiptof Admission Certificate, check it carefully and bring discrepancies/ errors,if any, to the notice of UPSC immediately.

• The candidates should note that their admission to the examination will be purelyprovisional based on the information given by them in the Application Form. Thiswill be subject to verification of all the eligibility conditions by the UPSC.

• The mere fact that a certificate of admission to the Examination has beenissued to a candidate, will not imply that his/her candidature has beenfinally cleared by the Commission or that entries made by the candidatein his/her application for the Preliminary examination have been acceptedby the Commission as true and correct. Candidates may note that theCommission takes up the verification of eligibility conditions of acandidate, with reference to original documents, only after the candidatehas qualified for Civil Services (Main) Examination. Unless candidatureis formally confirmed by the Commission, it continues to be provisional.

• The decision of the Commission as to the eligibility or otherwise of a candidatefor admission to the Examination shall be final. Candidates should note that thename in the Admission Certificate in some cases, may be abbreviated due totechnical reasons.

(ii) In the event of a candidate receiving more than one Admission Certificate fromthe Commission, he/she should use only one of these Admission Certificates forappearing in the examination and return the other(s) to the Commission’s Office.

(iii) A candidate must see that communications sent to him/her at the address statedinhis/her application are redirected, if necessary.

• Change in address should be communicated to the Commission at the earliestopportunity. Although the Commission make every effort to take account of suchchanges, they cannot accept any responsibility in the matter.

(iv) Candidates are informed that as the Preliminary Examination is only a screeningtest, no marks sheets will be supplied to successful or unsuccessful to beConfirmed candidates and no correspondence will be entertained by theCommission, in this regard.

(v) If a candidate receives an Admission Certificate in respect of some other candidateon account of handling error, the same should be immediately returned to theCommission with a request to issue the correct Admission Certificate. Candidatesmay note that they will not be allowed to take the examination on the strength ofan Admission Certificate issued in respect of another candidate.


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• The Examination shall comprise two compulsory papers of 200 marks each.Paper I - (200 marks) Duration : Two hours

• Current events of national and international importance.• History of India and Indian National Movement.• Indian and World Geography - Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India

and the World.• Indian Polity and Governance - Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj,

Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.• Economic and Social Development - Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion,• Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc.• General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change -

that do not require subject specialisation• General Science.

Paper II- (200 marks) Duration: Two hours• Comprehension• Interpersonal skills including• Communication Skills;• Logical reasoning and analytical ability• Decision-making and problem solving• General mental ability• Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class

X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. - ClassX level) English Language Comprehension skills (Class X level).

Note 1• Questions relating to English Language Comprehension skills of Class X level

(last item in the Syllabus of Paper-II) will be tested through passages from Englishlanguage only without providing Hindi translation thereof in the question paper.

Note 2• The questions will be of multiple choice, objective type.Note 3: Penalty for Wrong Answers• There will be penalty (negative marking) for wrong answers marked by a candidate

in the objective type question papers except some of the questions where thenegative marking will be in built in the form of different marks being awarded tomost appropriate and not so appropriate answer for such questions.

• There are four alternatives for the answers to every question. For each questionfor which a wrong answer has been given by the candidate, one third (0.33) of themarks assigned to that question will be deducted as penalty.

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• If a candidate gives more than one answer, it will be treated as a wrong answereven if one of the given answers happens to be correct and there will be samepenalty as above for that question.

• If a question is left balnk i.e. no answer is given by the candidate, there will be nopenalty for that question.


• The main Examination is intended to assess the overall intellectual traits anddepth of understanding of candidates rather than merely the range of theirinformation and memory.

• The scope of the syllabus for the optional subject papers for the examination isbroadly of the honours degree level i.e. a level higher than the bachelors degreeand lower than the masters degree. In the case of Engineering and law, the levelcorresponds to the bachelor’s degree.

COMPULSORY SUBJECTSENGLISH AND INDIAN LANGUAGUES• The aim of the paper is to test the candidate’s ability to read and understand

serious discursive prose, and to express his ideas clearly and correctly in English/Indian language concerned.

• The pattern of questions would be broadly as follows :(i) Comprehension of given passages.(ii) Precis Writing(iii) Usage and Vocabulary(iv) Short Essay

INDIAN LANGUAGES(i) Comprehension of given passages.(ii) Precis Writing(iii) Usage and Vocabulary.(iv) Short Essay(v) Translation from English to the Indian language and vice-versa.

Note 1:• The Papers on Indian Languages and English will be of Matriculation or equivalent

standard and will be of qualifying nature only. The marks obtained in these paperswill not be counted for ranking.

Note 2• The candidates will have to answer the English and Indian Languages papers in

English and the respective Indian language (except where translation is involved).

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ESSAY• Candidates will be required to write an essay on a specific topic. The choice of

subjects will be given. They will be expected to keep closely to the subject of theessay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion, and to write concisely. Credit willbe given for effective and exact expression.

GENERAL STUDIESGeneral Guidelines:• The nature and standard of questions in the General Studies papers will be

such that a well-educated person will be able to answer them without anyspecialized study. The questions will be such as to test a candidate’s generalawareness of a variety of subjects, which will have relevance for a career in CivilServices. The questions are likely to test the candidate’s basic understanding ofall relevant issues, and ability to analyze, and take a view on conflicting socio-economic goals, objectives and demands. The candidates must give relevant,meaningful and succinct answers.

PAPER - I1. History of Modern India and Indian Culture :• The History of Modern India will cover history of the Country from about the

middle of nineteenth century and would also include questions on importantpersonalities who shaped the freedom movement and social reforms. The partrelating to Indian culture will cover all aspects of Indian culture from the ancientto modern times as well as principal features of literature, arts and architecture.

2. Geography of India :• In this part, questions will be on the physical, economic and social geography of

India.3. Constitution of India and Indian Polity:• This part will include questions on the Constitution of India as well as all

constitutional, legal, administrative and other issues emerging from the politico-administrative system prevalent in the country.

4. Current National Issues and Topics of Social Relevance :• This part is intended to test the candidate’s awareness of current national issues

and topics of social relevance in present-day India, such as the following:(i) The Indian economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources,

growth, development and employment.(ii) Issues arising from the social and economic exclusion of large sections

from the benefits of development.(iii) Other issues relating to the development and management of human resource.(iv) Health issues including the management of Public Health, Health education

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and ethical concerns regarding health-care, medical research andpharmaceuticals.

(v) Law enforcement, internal security and related issues such as the preservationof communal harmony.

(vi) Issues relating to good governance and accountability to the citizens includingthe maintenance of human rights, and of probity in public life.

(vii) Environmental issues, ecological preservation, conservation of naturalresources and national heritage.

PAPER - II1. India and the World :• This part will include questions to test candidate’s awareness of India’s

relationship with the world in various spheres such as the following:• Foreign Affairs with special emphasis on India’s relations with neighbouring

countries and in the region.• Security and defence related matters.• Nuclear policy, issues, and conflicts.• The Indian Diaspora and its contribution to India and the world.2. India’s Economic Interaction with the World :• In this part, questions will be on economic and trade issues such as foreign

trade, foreign investment; economic and diplomacy issues relating to oil, gasand energy flows; the role and functions of I.M.F., World Bank, W.T.O., WIPOetc. which influence India’s economic interaction with other countries andinternational institutions.

3. Developments in the Field of Science & Technology, IT and space :• In this part, questions will test the candidate’s awareness of the developments in

the field of science and technology, information technology, space and basicideas about computers, robotics, nanotechnology, biotechnology and relatedissues regarding intellectual property rights.

4. International Affairs and Institutions :• This part will include questions on important events in world affairs and on

international institutions.5. Statistical analysis, graphs and diagrams• This part will test the candidate’s ability to draw conclusions from information

presented in statistical, graphical or diagrammatical form and to interpret them.

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• Ecology and its relevance to man, natural resources, their sustainablemanagement and conservation. Physical and social environment as factors ofcrop distribution and production. Agro ecology; cropping pattern as indicators ofenvironments. Environmental pollution and associated hazards to crops, animalsand humans. Climate change – International conventions and global initiatives.Green house effect and global warming. Advance tools for ecosystem analysis –Remote sensing (RS) and Geographic Information Systems (GIS).

• Cropping patterns in different agro-climatic zones of the country. Impact of high-yielding and short-duration varieties on shifts in cropping patterns. Concepts ofvarious cropping and farming systems. Organic and Precision farming. Packageof practices for production of important cereals, pulses, oil seeds, fibres, sugar,commercial and fodder crops.

• Important features and scope of various types of forestry plantations such associal forestry, agro-forestry, and natural forests. Propagation of forest plants.Forest products. Agro forestry and value addition. Conservation of forest flora andfauna.

• Weeds, their characteristics, dissemination and association with various crops;their multiplications; cultural, biological, and chemical control of weeds.

• Soil- physical, chemical and biological properties. Processes and factors of soilformation. Soils of India. Mineral and organic constituents of soils and their rolein maintaining soil productivity. Essential plant nutrients and other beneficialelements in soils and plants. Principles of soil fertility, soil testing and fertilizerrecommendations, integrated nutrient management. Biofertilizers. Losses ofnitrogen in soil, nitrogen-use efficiency in submerged rice soils, nitrogen fixationin soils. Efficient phosphorus and potassium use. Problem soils and theirreclamation. Soil factors affecting greenhouse gas emission.

• Soil conservation, integrated watershed management. Soil erosion and itsmanagement. Dry land agriculture and its problems. Technology for stabilizingagriculture production in rain fed areas.

• Water-use efficiency in relation to crop production, criteria for schedulingirrigations, ways and means of reducing run-off losses of irrigation water. Rainwaterharvesting. Drip and sprinkler irrigation. Drainage of waterlogged soils, quality of

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irrigation water, effect of industrial effluents on soil and water pollution. Irrigationprojects in India.

• Farm management, scope, importance and characteristics, farm planning.Optimum resource use and budgeting. Economics of different types of farmingsystems. Marketing management – strategies for development, marketintelligence. Price fluctuations and their cost; role of co-operatives in agriculturaleconomy; types and systems of farming and factors affecting them. Agriculturalprice policy. Crop Insurance.

• Agricultural extension, its importance and role, methods of evaluation of extensionprogrammes, socio-economic survey and status of big, small and marginal farmersand landless agricultural labourers. Training programmes for extension workers.Role of Krishi Vigyan Kendra’s (KVK) in dissemination of Agricultural technologies.Non Government Organization (NGO) and self- help group approach for ruraldevelopment.

PAPER – II• Cell structure, function and cell cycle. Synthesis, structure and function of genetic

material. Laws of heredity. Chromosome structure, chromosomal aberrations,linkage and cross-over, and their significance in recombination breeding. Polyploidy,euploids and aneuploids. Mutations - and their role in crop improvement.Heritability, sterility and incompatibility, classification and their application incrop improvement. Cytoplasmic inheritance, sex-linked, sex-influenced and sex-limited characters.

• History of plant breeding. Modes of reproduction, selfing and crossing techniques.Origin, evolution and domestication of crop plants, center of origin, law ofhomologous series, crop genetic resources- conservation and utilization.Application of principles of plant breeding, improvement of crop plants. Molecularmarkers and their application in plant improvement. Pure-line selection, pedigree,mass and recurrent selections, combining ability, its significance in plant breeding.Heterosis and its exploitation. Somatic hybridization. Breeding for disease andpest resistance. Role of interspecific and intergeneric hybridization. Role of geneticengineering and biotechnology in crop improvement. Genetically modified cropplants.

• Seed production and processing technologies. Seed certification, seed testingand storage. DNA finger printing and seed registration. Role of public and privatesectors in seed production and marketing. Intellectual Property Rights (IPR)issues, WTO issues and its impact on Agriculture.

• Principles of Plant Physiology with reference to plant nutrition, absorption,translocation and metabolism of nutrients. Soil - water- plant relationship.

• Enzymes and plant pigments; photosynthesis- modern concepts and factors

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affecting the process, aerobic and anaerobic respiration; C3, C4 and CAMmechanisms. Carbohydrate, protein and fat metabolism. Growth and development;photoperiodism and vernalilzation. Plant growth substances and their role incrop production. Physiology of seed development and germination; dormancy.Stress physiology – draught, salt and water stress.

• Major fruits, plantation crops, vegetables, spices and flower crops. Packagepractices of major horticultural crops. Protected cultivation and high techhorticulture. Post harvest technology and value addition of fruits and vegetables.Landscaping and commercial floriculture. Medicinal and aromatic plants. Roleof fruits and vegetables in human nutrition.

• Diagnosis of pests and diseases of field crops, vegetables, orchard and plantationcrops and their economic importance. Classification of pests and diseases andtheir management. Integrated pest and disease management. Storage pestsand their management. Biological control of pests and diseases. Epidemiologyand forecasting of major crop pests and diseases. Plant quarantine measures.Pesticides, their formulation and modes of action.

• Food production and consumption trends in India. Food security and growingpopulation – vision 2020. Reasons for grain surplus. National and internationalfood policies. Production, procurement, distribution constraints. Availability offood grains, per capita expenditure on food. Trends in poverty, Public DistributionSystem and Below Poverty Line population, Targeted Public Distribution System(PDS), policy implementation in context to globalization. Processing constraints.Relation of food production to National Dietary Guidelines and food consumptionpattern. Food based dietary approaches to eliminate hunger. Nutrient deficiency– Micro nutrient deficiency : Protein Energy Malnutrition or Protein CalorieMalnutrition (PEM or PCM), Micro nutrient deficiency and HRD in context ofwork capacity of women and children. Food grain productivity and food security.

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1. Animal Nutrition:1.1 Partitioning of food energy within the animal. Direct and indirect calorimetry.

Carbon – nitrogen balance and comparative slaughter methods. Systems forexpressing energy value of foods in ruminants, pigs and poultry. Energyrequirements for maintenance, growth, pregnancy, lactation, egg, wool, andmeat production.

1.2 Latest advances in protein nutrition. Energy protein interrelationships.Evaluation of protein quality. Use of NPN compounds in ruminant diets. Proteinrequirements for maintenance, growth, pregnancy, lactation, egg, wool andmeat production.

1.3 Major and trace minerals - Their sources, physiological functions anddeficiency symptoms. Toxic minerals. Mineral interactions. Role of fat-solubleand water – soluble vitamins in the body, their sources and deficiencysymptoms.

1.4 Feed additives – methane inhibitors, probiotics, enzymes, antibiotics,hormones, oligosaccharides, antioxidants, emulsifiers, mould inhibitors,buffers etc. Use and abuse of growth promoters like hormones and antibiotics– latest concepts.

1.5 Conservation of fodders. Storage of feeds and feed ingredients. Recentadvances in feed technology and feed processing. Anti – nutritional and toxicfactors present in livestock feeds. Feed analysis and quality control.Digestibility trials – direct, indirect and indicator methods. Predicting feedintake in grazing animals.

1.6 Advances in ruminant nutrition. Nutrient requirements. Balanced rations.Feeding of calves, pregnant, work animals and breeding bulls. Strategies forfeeding milch animals during different stages of lactation cycle. Effect offeeding on milk composition. Feeding of goats for meat and milk production.Feeding of sheep for meat and wool production.

1.7 Swine Nutrition. Nutrient requirements. Creep, starter, grower and finisherrations. Feeding of pigs for lean meat production. Low cost rations for swine.

1.8 Poultry nutrition. Special features of poultry nutrition. Nutrient requirementsfor meat and egg production. Formulation of rations for different classes oflayers and broilers.

2. Animal Physiology:2.1 Physiology of blood and its circulation, respiration; excretion. Endocrine glands

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in health and disease.2.2 Blood constituents.-Properties and functions-blood cell formation-Haemoglobin

synthesis and chemistry-plasma proteins production, classification andproperties, coagulation of blood;Haemorrhagic disorders-anticoagulants-bloodgroups-Blood volume-Plasma expanders-Buffer systems in blood. Biochemicaltests and their significance in disease diagnosis.

2.3 Circulation. - Physiology of heart, cardiac cycle, heart sounds, heart beat,electrocardiograms. Work and efficiency of heart-effect of ions on heartfunction-metabolism of cardiac muscle, nervous and chemical regulation ofheart, effect of temperature and stress on heart, blood pressure andhypertension, osmotic regulation, arterial pulse, vasomotor regulation ofcirculation, shock. Coronary and pulmonary circulation, Blood-Brain barrier-Cerebrospinal fluid- circulation in birds.

2.4 Respiration. - Mechanism of respiration, Transport and exchange of gases –neural control of respiration-chemo-receptors-hypoxia-respiration in birds.

2.5 Excretion-Structure and function of kidney-formation of urine-methods ofstudying renal function-renal regulation of acid-base balance: physiologicalconstituents of urine-renal failure-passive venous congestion-Urinary secretionin chicken-Sweat glands and their function. Bio-chemical test for urinarydysfunction.

2.6 Endocrine glands. -Functional disorders their symptoms and diagnosis.Synthesis of hormones, mechanism and control of secretion- hormonalreceptors-classification and function.

2.7 Growth and Animal Production- Prenatal and postnatal growth, maturation,growth curves, measures of growth, factors affecting growth, conformation,body composition, meat quality.

2.8 Physiology of Milk Production, Reproduction and Digestion- Current statusof hormonal control of mammary development, milk secretion and milkejection, Male and Female reproductive organs, their components andfunctions. Digestive organs and their functions.

2.9 Environmental Physiology- Physiological relations and their regulation;mechanisms of adaptation, environmental factors and regulatory mechanismsinvolved in animal behaviour, climatology – various parameters and theirimportance. Animal ecology. Physiology of behaviour. Effect of stress onhealth and production.

3. Animal Reproduction:Semen quality- Preservation and Artificial Insemination- Components ofsemen, composition of spermatozoa, chemical and physical properties ofejaculated semen, factors affecting semen in vivo and in vitro. Factors affecting

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semen production and quality, preservation, composition of diluents, spermconcentration, transport of diluted semen. Deep freezing techniques in cows,sheep, goats, swine and poultry. Detection of oestrus and time of inseminationfor better conception. Anoestrus and repeat breeding.

4. Livestock Production and Management:4.1 Commercial Dairy Farming- Comparison of dairy farming in India with advanced

countries. Dairying under mixed farming and as specialized farming, economicdairy farming. Starting of a dairy farm, Capital and land requirement,organization of the dairy farm. Opportunities in dairy farming, factorsdetermining the efficiency of dairy animal. Herd recording, budgeting, cost ofmilk production, pricing policy; Personnel Management. Developing Practicaland Economic rations for dairy cattle; supply of greens throughout the year,feed and fodder requirements of Dairy Farm. Feeding regimes for youngstock and bulls, heifers and breeding animals; new trends in feeding youngand adult stock; Feeding records.

4.2 Commercial meat, egg and wool production- Development of practical andeconomic rations for sheep, goats, pigs, rabbits and poultry. Supply of greens,fodder, feeding regimes for young and mature stock. New trends in enhancingproduction and management. Capital and land requirements and socio-economic concept.

4.3 Feeding and management of animals under drought, flood and other naturalcalamities.

5. Genetics and Animal Breeding:History of animal genetics. Mitosis and Meiosis: Mendelian inheritance;deviations to Mendelian genetics; Expression of genes; Linkage and crossingover; Sex determination, sex influenced and sex limited characters; Bloodgroups and polymorphism; Chromosome aberrations; Cytoplasmic inheritance.Gene and its structure; DNA as a genetic material; Genetic code and proteinsynthesis; Recombinant DNA technology. Mutations, types of mutations,methods for detecting mutations and mutation rate. Trans-genesis.

5.1 Population Genetics applied to Animal Breeding- Quantitative Vs. qualitativetraits; Hardy Weinberg Law; Population Vs. individual; Gene and genotypicfrequency; Forces changing gene frequency; Random drift and smallpopulations; Theory of path coefficient; Inbreeding, methods of estimatinginbreeding coefficient, systems of inbreeding, Effective population size;Breeding value, estimation of breeding value, dominance and epistatic deviation;Partitioning of variation; Genotype X environment correlation and genotype Xenvironment interaction; role of multiple measurements; Resemblancebetween relatives.

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5.2 Breeding Systems- Breeds of livestsock and Poultry. Heritability, repeatabilityand genetic and phenotypic correlations, their methods of estimation andprecision of estimates; Aids to selection and their relative merits; Individual,pedigree, family and within family selection; Progeny testing; Methods ofselection; Construction of selection indices and their uses; Comparativeevaluation of genetic gains through various selection methods; Indirectselection and correlated response; Inbreeding, out breeding, upgrading, cross-breeding and synthesis of breeds; Crossing of inbred lines for commercialproduction; Selection for general and specific combining ability; Breeding forthreshold characters. Sire index.

6. Extension:Basic philosophy, objectives, concept and principles of extension. DifferentMethods adopted to educate farmers under rural conditions. Generation oftechnology, its transfer and feedback. Problems and constraints in transferof technology. Animal husbandry programmes for rural development.

PAPER – II1. Anatomy, Pharmacology and Hygiene:1.1 Histology and Histological Techniques: Paraffin embedding technique of

tissue processing and H.E. staining - Freezing microtomy- Microscopy-Brightfield microscope and electron microscope. Cytology-structure of cell, organellsand inclusions; cell division-cell types- Tissues and their classification-embryonic and adult tissues-Comparative histology of organs-Vascular.Nervous, digestive, respiratory, musculo- skeletal and urogenital systems-Endocrine glands -Integuments-sense organs.

1.2 Embryology – Embryology of vertebrates with special reference to aves anddomestic mammals gametogenesis-fertilization-germ layers- foetalmembranes and placentation-types of placenta in domestic mammals-Teratology-twins and twinning- organogenesis -germ layer derivatives-endodermal, mesodermal and ectodermal derivates.

1.3 Bovine Anatomy- Regional Anatomy: Paranasal sinuses of OX- surfaceanatomy of salivary glands. Regional anatomy of infraorbital, maxillary,mandibuloalveolar,mental and cornual nerve block. Regional anatomy ofparavertebral nerves, pudendal nerve, median ulnar and radial nerves-tibial,fibular and digital nerves-Cranial nerves-structures involved in epiduralanaesthesia-superficial lymph nodes-surface anatomy of visceral organs ofthoracic, abdominal and pelvic cavities-comparative features of locomotorapparatus and their application in the biomechanics of mammalian body.

1.4 Anatomy of Fowl- Musculo-skeletal system-functional anatomy in relation to

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respiration and flying, digestion and egg production.1.5 Pharmacology and therapeutic drugs - Cellular level of pharmacodynamics

and pharmacokinetics. Drugs acting on fluids and electrolyte balance. Drugsacting on Autonomic nervous system. Modern concepts of anaesthesia anddissociative anaesthetics. Autacoids. Antimicrobials and principles ofchemotherapy in microbial infections. Use of hormones in therapeutics-chemotherapy of parasitic infections. Drug and economic concerns in theEdible tissues of animals- chemotherapy of Neoplastic diseases. Toxicitydue to insecticides, plants, metals, non-metals, zootoxins and mycotoxins.

1.6 Veterinary Hygiene with reference to water, air and habitation - Assessmentof pollution of water, air and soil- Importance of climate in animal health-effect of environment on animal function and performance-relationship betweenindustrialization and animal agriculture- animal housing requirements forspecific categories of domestic animals viz. pregnant cows and sows, milkingcows, broiler birds- stress, strain and productivity in relation to animalhabitation.

2. Animal Diseases:2.1 Etiology, epidemiology pathogenesis, symptoms, postmortem lesions,

diagnosis, and control of infectious diseases of cattle, sheep and goat, horses,pigs and poultry.

2.2 Etiology, epidemiology, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment of productiondiseases of cattle, horse, pig and poultry.

2.3 Deficiency diseases of domestic animals and birds.2.4 Diagnosis and treatment of non-specific conditions like impaction, Bloat,

Diarrhoea, Indigestion, dehydration, stroke, poisoning.2.5 Diagnosis and treatment of neurological disorders.2.6 Principles and methods of immunization of animals against specific diseases-

herd immunity- disease free zones- ‘zero’ disease concept- chemoprophylaxis.2.7 Anaesthesia- local, regional and general-preanesthetic medication. Symptoms

and surgical interference in fractures and dislocation. Hernia, choking abomasaldisplacement- Caesarian operations. Rumenotomy-Castrations.

2.8 Disease investigation techniques.- Materials for laboratory investigation-Establishment of Animal Health Centers- Disease free zone-

3. Veterinary Public Health:3.1 Zoonoses. - Classification, definition, role of animals and birds in prevalence

and transmission of zoonotic diseases- occupational zoonotic diseases.3.2 Epidemiology- Principle, definition of epidemiological terms, application of

epidemiological measures in the study of diseases and disease control.Epidemiological features of air, water and food borne infections. OIE

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regulations, WTO, sanitary and phytosanitary measures.3.3 Veterinary Jurisprudence- Rules and Regulations for improvement of animal

quality and prevention of animal diseases - State and central rules forprevention of animal and animal product borne diseases- S P C A- Veterolegalcases- Certificates -Materials and Methods of collection of samples forveterolegal investigation.

4. Milk and Milk Products Technology:4.1 Market Milk: Quality, testing and grading of raw milk. Processing, packaging,

storing, distribution, marketing, defects and their control. Preparation of thefollowing milks: Pasteurized, standardized, toned, double toned, sterilized,homogenized, reconstituted, recombined and flavoured milks. Preparationof cultured milks, cultures and their management, yoghurt, Dahi, Lassi andSrikhand. Preparation of flavoured and sterilized milks. Legal standards.Sanitation requirement for clean and safe milk and for the milk plant equipment.

4.2 Milk Products Technology.- Selection of raw materials, processing, storing ,distributing and marketing milk products such as Cream, Butter, Ghee,Khoa, Channa, Cheese, condensed, evaporated, dried milk and baby food,Ice cream and Kulfi; by-products, whey products, butter milk, lactose andcasein. Testing, grading, judging milk products- BIS and Agmark specifications,legal standards, quality control and nutritive properties. Packaging, processingand operational control. Costing of dairy products.

5. Meat Hygiene and Technology:5.1 Meat Hygiene.5.1.1 Ante mortem care and management of food animals, stunning, slaughter and

dressing operations; abattoir requirements and designs; Meat inspectionprocedures and judgment of carcass meat cuts- grading of carcass meatcuts- duties and functions of Veterinarians in wholesome meat production.

5.1.2 Hygienic methods of handling production of meat- Spoilage of meat and controlmeasures- Post - slaughter physicochemical changes in meat and factorsthat influence them- Quality improvement methods – Adulteration of meatand detection - Regulatory provisions in Meat trade and Industry.

5.2 Meat Technology.5.2.1 Physical and chemical characteristics of meat- Meat emulsions- Methods of

preservation of meat- Curing, canning, irradiation, packaging of meat andmeat products, processing and formulations.

5.3 By- products- Slaughter house by- products and their utilization- Edible andinedible by products- Social and economic implications of proper utilizationof slaughter house by-products- Organ products for food and pharmaceuticals.

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5.4 Poultry Products Technology- Chemical composition and nutritive value ofpoultry meat, pre - slaughter care and management. Slaughtering techniques,inspection, preservation of poultry meat and products. Legal and BISstandards.Structure, composition and nutritive value of eggs. Microbial spoilage.Preservation and maintenance. Marketing of poultry meat, eggs and products.Value added meat products.

5.5 Rabbit/Fur Animal farming - Rabbit meat production. Disposal and utilizationof fur and wool and recycling of waste by products. Grading of wool.

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1.1 Meaning, scope and development of Anthropology.1.2 Relationships with other disciplines: Social Sciences, Behavioural Sciences,

Life Sciences, Medical Sciences, Earth Sciences and Humanities.1.3 Main branches of Anthropology, their scope and relevance:

(a) Social- cultural Anthropology.(b) Biological Anthropology.(c) Archaeological Anthropology.(d) Linguistic Anthropology.

1.4 Human Evolution and emergence of Man:(a) Biological and Cultural factors in human evolution.(b) Theories of Organic Evolution (Pre- Darwinian, Darwinian and Post-

Darwinian).(c) Synthetic theory of evolution; Brief outline of terms and concepts of

evolutionary biology (Doll’s rule, Cope’s rule, Gause’s rule,parallelism, convergence, adaptive radiation, and mosaic evolution).

1.5 Characteristics of Primates; Evolutionary Trend and Primate Taxonomy;Primate Adaptations; (Arboreal and Terrestrial) Primate Taxonomy; PrimateBehaviour; Tertiary and Quaternary fossil primates; Living Major Primates;Comparative Anatomy of Man and Apes; Skeletal changes due to erect postureand its implications.

1.6 Phylogenetic status, characteristics and geographical distribution of thefollowing:(a) Plio-pleistocene hominids in South and East Africa - Australopith

ecines.(b) Homo erectus: Africa (Paranthropus), Europe (Homo erectus

heidelbergensis), Asia (Homo erectus javanicus, Homo erectuspekinensis).

(c) Neanderthal Man- La-Chapelle-aux-saints (Classical type), Mt.Carmel (Progressive type).

(d) Rhodesian man.(e) Homo sapiens — Cromagnon, Grimaldi and Chancelede.

1.7 The biological basis of life: The Cell, DNA structure and replication, ProteinSynthesis, Gene, Mutation, Chromosomes, and Cell Division.

1.8 (a) Principles of Prehistoric Archaeology. Chronology: Relative andAbsolute Dating methods.

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(b) Cultural Evolution- Broad Outlines of Prehistoric cultures:(i) Paleolithic, (ii) Mesolithic, (iii) Neolithic, (iv) Chalcolithic,(v) Copper-Bronze Age, (vi) Iron Age

2.1 The Nature of Culture: The concept and characteristics of culture andcivilization; Ethnocentrism vis-à-vis cultural Relativism.

2.2 The Nature of Society: Concept of Society; Society and Culture; SocialInstitutions; Social groups; and Social stratification.

2.3 Marriage: Definition and universality; Laws of marriage (endogamy, exogamy,hypergamy, hypogamy, incest taboo); Types of marriage (monogamy,polygamy, polyandry, group marriage). Functions of marriage; Marriageregulations (preferential, prescriptive and proscriptive); Marriage payments(bride wealth and dowry).

2.4 Family: Definition and universality; Family, household and domestic groups;functions of family; Types of family (from the perspectives of structure, bloodrelation, marriage, residence and succession); Impact of urbanization,industrialization and feminist movements on family.

2.5 Kinship: Consanguinity and Affinity; Principles and types of descent (Unilineal,Double, Bilateral, Ambilineal); Forms of descent groups (lineage, clan, phratry,moiety and kindred); Kinship terminology (descriptive and classificatory);Descent, Filiation and Complimentary Filiation; Descent and Alliance.

3. Economic organization: Meaning, scope and relevance of economicanthropology; Formalist and Substantivist debate; Principles governingproduction, distribution and exchange (reciprocity, redistribution and market),in communities, subsisting on hunting and gathering, fishing, swiddening,pastoralism, horticulture, and agriculture; globalization and indigenouseconomic systems.

4. Political organization and Social Control: Band, tribe, chiefdom, kingdomand state; concepts of power, authority and legitimacy; social control, lawand justice in simple societies.

5. Religion: Anthropological approaches to the study of religion (evolutionary,psychological and functional); monotheism and polytheism; sacred andprofane; myths and rituals; forms of religion in tribal and peasant societies(animism, animatism, fetishism, naturism and totemism); religion, magicand science distinguished; magico- religious functionaries (priest, shaman,medicine man, sorcerer and witch).

6. Anthropological theories:(a) Classical evolutionism (Tylor, Morgan and Frazer)(b) Historical particularism (Boas); Diffusionism (British, German and

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American)(c) Functionalism (Malinowski); Structural- functionlism (Radcliffe-Brown)(d) Structuralism (L’evi - Strauss and E. Leach)(e) Culture and personality (Benedict, Mead, Linton, Kardiner and

Cora - du Bois).(f) Neo - evolutionism (Childe, White, Steward, Sahlins and Service)(g) Cultural materialism (Harris)(h) Symbolic and interpretive theories (Turner, Schneider and Geertz)(i) Cognitive theories (Tyler, Conklin)(j) Post- modernism in anthropology

7. Culture, language and communication: Nature, origin and characteristicsof language; verbal and non-verbal communication; social context of languageuse.

8. Research methods in anthropology:(a) Fieldwork tradition in anthropology(b) Distinction between technique, method and methodology(c) Tools of data collection: observation, interview, schedules,

questionnaire, Case study, genealogy, life-history, oral history,secondary sources of information, participatory methods.

(d) Analysis, interpretation and presentation of data.9.1 Human Genetics – Methods and Application: Methods for study of genetic

principles in man-family study (pedigree analysis, twin study, foster child,co-twin method, cytogenetic method, chromosomal and karyo-type analysis),biochemical methods, immunological methods, D.N.A. technology andrecombinant technologies.

9.2 Mendelian genetics in man-family study, single factor, multifactor, lethal, sub-lethal and polygenic inheritance in man.

9.3 Concept of genetic polymorphism and selection, Mendelian population, Hardy-Weinberg law; causes and changes which bring down frequency – mutation,isolation, migration, selection, inbreeding and genetic drift. Consanguineousand non-consanguineous mating, genetic load, genetic effect ofconsanguineous and cousin marriages.

9.4 Chromosomes and chromosomal aberrations in man, methodology.(a) Numerical and structural aberrations (disorders).(b) Sex chromosomal aberrations – Klinefelter (XXY), Turner (XO), Super

female (XXX), intersex and other syndromic disorders.(c) Autosomal aberrations – Down syndrome, Patau, Edward and Cri-du-

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chat syndromes.(d) Genetic imprints in human disease, genetic screening, genetic

counseling, human DNA profiling, gene mapping and genome study.9.5 Race and racism, biological basis of morphological variation of non-metric

and metric characters. Racial criteria, racial traits in relation to heredity andenvironment; biological basis of racial classification, racial differentiation andrace crossing in man.

9.6 Age, sex and population variation as genetic marker- ABO, Rh blood groups,HLA Hp, transferring, Gm, blood enzymes. Physiological characteristics-Hblevel, body fat, pulse rate, respiratory functions and sensory perceptions indifferent cultural and socio-economic groups.

9.7 Concepts and methods of Ecological Anthropology. Bio-cultural Adaptations– Genetic and Non- genetic factors. Man’s physiological responses toenvironmental stresses: hot desert, cold, high altitude climate.

9.8 Epidemiological Anthropology: Health and disease. Infectious and non-infectious diseases. Nutritional deficiency related diseases.

10. Concept of human growth and development: stages of growth - pre-natal,natal, infant, childhood, adolescence, maturity, senescence.- Factors affecting growth and development genetic, environmental,biochemical, nutritional, cultural and socio-economic.- Ageing and senescence. Theories and observations - biological andchronological longevity. Human physique and somatotypes. Methodologiesfor growth studies.

11.1 Relevance of menarche, menopause and other bioevents to fertility. Fertilitypatterns and differentials.

11.2 Demographic theories- biological, social and cultural.11.3 Biological and socio-ecological factors influencing fecundity, fertility,

natality and mortality. 12. Applications of Anthropology: Anthropology of sports, Nutritional anthropology,

Anthropology in designing of defence and other equipments, ForensicAnthropology, Methods and principles of personal identification andreconstruction, Applied human genetics – Paternity diagnosis, geneticcounseling and eugenics, DNA technology in diseases and medicine,serogenetics and cytogenetics in reproductive biology.

PAPER – II1.1 Evolution of the Indian Culture and Civilization — Prehistoric (Palaeolithic,

Mesolithic, Neolithic and Neolithic - Chalcolithic). Protohistoric (IndusCivilization): Pre- Harappan, Harappan and post- Harappan cultures.

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Contributions of tribal cultures to Indian civilization.1.2 Palaeo – anthropological evidences from India with special reference to Siwaliks

and Narmada basin (Ramapithecus, Sivapithecus and Narmada Man).1.3 Ethno-archaeology in India: The concept of ethno-archaeology; Survivals and

Parallels among the hunting, foraging, fishing, pastoral and peasantcommunities including arts and crafts producing communities.

2. Demographic profile of India — Ethnic and linguistic elements in the Indianpopulation and their distribution. Indian population - factors influencing itsstructure and growth.

3.1 The structure and nature of traditional Indian social system — Varnashram,Purushartha, Karma, Rina and Rebirth.

3.2 Caste system in India- structure and characteristics, Varna and caste,Theories of origin of caste system, Dominant caste, Caste mobility, Future ofcaste system, Jajmani system, Tribe- caste continuum.

3.3 Sacred Complex and Nature- Man- Spirit Complex.3.4 Impact of Buddhism, Jainism, Islam and Christianity on Indian society.4. Emergence and growth of anthropology in India-Contributions of the 18th, 19th

and early 20th Century scholar-administrators. Contributions of Indiananthropologists to tribal and caste studies.

5.1 Indian Village: Significance of village study in India; Indian village as a socialsystem; Traditional and changing patterns of settlement and inter-casterelations; Agrarian relations in Indian villages; Impact of globalization on Indianvillages.

5.2 Linguistic and religious minorities and their social, political and economicstatus.

5.3 Indigenous and exogenous processes of socio-cultural change in Indiansociety: Sanskritization, Westernization, Modernization; Inter-play of littleand great traditions; Panchayati raj and social change; Media and socialchange.

6.1 Tribal situation in India – Bio-genetic variability, linguistic and socio-economiccharacteristics of tribal populations and their distribution.

6.2 Problems of the tribal Communities — land alienation, poverty, indebtedness,low literacy, poor educational facilities, unemployment, underemployment,health and nutrition.

6.3 Developmental projects and their impact on tribal displacement and problemsof rehabilitation. Development of forest policy and tribals. Impact of urbanizationand industrialization on tribal populations.

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7.1 Problems of exploitation and deprivation of Scheduled Castes, ScheduledTribes and Other Backward Classes. Constitutional safeguards for ScheduledTribes and Scheduled Castes.

7.2 Social change and contemporary tribal societies: Impact of modern democraticinstitutions, development programmes and welfare measures on tribals andweaker sections.

7.3 The concept of ethnicity; Ethnic conflicts and political developments; Unrestamong tribal communities; Regionalism and demand for autonomy; Pseudo-tribalism; Social change among the tribes during colonial and post-IndependentIndia.

8.1 Impact of Hinduism, Buddhism, Christianity, Islam and other religions ontribal societies.

8.2 Tribe and nation state — a comparative study of tribal communities in Indiaand other countries.

9.1 History of administration of tribal areas, tribal policies, plans, programmesof tribal development and their implementation. The concept of PTGs(Primitive Tribal Groups), their distribution, special programmes for theirdevelopment. Role of N.G.O.s in tribal development.

9.2 Role of anthropology in tribal and rural development.9.3 Contributions of anthropology to the understanding of regionalism,

communalism, and ethnic and political movements.

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RAU’S IAS—UPSC Syllabus for Civil Services Exam54


1. Microbiology and Plant Pathology:Structure and reproduction/multiplication of viruses, viroids, bacteria, fungiand mycoplasma; Applications of microbiology in agriculture, industry,medicine and in control of soil and water pollution; Prion and Prion hypothesis. Important crop diseases caused by viruses, bacteria, mycoplasma, fungiand nematodes; Modes of infection and dissemination; Molecular basis ofinfection and disease resistance/defence; Physiology of parasitism and controlmeasures; Fungal toxins; Modelling and disease forecasting; Plant quarantine.

2. Cryptogams:Algae, fungi, lichens, bryophytes, pteridophytes - structure and reproductionfrom evolutionary viewpoint; Distribution of Cryptogams in India and theirecological and economic importance.

3. Phanerogams:Gymnosperms: Concept of Progymnosperms; Classification and distributionof gymnosperms; Salient features of Cycadales, Ginkgoales, Coniferalesand Gnetales, their structure and reproduction; General account ofCycadofilicales, Bennettitales and Cordaitales; Geological time scale; Typeof fossils and their study techniques. Angiosperms: Systematics, anatomy, embryology, palynology andphylogeny. Taxonomic hierarchy; International Code of Botanical Nomenclature;Numerical taxonomy and chemotaxonomy; Evidence from anatomy,embryology and palynology. Origin and evolution of angiosperms; Comparative account of various systemsof classification of angiosperms; Study of angiospermic families –Mangnoliaceae, Ranunculaceae, Brassicaceae, Rosaceae, Fabaceae,Euphorbiaceae, Malvaceae, Dipterocarpaceae, Apiaceae, Asclepiadaceae,Verbenaceae, Solanaceae, Rubiaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Asteraceae, Poaceae,Arecaceae, Liliaceae, Musaceae and Orchidaceae. Stomata and their types; Glandular and non-glandular trichomes; Unusualsecondary growth; Anatomy of C3 and C4 plants; Xylem and phloemdifferentiation; Wood anatomy. Development of male and female gametophytes, pollination, fertilization;Endosperm - its development and function; Patterns of embryo development;Polyembroyony and apomixes; Applications of palynology; Experimentalembryology including pollen storage and test-tube fertilization.

4. Plant Resource Development:Domestication and introduction of plants; Origin of cultivated plants; Vavilov’scentres of origin; Plants as sources for food, fodder, fibre, spices, beverages,

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RAU’S IAS—UPSC Syllabus for Civil Services Exam55

edible oils, drugs, narcotics, insecticides, timber, gums, resins and dyes,latex, cellulose, starch and its products; Perfumery; Importance ofEthnobotany in Indian context; Energy plantations; Botanical Gardens andHerbaria.

5. Morphogenesis:Totipotency, polarity, symmetry and dfferentiation; Cell, tissue, organ andprotoplast culture; Somatic hybrids and Cybrids; Micropropagation;Somaclonal variation and its applications; Pollen haploids, embryo rescuemethods and their applications.

PAPER – II1. Cell Biology:

Techniques of cell biology; Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells - structural andultrastructural details; Structure and function of extracellular matrix (cell wall),membranes-cell adhesion, membrane transport and vesicular transport;Structure and function of cell organelles (chloroplasts, mitochondria, ER,dictyosomes ribosomes, endosomes, lysosomes, peroxisomes);Cytoskelaton and microtubules; Nucleus, nucleolus, nuclear pore complex;Chromatin and nucleosome; Cell signalling and cell receptors; Signaltransduction; Mitosis and meiosis; Molecular basis of cell cycle; Numericaland structural variations in chromosomes and their significance; Chromatinorganization and packaging of genome; Polytene chromosomes; B-chromosomes – structure, behaviour and significance.

2. Genetics, Molecular Biology and Evolution:Development of genetics; Gene versus allele concepts (Pseudoalleles);Quantitative genetics and multiple factors; Incomplete dominance, polygenicinheritance, multiple alleles; Linkage and crossing over; Methods of genemapping, including molecular maps (idea of mapping function); Sexchromosomes and sex-linked inheritance, sex determination and molecularbasis of sex differentiation; Mutations (biochemical and molecular basis);Cytoplasmic inheritance and cytoplasmic genes (including genetics of malesterility). Structure and synthesis of nucleic acids and proteins;Genetic code andregulation of gene expression; Gene silencing; Multigene families; Organicevolution–evidences, mechanism and theories.Role of RNA in origin and evolution.

3. Plant Breeding, Biotechnology and Biostatistics:Methods of plant breeding – introduction, selection and hybridization (pedigree,backcross, mass selection, bulk method); Mutation, polyploidy, male sterilityand heterosis breeding; Use of apomixes in plant breeding; DNA sequencing;Genetic engineering – methods of transfer of genes; Transgenic crops andbiosafety aspects; Development and use of molecular markers in plant

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RAU’S IAS—UPSC Syllabus for Civil Services Exam56

breeding; Tools and techniques - probe, southern blotting, DNA fingerprinting,PCR and FISH. Standard deviation and coefficient of variation (CV); Tests of significance (Z-test, t-test and chi-square test); Probability and distributions (normal, binomialand Poisson); Correlation and regression.

4. Physiology and Biochemistry:Water relations, mineral nutrition and ion transport, mineral deficiencies;Photosynthesis – photochemical reactions; photophosphorylation and carbonfixation pathways; C3, C4 and CAM pathways; Mechanism of phloem transport;Respiration (anerobic and aerobic, including fermentation) – electron transportchain and oxidative phosphorylation; Photorespiration; Chemiosmotic theoryand ATP synthesis; Lipid metabolism; Nitrogen fixation and nitrogenmetabolism; Enzymes, coenzymes; Energy transfer and energy conservation;Importance of secondary metabolites; Pigments as photoreceptors (plastidialpigments and phytochrome); Plant movements; Photoperiodism and flowering,vernalization, senescence; Growth substances – their chemical nature, roleand applications in agri-horticulture; Growth indices, growth movements; Stressphysiology (heat, water, salinity, metal); Fruit and seed physiology; Dormancy,storage and germination of seed; Fruit ripening – its molecular basis andmanipulation.

5. Ecology and Plant Geography:Concept of ecosystem; Ecological factors; Concepts and dynamics ofcommunity; Plant succession; Concept of biosphere; Ecosystems;Conservation; Pollution and its control (including phytoremediation); Plantindicators; Environment (Protection) Act. Forest types of India - Ecological and economic importance of forests,afforestation, deforestation and social forestry; Endangered plants, endemism,IUCN categories, Red Data Books; Biodiversity and its conservation; ProtectedArea Network; Convention on Biological Diversity; Farmers’ Rights andIntellectual Property Rights; Concept of Sustainable Development;Biogeochemical cycles; Global warming and climatic change; Invasivespecies; Environmental Impact Assessment; Phytogeographical regions ofIndia.

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RAU’S IAS—UPSC Syllabus for Civil Services Exam57


1. Atomic Structure: Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle, Schrodinger wave equation(time independent); Interpretation of wave function, particle in one-dimensionalbox, quantum numbers, hydrogen atom wave functions; Shapes of s, p and dorbitals.

2. Chemical Bonding: Ionic bond, characteristics of ionic compounds, latticeenergy, Born-Haber cycle; covalent bond and its general characteristics, polaritiesof bonds in molecules and their dipole moments; Valence bond theory, conceptof resonance and resonance energy; Molecular orbital theory (LCAO method);bonding in H2

+, H2, He2+ to Ne2, NO, CO, HF, and CN–; Comparison of valence

bond and molecular orbital theories, bond order, bond strength and bond length.3. Solid State: Crystal systems; Designation of crystal faces, lattice structures

and unit cell; Bragg’s law; X-ray diffraction by crystals; Close packing, radiusratio rules, calculation of some limiting radius ratio values; Structures of NaCl,ZnS, CsCl and CaF2; Stoichiometric and nonstoichiometric defects, impuritydefects, semi-conductors.

4. The Gaseous State and Transport Phenomenon: Equation of state for realgases, intermolecular interactions and critical phenomena and liquefaction ofgases, Maxwell’s distribution of speeds, intermolecular collisions, collisions onthe wall and effusion; Thermal conductivity and viscosity of ideal gases.

5. Liquid State: Kelvin equation; Surface tension and surface energy, wetting andcontact angle, interfacial tension and capillary action.

6. Thermodynamics: Work, heat and internal energy; first law of thermodynamics.Second law of thermodynamics; entropy as a state function, entropy changes invarious processes, entropy–reversibility and irreversibility, Free energy functions;Thermodynamic equation of state; Maxwell relations; Temperature, volume andpressure dependence of U, H, A, G, Cp and Cv, α and β ; J-T effect and inversiontemperature; criteria for equilibrium, relation between equilibrium constant andthermodynamic quantities; Nernst heat theorem, introductory idea of third law ofthermodynamics.

7. Phase Equilibria and Solutions: Clausius-Clapeyron equation; phase diagramfor a pure substance; phase equilibria in binary systems, partially miscible liquids–upper and lower critical solution temperatures; partial molar quantities, theirsignificance and determination; excess thermodynamic functions and theirdetermination.

8. Electrochemistry: Debye-Huckel theory of strong electrolytes and Debye-Huckellimiting Law for various equilibrium and transport properties.Galvanic cells, concentration cells; electrochemical series, measurement of e.m.f.of cells and its applications fuel cells and batteries.Processes at electrodes; double layer at the interface; rate of charge transfer,

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RAU’S IAS—UPSC Syllabus for Civil Services Exam58

current density; overpotential; electroanalytical techniques: Polarography,amperometry, ion selective electrodes and their uses.

9. Chemical Kinetics: Differential and integral rate equations for zeroth, first, secondand fractional order reactions; Rate equations involving reverse, parallel,consecutive and chain reactions; branching chain and explosions; effect oftemperature and pressure on rate constant; Study of fast reactions by stop-flowand relaxation methods; Collisions and transition state theories.

10. Photochemistry: Absorption of light; decay of excited state by different routes;photochemical reactions between hydrogen and halogens and their quantumyields.

11. Surface Phenomena and Catalysis: Absorption from gases and solutions onsolid adsorbents, Langmuir and B.E.T. adsorption isotherms; determination ofsurface area, characteristics and mechanism of reaction on heterogeneouscatalysts.

12. Bio-inorganic Chemistry: Metal ions in biological systems and their role in iontransport across the membranes (molecular mechanism), oxygen-uptake proteins,cytochromes and ferredoxins.

13. Coordination Compounds:(i) Bonding theories of metal complexes; Valence bond theory, crystal field

theory and its modifications; applications of theories in the explanation ofmagnetism and electronic spectra of metal complexes.

(ii) Isomerism in coordination compounds; IUPAC nomenclature ofcoordination compounds; stereochemistry of complexes with 4 and 6coordination numbers; chelate effect and polynuclear complexes; transeffect and its theories; kinetics of substitution reactions in square-planercomplexes; thermodynamic and kinetic stability of complexes.

(iii) EAN rule, Synthesis structure and reactivity of metal carbonyls; carboxylateanions, carbonyl hydrides and metal nitrosyl compounds.

(iv) Complexes with aromatic systems, synthesis, structure and bonding inmetal olefin complexes, alkyne complexes and cyclopentadienylcomplexes; coordinative unsaturation, oxidative addition reactions,insertion reactions, fluxional molecules and their characterization;Compounds with metal-metal bonds and metal atom clusters.

14. Main Group Chemistry: Boranes, borazines, phosphazenes and cyclicphosphazene, silicates and silicones, Interhalogen compounds; Sulphur –nitrogen compounds, noble gas compounds.

15. General Chemistry of ‘f’ Block Elements: Lanthanides and actinides;separation, oxidation states, magnetic and spectral properties; lanthanidecontraction.

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RAU’S IAS—UPSC Syllabus for Civil Services Exam59

PAPER - II1. Delocalised Covalent Bonding: Aromaticity, anti-aromaticity; annulenes,

azulenes, tropolones, fulvenes, sydnones.2. (i) Reaction Mechanisms: General methods (both kinetic and non-kinetic)

of study of mechanism of organic reactions: isotopic method, cross-overexperiment, intermediate trapping, stereochemistry; energy of activation;thermodynamic control and kinetic control of reactions.

(ii) Reactive Intermediates: Generation, geometry, stability and reactionsof carbonium ions and carbanions, free radicals, carbenes, benzynes andnitrenes.

(iii) Substitution Reactions: SN1, SN2 and SNi mechanisms; neighbouringgroup participation; electrophilic and nucleophilic reactions of aromaticcompounds including heterocyclic compounds–pyrrole, furan, thiopheneand indole.

(iv) Elimination Reactions: E1, E2 and E1cb mechanisms; orientation inE2 reactions–Saytzeff and Hoffmann; pyrolytic syn elimination – Chugaevand Cope eliminations.

(v) Addition Reactions: Electrophilic addition to C=C and C=C; nucleophilicaddition to C=0, C=N, conjugated olefins and carbonyls.

(vi) Reactions and Rearrangements: (a) Pinacol-pinacolone, Hoffmann,Beckmann, Baeyer–Villiger, Favorskii, Fries, Claisen, Cope, Stevens andWagner-Meerwein rearrangements.

(b) Aldol condensation, Claisen condensation, Dieckmann, Perkin,Knoevenagel, Witting, Clemmensen, Wolff-Kishner, Cannizzaro and vonRichter reactions; Stobbe, benzoin and acyloin condensations; Fischerindole synthesis, Skraup synthesis, Bischler-Napieralski, Sandmeyer,Reimer-Tiemann and Reformatsky reactions.

3. Pericyclic Reactions: Classification and examples; Woodward-Hoffmannrules – electrocyclic reactions, cycloaddition reactions [2+2 and 4+2] andsigmatropic shifts [1, 3; 3, 3 and 1, 5] FMO approach.

4. (i) Preparation and Properties of Polymers: Organic polymers–polyethy-lene, polystyrene, polyvinyl chloride, teflon, nylon, terylene, synthetic andnatural rubber.(ii) Biopolymers: Structure of proteins, DNA and RNA.

5. Synthetic Uses of Reagents:OsO4, HIO4, CrO3, Pb(OAc)4, SeO2, NBS, B2H6, Na-Liquid NH3, LiAlH4, NaBH4,n-BuLi and MCPBA.

6. Photochemistry: Photochemical reactions of simple organic compounds,excited and ground states, singlet and triplet states, Norrish-Type I and TypeII reactions.

7. Spectroscopy: Principle and applications in structure elucidation:

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(i) Rotational: Diatomic molecules; isotopic substitution and rotationalconstants.

(ii) Vibrational: Diatomic molecules, linear triatomic molecules, specificfrequencies of functional groups in polyatomic molecules.

(iii) Electronic: Singlet and triplet states; *n π→ and →ππ* transitions;application to conjugated double bonds and conjugated carbonyls–Woodward-Fieser rules; Charge transfer spectra.

(iv) Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (1H NMR): Basic principle; chemical

shift and spin-spin interaction and coupling constants.(v) Mass Spectrometry: Parent peak, base peak, metastable peak, McLafferty


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RAU’S IAS—UPSC Syllabus for Civil Services Exam61


1. Engineering Mechanics, Strength of Materials and Structural Analysis:1.1 Engineering Mechanics:

Units and Dimensions, SI Units, Vectors, Concept of Force, Concept of particleand rigid body. Concurrent, Non Concurrent and parallel forces in a plane, moment offorce, free body diagram, conditions of equilibrium, Principle of virtual work, equivalentforce system.

First and Second Moment of area, Mass moment of Inertia.Static Friction.Kinematics and Kinetics:Kinematics in Cartesian Co-ordinates, motion under uniform and nonuniformacceleration, motion under gravity. Kinetics of particle: Momentum and Energyprinciples, collision of elastic bodies, rotation of rigid bodies.

1.2 Strength of Materials:Simple Stress and Strain, Elastic constants, axially loaded compressionmembers, Shear force and bending moment, theory of simple bending, ShearStress distribution across cross sections, Beams of uniform strength.Deflection of beams: Macaulay’s method, Mohr’s Moment area method,Conjugate beam method, unit load method. Torsion of Shafts, Elastic stabilityof columns, Euler’s Rankine’s and Secant formulae.

1.3 Structural Analysis:Castiglianio’s theorems I and II, unit load method of consistent deformationapplied to beams and pin jointed trusses. Slope-deflection, momentdistribution,Rolling loads and Influences lines: Influences lines for Shear Force andBending moment at a section of beam. Criteria for maximum shear force andbending Moment in beams traversed by a system of moving loads. Influenceslines for simply supported plane pin jointed trusses.Arches: Three hinged, two hinged and fixed arches, rib shortening andtemperature effects.Matrix methods of analysis: Force method and displacement method ofanalysis of indeterminate beams and rigid frames.Plastic Analysis of beams and frames: Theory of plastic bending, plasticanalysis, statical method, Mechanism method.Unsymmetrical bending: Moment of inertia, product of inertia, position ofNeutral Axis and Principle axes, calculation of bending stresses.

2. Design of Structures: Steel, Concrete and Masonry Structures:2.1 Structural Steel Design:

Structural Steel: Factors of safety and load factors. Riveted, bolted and weldedjoints and connections. Design of tension and compression member, beams

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of built up section, riveted and welded plate girders, gantry girders, stancheonswith battens and lacings.

2.2 Design of Concrete and Masonry Structures:Concept of mix design. Reinforced Concrete: Working Stress and Limit Statemethod of design–Recommendations of I.S. codes Design of one way andtwo way slabs, stair-case slabs, simple and continuous beams of rectangular,T and L sections. Compression members under direct load with or withouteccentricity,Cantilever and Counter fort type retaining walls.Water tanks: Design requirements for Rectangular and circular tanks restingon ground.Prestressed concrete: Methods and systems of prestressing, anchorages,Analysis and design of sections for flexure based on working stress, loss ofprestress.Design of brick masonry as per I.S. Codes

3. Fluid Mechanics, Open Channel Flow and Hydraulic Machines:3.1 Fluid Mechanics:

Fluid properties and their role in fluid motion, fluid statics including forcesacting on plane and curved surfaces.Kinematics and Dynamics of Fluid flow: Velocity and accelerations, streamlines, equation of continuity, irrotational and rotational flow, velocity potentialand stream functions.Continuity, momentum and energy equation, Navier-Stokes equation, Euler’sequation of motion, application to fluid flow problems, pipe flow, sluice gates,weirs.

3.2 Dimensional Analysis and Similitude:Buckingham’s Pi-theorem, dimensionless parameters.

3.3 Laminar Flow:Laminar flow between parallel, stationary and moving plates, flow through tube.

3.4 Boundary layer:Laminar and turbulent boundary layer on a flat plate, laminar sub layer, smoothand rough boundaries, drag and lift.Turbulent flow through pipes: Characteristics of turbulent flow, velocitydistribution and variation of pipe friction factor, hydraulic grade line and totalenergy line.

3.5 Open channel flow:Uniform and non-uniform flows, momentum and energy correction factors,specific energy and specific force, critical depth, rapidly varied flow, hydraulicjump, gradually varied flow, classification of surface profiles, control section,step method of integration of varied flow equation.

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3.6 Hydraulic Machines and Hydropower:Hydraulic turbines, types classification, Choice of turbines, performanceparameters, controls, characteristics, specific speed.Principles of hydropower development.

4. Geotechnical Engineering:Soil Type and structure – gradation and particle size distribution – consistencylimits.Water in soil – capillary and structural – effective stress and pore waterpressure – permeability concept – field and laboratory determination ofpermeability – Seepage pressure – quick sand conditions – Shear strengthdetermination – Mohr Coulomb concept.Compaction of soil – Laboratory and field tests.Compressibility and consolidation concept – consolidation theory –consolidation settlement analysis.Earth pressure theory and analysis for retaining walls, Application for sheetpiles and Braced excavation.Bearing capacity of soil – approaches for analysis – Field tests – settlementanalysis – stability of slope of earth walk.Subsurface exploration of soils – methodsFoundation – Type and selection criteria for foundation of structures –Design criteria for foundation – Analysis of distribution of stress for footingsand pile – pile group action-pile load test.Ground improvement techniques.

PAPER - II1. Construction Technology, Equipment, Planning and Management:1.1 Construction Technology:

Engineering Materials:Physical properties of construction materials with respect to their use inconstruction - Stones, Bricks and Tiles; Lime, Cement, different types ofMortars and Concrete.Specific use of ferro cement, fibre reinforced C.C, High strength concrete.Timber, properties and defects - common preservation treatments.Use and selection of materials for specific use like Low Cost Housing, MassHousing, High Rise Buildings.

1.2 Construction:Masonry principles using Brick, stone, Blocks – construction detailing andstrength characteristics.Types of plastering, pointing, flooring, roofing and construction features.common repairs in buildings.Principles of functional planning of building for residents and specific use -

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Building code provisions.Basic principles of detailed and approximate estimating - specification writingand rate analysis – principles of valuation of real property.Machinery for earthwork, concreting and their specific uses – Factors affectingselection of equipments – operating cost of Equipments.

1.3 Construction Planning and Management:Construction activity – schedules- organization for construction industry –Quality assurance principles.Use of Basic principles of network – analysis in form of CPM and PERT –their use in construction monitoring, Cost optimization and resource allocation.Basic principles of Economic analysis and methods.Project profitability – Basic principles of Boot approach to financial planning– simple toll fixation criterions.

2. Surveying and Transportation Engineering2.1 Surveying:

Common methods and instruments for distance and angle measurement forCE work – their use in plane table, traverse survey, leveling work, triangulation,contouring and topographical map.Basic principles of photogrammetry and remote sensing.

2.2 Railway Engineering:Permanent way – components, types and their functions – Functions andDesign constituents of turn and crossings – Necessity of geometric designof track – Design of station and yards.

2.3 Highway Engineering:Principles of Highway alignments – classification and geometrical designelements and standards for Roads.Pavement structure for flexible and rigid pavements - Design principles andmethodology of pavements.Typical construction methods and standards of materials for stabilized soil,WBM, Bituminous works and CC roads.Surface and sub-surface drainage arrangements for roads - culvert structures.Pavement distresses and strengthening by overlays.Traffic surveys and their applications in traffic planning - Typical design featuresfor channelized, intersection, rotary etc – signal designs – standard Trafficsigns and markings.

3. Hydrology, Water Resources and Engineering:3.1 Hydrology:

Hydrological cycle, precipitation, evaporation, transpiration, infiltration,overland flow, hydrograph, flood frequency analysis, flood routing through a

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reservoir, channel flow routing-Muskingam method.3.2 Ground water flow:

Specific yield, storage coefficient, coefficient of permeability, confined andunconfined equifers, aquifers, aquitards, radial flow into a well under confinedand unconfined conditions.

3.3 Water Resources Engineering:Ground and surface water resource, single and multipurpose projects, storagecapacity of reservoirs, reservoir losses, reservoir sedimentation.

3.4 Irrigation Engineering:(i) Water requirements of crops: consumptive use, duty and delta,

irrigation methods and their efficiencies.(ii) Canals: Distribution systems for canal irrigation, canal capacity, canal

losses, alignment of main and distributory canals, most efficientsection, lined canals, their design, regime theory, critical shear stress,bed load.

(iii) Water logging: causes and control, salinity.(iv) Canal structures: Design of, head regulators, canal falls, aqueducts,

metering flumes and canal outlets.(v) Diversion headwork: Principles and design of weirs of permeable

and impermeable foundation, Khosla’s theory, energy dissipation.(vi) Storage works: Types of dams, design, principles of rigid gravity,

stability analysis.(vii) Spillways: Spillway types, energy dissipation.

(viii) River training: Objectives of river training, methods of rivertraining.

4. Environmental Engineering:4.1 Water Supply:

Predicting demand for water, impurities, of water and their significance,physical, chemical and bacteriological analysis, waterborne diseases,standards for potable water.

4.2 Intake of water:Water treatment: principles of coagulation, flocculation and sedimentation;slow-; rapid-, pressure-, filters; chlorination, softening, removal of taste, odourand salinity.

4.3 Sewerage systems:Domestic and industrial wastes, storm sewage–separate and combinedsystems, flow through sewers, design of sewers.

4.4 Sewage characterization:BOD, COD, solids, dissolved oxygen, nitrogen and TOC. Standards of disposalin normal watercourse and on land.

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4.5 Sewage treatment:Working principles, units, chambers, sedimentation tanks, trickling filters,oxidation ponds, activated sludge process, septic tank, disposal of sludge,recycling of wastewater.

4.6 Solid waste:Collection and disposal in rural and urban contexts, management of long-term ill effects.

5. Environmental pollution:Sustainable development. Radioactive wastes and disposal. Environmentalimpact assessment for thermal power plants, mines, river valley projects. Airpollution. Pollution control acts.

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RAU’S IAS—UPSC Syllabus for Civil Services Exam67


Accounting and FinanceAccounting, Taxation & Auditing

1. Financial Accounting: Accounting as a Financial Information System; Impactof Behavioural Sciences. Accounting Standards e.g., Accounting for Depreciation,Inventories, Research and Development Costs, Long-term Construction Contracts,Revenue Recognition, Fixed Assets, Contingencies, Foreign ExchangeTransactions, Investments and Government Grants, Cash Flow Statement,Earnings Per Share.Accounting for Share Capital Transactions including Bonus Shares, Right Shares,Employees Stock Option and Buy- Back of Securities.Preparation and Presentation of Company Final Accounts.Amalgamation, Absorption and Reconstruction of Companies.

2. Cost Accounting: Nature and Functions of Cost Accounting. Installation of CostAccounting System. Cost Concepts related to Income Measurement, ProfitPlanning, Cost Control and Decision Making.Methods of Costing: Job Costing, Process Costing, Activity Based Costing.Volume – cost – Profit Relationship as a tool of Profit Planning.Incremental Analysis/ Differential Costing as a Tool of Pricing Decisions, ProductDecisions, Make or Buy Decisions, Shut-Down Decisions etc.Techniques of Cost Control and Cost Reduction: Budgeting as a Tool of Planningand Control. Standard Costing and Variance Analysis.Responsibility Accounting and Divisional Performance Measurement.

3. Taxation: Income Tax: Definitions; Basis of Charge; Incomes which do not formPart of Total Income. Simple problems of Computation of Income (of Individualsonly) under Various Heads, i.e., Salaries, Income from House Property, Profitsand Gains from Business or Profession, Capital Gains, Income from other sources,Income of other Persons included in Assessee’s Total Income.Set - Off and Carry Forward of Loss.Deductions from Gross Total Income.Salient Features/Provisions Related to VAT and Services Tax.

4. Auditing: Company Audit: Audit related to Divisible Profits, Dividends, Specialinvestigations, Tax audit.Audit of Banking, Insurance, Non-Profit Organizations and Charitable Societies /Trusts / Organizations.

Financial Management, Financial Institutions and Markets1. Financial Management:

Finance Function: Nature, Scope and Objectives of Financial Management: Riskand Return Relationship.Tools of Financial Analysis: Ratio Analysis, Funds-Flow and Cash-Flow Statement.Capital Budgeting Decisions: Process, Procedures and Appraisal Methods. Risk

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and Uncertainty Analysis and Methods.Cost of capital: Concept, Computation of Specific Costs and Weighted AverageCost of Capital. CAPM as a Tool of Determining Cost of Equity Capital.Financing Decisions: Theories of Capital Structure - Net Income (NI) Approach,Net Operating Income (NOI) Approach, MM Approach and Traditional Approach.Designing of Capital structure: Types of Leverages (Operating, Financial andCombined), EBIT- EPS Analysis, and other Factors.Dividend Decisions and Valuation of Firm: Walter’s Model, MM Thesis, Gordan’sModel Lintner’s Model. Factors Affecting Dividend Policy.Working Capital Management: Planning of Working Capital. Determinants ofWorking Capital. Components of Working Capital - Cash, Inventory andReceivables.Corporate Restructuring with focus on Mergers and Acquisitions (Financial aspectsonly)

2. Financial Markets and Institutions: Indian Financial System: An OverviewMoney Markets: Participants, Structure and Instruments. Commercial Banks.Reforms in Banking sector. Monetary and Credit Policy of RBI. RBI as a Regulator.Capital Market: Primary and Secondary Market. Financial Market Instrumentsand Innovative Debt Instruments; SEBI as a Regulator.Financial Services: Mutual Funds, Venture Capital, Credit Rating Agencies,Insurance and IRDA.

PAPER – IIOrganisation Theory and Behaviour, Human Resource

Management and Industrial RelationsOrganisation Theory and Behaviour1. Organisation Theory:

Nature and Concept of Organisation; External Environment of Organizations-Technological, Social, Political, Economical and Legal; Organizational Goals- Primary and Secondary goals, Single and Multiple Goals; Management byObjectives.Evolution of Organisation Theory: Classical, Neo-classical and SystemsApproach.Modern Concepts of Organisation Theory: Organisational Design,Organisational Structure and Organisational Culture.Organisational Design–Basic Challenges; Differentiation and IntegrationProcess; Centralization and Decentralization Process; Standardization /Formalization and Mutual Adjustment. Coordinating Formal and InformalOrganizations. Mechanistic and Organic Structures.Designing Organizational structures–Authority and Control; Line and StaffFunctions, Specialization and Coordination. Types of Organization Structure–Functional. Matrix Structure, Project Structure. Nature and Basis of Power, Sources of Power, Power Structure and Politics. Impact of InformationTechnology on Organizational Design and Structure.

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Managing Organizational Culture.2. Organisation Behaviour:

Meaning and Concept; Individual in organizations: Personality, Theories, andDeterminants; Perception - Meaning and Process.Motivation: Concepts, Theories and Applications. Leadership-Theories andStyles. Quality of Work Life (QWL): Meaning and its impact on Performance,Ways of its Enhancement. Quality Circles (QC) – Meaning and theirImportance. Management of Conflicts in Organizations. TransactionalAnalysis, Organizational Effectiveness, Management of Change.

Human Resources Management and Industrial Relations1. Human Resources Management (HRM):

Meaning, Nature and Scope of HRM, Human Resource Planning, Job Analysis,Job Description, Job Specification, Recruitment Process, Selection Process,Orientation and Placement, Training and Development Process, PerformanceAppraisal and 360° Feed Back, Salary and Wage Administration, JobEvaluation, Employee Welfare, Promotions, Transfers and Separations.

2. Industrial Relations (IR):Meaning, Nature, Importance and Scope of IR, Formation of Trade Unions,Trade Union Legislation, Trade Union Movement in India. Recognition of TradeUnions, Problems of Trade Unions in India. Impact of Liberalization on TradeUnion Movement.Nature of Industrial Disputes : Strikes and Lockouts , Causes of Disputes,Prevention and Settlement of Disputes.Worker’s Participation in Management: Philosophy, Rationale, Present DayStatus and Future Prospects.Adjudication and Collective Bargaining.Industrial Relations in Public Enterprises, Absenteeism and Labor Turnoverin Indian Industries and their Causes and Remedies.ILO and its Functions.

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1. Advanced Micro Economics:(a) Marshallian and Walrasiam Approaches to Price determination.(b) Alternative Distribution Theories: Ricardo, Kaldor, Kaleeki(c) Markets Structure: Monopolistic Competition, Duopoly, Oligopoly.(d) Modern Welfare Criteria: Pareto Hicks & Scitovsky, Arrow’s Impossibility

Theorem, A.K. Sen’s Social Welfare Function. 2. Advanced Macro Economics:

Approaches to Employment Income and Interest Rate determination:Classical, Keynes (IS-LM) curve, Neo classical synthesis and New classical,Theories of Interest Rate determination and Interest Rate Structure.

3. Money - Banking and Finance:(a) Demand for and Supply of Money: Money Multiplier Quantity Theory

of Money (Fisher, Pique and Friedman) and Keyne’s Theory onDemand for Money, Goals and Instruments of Monetary Managementin Closed and Open Economies. Relation between the Central Bankand the Treasury. Proposal for ceiling on growth rate of money.

(b) Public Finance and its Role in Market Economy: In stabilization ofsupply, allocation of resources and in distribution and development.Sources of Govt. revenue, forms of Taxes and Subsidies, theirincidence and effects. Limits to taxation, loans, crowding-out effectsand limits to borrowings. Public Expenditure and its effects.

4. International Economics:(a) Old and New Theories of International Trade

(i) Comparative Advantage(ii) Terms of Trade and Offer Curve.(iii) Product Cycle and Strategic Trade Theories.(iv) Trade as an engine of growth” and theories of under

development in an open economy.(b) Forms of Protection: Tariff and quota.(c) Balance of Payments Adjustments: Alternative Approaches.

(i) Price versus income, income adjustments under fixedexchange rates,

(ii) Theories of Policy Mix(iii) Exchange rate adjustments under capital mobility(iv) Floating Rates and their Implications for Developing

Countries: Currency Boards.(v) Trade Policy and Developing Countries.(vi) BOP, adjustments and Policy Coordination in open economy

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macro-model.(vii) Speculative attacks(viii) Trade Blocks and Monetary Unions.(ix) WTO: TRIMS, TRIPS, Domestic Measures, Different Rounds

of WTO talks.5. Growth and Development:

(a) (i) Theories of growth: Harrod’s model,(ii) Lewis model of development with surplus labour(iii) Balanced and Unbalanced growth,(iv) Human Capital and Economic Growth.(v) Research and Development and Economic Growth

(b) Process of Economic Development of Less developed countries:Myrdal and Kuzments on economic development and structuralchange: Role of Agriculture in Economic Development of lessdeveloped countries.

(c) Economic development and International Trade and Investment, Roleof Multinationals.

(d) Planning and Economic Development: changing role of Markets andPlanning, Private- Public Partnership

(e) Welfare indicators and measures of growth – Human DevelopmentIndices. The basic needs approach.

(f) Development and Environmental Sustainability – Renewable and NonRenewable Resources, Environmental Degradation, Intergenerationalequity development.

PAPER – II1. Indian Economy in Pre-Independence Era:

Land System and its changes, Commercialization of agriculture, Drain theory,Laissez faire theory and critique. Manufacture and Transport: Jute, Cotton,Railways, Money and Credit.

2. Indian Economy after Independence:A The Pre Liberalization Era:(i) Contribution of Vakil, Gadgil and V.K.R.V. Rao.(ii) Agriculture: Land Reforms and land tenure system,

Green Revolution and capital formation in agriculture,(iii) Industry Trends in composition and growth, Role of public and private

sector, Small scale and cottage industries.(iv) National and Per capita income: patterns, trends, aggregate and Sectoral

composition and changes their in.(v) Broad factors determining National Income and distribution, Measures of

poverty, Trends in poverty and inequality.

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B The Post Liberalization Era:(i) New Economic Reform and Agriculture: Agriculture and WTO, Food

processing, Subsidies, Agricultural prices and public distributionsystem, Impact of public expenditure on agricultural growth.

(ii) New Economic Policy and Industry: Strategy of industrialization,Privatization, Disinvestments, Role of foreign direct investment andmultinationals.

(iii) New Economic Policy and Trade: Intellectual property rights:Implications of TRIPS, TRIMS, GATS and new EXIM policy.

(iv) New Exchange Rate Regime: Partial and full convertibility, Capitalaccount convertibility.

(v) New Economic Policy and Public Finance: Fiscal ResponsibilityAct, Twelfth Finance Commission and Fiscal Federalism and FiscalConsolidation.

(vi) New Economic Policy and Monetary system. Role of RBI under thenew regime.

(vii) Planning: From central Planning to indicative planning, Relationbetween planning and markets for growth and decentralized planning:73rd and 74th Constitutional amendments.

(viii) New Economic Policy and Employment: Employment and poverty,Rural wages, Employment Generation, Poverty alleviation schemes,New Rural, Employment Guarantee Scheme.

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1. Circuit Theory: Circuit components; network graphs; KCL, KVL; circuitanalysis methods: nodal analysis, mesh analysis; basic network theoremsand applications; transient analysis: RL, RC and RLC circuits; sinusoidalsteady state analysis; resonant circuits; coupled circuits; balanced 3-phasecircuits; Two-port networks.

2. Signals & Systems: Representation of continuous–time and discrete-timesignals & systems; LTI systems; convolution; impulse response; time-domainanalysis of LTI systems based on convolution and differential/differenceequations. Fourier transform, Laplace transform, Z-transform, Transfer function.Sampling and recovery of signals DFT, FFT Processing of analog signalsthrough discrete-time systems.

3. E.M. Theory: Maxwell’s equations, wave propagation in bounded media.Boundary conditions, reflection and refraction of plane waves. Transmissionline: travelling and standing waves, impedance matching, Smith chart.

4. Analog Electronics: Characteristics and equivalent circuits (large and small-signal) of Diode, BJT, JFET and MOSFET. Diode circuits: clipping, clamping,rectifier. Biasing and bias stability. FET amplifiers. Current mirror; Amplifiers:single and multi-stage, differential, operational, feedback and power. Analysisof amplifiers; frequency-response of amplifiers. OPAMP circuits. Filters;sinusoidal oscillators: criterion for oscillation; single-transistor and OPAMPconfigurations. Function generators and wave-shaping circuits. Linear andswitching power supplies.

5. Digital Electronics: Boolean algebra; minimization of Boolean functions;logic gates; digital IC families (DTL, TTL, ECL, MOS, CMOS). Combinationalcircuits: arithmetic circuits, code converters, multiplexers and decoders.Sequential circuits: latches and flip-flops, counters and shift-registers.Comparators, timers, multivibrators. Sample and hold circuits, ADCs andDACs. Semiconductor memories. Logic implementation using programmabledevices (ROM, PLA, FPGA).

6. Energy Conversion: Principles of electromechanical energy conversion:Torque and emf in rotating machines. DC machines: characteristics andperformance analysis; starting and speed control of motors; Transformers:principles of operation and analysis; regulation, efficiency; 3-phasetransformers. 3-phase induction machines and synchronous machines:characteristics and preformance analysis; speed control.

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7. Power Electronics and Electric Drives: Semiconductor power devices:diode, transistor, thyristor, triac, GTO and MOSFET–static characteristicsand principles of operation; triggering circuits; phase control rectifiers; bridgeconverters: fully-controlled and half-controlled; principles of thyristor choppersand inverters; DC-DC converters; Switch mode inverter; basic concepts ofspeed control of DC and AC motor drives applications of variable-speed drives.

8. Analog Communication: Random variables: continuous, discrete;probability, probability functions. Statistical averages; probability models;Random signals and noise: white noise, noise equivalent bandwidth; signaltransmission with noise; signal to noise ratio. Linear CW modulation:Amplitude modulation: DSB, DSB-SC and SSB. Modulators andDemodulators; Phase and Frequency modulation: PM & FM signals;narrowband FM; generation & detection of FM and PM, Deemphasis,Preemphasis. CW modulation system: Superhetrodyne receivers, AMreceivers, communication receivers, FM receivers, phase locked loop, SSBreceiver Signal to noise ratio calculation for AM and FM receivers.


1. Control Systems: Elements of control systems; block-diagramrepresentation; open-loop & closed-loop systems; principles and applicationsof feed-back. Control system components. LTI systems: time-domain andtransform-domain analysis. Stability: Routh Hurwitz criterion, root-loci, Bode-plots and polar plots, Nyquist’s criterion; Design of lead-lad compensators.Proportional, PI, PID controllers. State-variable representation and analysisof control systems.

2. Microprocessors and Microcomputers: PC organisation; CPU, instructionset, register set, timing diagram, programming, interrupts, memory interfacing,I/O interfacing, programmable peripheral devices.

3. Measurement and Instrumentation: Error analysis; measurement ofcurrent, voltage, power, energy, power-factor, resistance, inductance,capacitance and frequency; bridge measurement. Signal conditioning circuit;Electronic measuring instruments: multimeter, CRO, digital voltmeter,frequency counter, Q-meter, spectrum-analyzer, distortion-meter. Transducers:thermocouple, thermistor, LVDT, strain-gauge, piezo-electric crystal.

4. Power Systems: Analysis and Control: Steady-state performance ofoverhead transmission lines and cables; principles of active and reactivepower transfer and distribution; per-unit quantities; bus admittance andimpedance matrices; load flow; voltage control and power factor correction;economic operation; symmetrical components, analysis of symmetrical and

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unsymmetrical faults. Concept of system stability: swing curves and equalarea criterion. Static VAR system. Basic concepts of HVDC transmission.

5. Power System Protection:

Principles of overcurrent, differential and distance protection. Concept of solidstate relays. Circuit breakers. Computer aided protection: Introduction; linebus, generator, transformer protection; numeric relays and application of DSPto protection.

6. Digital Communication:

Pulse code modulation (PCM), differential pulse code modulation (DPCM),delta modulation (DM), Digital modulation and demodulation schemes:amplitude, phase and frequency keying schemes (ASK, PSK, FSK). Errorcontrol coding: error detection and correction, linear block codes, convolutioncodes. Information measure and source coding. Data networks, 7-layerarchitecture.

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Physical Geography

1. Geomorphology: Factors controlling landform development; endogeneticand exogenetic forces; Origin and evolution of the earth’s crust; Fundamentalsof geomagnetism; Physical conditions of the earth’s interior; Geosynclines;Continental drift; Isostasy; Plate tectonics; Recent views on mountain building;Vulcanicity; Earthquakes and Tsunamis; Concepts of geomorphic cyclesand Landscape development ; Denudation chronology; Channel morphology;Erosion surfaces; Slope development ; Applied Geomorphology :Geohydrology, economic geology and environment.

2. Climatology: Temperature and pressure belts of the world; Heat budget ofthe earth; Atmospheric circulation; atmospheric stability and instability.Planetary and local winds; Monsoons and jet streams; Air masses and frontogenesis, Temperate and tropical cyclones; Types and distribution ofprecipitation; Weather and Climate; Koppen’s, Thornthwaite’s and Trewartha’sclassification of world climates; Hydrological cycle; Global climatic changeand role and response of man in climatic changes, Applied climatology andUrban climate.

3. Oceanography: Bottom topography of the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans;Temperature and salinity of the oceans; Heat and salt budgets, Oceandeposits; Waves, currents and tides; Marine resources: biotic, mineral andenergy resources; Coral reefs, coral bleaching; sea-level changes; law of thesea and marine pollution.

4. Biogeography: Genesis of soils; Classification and distribution of soils;Soil profile; Soil erosion, Degradation and conservation; Factors influencingworld distribution of plants and animals; Problems of deforestation andconservation measures; Social forestry; agro-forestry; Wild life; Major genepool centres.

5. Environmental Geography: Principle of ecology; Human ecologicaladaptations; Influence of man on ecology and environment; Global and regionalecological changes and imbalances; Ecosystem their management andconservation; Environmental degradation, management and conservation;Biodiversity and sustainable development; Environmental policy; Environmentalhazards and remedial measures; Environmental education and legislation.

Human Geography:

1. Perspectives in Human Geography: Areal differentiation; regionalsynthesis; Dichotomy and dualism; Environmentalism; Quantitative revolution

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and locational analysis; radical, behavioural, human and welfare approaches;Languages, religions and secularisation; Cultural regions of the world; Humandevelopment index.

2. Economic Geography: World economic development: measurement andproblems; World resources and their distribution; Energy crisis; the limits togrowth; World agriculture: typology of agricultural regions; agricultural inputsand productivity; Food and nutrition problems; Food security; famine: causes,effects and remedies; World industries: locational patterns and problems;patterns of world trade.

3. Population and Settlement Geography: Growth and distribution of worldpopulation; demographic attributes; Causes and consequences of migration;concepts of over-under-and optimum population; Population theories, worldpopulation problems and policies, Social well-being and quality of life;Population as social capital.

Types and patterns of rural settlements; Environmental issues in ruralsettlements; Hierarchy of urban settlements; Urban morphology: Conceptsof primate city and rank-size rule; Functional classification of towns; Sphereof urban influence; Rural - urban fringe; Satellite towns; Problems and remediesof urbanization; Sustainable development of cities.

4. Regional Planning: Concept of a region; Types of regions and methods ofregionalisation; Growth centres and growth poles; Regional imbalances;regional development strategies; environmental issues in regional planning;Planning for sustainable development.

5. Models, Theories and Laws in Human Geography: Systems analysis inHuman geography; Malthusian, Marxian and demographic transition models;Central Place theories of Christaller and Losch;Perroux and Boudeville; VonThunen’s model of agricultural location; Weber’s model of industrial location;Ostov’s model of stages of growth. Heartland and Rimland theories; Laws ofinternational boundaries and frontiers.


1. Physical Setting: Space relationship of India with neighboring countries;Structure and relief; Drainage system and watersheds; Physiographic regions;Mechanism of Indian monsoons and rainfall patterns, Tropical cyclones andwestern disturbances; Floods and droughts; Climatic regions; Naturalvegetation; Soil types and their distributions.

2. Resources: Land, surface and ground water, energy, minerals, biotic andmarine resources; Forest and wild life resources and their conservation; Energycrisis.

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3. Agriculture: Infrastructure: irrigation, seeds, fertilizers, power; Institutionalfactors: land holdings, land tenure and land reforms; Cropping pattern,agricultural productivity, agricultural intensity, crop combination, land capability;Agro and social-forestry; Green revolution and its socio- economic andecological implications; Significance of dry farming; Livestock resources andwhite revolution; aqua - culture; sericulture, apiculture and poultry; agriculturalregionalisation; agro-climatic zones; agro- ecological regions.

4. Industry: Evolution of industries; Locational factors of cotton, jute, textile,iron and steel, aluminium, fertilizer, paper, chemical and pharmaceutical,automobile, cottage and agro - based industries; Industrial houses andcomplexes including public sector undertakings; Industrial regionalisation;New industrial policies; Multinationals and liberalization; Special EconomicZones; Tourism including eco -tourism.

5. Transport, Communication and Trade: Road, railway, waterway, airwayand pipeline networks and their complementary roles in regional development;Growing importance of ports on national and foreign trade; Trade balance;Trade Policy; Export processing zones; Developments in communicationand information technology and their impacts on economy and society; Indianspace programme.

6. Cultural Setting: Historical Perspective of Indian Society; Racial, linguisticand ethnic diversities; religious minorities; major tribes, tribal areas and theirproblems; cultural regions; Growth, distribution and density of population;Demographic attributes: sex-ratio, age structure, literacy rate, work-force,dependency ratio, longevity; migration (inter-regional, intra- regional andinternational) and associated problems; Population problems and policies;Health indicators.

7. Settlements: Types, patterns and morphology of rural settlements; Urbandevelopments; Morphology of Indian cities; Functional classification of Indiancities; Conurbations and metropolitan regions; urban sprawl; Slums andassociated problems; town planning; Problems of urbanization and remedies.

8. Regional Development and Planning: Experience of regional planning inIndia; Five Year Plans; Integrated rural development programmes; PanchayatiRaj and decentralised planning; Command area development; Watershedmanagement; Planning for backward area, desert, drought prone, hill, tribalarea development; multi-level planning; Regional planning and developmentof island territories.

9. Political Aspects: Geographical basis of Indian federalism; Statereorganisation; Emergence of new states; Regional consciousness and interstate issues; international boundary of India and related issues; Cross borderterrorism; India’s role in world affairs; Geopolitics of South Asia and IndianOcean realm.

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10. Contemporary Issues: Ecological issues: Environmental hazards: landslides,earthquakes, Tsunamis, floods and droughts, epidemics; Issues relating toenvironmental pollution; Changes in patterns of land use; Principles ofenvironmental impact assessment and environmental management; Populationexplosion and food security; Environmental degradation; Deforestation,desertification and soil erosion; Problems of agrarian and industrial unrest;Regional disparities in economic development; Concept of sustainable growthand development; Environmental awareness; Linkage of rivers; Globalisationand Indian economy.

Note : Candidates will be required to answer one compulsory map question pertinentto subjects covered by this paper.

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1. General Geology: The Solar System, Meteorites, Origin and interior of theearth and age of earth; Volcanoes- causes and products, Volcanic belts;Earthquakes-causes, effects, Seismic zones of India; Island arcs, trenches andmid-ocean ridges; Continental drifts; Seafloor spreading, Plate tectonics; Isostasy.

2. Geomorphology and Remote Sensing: Basic concepts of geomorphology;Weathering and soil formations; Landforms, slopes and drainage; Geomorphiccycles and their interpretation; Morphology and its relation to structures andlithology; Coastal geomorphology; Applications of geomorphology in mineralprospecting, civil engineering; Hydrology and environmental studies;Geomorphology of Indian subcontinent.Aerial photographs and their interpretation-merits and limitations; TheElectromagnetic spectrum; Orbiting satellites and sensor systems; Indian RemoteSensing Satellites; Satellites data products; Applications of remote sensing ingeology; The Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Global PositioningSystem (GPS) - its applications.

3. Structural Geology: Principles of geologic mapping and map reading, Projectiondiagrams, Stress and strain ellipsoid and stress-strain relationships of elastic,plastic and viscous materials; Strain markers in deformed rocks; Behaviour ofminerals and rocks under deformation conditions; Folds and faults classificationand mechanics; Structural analysis of folds, foliations, lineations, joints and faults,unconformities; Time-relationship between crystallization and deformation.

4. Paleontology: Species- definition and nomenclature; Megafossils andMicrofossils; Modes of preservation of fossils; Different kinds of microfossils;Application of microfossils in correlation, petroleum exploration, paleoclimaticand paleoceanographic studies; Evolutionary trend in Hominidae, Equidae andProboscidae; Siwalik fauna; Gondwana flora and fauna and its importance; Indexfossils and their significance.

5. Indian Stratigraphy: Classification of stratigraphic sequences: lithostratigraphic,biostratigraphic, chro-nostratigraphic and magnetostratigraphic and theirinterrelationships; Distribution and classification of Precambrian rocks of India;Study of stratigraphic distribution and lithology of Phanerozoic rocks of India withreference to fauna, flora and economic importance; Major boundary problems-Cambrian/Precambrian, Permian/Triassic, Cretaceous/Tertiary and Pliocene/Pleistocene; Study of climatic conditions, paleogeography and igneous activityin the Indian subcontinent in the geological past; Tectonic framework of India;Evolution of the Himalayas.

6. Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology: Hydrologic cycle and geneticclassification of water; Movement of subsurface water; Springs; Porosity,permeability, hydraulic conductivity, transmissivity and storage coefficient,classification of aquifers; Water-bearing characteristics of rocks; Groundwater

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chemistry; Salt water intrusion; Types of wells; Drainage basin morphometry;Exploration for groundwater; Groundwater recharge; Problems and managementof groundwater; Rainwater harvesting; Engineering properties of rocks; Geologicalinvestigations for dams, tunnels highways, railway and bridges; Rock asconstruction material; Landslides-causes, prevention and rehabilitation;Earthquake-resistant structures.

PAPER - II1. Mineralogy: Classification of crystals into systems and classes of symmetry;

International system of crystallographic notation; Use of projection diagrams torepresent crystal symmetry; Elements of X-ray crystallography.Physical and chemical characters of rock forming silicate mineral groups;Structural classification of silicates; Common minerals of igneous and metamorphicrocks; Minerals of the carbonate, phosphate, sulphide and halide groups; Clayminerals.Optical properties of common rock forming minerals; Pleochroism, extinctionangle, double refraction, birefringence, twinning and dispersion in minerals.

2. Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology: Generation and crystallization ofmagmas; Crystallization of albite-anorthite, diopside-anorthite and diopside-wollastonite-silica systems; Bowen’s Reaction Principle; Magmatic differentationand assimilation; Petrogenetic significance of the textures and structures ofigneous rocks; Petrography and petrogenesis of granite, syenite, diorite, basicand ultrabasic groups, charnockite, anorthosite and alkaline rocks; Carbonatites;Deccan volcanic province.Types and agents of metamorphism; Metamorphic grades and zones; Phaserule; Facies of regional and contact metamorphism; ACF and AKF diagrams;Textures and structures of metamorphic rocks; Metamorphism of arenaceous,argillaceous and basic rocks; Minerals assemblages Retrograde metamorphism;Metasomatism and granitisation, migmatites, Granulite terrains of India.

3. Sedimentary Petrology: Sediments and Sedimentary rocks: Processes offormation; digenesis and lithification; Clastic and non-clastic rocks-theirclassification, petrography and depositional environment; Sedimentary faciesand provenance; Sedimentary structures and their significance; Heavy mineralsand their significance; Sedimentary basins of India.

4. Economic Geology: Ore, ore minerals and gangue, tenor of ore, classificationof ore deposits; Process of formation of minerals deposits; Controls of orelocalization; Ore textures and structures; Metallogenic epochs and provinces;Geology of the important Indian deposits of aluminium, chromium, copper, gold,iron, lead zinc, manganese, titanium, uranium and thorium and industrial minerals;Deposits of coal and petroleum in India; National Mineral Policy; Conservationand utilization of mineral resources; Marine mineral resources and Law of Sea.

5. Mining Geology: Methods of prospecting-geological, geophysical, geochemicaland geobotanical; Techniques of sampling; Estimation of reserves or ore; Methods

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of exploration and mining metallic ores, industrial minerals, marine mineralresources and building stones; Mineral beneficiation and ore dressing.

6. Geochemistry and Environmental Geology: Cosmic abundance of elements;Composition of the planets and meteorites; Structure and composition of Earthand distribution of elements; Trace elements; Elements of crystal chemistry-types of chemical bonds, coordination number; Isomorphism and polymorphism;Elementary thermodynamics.Natural hazards-floods, mass wasting, costal hazards, earthquakes and volcanicactivity and mitigation; Environmental impact of urbanization, mining, industrialand radioactive waste disposal, use of fertilizers, dumping of mine waste and flyash; Pollution of ground and surface water, marine pollution; Environment protection- legislative measures in India; Sea level changes: causes and impact.

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1. Sources:Archaeological sources:Exploration, excavation, epigraphy, numismatics, monumentsLiterary sources:Indigenous: Primary and secondary; poetry, scientific literature, literature,literature in regional languages, religious literature.Foreign accounts: Greek, Chinese and Arab writers.

2. Pre-history and Proto-history:Geographical factors; hunting and gathering (paleolithic and mesolithic);Beginning of agriculture (neolithic and chalcolithic).

3. Indus Valley Civilization:Origin, date, extent, characteristics, decline, survival and significance, artand architecture.

4. Megalithic Cultures:Distribution of pastoral and farming cultures outside the Indus, Developmentof community life, Settlements, Development of agriculture, Crafts, Pottery,and Iron industry.

5. Aryans and Vedic Period:Expansions of Aryans in India.Vedic Period: Religious and philosophic literature; Transformation from RigVedic period to the later Vedic period; Political, social and economical life;Significance of the Vedic Age; Evolution of Monarchy and Varna system.

6. Period of Mahajanapadas:Formation of States (Mahajanapada) : Republics and monarchies; Rise ofurban centres; Trade routes; Economic growth; Introduction of coinage; Spreadof Jainism and Buddhism; Rise of Magadha and Nandas.Iranian and Macedonian invasions and their impact.

7. Mauryan Empire:Foundation of the Mauryan Empire, Chandragupta, Kautilya and Arthashastra;Ashoka; Concept of Dharma; Edicts; Polity, Administration; Economy; Art,architecture and sculpture; External contacts; Religion; Spread of religion;Literature.Disintegration of the empire; Sungas and Kanvas.

8. Post - Mauryan Period (Indo-Greeks, Sakas, Kushanas, WesternKshatrapas):Contact with outside world; growth of urban centres, economy, coinage,development of religions, Mahayana, social conditions, art, architecture,culture, literature and science.

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9. Early State and Society in Eastern India, Deccan and South India:Kharavela, The Satavahanas, Tamil States of the Sangam Age; Administration,economy, land grants, coinage, trade guilds and urban centres; Buddhistcentres; Sangam literature and culture; Art and architecture.

10. Guptas, Vakatakas and Vardhanas:Polity and administration, Economic conditions, Coinage of the Guptas, Landgrants, Decline of urban centres, Indian feudalism, Caste system, Positionof women, Education and educational institutions; Nalanda, Vikramshila andVallabhi, Literature, scientific literature, art and architecture.

11. Regional States during Gupta Era:The Kadambas, Pallavas, Chalukyas of Badami; Polity and Administration,Trade guilds, Literature; growth of Vaishnava and Saiva religions. Tamil Bhaktimovement, Shankaracharya; Vedanta; Institutions of temple and templearchitecture; Palas, Senas, Rashtrakutas, Paramaras, Polity andadministration; Cultural aspects. Arab conquest of Sind; Alberuni, TheChalukyas of Kalyana, Cholas, Hoysalas, Pandyas; Polity and Administration;local Government; Growth of art and architecture, religious sects, Institutionof temple and Mathas, Agraharas, education and literature, economy andsociety.

12. Themes in Early Indian Cultural History:Languages and texts, major stages in the evolution of art and architecture,major philosophical thinkers and schools, ideas in Science and Mathematics.

13. Early Medieval India, 750-1200:- Polity: Major political developments in Northern India and the Peninsula,

origin and the rise of Rajputs- The Cholas: administration, village economy and society- “Indian Feudalism”- Agrarian economy and urban settlements- Trade and commerce- Society: the status of the Brahman and the new social order- Condition of women- Indian science and technology

14. Cultural Traditions in India, 750-1200:- Philosophy: Skankaracharya and Vedanta, Ramanuja and Vishishtadvaita,

Madhva and Brahma-Mimansa- Religion: Forms and features of religion, Tamil devotional cult, growth of

Bhakti, Islam and its arrival in India, Sufism- Literature: Literature in Sanskrit, growth of Tamil literature, literature in

the newly developing languages, Kalhan’s Rajtarangini, Alberuni’s India- Art and Architecture: Temple architecture, sculpture, painting

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15. The Thirteenth Century:- Establishment of the Delhi Sultanate: The Ghurian invasions – factors

behind Ghurian success- Economic, social and cultural consequences- Foundation of Delhi Sultanate and early Turkish Sultans- Consolidation: The rule of Iltutmish and Balban

16. The Fourteenth Century:- “The Khalji Revolution”- Alauddin Khalji: Conquests and territorial expansion, agrarian and

economic measures- Muhammad Tughluq: Major projects, agrarian measures, bureaucracy of

Muhammad Tughluq- Firuz Tughluq: Agrarian measures, achievements in civil engineering and

public works, decline of the Sultanate, foreign contacts and Ibn Battuta’saccount

17. Society, Culture and Economy in the Thirteenth and FourteenthCenturies:- Society: composition of rural society, ruling classes, town dwellers,

women, religious classes, caste and slavery under the Sultanate, Bhaktimovement, Sufi movement

- Culture: Persian literature, literature in the regional languages of NorthIndia, literature in the languages of South India, Sultanate architectureand new structural forms, painting, evolution of a composite culture

- Economy: Agricultural production, rise of urban economy and non-agricultural production, trade and commerce

18. The Fifteenth and Early Sixteenth Century – Political Developmentsand Economy:- Rise of Provincial Dynasties: Bengal, Kashmir (Zainul Abedin), Gujarat,

Malwa, Bahmanids- The Vijayanagra Empire- Lodis- Mughal Empire, First phase: Babur and Humayun- The Sur Empire: Sher Shah’s administration- Portuguese Colonial enterprise- Bhakti and Sufi Movements

19. The Fifteenth and early Sixteenth Century – Society and Culture:- Regional cultural specificities- Literary traditions- Provincial architecture- Society, culture, literature and the arts in Vijayanagara Empire.

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20. Akbar:- Conquests and consolidation of the Empire- Establishment of Jagir and Mansab systems- Rajput policy- Evolution of religious and social outlook, theory of Sulh-i-kul and religious

policy- Court patronage of art and technology

21. Mughal Empire in the Seventeenth Century:- Major administrative policies of Jahangir, Shahjahan and Aurangzeb- The Empire and the Zamindars- Religious policies of Jahangir, Shahjahan and Aurangzeb- Nature of the Mughal State- Late Seventeenth century crisis and the revolts- The Ahom Kingdom- Shivaji and the early Maratha Kingdom.

22. Economy and Society in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries:- Population, agricultural production, craft production- Towns, commerce with Europe through Dutch, English and French

companies : a trade revolution- Indian mercantile classes, banking, insurance and credit systems- Condition of peasants, condition of women- Evolution of the Sikh community and the Khalsa Panth

23. Culture in the Mughal Empire:- Persian histories and other literature- Hindi and other religious literature- Mughal architecture- Mughal painting- Provincial architecture and painting- Classical music- Science and technology

24. The Eighteenth Century:- Factors for the decline of the Mughal Empire- The regional principalities: Nizam’s Deccan, Bengal, Awadh- Maratha ascendancy under the Peshwas- The Maratha fiscal and financial system- Emergence of Afghan Power, Battle of Panipat:1761- State of politics, culture and economy on the eve of the British conquest

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PAPER - II1. European Penetration into India:

The Early European Settlements; The Portuguese and the Dutch; The Englishand the French East India Companies; Their struggle for supremacy; CarnaticWars; Bengal -The conflict between the English and the Nawabs of Bengal;Siraj and the English; The Battle of Plassey; Significance of Plassey.

2. British Expansion in India:Bengal – Mir Jafar and Mir Kasim; The Battle of Buxar; Mysore; The Marathas;The three Anglo-Maratha Wars; The Punjab.

3. Early Structure of the British Raj:The early administrative structure; From diarchy to direct control; TheRegulating Act (1773); The Pitt’s India Act (1784); The Charter Act (1833);The voice of free trade and the changing character of British colonial rule; TheEnglish utilitarian and India.

4. Economic Impact of British Colonial Rule:(a) Land revenue settlements in British India; The Permanent Settlement;

Ryotwari Settlement; Mahalwari Settlement; Economic impact of therevenue arrangements; Commercialization of agriculture; Rise of landlessagrarian labourers; Impoverishment of the rural society.

(b) Dislocation of traditional trade and commerce; De-industrialisation; Declineof traditional crafts; Drain of wealth; Economic transformation of India;Railroad and communication network including telegraph and postalservices; Famine and poverty in the rural interior; European businessenterprise and its limitations.

5. Social and Cultural Developments:The state of indigenous education, its dislocation; Orientalist-Anglicistcontroversy, The introduction of western education in India; The rise of press,literature and public opinion; The rise of modern vernacular literature; Progressof science; Christian missionary activities in India.

6. Social and Religious Reform movements in Bengal and OtherAreas:Ram Mohan Roy, The Brahmo Movement; Devendranath Tagore; IswarchandraVidyasagar; The Young Bengal Movement; Dayanada Saraswati; The socialreform movements in India including Sati, widow remarriage, child marriageetc.; The contribution of Indian renaissance to the growth of modern India;Islamic revivalism – the Feraizi and Wahabi Movements.

7. Indian Response to British Rule:Peasant movements and tribal uprisings in the 18th and 19th centuries includingthe Rangpur Dhing (1783), the Kol Rebellion (1832), the Mopla Rebellion inMalabar (1841-1920), the Santal Hul (1855), Indigo Rebellion (1859-60), DeccanUprising (1875) and the Munda Ulgulan (1899-1900); The Great Revolt of

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1857 - Origin, character, causes of failure, the consequences; The shift inthe character of peasant uprisings in the post-1857 period; the peasantmovements of the 1920s and 1930s.

8. Factors leading to the birth of Indian Nationalism; Politics of Association;The Foundation of the Indian National Congress; The Safety-valve thesisrelating to the birth of the Congress; Programme and objectives of EarlyCongress; the social composition of early Congress leadership; the Moderatesand Extremists; The Partition of Bengal (1905); The Swadeshi Movement inBengal; the economic and political aspects of Swadeshi Movement; Thebeginning of revolutionary extremism in India.

9. Rise of Gandhi; Character of Gandhian nationalism; Gandhi’s popular appeal;Rowlatt Satyagraha; the Khilafat Movement; the Non-cooperation Movement;National politics from the end of the Non-cooperation movement to thebeginning of the Civil Disobedience movement; the two phases of the CivilDisobedience Movement; Simon Commission; The Nehru Report; the RoundTable Conferences; Nationalism and the Peasant Movements; Nationalismand Working class movements; Women and Indian youth and students inIndian politics (1885-1947); the election of 1937 and the formation of ministries;Cripps Mission; the Quit India Movement; the Wavell Plan; The CabinetMission.

10. Constitutional Developments in the Colonial India between 1858 and1935

11. Other strands in the National MovementThe Revolutionaries: Bengal, the Punjab, Maharashtra, U.P, the MadrasPresidency, Outside India.The Left; The Left within the Congress: Jawaharlal Nehru, Subhas ChandraBose, the Congress Socialist Party; the Communist Party of India, other leftparties.

12. Politics of Separatism; the Muslim League; the Hindu Mahasabha;Communalism and the politics of partition; Transfer of power; Independence.

13. Consolidation as a Nation; Nehru’s Foreign Policy; India and her neighbours(1947-1964); The linguistic reorganisation of States (1935-1947); Regionalismand regional inequality; Integration of Princely States; Princes in electoralpolitics; the Question of National Language.

14. Caste and Ethnicity after 1947; Backward castes and tribes in post-colonialelectoral politics; Dalit movements.

15. Economic development and political change; Land reforms; the politics ofplanning and rural reconstruction; Ecology and environmental policy in post -colonial India; Progress of science.

16. Enlightenment and Modern ideas:(i) Major ideas of Enlightenment: Kant, Rousseau

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(ii) Spread of Enlightenment in the colonies(iii) Rise of socialist ideas (up to Marx); spread of Marxian Socialism.

17. Origins of Modern Politics:(i) European States System.(ii) American Revolution and the Constitution.(iii) French revolution and aftermath, 1789-1815.

(iv) American Civil War with reference to Abraham Lincoln and theabolition of slavery.

(v) British Democratic Politics, 1815-1850; Parliamentary Reformers, FreeTraders, Chartists.

18. Industrialization:(i) English Industrial Revolution: Causes and Impact on Society(ii) Industrialization in other countries: USA, Germany, Russia, Japan(iii) Industrialization and Globalization.

19. Nation-State System:(i) Rise of Nationalism in 19th century(ii) Nationalism: state-building in Germany and Italy(iii) Disintegration of Empires in the face of the emergence ofnationalities across the world.

20. Imperialism and Colonialism:(i) South and South-East Asia(ii) Latin America and South Africa(iii) Australia(iv) Imperialism and free trade: Rise of neo-imperialism.

21. Revolution and Counter-Revolution:(i) 19th Century European revolutions(ii) The Russian Revolution of 1917-1921(iii) Fascist Counter-Revolution, Italy and Germany.(iv) The Chinese Revolution of 1949

22. World Wars:(i) 1st and 2nd World Wars as Total Wars: Societal implications(ii) World War I: Causes and consequences(iii) World War II: Causes and consequence

23. The World after World War II:(i) Emergence of two power blocs(ii) Emergence of Third World and non-alignment(iii) UNO and the global disputes.

24. Liberation from Colonial Rule:(i) Latin America-Bolivar(ii) Arab World-Egypt

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(iii) Africa-Apartheid to Democracy(iv) South-East Asia-Vietnam

25. Decolonization and Underdevelopment:(i) Factors constraining development: Latin America, Africa

26. Unification of Europe:(i) Post War Foundations: NATO and European Community(ii) Consolidation and Expansion of European Community(iii) European Union.

27. Disintegration of Soviet Union and the Rise of the UnipolarWorld:(i) Factors leading to the collapse of Soviet communism and the

Soviet Union, 1985-1991(ii) Political Changes in Eastern Europe 1989-2001.(iii) End of the cold war and US ascendancy in the World as the

lone superpower.

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Constitutional and Administrative Law1. Constitution and Constitutionalism: The distinctive features of the Constitution.2. Fundamental rights – Public interest litigation; Legal Aid; Legal services

authority.3. Relationship between fundamental rights, directive principles and fundamental

duties.4. Constitutional position of the President and relation with the Council of

Ministers.5. Governor and his powers.6. Supreme Court and High Courts:

(a) Appointments and transfer.(b) Powers, functions and jurisdiction.

7. Centre, States and local bodies:(a) Distribution of legislative powers between the Union and the States.(b) Local bodies.(c) Administrative relationship among Union, State and Local Bodies.(d) Eminent domain – State property – common property – community

property.8. Legislative powers, privileges and immunities.9. Services under the Union and the States:

(a) Recruitment and conditions of services; Constitutional safeguards;Administrative tribunals.

(b) Union Public Service Commission and State Public ServiceCommissions – Power and functions

(c) Election Commission – Power and functions.10. Emergency provisions.11. Amendment of the Constitution.12. Principles of natural justice – Emerging trends and judicial approach.13. Delegated legislation and its constitutionality.14. Separation of powers and constitutional governance.15. Judicial review of administrative action.16. Ombudsman: Lokayukta, Lokpal etc.International Law1. Nature and definition of international law.2. Relationship between international law and municipal law.3. State recognition and state succession.4. Law of the sea: Inland waters, territorial sea, contiguous zone, continental

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shelf, exclusive economic zone, high seas.5. Individuals: Nationality, statelessness; Human rights and procedures available

for their enforcement.6. Territorial jurisdiction of States, extradition and asylum.7. Treaties: Formation, application, termination and reservation.8. United Nations: Its principal organs, powers, functions and reform.9. Peaceful settlement of disputes – different modes.10. Lawful recourse to force: aggression, self-defence, intervention.11. Fundamental principles of international humanitarian law – International

conventions and contemporary developments.12. Legality of the use of nuclear weapons; ban on testing of nuclear

weapons; Nuclear – non proliferation treaty, CTBT.13. International terrorism, state sponsored terrorism, hijacking, international

criminal court.14. New international economic order and monetary law: WTO, TRIPS, GATT,

IMF, World Bank.15. Protection and improvement of the human environment: International efforts.

PAPER - IILaw of Crimes1. General principles of criminal liability: Mens rea and actus reus, mens rea in

statutory offences.2. Kinds of punishment and emerging trends as to abolition of capital punishment.3. Preparation and criminal attempt.4. General exceptions.5. Joint and constructive liability.6. Abetment.7. Criminal conspiracy.8. Offences against the State.9. Offences against public tranquility.10. Offences against human body.11. Offences against property.12. Offences against women.13. Defamation.14. Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988.15. Protection of Civil Rights Act 1955 and subsequent legislative developments.16. Plea bargaining.Law of Torts1. Nature and definition.2. Liability based upon fault and strict liability; Absolute liability.

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3. Vicarious liability including State liability.4. General defences.5. Joint tort feasors.6. Remedies.7. Negligence.8. Defamation.9. Nuisance.10. Conspiracy.11. False imprisonment.12. Malicious prosecution.13. Consumer Protection Act, 1986.Law of Contracts and Mercantile Law1. Nature and formation of contract/E-contract.2. Factors vitiating free consent.3. Void, voidable, illegal and unenforceable agreements.4. Performance and discharge of contracts.5. Quasi- Contracts.6. Consequences of breach of contract.7. Contract of indemnity, guarantee and insurance.8. Contract of agency.9. Sale of goods and hire purchase.10. Formation and dissolution of partnership.11. Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881.12. Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996.13. Standard form contracts.Contemporary Legal Developments1. Public Interest Litigation.2. Intellectual property rights – Concept, types/prospects.3. Information Technology Law including Cyber Laws – Concept, purpose/

prospects.4. Competition Law- Concept, purpose/ prospects.5. Alternate Dispute Resolution – Concept, types/prospects.6. Major statutes concerning environmental law.7. Right to Information Act.8. Trial by media.

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1. Linear Algebra:Vector spaces over R and C, linear dependence and independence, subspaces,bases, dimension; Linear transformations, rank and nullity, matrix of a lineartransformation.Algebra of Matrices; Row and column reduction, Echelon form, congruence’sand similarity; Rank of a matrix; Inverse of a matrix; Solution of system of linearequations; Eigenvalues and eigenvectors, characteristic polynomial, Cayley-Hamilton theorem, Symmetric, skew-symmetric, Hermitian, skew-Hermitian,orthogonal and unitary matrices and their eigenvalues.

2. Calculus:Real numbers, functions of a real variable, limits, continuity, differentiability, mean-value theorem, Taylor’s theorem with remainders, indeterminate forms, maximaand minima, asymptotes; Curve tracing; Functions of two or three variables:limits, continuity, partial derivatives, maxima and minima, Lagrange’s method ofmultipliers, Jacobian.Riemann’s definition of definite integrals; Indefinite integrals; Infinite and improperintegrals; Double and triple integrals (evaluation techniques only); Areas, surfaceand volumes.

3. Analytic Geometry:Cartesian and polar coordinates in three dimensions, second degree equationsin three variables, reduction to canonical forms, straight lines, shortest distancebetween two skew lines; Plane, sphere, cone, cylinder, paraboloid, ellipsoid,hyperboloid of one and two sheets and their properties.

4. Ordinary Differential Equations:Formulation of differential equations; Equations of first order and first degree,integrating factor; Orthogonal trajectory; Equations of first order but not of firstdegree, Clairaut’s equation, singular solution.Second and higher order linear equations with constant coefficients,complementary function, particular integral and general solution.Second order linear equations with variable coefficients, Euler-Cauchy equation;Determination of complete solution when one solution is known using method ofvariation of parameters.Laplace and Inverse Laplace transforms and their properties; Laplace transformsof elementary functions. Application to initial value problems for 2

nd order linear

equations with constant coefficients.5. Dynamics & Statics:

Rectilinear motion, simple harmonic motion, motion in a plane, projectiles;constrained motion; Work and energy, conservation of energy; Kepler’s laws,orbits under central forces.

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Equilibrium of a system of particles; Work and potential energy, friction; commoncatenary; Principle of virtual work; Stability of equilibrium, equilibrium of forces inthree dimensions.

6. Vector Analysis:Scalar and vector fields, differentiation of vector field of a scalar variable; Gradient,divergence and curl in cartesian and cylindrical coordinates; Higher orderderivatives; Vector identities and vector equations.Application to geometry: Curves in space, Curvature and torsion; Serret-Frenet’sformulae.Gauss and Stokes’ theorems, Green’s identities.

PAPER - II1. Algebra:

Groups, subgroups, cyclic groups, cosets, Lagrange’s Theorem, normalsubgroups, quotient groups, homomorphism of groups, basic isomorphismtheorems, permutation groups, Cayley’s theorem.Rings, subrings and ideals, homomorphisms of rings; Integral domains, principalideal domains, Euclidean domains and unique factorization domains; Fields,quotient fields.

2. Real Analysis:Real number system as an ordered field with least upper bound property;Sequences, limit of a sequence, Cauchy sequence, completeness of real line;Series and its convergence, absolute and conditional convergence of series ofreal and complex terms, rearrangement of series.Continuity and uniform continuity of functions, properties of continuous functionson compact sets.Riemann integral, improper integrals; Fundamental theorems of integral calculus.Uniform convergence, continuity, differentiability and integrability for sequencesand series of functions; Partial derivatives of functions of several (two or three)variables, maxima and minima.

3. Complex Analysis:Analytic functions, Cauchy-Riemann equations, Cauchy’s theorem, Cauchy’sintegral formula, power series representation of an analytic function, Taylor’sseries; Singularities; Laurent’s series; Cauchy’s residue theorem; Contourintegration.

4. Linear Programming:Linear programming problems, basic solution, basic feasible solution and optimalsolution; Graphical method and simplex method of solutions; Duality.Transportation and assignment problems.

5. Partial differential equations:Family of surfaces in three dimensions and formulation of partial differential

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equations; Solution of quasilinear partial differential equations of the first order,Cauchy’s method of characteristics; Linear partial differential equations of thesecond order with constant coefficients, canonical form; Equation of a vibratingstring, heat equation, Laplace equation and their solutions.

6. Numerical Analysis and Computer programming:Numerical methods: Solution of algebraic and transcendental equations of onevariable by bisection, Regula-Falsi and Newton-Raphson methods; solution ofsystem of linear equations by Gaussian elimination and Gauss-Jordan (direct),Gauss-Seidel(iterative) methods. Newton’s (forward and backward) interpolation,Lagrange’s interpolation.Numerical integration: Trapezoidal rule, Simpson’s rules, Gaussian quadratureformula.Numerical solution of ordinary differential equations: Euler and Runga Kutta-methods.Computer Programming: Binary system; Arithmetic and logical operations onnumbers; Octal and Hexadecimal systems; Conversion to and from decimalsystems; Algebra of binary numbers.Elements of computer systems and concept of memory; Basic logic gates andtruth tables, Boolean algebra, normal forms.Representation of unsigned integers, signed integers and reals, double precisionreals and long integers.Algorithms and flow charts for solving numerical analysis problems.

7. Mechanics and Fluid Dynamics:Generalized coordinates; D’ Alembert’s principle and Lagrange’s equations;Hamilton equations; Moment of inertia; Motion of rigid bodies in two dimensions.Equation of continuity; Euler’s equation of motion for inviscid flow; Stream-lines,path of a particle; Potential flow; Two-dimensional and axisymmetric motion;Sources and sinks, vortex motion; Navier-Stokes equation for a viscous fluid.

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1. Mechanics:1.1 Mechanics of rigid bodies:

Equations of equilibrium in space and its application; first and second momentsof area; simple problems on friction; kinematics of particles for plane motion;elementary particle dynamics.

1.2 Mechanics of deformable bodies:Generalized Hooke’s law and its application; design problems on axial stress,shear stress and bearing stress; material properties for dynamic loading; bendingshear and stresses in beams;. determination of principle stresses and strains -analytical and graphical; compound and combined stresses; bi-axial stresses -thin walled pressure vessel; material behaviour and design factors for dynamicload; design of circular shafts for bending and torsional load only; deflection ofbeam for statically determinate problems; theories of failure.

2. Engineering Materials:Basic concepts on structure of solids; common ferrous and non-ferrous materialsand their applications; heat-treatment of steels; non-metals- plastics, ceramics,composite materials and nano-materials.

3. Theory of Machines:Kinematic and dynamic analysis of plane mechanisms. Cams, Gears andepicyclic gear trains, flywheels, governors, balancing of rigid rotors, balancing ofsingle and multicylinder engines, linear vibration analysis of mechanical systems(single degree of freedom), Critical speeds and whirling of shafts.

4. Manufacturing Science:4.1 Manufacturing Process: Machine tool engineering – Merchant’s forceanalysis; Taylor’s tool life equation; conventional machining; NC and CNCmachining process; jigs and fixtures.Non-conventional machining – EDM, ECM, ultrasonic, water jet machining etc;application of lasers and plasmas; energy rate calculations.Forming and welding processes- standard processes.Metrology - concept of fits and tolerances; tools and gauges; comparators;inspection of length; position; profile and surface finish.

4.2. Manufacturing Management:System design: factory location- simple OR models; plant layout - methodsbased; applications of engineering economic analysis and break- even analysisfor product selection, process selection and capacity planning; predeterminedtime standards.

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System planning; forecasting methods based on regression and decomposition,design and balancing of multi model and stochastic assembly lines; inventorymanagement – probabilistic inventory models for order time and order quantitydetermination; JIT systems; strategic sourcing; managing inter plant logistics.System operations and control: Scheduling algorithms for job shops; applicationsof statistical methods for product and process quality control - applications ofcontrol charts for mean, range, percent defective, number of defectives and defectsper unit; quality cost systems; management of resources, organizations andrisks in projects.System improvement: Implementation of systems, such as total qualitymanagement, developing and managing flexible, lean and agile organizations.

PAPER - II1. Thermodynamics, Gas Dynamics and Turbine:1.1 Basic concept of First –law and second law of Thermodynamics; concept of

entropy and reversibility; availability and unavailability and irreversibility.1.2 Classification and properties of fluids; incompressible and compressible fluids

flows; effect of Mach number and compressibility; continuity momentum andenergy equations; normal and oblique shocks; one dimensional isentropicflow; flow or fluids in duct with frictions that transfer.

1.3 Flow through fans, blowers and compressors; axial and centrifugal flowconfiguration; design of fans and compressors; single problems compressesand turbine cascade; open and closed cycle gas turbines; work done in thegas turbine; reheat and regenerators.

2. Heat Transfer:2.1 Conduction heat transfer- general conduction equation - Laplace, Poisson

and Fourier equations; Fourier law of conduction; one dimensional steadystate heat conduction applied to simple wall, solid and hollow cylinder &spheres.

2.2 Convection heat transfer- Newton’s law of convection; free and forcesconvection; heat transfer during laminar and turbulent flow of an incompressiblefluid over a flat plate; concepts of Nusselt number, hydrodynamic and thermalboundary layer their thickness; Prandtl number; analogy between heat andmomentum transfer- Reynolds, Colbum, Prandtl analogies; heat transfer duringlaminar and turbulent flow through horizontal tubes; free convection fromhorizontal and vertical plates.

2.3 Black body radiation - basic radiation laws such as Stefan-Boltzman, Planckdistribution, Wein’s displacement etc.

2.4 Basic heat exchanger analysis; classification of heat exchangers.3. I .C. Engines:3.1 Classification, thermodynamic cycles of operation; determination of break

power, indicated power, mechanical efficiency, heat balance sheet,

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interpretation of performance characteristics, petrol, gas and diesel engines.3.2 Combustion in SI and CI engines, normal and abnormal combustion; effect of

working parameters on knocking, reduction of knocking; Forms of combustionchamber for SI and CI engines; rating of fuels; additives; emission.

3.3 Different systems of IC engines- fuels; lubricating; cooling and transmissionsystems. Alternate fuels in IC engines.

4. Steam Engineering:4.1 Steam generation- modified Rankine cycle analysis; Modern steam boilers;

steam at critical and supercritical pressures; draught equipment; natural andartificial draught; boiler fuels solid, liquid and gaseous fuels. Steam turbines- principle; types; compounding; impulse and reaction turbines; axial thrust.

4.2 Steam nozzles- flow of steam in convergent and divergent nozzle; pressureat throat for maximum discharge with different initial steam conditions suchas wet, saturated and superheated, effect of variation of back pressure;supersaturated flow of steam in nozzles, Wilson line.

4.3 Rankine cycle with internal and external irreversibility; reheat factor; reheatingand regeneration, methods of governing; back pressure and pass out turbines.

4.4 Steam power plants - combined cycle power generation; heat recovery steamgenerators (HRSG) fired and unfired, co-generation plants.

5. Refrigeration and air-conditioning:5.1 Vapour compression refrigeration cycle - cycle on p-H & T-s diagrams; eco-

friendly refrigerants - R134a,123; Systems like evaporators, condensers,compressor, expansion devices. Simple vapour absorption systems.

5.2 Psychrometry - properties; processes; charts; sensible heating and cooling;humidification and dehumidification effective temperature; air-conditioning loadcalculation; simple duct design.

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1. Human Anatomy:Applied anatomy including blood and nerve supply of upper and lower limbsand joints of shoulder, hip and knee.Gross anatomy, blood supply and lymphatic drainage of tongue, thyroid,mammary gland, stomach, liver, prostate, gonads and uterusApplied anatomy of diaphragm, perineum and inguinal region.Clinical anatomy of kidney, urinary bladder, uterine tubes, vas deferens.Embryology: Placenta and placental barrier. Development of heart, gut,kidney, uterus, ovary, testis and their common congenital abnormalities.Central and peripheral autonomic nervous system: Gross and clinicalanatomy of ventricles of brain, circulation of cerebrospinal fluid; Neuralpathways and lesions of cutaneous sensations, hearing and vision; Cranialnerves, distribution and clinical significance; Components of autonomic nervoussystem.

2. Human Physiology:Conduction and transmission of impulse, mechanism of contraction,neuromuscular transmission, reflexes, control of equilibrium, posture andmuscle tone, descending pathways, functions of cerebellum, basal ganglia,Physiology of sleep and consciousness.Endocrine system: Mechanism of action of hormones, formation, secretion,transport, metabolism, function and regulation of secretion of pancreas andpituitary gland.Physiology of reproductive system: menstrual cycle, lactation, pregnancy.Blood: Development, regulation and fate of blood cells.Cardio-vascular, cardiac output, blood pressure, regulation of cardiovascularfunctions;

3. Biochemistry:Organ function tests-liver, kidney, thyroidProtein synthesis.Vitamins and minerals.Restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP).Polymerase chain reaction (PCR).Radio - immunoassays (RIA).

4. Pathology:Inflammation and repair, disturbances of growth and cancer, Pathogenesisand histopathology of rheumatic and ischemic heart disease and diabetesmellitus. Differentiation between benign, malignant, primary and metastaticmalignancies, Pathogenesis and histopathology of bronchogenic carcinoma,carcinoma breast, oral cancer, cancer cervix, leukemia, Etiology,pathogenesis and histopathology of - cirrhosis liver, glomerulonephritis,

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tuberculosis, acute osteomyelitis.5. Microbiology:

Humoral and cell mediated immunityDiseases caused by and laboratory diagnosis of-l Meningococcus, Salmonellal Shigella, Herpes, Dengue, Poliol HIV/AIDS, Malaria, E. Histolytica, Giardial Candida, Cryptococcus, Aspergillus

6. Pharmacology:Mechanism of action and side effects of the following drugs

- Antipyretics and analgesics, Antibiotics, Antimalaria; Antikala-azar,Antidiabetics- Antihypertensive, Antidiuretics, General and cardiac vasodilators, Antiviral,Antiparasitic, Antifungal, Immunosuppressants- Anticancer

7. Forensic Medicine and Toxicology:Forensic examination of injuries and wounds; Examination of blood andseminal stains; poisoning, sedative overdose, hanging, drowning, burns, DNAand finger print study.

PAPER - II1. General Medicine:

Etiology, clinical features, diagnosis and principles of management (includingprevention) of: - Tetanus, Rabies, AIDS, Dengue, Kala-azar, JapaneseEncephalitis.Etiology, clinical features, diagnosis and principles of management of:Ischaemic heart disease, pulmonary embolism.Bronchial asthma.Pleural effusion, tuberculosis, Malabsorption syndromes, acid peptic diseases,Viral hepatitis and cirrhosis of liver.Glomerulonerphritis and pyelonephritis, renal failure, nephrotic syndrome,renovascular hypertension, complications of diabetes mellitus, coagulationdisorders, leukemia, Hypo and hyper thyrodism, meningitis and encephalitis.Imaging in medical problems, ultrasound, echocardiogram, CT scan, MRI.Anxiety and Depressive Psychosis and schizophrenia and ECT.

2. Pediatrics:Immunization, Baby friendly hospital, congenital cyanotic heart disease,respiratory distress syndrome, broncho - pneumonias, kernicterus. IMNCIclassification and management, PEM grading and management. ARI andDiarrhea of under five and their management.

3. Dermatology:Psoriasis, Allergic dermatitis, scabies, eczema, vitiligo, Stevan Johnson’ssyndrome, Lichen Planus.

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4. General Surgery:Clinical features, causes, diagnosis and principles of management of cleftpalate, harelip.Laryngeal tumor, oral and esophageal tumors.Peripheral arterial diseases, varicose veins, coarctation of aortaTumors of Thyroid, Adrenal GlandsAbscess, cancer, fibroadenoma and adenosis of breast.Bleeding peptic ulcer, tuberculosis of bowel, ulcerative colitis, cancer stomach.Renal mass,cancer Prostate..Haemothorax, stones of Gall bladder, Kidney, Ureter and Urinary Bladder.Management of surgical conditions of Rectum, Anus and Anal canal, Gallbladder and Bile ductsSplenomegaly, cholecystitis, portal hypertension, liver abscess, peritonitis,carcinoma head of pancreas.Fractures of spine, Colles’ fracture and bone tumors.EndoscopyLaprascopic Surgery.

5. Obstetrics and Gynaecology including Family Planning:Diagnosis of pregnancy.Labour management, complications of 3rd stage, Antepartum and postpartumhemorrhage, resuscitation of the newborn, Management of abnormal lie anddifficult labour, Management of small for date or premature newborn.Diagnosis and management of anemia. Preeclampsia and Toxaemias ofpregnancy, Management of Post menopausal Syndrome.Intra-uterine devices, pills, tubectomy and vasectomy. Medical termination ofpregnancy including legal aspects.Cancer cervix.Leucorrhoea, pelvic pain, infertility, dysfunctional uterine bleeding (DUB),amenorrhoea, Fibroid and prolapse of uterus.

6. Community Medicine (Preventive and Social Medicine):Principles, methods, approach and measurements of EpidemiologyNutrition, nutritional diseases / disorders & Nutrition Programmes.Health information Collection, Analysis and Presentation.Objectives, components and critical analysis of National programmes forcontrol/eradication of:Malaria, Kala-azar, Filaria and Tuberculosis,HIV/AIDS, STDs and DengueCritical appraisal of Health care delivery system.Health management and administration: Techniques, Tools, ProgrammeImplementation and Evaluation.Objective, Component, Goals and Status of Reproductive and Child Health,National Rural Health Mission and Millennium Development GoalsManagement of hospital and industrial waste.

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History and Problems of Philosophy:1. Plato and Aristotle: Ideas; Substance; Form and Matter; Causation; Actuality

and Potentiality.2. Rationalism (Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz): Cartesian Method and Certain

Knowledge; Substance; God; Mind-Body Dualism; Determinism and Freedom.3. Empiricism (Locke, Berkeley, Hume): Theory of Knowledge; Substance and

Qualities; Self and God; Scepticism.4. Kant: Possibility of Synthetic a priori Judgments; Space and Time; Categories;

Ideas of Reason; Antinomies; Critique of Proofs for the Existence of God5. Hegel: Dialectical Method; Absolute Idealism6. Moore, Russell and Early Wittgenstein: Defence of Commonsense; Refutation

of Idealism; Logical Atomism; Logical Constructions; Incomplete Symbols;Picture Theory of Meaning; Saying and Showing.

7. Logical Positivism: Verification Theory of Meaning; Rejection of Metaphysics;Linguistic Theory of Necessary Propositions.

8. Later Wittgenstein: Meaning and Use; Language-games; Critique of PrivateLanguage.

9. Phenomenology (Husserl): Method; Theory of Essences; Avoidance ofPsychologism.

10. Existentialism (Kierkegaard, Sartre, Heidegger): Existence and Essence;Choice, Responsibility and Authentic Existence; Being-in-the –world andTemporality.

11. Quine and Strawson: Critique of Empiricism; Theory of Basic Particulars andPersons.

12. Cârvâka : Theory of Knowledge; Rejection of Transcendent Entities.13. Jainism: Theory of Reality; Saptabhaòginaya; Bondage and Liberation.14. Schools of Buddhism: Pratîtyasamutpâda; Ksanikavada, Nairâtmyavâda15. Nyâya- Vaiúesika: Theory of Categories; Theory of Appearance; Theory of

Pramâna; Self, Liberation; God; Proofs for the Existence of God; Theory ofCausation; Atomistic Theory of Creation.

16. Sâmkhya: Prakrti; Purusa; Causation; Liberation17. Yoga: Citta; Cittavrtti; Klesas; Samadhi; Kaivalya.18. Mimâmsâ: Theory of Knowledge19. Schools of Vedânta: Brahman; Îúvara; Âtman; Jiva; Jagat; Mâyâ; Avidyâ;

Adhyâsa; Moksa; Aprthaksiddhi; Pancavidhabheda20. Aurobindo: Evolution, Involution; Integral Yoga.

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PAPER – II Socio-Political Philosophy1. Social and Political Ideals: Equality, Justice, Liberty.2. Sovereignty: Austin, Bodin, Laski, Kautilya.3. Individual and State: Rights; Duties and Accountability4. Forms of Government: Monarchy; Theocracy and Democracy.5. Political Ideologies: Anarchism; Marxism and Socialism6. Humanism; Secularism; Multiculturalism.7. Crime and Punishment: Corruption, Mass Violence, Genocide, Capital

Punishment.8. Development and Social Progress.9. Gender Discrimination: Female Foeticide, Land and Property Rights;

Empowernment.10. Caste Discrimination: Gandhi and Ambedkar Philosophy of Religion:1. Notions of God: Attributes; Relation to Man and the World. (Indian and

Western).2. Proofs for the Existence of God and their Critique (Indian and Western).3. Problem of Evil.4. Soul: Immortality; Rebirth and Liberation.5. Reason, Revelation and Faith.6. Religious Experience: Nature and Object (Indian and Western).7. Religion without God.8. Religion and Morality.9. Religious Pluralism and the Problem of Absolute Truth.10. Nature of Religious Language: Analogical and Symbolic; Cognitivist and Non-


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1. (a) Mechanics of Particles:Laws of motion; conservation of energy and momentum, applications to rotatingframes, centripetal and Coriolis accelerations; Motion under a central force;Conservation of angular momentum, Kepler’s laws; Fields and potentials;Gravitational field and potential due to spherical bodies, Gauss and Poissonequations, gravitational self-energy; Two-body problem; Reduced mass;Rutherford scattering; Centre of mass and laboratory reference frames.

(b) Mechanics of Rigid Bodies:System of particles; Centre of mass, angular momentum, equations of motion;Conservation theorems for energy, momentum and angular momentum; Elasticand inelastic collisions; Rigid body; Degrees of freedom, Euler’s theorem,angular velocity, angular momentum, moments of inertia, theorems of paralleland perpendicular axes, equation of motion for rotation; Molecular rotations(as rigid bodies); Di and tri-atomic molecules; Precessional motion; top,gyroscope.

(c) Mechanics of Continuous Media:Elasticity, Hooke’s law and elastic constants of isotropic solids and theirinter-relation; Streamline (Laminar) flow, viscosity, Poiseuille’s equation,Bernoulli’s equation, Stokes’ law and applications.

(d) Special Relativity:Michelson-Morley experiment and its implications; Lorentz transformations-length contraction, time dilation, addition of relativistic velocities, aberrationand Doppler effect, mass-energy relation, simple applications to a decayprocess; Four dimensional momentum vector; Covariance of equations ofphysics.

2. Waves and Optics:(a) Waves:

Simple harmonic motion, damped oscillation, forced oscillation and resonance;Beats; Stationary waves in a string; Pulses and wave packets; Phase andgroup velocities; Reflection and Refraction from Huygens’ principle.

(b) Geometrical Optics:Laws of reflection and refraction from Fermat’s principle; Matrix method inparaxial optics-thin lens formula, nodal planes, system of two thin lenses,chromatic and spherical aberrations.

(c) Interference:Interference of light-Young’s experiment, Newton’s rings, interference by thinfilms, Michelson interferometer; Multiple beam interference and Fabry-Perotinterferometer.

(d) Diffraction:

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Fraunhofer diffraction-single slit, double slit, diffraction grating, resolving power;Diffraction by a circular aperture and the Airy pattern; Fresnel diffraction: half-period zones and zone plates, circular aperture.

(e) Polarization and Modern Optics:Production and detection of linearly and circularly polarized light; Doublerefraction, quarter wave plate; Optical activity; Principles of fibre optics,attenuation; Pulse dispersion in step index and parabolic index fibres; Materialdispersion, single mode fibres; Lasers-Einstein A and B coefficients; Rubyand He-Ne lasers; Characteristics of laser light-spatial and temporalcoherence; Focusing of laser beams; Three-level scheme for laser operation;Holography and simple applications.

3. Electricity and Magnetism:(a) Electrostatics and Magnetostatics:

Laplace and Poisson equations in electrostatics and their applications; Energyof a system of charges, multipole expansion of scalar potential; Method ofimages and its applications; Potential and field due to a dipole, force andtorque on a dipole in an external field; Dielectrics, polarization; Solutions toboundary-value problems-conducting and dielectric spheres in a uniformelectric field; Magnetic shell, uniformly magnetized sphere; Ferromagneticmaterials, hysteresis, energy loss.

(b) Current Electricity:Kirchhoff’s laws and their applications; Biot-Savart law, Ampere’s law,Faraday’s law, Lenz’ law; Self-and mutual-inductances; Mean and r m svalues in AC circuits; DC and AC circuits with R, L and C components;Series and parallel resonances; Quality factor; Principle of transformer.

(c) Electromagnetic Waves and Blackbody Radiation:Displacement current and Maxwell’s equations; Wave equations in vacuum,Poynting theorem; Vector and scalar potentials; Electromagnetic field tensor,covariance of Maxwell’s equations; Wave equations in isotropic dielectrics,reflection and refraction at the boundary of two dielectrics; Fresnel’s relations;Total internal reflection; Normal and anomalous dispersion; Rayleigh scattering;Blackbody radiation and Planck’s radiation law, Stefan-Boltzmann law, Wien’sdisplacement law and Rayleigh-Jeans’ law.

4. Thermal and Statistical Physics:(a) Thermodynamics:

Laws of thermodynamics, reversible and irreversible processes, entropy;Isothermal, adiabatic, isobaric, isochoric processes and entropy changes;Otto and Diesel engines, Gibbs’ phase rule and chemical potential; van derWaals equation of state of a real gas, critical constants; Maxwell-Boltzmandistribution of molecular velocities, transport phenomena, equipartition andvirial theorems; Dulong-Petit, Einstein, and Debye’s theories of specific heat

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of solids; Maxwell relations and applications; Clausius- Clapeyron equation;Adiabatic demagnetisation, Joule-Kelvin effect and liquefaction of gases.

(b) Statistical Physics:Macro and micro states, statistical distributions, Maxwell-Boltzmann, Bose-Einstein and Fermi-Dirac distributions, applications to specific heat of gasesand blackbody radiation; Concept of negative temperatures.

PAPER - II1. Quantum Mechanics:

Wave-particle dualitiy; Schroedinger equation and expectation values;Uncertainty principle; Solutions of the one-dimensional Schroedinger equationfor a free particle (Gaussian wave-packet), particle in a box, particle in afinite well, linear harmonic oscillator; Reflection and transmission by a steppotential and by a rectangular barrier; Particle in a three dimensional box,density of states, free electron theory of metals; Angular momentum; Hydrogenatom; Spin half particles, properties of Pauli spin matrices.

2. Atomic and Molecular Physics:Stern-Gerlach experiment, electron spin, fine structure of hydrogen atom; L-S coupling, J-J coupling; Spectroscopic notation of atomic states; Zeemaneffect; Frank-Condon principle and applications; Elementary theory ofrotational, vibratonal and electronic spectra of diatomic molecules; Ramaneffect and molecular structure; Laser Raman spectroscopy; Importance ofneutral hydrogen atom, molecular hydrogen and molecular hydrogen ion inastronomy; Fluorescence and Phosphorescence; Elementary theory andapplications of NMR and EPR; Elementary ideas about Lamb shift and itssignificance.

3. Nuclear and Particle Physics:Basic nuclear properties-size, binding energy, angular momentum, parity,magnetic moment; Semi-empirical mass formula and applications, massparabolas; Ground state of deuteron, magnetic moment and non-centralforces; Meson theory of nuclear forces; Salient features of nuclear forces;Shell model of the nucleus - successes and limitations; Violation of parity inbeta decay; Gamma decay and internal conversion; Elementary ideas aboutMossbauer spectroscopy; Q-value of nuclear reactions; Nuclear fission andfusion, energy production in stars; Nuclear reactors.Classification of elementary particles and their interactions; Conservationlaws; Quark structure of hadrons; Field quanta of electroweak and stronginteractions; Elementary ideas about unification of forces; Physics of neutrinos.

4. Solid State Physics, Devices and Electronics:Crystalline and amorphous structure of matter; Different crystal systems,space groups; Methods of determination of crystal structure; X-ray diffraction,scanning and transmission electron microscopies; Band theory of solids -

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conductors, insulators and semiconductors; Thermal properties of solids,specific heat, Debye theory; Magnetism: dia, para and ferromagnetism;Elements of superconductivity, Meissner effect, Josephson junctions andapplications; Elementary ideas about high temperature superconductivity.Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors; p-n-p and n-p-n transistors; Amplifiersand oscillators; Op-amps; FET, JFET and MOSFET; Digital electronics-Boolean identities, De Morgan’s laws, logic gates and truth tables; Simplelogic circuits; Thermistors, solar cells; Fundamentals of microprocessorsand digital computers.

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Political Theory and Indian Politics:1. Political Theory: meaning and approaches.2. Theories of the State: Liberal, Neo-liberal, Marxist, Pluralist, Post-colonial

and feminist.3. Justice: Conceptions of justice with special reference to Rawl’s theory of

justice and its communitarian critiques.4. Equality: Social, political and economic; relationship between equality and

freedom; Affirmative action.5. Rights: Meaning and theories; different kinds of rights; concept of Human

Rights.6. Democracy: Classical and contemporary theories; different models

of democracy – representative, participatory and deliberative.7. Concept of power, hegemony, ideology and legitimacy.8. Political Ideologies: Liberalism, Socialism, Marxism, Fascism, Gandhism

and Feminism.9. Indian Political Thought : Dharamshastra, Arthashastra and Buddhist

traditions; Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, Sri Aurobindo, M.K. Gandhi, B.R.Ambedkar, M.N. Roy .

10. Western Political Thought: Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, JohnS. Mill, Marx, Gramsci, Hannah Arendt.

Indian Government and Politics:1. Indian Nationalism:

(a) Political Strategies of India’s Freedom Struggle: Constitutionalism to massSatyagraha, Non-cooperation, Civil Disobedience; Militant and revolutionarymovements, Peasant and workers’ movements.

(b) Perspectives on Indian National Movement: Liberal, Socialist and Marxist;Radical humanist and Dalit.

2. Making of the Indian Constitution: Legacies of the British rule; different socialand political perspectives.

3. Salient Features of the Indian Constitution: The Preamble, Fundamental Rightsand Duties, Directive Principles; Parliamentary System and AmendmentProcedures; Judicial Review and Basic Structure doctrine.

4. (a) Principal Organs of the Union Government: Envisaged role and actual workingof the Executive, Legislature and Supreme Court.

(b) Principal Organs of the State Government: Envisaged role and actual workingof the Executive, Legislature and High Courts.

5. Grassroots Democracy: Panchayati Raj and Municipal Government;significance of 73rd and 74th Amendments; Grassroot movements.

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6. Statutory Institutions/Commissions: Election Commission, Comptroller andAuditor General, Finance Commission, Union Public Service Commission,National Commission for Scheduled Castes, National Commission forScheduled Tribes, National Commission for Women; National Human RightsCommission, National Commission for Minorities, National Backward ClassesCommission.

7. Federalism: Constitutional provisions; changing nature of centre-staterelations; integrationist tendencies and regional aspirations; inter-statedisputes.

8. Planning and Economic Development : Nehruvian and Gandhian perspectives;role of planning and public sector; Green Revolution, land reforms and agrarianrelations; liberalilzation and economic reforms.

9. Caste, Religion and Ethnicity in Indian Politics.10. Party System: National and regional political parties, ideological and social

bases of parties; patterns of coalition politics; Pressure groups, trends inelectoral behaviour; changing socio- economic profile of Legislators.

11. Social Movements: Civil liberties and human rights movements; women’smovements; environmentalist movements.

PAPER – IIComparative Politics and International RelationsComparative Political Analysis and International Politics:1. Comparative Politics: Nature and major approaches; political economy and

political sociology perspectives; limitations of the comparative method.2. State in comparative perspective: Characteristics and changing nature of the

State in capitalist and socialist economies, and, advanced industrial anddeveloping societies.

3. Politics of Representation and Participation: Political parties, pressure groupsand social movements in advanced industrial and developing societies.

4. Globalisation: Responses from developed and developing societies.5. Approaches to the Study of International Relations: Idealist, Realist, Marxist,

Functionalist and Systems theory.6. Key concepts in International Relations: National interest, Security and power;

Balance of power and deterrence; Transnational actors and collective security;World capitalist economy and globalisation.

7. Changing International Political Order:(a) Rise of super powers; strategic and ideological Bipolarity, arms race and Cold

War; nuclear threat;(b) Nonaligned movement: Aims and achievements;(c) Collapse of the Soviet Union; Unipolarity and American hegemony; relevance

of non-alignment in the contemporary world.

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8. Evolution of the International Economic System: From Brettonwoods to WTO;Socialist economies and the CMEA (Council for Mutual EconomicAssistance); Third World demand for new international economic order;Globalisation of the world economy.

9. United Nations: Envisaged role and actual record; specialized UN agencies-aims and functioning; need for UN reforms.

10. Regionalisation of World Politics: EU, ASEAN, APEC, SAARC, NAFTA.11. Contemporary Global Concerns: Democracy, human rights, environment,

gender justice, terrorism, nuclear proliferation.India and the World:1. Indian Foreign Policy: Determinants of foreign policy; institutions of policy-

making; continuity and change.2. India’s Contribution to the Non-Alignment Movement: Different phases; current

role.3. India and South Asia:

(a) Regional Co-operation: SAARC – past performance and future prospects.(b) South Asia as a Free Trade Area.(c) India’s “Look East” policy.(d) Impediments to regional co-operation: river water disputes; illegal cross-border

migration; ethnic conflicts and insurgencies; border disputes.4. India and the Global South: Relations with Africa and Latin America; leadership

role in the demand for NIEO and WTO negotiations.5. India and the Global Centres of Power: USA, EU, Japan, China and Russia.6. India and the UN System: Role in UN Peace-keeping; demand for Permanent

Seat in the Security Council.7. India and the Nuclear Question: Changing perceptions and policy.8. Recent developments in Indian Foreign policy: India’s position on the recent

crisis in Afghanistan, Iraq and West Asia, growing relations with US andIsrael; vision of a new world order.

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Foundations of Psychology1. Introduction: Definition of Psychology; Historical antecedents of Psychology

and trends in the 21st century; Psychology and scientific methods; Psychologyin relation to other social sciences and natural sciences; Application ofPsychology to societal problems.

2. Methods of Psychology: Types of research: Descriptive, evaluative, diagnosticand prognostic; Methods of Research: Survey, observation, case-study andexperiments; Characteristics of experimental design and non-experimentaldesign, Quasi-experimental designs; Focussed group discussions, brainstorming, grounded theory approach.

3. Research Methods: Major steps in Psychological research (problemstatement, hypothesis formulation, research designs, sampling, tools of datacollection, analysis and interpretation and report writing) Fundamental versusapplied research; Methods of data collection (interview, observation,questionnaire); Research designs (ex-post facto and experimental);Application of statistical technique (t - test, two way ANOVA correlation,regression and factor analysis); Item response theory.

4. Development of Human Behaviour: Growth and development; Principlesof development, Role of genetic and environmental factors in determininghuman behaviour; Influence of cultural factors in socialization; Life spandevelopment - Characteristics, development tasks, promoting psychologicalwell-being across major stages of the life span.

5. Sensation, Attention and Perception: Sensation: concepts of threshold,absolute and difference thresholds, signal-detection and vigilance; Factorsinfluencing attention including set and characteristics of stimulus; Definitionand concept of perception, biological factors in perception; Perceptualorganization-influence of past experiences, perceptual defence-factorsinfluencing space and depth perception, size estimation and perceptualreadiness; The plasticity of perception; Extrasensory perception; Cultureand perception, Subliminal perception.

6. Learning: Concept and theories of learning (Behaviourists, Gestaltalist andInformation processing models); The Processes of extinction, discriminationand generalization; Programmed learning, probability learning, self-instructional learning, concepts; Types and the schedules of reinforcement,escape, avoidance and punishment, modeling and social learning.

7. Memory: Encoding and remembering; Short term memory, Long termmemory, Sensory memory, Iconic memory, Echoic memory: The Multistoremodel, levels of processing; Organization and Mnemonic techniques to improvememory; Theories of forgetting: decay, interference and retrieval failure:Metamemory; Amnesia: Anterograde and retrograde.

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8. Thinking and Problem Solving: Piaget’s theory of cognitive development;Concept formation processes; Information processing, Reasoning and problemsolving, Facilitating and hindering factors in problem solving, Methods ofproblem solving: Creative thinking and fostering creativity; Factors influencingdecision making and judgment; Recent trends.

9. Motivation and Emotion: Psychological and physiological basis of motivationand emotion; Measurement of motivation and emotion; Effects of motivationand emotion on behaviour; Extrinsic and intrinsic motivation; Factorsinfluencing intrinsic motivation; Emotional competence and the related issues.

10. Intelligence and Aptitude: Concept of intelligence and aptitude, Natureand theories of intelligence - Spearman, Thurstone, Gullford Vernon, Sternbergand J.P; Das; Emotional Intelligence, Social intelligence, measurement ofintelligence and aptitudes, concept of IQ, deviation IQ, constancy of IQ;Measurement of multiple intelligence; Fluid intelligence and crystallizedintelligence.

11. Personality: Definition and concept of personality; Theories of personality(psychoanalytical, socio-cultural, interpersonal, developmental, humanistic,behaviouristic, trait and type approaches); Measurement of personality(projective tests, pencil-paper test); The Indian approach to personality;Training for personality development; Latest approaches like big 5 factortheory; The notion of self in different traditions.

12. Attitudes, Values and Interests: Definition of attitudes, values and interests;Components of attitudes; Formation and maintenance of attitudes;Measurement of attitudes, values and interests; Theories of attitude change;Strategies for fostering values; Formation of stereotypes and prejudices;Changing others behaviour; Theories of attribution; Recent trends.

13. Language and Communication: Human language - Properties, structureand linguistic hierarchy, Language acquisition-predisposition, critical periodhypothesis; Theories of language development - Skinner and Chomsky;Process and types of communication - effective communication training.

14. Issues and Perspectives in Modern Contemporary Psychology: Computerapplication in the psychological laboratory and psychological testing; Artificialintelligence; Psychocybernetics; Study of consciousness-sleep-wakeschedules; dreams, stimulus deprivation, meditation, hypnotic/drug inducedstates; Extrasensory perception; Intersensory perception Simulation studies.

PAPER - II Psychology: Issues and Applications

1. Psychological Measurement of Individual Differences: The nature ofindividual differences; Characteristics and construction of standardizedpsychological tests; Types of psychological tests; Use, misuse and limitationof psychological tests; Ethical issues in the use of psychological tests.

2. Psychological well being and Mental Disorders: Concept of health-ill

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health; Positive health, well being; Causal factors in mental disorders (Anxietydisorders, mood disorders, schizophrenia and delusional disorders; personalitydisorders, substance abuse disorders); Factors influencing positive health,well being, life style and quality of life; Happiness disposition.

3. Therapeutic Approaches: Psychodynamic therapies; Behaviour therapies;Client centered therapy; Cognitive therapies; Indigenous therapies (Yoga,Meditation); Bio-feedback therapy; Prevention and rehabilitation of thementally ill; Fostering mental health.

4. Work Psychology and Organisational Behaviour: Personnel selectionand training; Use of psychological tests in the industry; Training and humanresource development; Theories of work motivation – Herzberg, Maslow,Adam Equity theory, Porter and Lawler, Vroom; Leadership and participatorymanagement; Advertising and marketing; Stress and its management;Ergonomics; consumer psychology; Managerial effectiveness;Transformational leadership; Sensitivity training; Power and politics inorganizations.

5. Application of Psychology to Educational Field: Psychological principlesunderlying effective teaching-learning process; Learning styles; Gifted,retarded, learning disabled and their training; Training for improving memoryand better academic achievement; Personality development and valueeducation, Educational, vocational guidance and career counseling; Use ofpsychological tests in educational institutions; Effective strategies in guidanceprogrammes.

6. Community Psychology: Definition and concept of community psychology;Use of small groups in social action; Arousing community consciousnessand action for handling social problems; Group decision making and leadershipfor social change; Effective strategies for social change.

7. Rehabilitation Psychology: Primary, secondary and tertiary preventionprogrammes-role of psychologists; Organising of services for rehabilitationof physically, mentally and socially challenged persons including old persons,Rehabilitation of persons suffering from substance abuse, juvenile delinquency,criminal behaviour; Rehabilitation of victims of violence, Rehabilitation ofHIV/AIDS victims, the role of social agencies.

8. Application of Psychology to disadvantaged groups: The concepts ofdisadvantaged, deprivation; Social, physical, cultural and economicconsequences of disadvantaged and deprived groups; Educating andmotivating the disadvantaged towards development; Relative and prolongeddeprivation.

9. Psychological problems of social integration: The concept of socialintegration; The problem of caste, class, religion and language conflicts andprejudice; Nature and manifestation of prejudice between the in-group andout-group; Causal factors of social conflicts and prejudices; Psychological

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strategies for handling the conflicts and prejudices; Measures to achievesocial integration.

10. Application of Psychology in Information Technology and Mass Media:The present scenario of information technology and the mass media boomand the role of psychologists; Selection and training of psychologyprofessionals to work in the field of IT and mass media; Distance learningthrough IT and mass media; Entrepreneurship through e-commerce;Multilevel marketing; Impact of TV and fostering value through IT and massmedia; Psychological consequences of recent developments in InformationTechnology.

11. Psychology and Economic development: Achievement motivation andeconomic development; Characteristics of entrepreneurial behaviour;Motivating and training people for entrepreneurship and economic development;Consumer rights and consumer awareness, Government policies for promotionof entrepreneurship among youth including women entrepreneurs.

12. Application of psychology to environment and related fields:Environmental psychology-effects of noise, pollution and crowding; Populationpsychology: psychological consequences of population explosion and highpopulation density; Motivating for small family norm; Impact of rapid scientificand technological growth on degradation of environment.

13. Application of psychology in other fields:(a) Military Psychology

Devising psychological tests for defence personnel for use in selection,Training, counseling; training psychologists to work with defence personnelin promoting positive health; Human engineering in defence.

(b) Sports PsychologyPsychological interventions in improving performance of athletes and sports.Persons participating in Individual and Team Games.

(c) Media influences on pro and antisocial behaviour.(d) Psychology of terrorism.

14. Psychology of Gender: Issues of discrimination, Management of diversity;Glass ceiling effect, Self fulfilling prophesy, Women and Indian society

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Administrative Theory1. Introduction: Meaning, scope and significance of Public Administration;

Wilson’s vision of Public Administration; Evolution of the discipline and itspresent status; New Public Administration; Public Choice approach;Challenges of liberalization, Privatisation, Globalisation; Good Governance:concept and application; New Public Management.

2. Administrative Thought: Scientific Management and Scientific Managementmovement; Classical Theory; Weber’s bureaucratic model – its critique andpost-Weberian Developments; Dynamic Administration (Mary Parker Follett);Human Relations School (Elton Mayo and others); Functions of the Executive(C.I. Barnard); Simon’s decision-making theory; Participative Management(R. Likert, C.Argyris, D.McGregor).

3. Administrative Behaviour: Process and techniques of decision-making;Communication; Morale; Motivation Theories – content, process andcontemporary; Theories of Leadership: Traditional and Modern.

4. Organisations: Theories – systems, contingency; Structure and forms:Ministries and Departments, Corporations, Companies, Boards andCommissions; Ad hoc and advisory bodies; Headquarters and Fieldrelationships; Regulatory Authorities; Public - Private Partnerships.

5. Accountability and control: Concepts of accountability and control;Legislative, Executive and Judicial control over administration; Citizen andAdministration; Role of media, interest groups, voluntary organizations; Civilsociety; Citizen’s Charters; Right to Information; Social audit.

6. Administrative Law: Meaning, scope and significance; Dicey onAdministrative law; Delegated legislation; Administrative Tribunals.

7. Comparative Public Administration: Historical and sociological factorsaffecting administrative systems; Administration and politics in differentcountries; Current status of Comparative Public Administration; Ecology andadministration; Riggsian models and their critique.

8. Development Dynamics: Concept of development; Changing profile ofdevelopment administration; ‘Anti-development thesis’; Bureaucracy anddevelopment; Strong state versus the market debate; Impact of liberalisationon administration in developing countries; Women and development - theself-help group movement.

9. Personnel Administration: Importance of human resource development;Recruitment, training, career advancement, position classification, discipline,performance appraisal, promotion, pay and service conditions; employer-employee relations, grievance redressal mechanism; Code of conduct;Administrative ethics.

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10. Public Policy: Models of policy-making and their critique; Processes ofconceptualisation, planning, implementation, monitoring, evaluation and reviewand their limitations; State theories and public policy formulation.

11. Techniques of Administrative Improvement: Organisation and methods,Work study and work management; e-governance and information technology;Management aid tools like network analysis, MIS, PERT, CPM.

12. Financial Administration: Monetary and fiscal policies; Public borrowingsand public debt Budgets - types and forms; Budgetary process; Financialaccountability; Accounts and audit.

PAPER - IIIndian Administration1. Evolution of Indian Administration: Kautilya’s Arthashastra; Mughal

administration; Legacy of British rule in politics and administration -Indianization of public services, revenue administration, district administration,local self-government.

2. Philosophical and Constitutional framework of government: Salientfeatures and value premises; Constitutionalism; Political culture; Bureaucracyand democracy; Bureaucracy and development.

3. Public Sector Undertakings: Public sector in modern India; Forms of PublicSector Undertakings; Problems of autonomy, accountability and control;Impact of liberalization and privatization.

4. Union Government and Administration: Executive, Parliament, Judiciary -structure, functions, work processes; Recent trends; Intragovernmentalrelations; Cabinet Secretariat; Prime Minister’s Office; Central Secretariat;Ministries and Departments; Boards; Commissions; Attached offices; Fieldorganizations.

5. Plans and Priorities: Machinery of planning; Role, composition and functionsof the Planning Commission and the National Development Council; ‘Indicative’planning; Process of plan formulation at Union and State levels; ConstitutionalAmendments (1992) and decentralized planning for economic developmentand social justice.

6. State Government and Administration: Union-State administrative,legislative and financial relations; Role of the Finance Commission; Governor;Chief Minister; Council of Ministers; Chief Secretary; State Secretariat;Directorates.

7. District Administration since Independence: Changing role of the Collector;Union-state-local relations; Imperatives of development management and lawand order administration; District administration and democraticdecentralization.

8. Civil Services: Constitutional position; Structure, recruitment, training and

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capacity-building; Good governance initiatives; Code of conduct and discipline;Staff associations; Political rights; Grievance redressal mechanism; Civilservice neutrality; Civil service activism.

9. Financial Management: Budget as a political instrument; Parliamentarycontrol of public expenditure; Role of finance ministry in monetary and fiscalarea; Accounting techniques; Audit; Role of Controller General of Accountsand Comptroller and Auditor General of India.

10. Administrative Reforms since Independence: Major concerns; ImportantCommittees and Commissions; Reforms in financial management and humanresource development; Problems of implementation.

11. Rural Development: Institutions and agencies since independence; Ruraldevelopment programmes: foci and strategies; Decentralization andPanchayati Raj; 73rd Constitutional amendment.

12. Urban Local Government: Municipal governance: main features, structures,finance and problem areas; 74th Constitutional Amendment; Global-localdebate; New localism; Development dynamics, politics and administrationwith special reference to city management.

13. Law and Order Administration: British legacy; National Police Commission;Investigative agencies; Role of central and state agencies including paramilitaryforces in maintenance of law and order and countering insurgency andterrorism; Criminalisation of politics and administration; Police-publicrelations; Reforms in Police.

14. Significant issues in Indian Administration: Values in public service;Regulatory Commissions; National Human Rights Commission; Problems ofadministration in coalition regimes; Citizen-administration interface; Corruptionand administration; Disaster management.

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FUNDAMENTALS OF SOCIOLOGY1. Sociology - The Discipline:(a) Modernity and social changes in Europe and emergence of sociology.(b) Scope of the subject and comparison with other social sciences.(c) Sociology and common sense.2. Sociology as Science:(a) Science, scientific method and critique.(b) Major theoretical strands of research methodology.(c) Positivism and its critique.(d) Fact value and objectivity.(e) Non- positivist methodologies.3. Research Methods and Analysis:(a) Qualitative and quantitative methods.(b) Techniques of data collection.(c) Variables, sampling, hypothesis, reliability and validity.4. Sociological Thinkers:(a) Karl Marx- Historical materialism, mode of production, alienation, class

struggle.(b) Emile Durkheim- Division of labour, social fact, suicide, religion and society.(c) Max Weber- Social action, ideal types, authority, bureaucracy, protestant

ethic and the spirit of capitalism.(d) Talcolt Parsons- Social system, pattern variables.(e) Robert K. Merton- Latent and manifest functions, conformity and deviance,

reference groups(f) Mead - Self and identity.5. Stratification and Mobility:(a) Concepts- equality, inequality, hierarchy, exclusion, poverty and deprivation(b) Theories of social stratification- Structural functionalist theory, Marxist theory,

Weberian theory.(c) Dimensions – Social stratification of class, status groups, gender, ethnicity

and race.(d) Social mobility- open and closed systems, types of mobility, sources and

causes of mobility.6. Works and Economic Life:(a) Social organization of work in different types of society- slave society, feudal

society, industrial /capitalist society.(b) Formal and informal organization of work

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(c) Labour and society.7. Politics and Society:(a) Sociological theories of power(b) Power elite, bureaucracy, pressure groups, and political parties.(c) Nation, state, citizenship, democracy, civil society, ideology.(d) Protest, agitation, social movements, collective action, revolution.8. Religion and Society:(a) Sociological theories of religion.(b) Types of religious practices: animism, monism, pluralism, sects, cults.(c) Religion in modern society: religion and science, secularization, religious

revivalism, fundamentalism.9. Systems of Kinship:(a) Family, household, marriage.(b) Types and forms of family.(c) Lineage and descent(d) Patriarchy and sexual division of labour(e) Contemporary trends.10. Social Change in Modern Society:(a) Sociological theories of social change.(b) Development and dependency.(c) Agents of social change.(d) Education and social change.(e) Science, technology and social change.

PAPER - IIINDIAN SOCIETY : STRUCTURE AND CHANGEA. Introducing Indian Society:(i) Perspectives on the study of Indian society:(a) Indology (GS. Ghurye).(b) Structural functionalism (M N Srinivas).(c) Marxist sociology ( A R Desai).(ii) Impact of colonial rule on Indian society :(a) Social background of Indian nationalism.(b) Modernization of Indian tradition.(c) Protests and movements during the colonial period.(d) Social reformsB. Social Structure:(i) Rural and Agrarian Social Structure:(a) The idea of Indian village and village studies-

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(b) Agrarian social structure -evolution of land tenure system,land reforms.

(ii) Caste System:(a) Perspectives on the study of caste systems: GS Ghurye, M N Srinivas,

Louis Dumont, Andre Beteille.(b) Features of caste system.(c) Untouchability - forms and perspectives(iii) Tribal communities in India:(a) Definitional problems.(b) Geographical spread.(c) Colonial policies and tribes.(d) Issues of integration and autonomy.(iv) Social Classes in India:(a) Agrarian class structure.(b) Industrial class structure.(c) Middle classes in India.(v) Systems of Kinship in India:(a) Lineage and descent in India.(b) Types of kinship systems.(c) Family and marriage in India.(d) Household dimensions of the family.(e) Patriarchy, entitlements and sexual division of labour.(vi) Religion and Society:(a) Religious communities in India.(b) Problems of religious minorities.C. Social Changes in India:(i) Visions of Social Change in India:(a) Idea of development planning and mixed economy.(b) Constitution, law and social change.(c) Education and social change.(ii) Rural and Agrarian transformation in India:(a) Programmes of rural development, Community Development Programme,

cooperatives, poverty alleviation schemes.(b) Green revolution and social change.(c) Changing modes of production in Indian agriculture .(d) Problems of rural labour, bondage, migration.(iii) Industrialization and Urbanisation in India:

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(a) Evolution of modern industry in India.(b) Growth of urban settlements in India.(c) Working class: structure, growth, class mobilization.(d) Informal sector, child labour(e) Slums and deprivation in urban areas.(iv) Politics and Society:(a) Nation, democracy and citizenship.(b) Political parties, pressure groups , social and political elite.(c) Regionalism and decentralization of power.(d) Secularization(v) Social Movements in Modern India:(a) Peasants and farmers movements.(b) Women’s movement.(c) Backward classes & Dalit movement.(d) Environmental movements.(e) Ethnicity and Identity movements.(vi) Population Dynamics:(a) Population size, growth, composition and distribution.(b) Components of population growth: birth, death, migration.(c) Population policy and family planning.(d) Emerging issues: ageing, sex ratios, child and infant mortality, reproductive

health.(vii) Challenges of Social Transformation:(a) Crisis of development: displacement, environmental problems and

sustainability.(b) Poverty, deprivation and inequalities.(c) Violence against women.(d) Caste conflicts.(e) Ethnic conflicts, communalism, religious revivalism.(f) Illiteracy and disparities in education.

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1. Probability:Sample space and events, probability measure and probability space, random variableas a measurable function, distribution function of a random variable, discrete andcontinuous-type random variable, probability mass function, probability density function,vector-valued random variable, marginal and conditional distributions, stochasticindependence of events and of random variables, expectation and moments of arandom variable, conditional expectation, convergence of a sequence of random variablein distribution, in probability, in p-th mean and almost everywhere, their criteria andinter-relations, Chebyshev’s inequality and Khintchine‘s weak law of large numbers,strong law of large numbers and Kolmogoroff’s theorems, probability generating function,moment generating function, characteristic function, inversion theorem, Linderbergand Levy forms of central limit theorem, standard discrete and continuous probabilitydistributions.2. Statistical Inference:Consistency, unbiasedness, efficiency, sufficiency, completeness, ancillary statistics,factorization theorem, exponential family of distribution and its properties, uniformlyminimum variance unbiased (UMVU) estimation, Rao-Blackwell and Lehmann-Scheffetheorems, Cramer-Rao inequality for single parameter. Estimation by methods ofmoments, maximum likelihood, least squares, minimum chi-square and modifiedminimum chi-square, properties of maximum likelihood and other estimators,asymptotic efficiency, prior and posterior distributions, loss function, risk function,and minimax estimator. Bayes estimators.Non-randomised and randomised tests, critical function, MP tests, Neyman-Pearsonlemma, UMP tests, monotone likelihood ratio, similar and unbiased tests, UMPUtests for single parameter likelihood ratio test and its asymptotic distribution.Confidence bounds and its relation with tests.Kolmogoroff’s test for goodness of fit and its consistency, sign test and its optimality.Wilcoxon signed-ranks test and its consistency, Kolmogorov-Smirnov two-sampletest, run test, Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney test and median test, their consistency andasymptotic normality.Wald’s SPRT and its properties, OC and ASN functions for tests regarding parametersfor Bernoulli, Poisson, normal and exponential distributions. Wald’s fundamental identity.3. Linear Inference and Multivariate Analysis:Linear statistical models’, theory of least squares and analysis of variance, Gauss-Markoff theory, normal equations, least squares estimates and their precision, test ofsignificance and interval estimates based on least squares theory in one-way, two-way and three-way classified data, regression analysis, linear regression, curvilinearregression and orthogonal polynomials, multiple regression, multiple and partialcorrelations, estimation of variance and covariance components, multivariate normaldistribution, Mahalanobis-D2 and Hotelling’s T2 statistics and their applications and

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properties, discriminant analysis, canonical correlations, principal component analysis.4. Sampling Theory and Design of Experiments:An outline of fixed-population and super-population approaches, distinctive featuresof finite population sampling, probability sampling designs, simple random samplingwith and without replacement, stratified random sampling, systematic sampling andits efficacy , cluster sampling, two-stage and multi-stage sampling, ratio and regressionmethods of estimation involving one or more auxiliary variables, two-phase sampling,probability proportional to size sampling with and without replacement, the Hansen-Hurwitz and the Horvitz-Thompson estimators, non-negative variance estimation withreference to the Horvitz-Thompson estimator, non-sampling errors.Fixed effects model (two-way classification) random and mixed effects models (two-way classification with equal observation per cell), CRD, RBD, LSD and their analyses,incomplete block designs, concepts of orthogonality and balance, BIBD, missing plottechnique, factorial experiments and 2n and 32, confounding in factorial experiments,split-plot and simple lattice designs, transformation of data Duncan’s multiple rangetest.

PAPER - II1. Industrial Statistics:Process and product control, general theory of control charts, different types of controlcharts for variables and attributes, X, R, s, p, np and c charts, cumulative sum chart.Single, double, multiple and sequential sampling plans for attributes, OC, ASN, AOQand ATI curves, concepts of producer’s and consumer’s risks, AQL, LTPD and AOQL,Sampling plans for variables, Use of Dodge-Roming tables.Concept of reliability, failure rate and reliability functions, reliability of series and parallelsystems and other simple configurations, renewal density and renewal function, Failuremodels: exponential, Weibull, normal , lognormal.Problems in life testing, censored and truncated experiments for exponential models.2. Optimization Techniques:Different types of models in Operations Research, their construction and generalmethods of solution, simulation and Monte-Carlo methods formulation of linearprogramming (LP) problem, simple LP model and its graphical solution, the simplexprocedure, the two-phase method and the M-technique with artificial variables, theduality theory of LP and its economic interpretation, sensitivity analysis, transportationand assignment problems, rectangular games, two-person zero-sum games, methodsof solution (graphical and algebraic).Replacement of failing or deteriorating items, group and individual replacement policies,concept of scientific inventory management and analytical structure of inventoryproblems, simple models with deterministic and stochastic demand with and withoutlead time, storage models with particular reference to dam type.Homogeneous discrete-time Markov chains, transition probability matrix, classificationof states and ergodic theorems, homogeneous continuous-time Markov chains, Poisson

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process, elements of queuing theory, M/M/1, M/M/K, G/M/1 and M/G/1 queues.Solution of statistical problems on computers using well-known statistical softwarepackages like SPSS.3. Quantitative Economics and Official Statistics:Determination of trend, seasonal and cyclical components, Box-Jenkins method,tests for stationary series, ARIMA models and determination of orders of autoregressiveand moving average components, forecasting.Commonly used index numbers-Laspeyre’s, Paasche’s and Fisher’s ideal indexnumbers, chain-base index number, uses and limitations of index numbers, indexnumber of wholesale prices, consumer prices, agricultural production and industrialproduction, test for index numbers - proportionality, time-reversal, factor-reversal andcircular .General linear model, ordinary least square and generalized least squares methodsof estimation, problem of multicollinearity, consequences and solutions ofmulticollinearity, autocorrelation and its consequences, heteroscedasticity ofdisturbances and its testing, test for independence of disturbances, concept of structureand model for simultaneous equations, problem of identification-rank and orderconditions of identifiability, two-stage least square method of estimation.Present official statistical system in India relating to population, agriculture, industrialproduction, trade and prices, methods of collection of official statistics, their reliabilityand limitations, principal publications containing such statistics, various officialagencies responsible for data collection and their main functions.4. Demography and Psychometry:Demographic data from census, registration, NSS other surveys, their limitations anduses, definition, construction and uses of vital rates and ratios, measures of fertility,reproduction rates, morbidity rate, standardized death rate, complete and abridgedlife tables, construction of life tables from vital statistics and census returns, uses oflife tables, logistic and other population growth curves, fitting a logistic curve, populationprojection, stable population, quasi-stable population, techniques in estimation ofdemographic parameters, standard classification by cause of death, health surveysand use of hospital statistics.Methods of standardisation of scales and tests, Z-scores, standard scores, T-scores,percentile scores, intelligence quotient and its measurement and uses, validity andreliability of test scores and its determination, use of factor analysis and path analysisin psychometry.

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1. Non-chordata and Chordata:(a) Classification and relationship of various phyla up to subclasses:

Acoelomate and Coelomate, Protostomes and Deuterostomes, Bilateriaand Radiata; Status of Protista, Parazoa, Onychophora andHemichordata; Symmetry.

(b) Protozoa: Locomotion, nutrition, reproduction, sex; General featuresand life history of Paramaecium, Monocystis, Plasmodium andLeishmania.

(c) Porifera: Skeleton, canal system and reproduction.(d) Cnidaria: Polymorphism, defensive structures and their mechanism;

coral reefs and their formation; metagenesis; general features andlife history of Obelia and Aurelia.

(e) Platyhelminthes: Parasitic adaptation; general features and life historyof Fasciola and Taenia and their pathogenic symptoms.

(f) Nemathelminthes: General features, life history, parasitic adaptationof Ascaris and Wuchereria.

(g) Annelida: Coelom and metamerism; modes of life in polychaetes;general features and life history of Nereis, earthworm and leach.

(h) Arthropoda: Larval forms and parasitism in Crustacea; vision andrespiration in arthropods (Prawn, cockroach and scorpion);modification of mouth parts in insects (cockroach, mosquito, housefly,honey bee and butterfly); metamorphosis in insect and its hormonalregulation, social behaviour of Apis and termites.

(i) Mollusca: Feeding, respiration, locomotion, general features and lifehistory of Lamellidens, Pila and Sepia, torsion and detorsion ingastropods.

(j) Echinodermata: Feeding, respiration, locomotion, larval forms, generalfeatures and life history of Asterias.

(k) Protochordata: Origin of chordates; general features and life historyof Branchiostoma and Herdmania.

(l) Pisces: Respiration, locomotion and migration.(m) Amphibia: Origin of tetrapods, parental care, paedomorphosis.(n) Reptilia; Origin of reptiles, skull types, status of Sphenodon and

crocodiles.(o) Aves: Origin of birds, flight adaptation, migration.(p) Mammalia: Origin of mammals, dentition, general features of egg

laying mammals, pouched-mammals, aquatic mammals andprimates, endocrine glands (pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal,pancreas, gonads) and their interrelationships.

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(q) Comparative functional anatomy of various systems of vertebrates(integument and its derivatives, endoskeleton, locomotory organs,digestive system, respiratory system, circulatory system includingheart and aortic arches, urino-genital system, brain and sense organs(eye and ear).

2. Ecology:(a) Biosphere: Concept of biosphere; biomes, Biogeochemical cycles,

Human induced changes in atmosphere including green house effect,ecological succession, biomes and ecotones, community ecology.

(b) Concept of ecosystem; structure and function of ecosystem, typesof ecosystem, ecological succession, ecological adaptation.

(c) Population; characteristics, population dynamics, populationstabilization.

(d) Biodiversity and diversity conservation of natural resources.(e) Wildlife of India.(f) Remote sensing for sustainable development.(g) Environmental biodegradation, pollution and its impact on biosphere

and its prevention.3. Ethology:

(a) Behaviour: Sensory filtering, reponsiveness, sign stimuli, learning andmemory, instinct, habituation, conditioning, imprinting.

(b) Role of hormones in drive; role of pheromones in alarm spreading;crypsis, predator detection, predator tactics, social hierarchies inprimates, social organization in insects.

(c) Orientation, navigation, homing, biological rhythms, biological clock,tidal, seasonal and circadian rhythms.

(d) Methods of studying animal behaviour including sexual conflict,selfishness, kinship and altruism.

4. Economic Zoology:(a) Apiculture, sericulture, lac culture, carp culture, pearl culture, prawn

culture, vermiculture.(b) Major infectious and communicable diseases (malaria, filaria,

tuberculosis, cholera and AIDS) their vectors, pathogens andprevention.

(c) Cattle and livestock diseases, their pathogen (helminthes) and vectors(ticks, mites, Tabanus, Stomoxys).

(d) Pests of sugar cane (Pyrilla perpusiella) oil seed (Achaea janata)and rice (Sitophilus oryzae).

(e) Transgenic animals.(f) Medical biotechnology, human genetic disease and genetic

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counselling, gene therapy.(g) Forensic biotechnology.

5. Biostatistics:Designing of experiments; null hypothesis; correlation, regression,distribution and measure of central tendency, chi square, student-test, F-test (one-way & two-way F-test).

6. Instrumentation Methods:(a) Spectrophotometer, phase contrast and fluorescence microscopy,

radioactive tracer, ultra centrifuge, gel electrophoresis, PCR, ELISA,FISH and chromosome painting.

(b) Electron microscopy (TEM, SEM).PAPER - II

1. Cell Biology:(a) Structure and function of cell and its organelles (nucleus, plasma

membrane, mitochondria, Golgi bodies, endoplasmic reticulum,ribosomes, and lysosomes), cell division (mitosis and meiosis), mitoticspindle and mitotic apparatus, chromosome movements,chromosome type polytene and lambrush, organization of chromatin,heterochromatin, Cell cycle regulation.

(b) Nucleic acid topology, DNA motif, DNA replication, transcription, RNAprocessing, translation, protein foldings and transport.

2. Genetics:(a) Modern concept of gene, split gene, genetic regulation, genetic code.(b) Sex chromosomes and their evolution, sex determination in Drosophila

and man.(c) Mendel’s laws of inheritance, recombination, linkage, multiple alleles,

genetics of blood groups, pedigree analysis, hereditary diseases inman.

(d) Mutations and mutagenesis.(e) Recombinant DNA technology; plasmid, cosmid, art if icial

chromosomes as vectors, transgenic, DNA cloning and whole animalcloning (principles and methods).

(f) Gene regulation and expression in prokaryotes and eukaryotes.(g) Signal molecules, cell death, defects in signaling pathway and

consequences.(h) RFLP, RAPD and AFLP and application of RFLP in DNA finger printing,

ribozyme technologies, human genome project, genomics andprotomics.

3. Evolution:(a) Theories of origin of life.

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(b) Theories of evolution; Natural selection, role of mutations in evolution,evolutionary patterns, molecular drive, mimicry, variation, isolationand speciation.

(c) Evolution of horse, elephant and man using fossil data.(d) Hardy-Weinberg Law.(e) Continental drift and distribution of animals.

4. Systematics: Zoological nomenclature, international code, cladistics,molecular taxonomy and biodiversity.

5. Biochemistry:(a) Structure and role of carbohydrates, fats, fatty acids and cholesterol,

proteins and amino-acids, nucleic acids. Bioenergetics.b) Glycolysis and Kreb cycle, oxidation and reduction, oxidative

phosphorylation, energy conservation and release, ATP cycle, cyclicAMP – its structure and role.

(c) Hormone classification (steroid and peptide hormones), biosynthesisand functions.

(d) Enzymes: types and mechanisms of action.(e) Vitamins and co-enzymes(f) Immunoglobulin and immunity.

6. Physiology (with special reference to mammals):(a) Composition and constituents of blood; blood groups and Rh factor

in man, factors and mechanism of coagulation, iron metabolism, acid-base balance, thermo-regulation, anticoagulants.

(b) Haemoglobin: Composition, types and role in transport of oxygenand carbon dioxide.

(c) Digestion and absorption: Role of salivary glands, liver, pancreasand intestinal glands.

(d) Excretion: nephron and regulation of urine formation; osmo-regulationand excretory product

(e) Muscles: Types, mechanism of contraction of skeletal muscles, effectsof exercise on muscles.

(f) Neuron: nerve impulse – its conduction and synaptic transmission,neurotransmitters.

(g) Vision, hearing and olfaction in man.(h) Physiology of reproduction, puberty and menopause in human.

7. Developmental Biology:(a) Gametogenesis; spermatogenesis, composition of semen, in vitro

and in vivo capacitation of mammalian sperm, Oogenesis, totipotency;fertilization, morphogenesis and morphogen, blastogenesis,establishment of body axes formation, fate map, gestulation in frog

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and chick; genes in development in chick, homeotic genes,development of eye and heart, placenta in mammals.

(b) Cell lineage, cell-to cell interaction, Genetic and inducedteratogenesis, role of thyroxine in control of metamorphosis inamphibia, paedogenesis and neoteny, cell death, aging.

(c) Developmental genes in man, in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer,cloning.

(d) Stem cells: Sources, types and their use in human welfare.(e) Biogenetic law.

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(Answers must be written in Arabic)Section-A

1. a) Origin and development of the language an outline.b) Significant features of the grammar of the language, Rhetorics, Prosody.c) Short Essay in Arabic.

Section-B2. Literary History and Literary Criticism :Socio-Cultural Background, Classical lit-erature, literary movements, modern trends,origin and development of modern prose : drama, novel, short story, essay.PAPER-IIThis paper will require first hand reading of the texts prescribed and will be designedto test the candidate’s critical ability. An-swers must be written in Arabic.

Section-APOETS :1. Imraul Qais : Qifa Nabke Min Zikra Habibin Wa Manzili (complete) Al

Muallaqatus Saba2. Hassan : Lillahi Darru Isabatin Nadamtuhum (complete)

bin Thabit Diwan Hassan Bin Thabit3. Jarir : Hayyu Umamata Wazkuru Ahdan Mada

ToJalbas Sifahi Wa Damiatin Bikila. Nukhbatul Deptt. of Arabic,A.M.U. Adab : Aligarh

4. Farzdaq : Hazal Lazi Tariful Batha-o-Watatuhu (complete) MajmuatunMinan Nazm-i-Wan Nasr, Jamia Salafiah, Varanasi

5. Al Mutanabbi : Ya Ukhta Khair-e-Akhin Ya Binta Khair-e-AbinToAqamahul Fikru Bainal Ijz-e-Wattaabi Nukhbatul Adab,Deptt. of Arabic, A.M.U. Alig.

6. Abul Ala Al-Maarri Ala Fi Sabil Majdi Ma Ana FaailuToWa Ya Nafsu Jiddi Inna Dahraki Hazilu Majmuatul MinanNazm-i-Wan Nasr, Jamia Salafia, Varanasi

7. Shauqi : Wulidal Huda Falkainatu DiauToMakhtara Illa Dinakal FuqarauSalamun Neeli Ya Ghandi (complete)Shauqiat

8. Hafiz Ibrahim Rajatu Linafsi FattahamtuHasati (complete)

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Nukhbatul Adab9. Ilya Abu Madi Damatun Kharsao (complete)

Mukhtarat Minal Sher Al Arabi Al Hadith, M.M.BadwiSection-B

(A) AUTHORSAuthors Books Lessons

1. Ibnul Muqaffa Kalilah Wa DimnahAl Asad Wal Thaur

2. Al-Jahiz Mukhtarat Min AdabilArab Bakhilun Hakim (complete)Part II By : S.A. Hasan Ali Nadwi

3. Ibn Khaldun MuqaddamahAraun Fit Talim (com-plete)

4. Mahmud Taimur Qalar Rawi A mMutawalli (complete)

5. Taufiqual Hakim Masrahiyat Sirrul Muntahira (complete)6. Abbas Mahmud Aqqad Mukhtarat Min

Adabil Arab-IIAssiddiq (complete)

(B) STUDY OF INDIAN AUTHORS1. Ghulam Ali Azad Bilgrami2. Shah Walullah Dehlavi3. Zulfiqar Ali Deobandl4. Abdul Aziz Meman5. Syed Abul Hasan Ali Hasani Nadwi


(Answers must be written in Assamese)Section-A

Language(a) History of the origin and development of the Assamese language-its position

among the Indo-Aryan Languages-periods in its history.(b) Developments of Assamese prose.(c) Vowels and consonants of the Assa-mese languages-rules of phonetic changes

with stress on Assamese coming down from Old Indo-Aryan.(d) Assamese vocabulary-and its sources.(e) Morphology of the language-conjuga-tion-enclitic definitives and pleonastic suffixes.(f) Dilectical divergences-the standard colloquial and the Kamrupi dialect in

particulars.(g) Assamese scripts-its evolution through the ages till 19th century A.D.

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Section-BLiterary Criticism and Literary History(a) Principles of Literary criticism upto New criticism.(b) Different literary genres.(c) Development of literary forms in Assamese.(d) Development of literary criticism in Assamese.(e) Periods of the literary history of Assam from the earliest beginnings, i.e. from the

period of the charyyageets with their socio-cultural background : the protoAssamese-Pre-Sankaradeva-Sankaradeva-post Sankaradeva-Modern period (fromthe coming of the Britishers)-Post-Independence period. Special emphasis is tobe given on the Vaisnavite period, the gonaki and the post-Independence period.

PAPER-IIThis paper will require first-hand reading of the texts prescribed and will be designedto test the candidates’ critical ability. Answers must be written in Assamese

Section-A• Rãmãyana (Ayodhya Kãnda only)-by Madhava Kandali.• Pãrijãt-Harana-by Sankaradeva.• Rãsakrïdã-by Sankaradeva (From Kirtana Ghosa).• Bargeet-by Madhavadeva• Rãjasûya-by Madhavadeva.• Kãthã-Bhãgavata (Books I and II)-by Baikunthanath Bhattacharyya.• Gurucarit-Kathã (Sankaradeva’s Part only)-ed. by Maheswar Neog.

Section-B• Mor Jeevan Soñwaran-by Lakshminath Bezbaroa.• Kripãbar Barbaruãr Kãkatar Topola-by• Lakshminath Bezbaroa.• Pratimã-by Chandra Kumar Agarwalla.• Gãoñburhã-by Padmanath Gohain Barua.• Monamatî-by Rajanikanta Bordoloi.• Purani Asamîyã Sãhitya-by Banikanta Kakati.• Kãrengar Ligirî-by Jyotiprasad Agarwalla• Jeevanar Bãtat-by Bina Barwa (Birinchi Kumar Barua)• Mrityunjoy-by Birendrakumar Bhattachary-ya• Samrãt-by Navakanta Barua.


History of Language and Literature.Answers must be written in Bengali.

Section-ATopics from the History of Bangla language

1. The chronological track from Proto Indo-European to Bangla (Family tree with

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branches and approximate dates).2. Historical stages of Bangla (Old, Middle, New) and their linguistic fea-tures.3. Dialects of Bangla and their distin-guishing characteristics.4. Elements of Bangla Vocabulary.5. Forms of Bangla Literary Prose-Sadhu and Chalit.6. Processes of language change rel-evant for Bangla.

Apinihiti (Anaptyxis), Abhishruti (um-laut), Murdhanyibhavan (cerebralization),Nasikyibhavan (Na-salization), Samibhavan (Assimila-tion), Sadrishya (Analogy),Svaragama (Vowel insertion)-Adi Svaragama, Madhya Svaragama or Svarabhakti,Antya Svaragama, Svarasangati (Vowel hormony), y-shruti and w-shruti.

7. Problems of standardization and re-form of alphabet and spelling, and those oftransliteration and Romanization.

8. Phonology, Morphology and Syntax of Modern Bangla.(Sounds of Modern Bangla, Conjuncts; word formations, compounds; basic sen-tence patterns.)

Section-BTopics from the History of Bangla Literature.

1. Periodization of Bangla Literature : Old Bangla and Middle Bangla.2. Points of difference between modern and pre-modern Bangla Literature.3. Roots and reasons behind the emer-gence of modernity in Bangla Literature.4. Evolution of various Middle Bangla forms : Mangal kavyas, Vaishnava lyr-ics,

Adapted narratives (Ramayana, Mahabharata, Bhagavata) and reli-giousbiographies.

5. Secular forms in middle Bangla litera-ture.6. Narrative and lyric trends in the nine-teenth century Bangla poetry.7. Development of prose.8. Bangla dramatic literature (nineteenth century, Tagore, Post-1944 Bangla drama).9. Tagore and post-Tagoreans.10. Fiction, major authors : (Bankimchandra, Tagore, Saratchandra, Bibhutibusan,

Tarasankar, Manik).11. Women and Bangla literature : cre-ators and created.

PAPER-IIPrescribed texts for close study.Answers must be written in Bengali.

Section-A1. Vaishnava Padavali (Calcutta Univer-sity) Poems of Vidyapati, Chandidas,

Jnanadas, Govindadas and Balaramdas.2. Chandimangal Kalketu episode by Mukunda (Sahitya Akademi).3. Chaitanya Charitamrita Madya Lila, by Krishnadas Kaviraj (Sahitya Akademi).4. Meghnadbadh Kavya by Madhusudan Dutta.

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5. Kapalkundala by Bankimchandra Chattarjee.6. Samya and Bangadesher Krishak by Bankimchandra Chatterjee.7. Sonar Tari by Rabindranath Tagore.8. Chhinnapatravali by Rabindranath Tagore.

Section-B9. Raktakarabi by Rabindranath Tagore.10. Nabajatak by Rabindranath Tagore.11. Grihadaha by Saratchandra Chatter-jee.12. Prabandha Samgraha Vol. 1, by Pramatha Choudhuri.13. Aranyak by Bibhutibhusan Banerjee14. Short stories by Manik Bandyo-padhyay : Atashi Mami, Pragaitihasik, Holud-

Pora, Sarisrip, Haraner Natjamai, Chhoto-Bokulpurer Jatri, Kustharogir Bou, JakeyGhush Ditey Hoy.

15. Shrestha Kavita by Jibanananda Das.16. Jagori by Satinath Bhaduri.17. Ebam Indrajit by Badal Sircar.


History of Bodo Language and Literature(Answers must be written in Bodo)

Section-AHistory of Bodo Language1. Homeland, language family, its present status and its mutual contact with

Assamese.2. (a) Phonemes : Vowel and Consonant Phonemes

(b) Tones.3. Morphology : Gender, Case & Case endings, Plural suffix, Definitives, Ver-bal

suffix.4. Vocabulary and its sources.5. Syntax : Types of sentences, Word Or-der.6. History of Scripts used in writing Bodo Language since inception.

Section-BHistory of Bodo Literature1. General introduction of Bodo folk lit-erature.2. Contribution of the Missionaries.3. Periodization of Bodo Literature.4. Critical analysis of different genre (Po-etry, Novel, Short Story and Drama)5. Translation Literature.

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Paper-IIThe Paper will require first-hand reading of the texts prescribed and will bede-signedto test the critical ability of the candidates.

(Answers must be written in Bodo)Section-A

(a) Khonthai-Methai (Edited by Madaram Brahma & Rupnath Brahma).(b) Hathorkhi-Hala (Edited by Pramod Chandra Brahma)(c) Boroni Gudi Sibsa Arw Aroz : Madaram Brahma.(d) Raja Nilambar : Dwarendra Nath Basumatary.(e) Bibar (Prose section) (Edited by Satish Chandra Basumatary)

Section-B(a) Gibi Bithai (Aida Nwi) : Bihuram Boro(b) Radab : Samar Brahma Chaudhury(c) Okhrang Gongse Nangou : Brajendra Kumar Brahma(d) Baisagu Arw Harimu : Laksheswar Brahma.(e) Gwdan Boro : Manoranjan Lahary(f) Jujaini Or : Chittaranjan Muchahary(g) Mwihoor : Dharanidhar Wary(h) Hor Badi Khwmsi : Kamal Kumar Brahma(i) Jaolia Dewan : Mangal Singh Hozowary(j) Hagra Guduni Mwi : Nilkamal Brahma.


This paper will require the candidates to have a good knowledge of standard Chi-neselanguage and its characteristics so as to test the candidate’s organisationalcapabilities. All the questions except the question on translation from Chinese toEnglish must be answered in Chinese. All the questions carry equal marks.Section-A1. Essay writing in about 500 Chinese characters on a topical subject.2. Translation :

a) Chinese-Englishb) English-Chinese

3. Syntactic and grammatical usage.Section-B

1. Explanation of idioms and phrases in Chinese.2. Development of Chinese language3. Comprehension Precis writing.

PAPER-IIThis paper will require the candidates to have a good grasp of Chinese studies andwill be designed to test the candidate’s critical ability. All the questions must be an-

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swered in Chinese. All the questions carry equal marks.Section-A

1. Short notes on topics related to major events in modern Chinese history (from1919 till date).2. Critical evaluation of major literary works in pre-liberation period (1919-1949) :

a) Lao She : Four Generations, Rickshaw-puller.b) Ba Jin : Family.c) Lu Xum : Medicine, Madman’s Diary.

The True Story of Ah Q.d) Mao Dun : Midnighte) Ai Quing : Coal’s Reply (Mei de Duihua),

Begger (Qigai), ILove This Land(Wo Ai Zhe Tudi),Old Man (Laoren).

f) Guo Moruo : The Goddesses.3. Role of Philosophy and Religion in the Development of Chinese Society.

Section-B1. Socio-Economic/Political/Educational/Sports/Science and Technological

Development since 1979.2. Critical appreciation of major literary works in post-liberation period (1949 till

date) :a) Gu Hua : The Town Called Hibiscus (Furongzhen)b) Chen Rong : Till the Middle Age (Ren dao Zhongnian)c) Liu Xinwu : The Class-in-Charge (Ban Zhuren)d) Lu Yao : The Human Existence (Rensheng)e) Ai Qing : Fish Fossil, The Mirror, The Gardener’s Dream, The Hunter

Who Drew Birdsf) Shu Ting : Motherland, My Beloved Mother-land.


History of Dogri Language and Literature(Answers must be written in Dogri)

Section-AHistory of Dogri Language

1. Dogri language : Origin and development through different stages.2. Linguistic boundaries of Dogri and its dialects.3. Characteristic features of Dogri lan-guage.4. Structure of Dogri Language :

(a) Sound Structure :Segmental : Vowels and Consonants

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Non-Segmental : Length, Stress, Na-salization, Tone and Juncture.(b) Morphology of Dogri :(i) Inflection Categories : Gender, Num-ber, Case, Person, Tense and Voice.(ii) Word Formation : use of prefixes, infixes and suffixes.(iii) Vocabulary : Tatsam, tadbhav, foreign and regional.

(c) Sentence Structure : Major Sentence - types and their constituents, agree-ment and concord in Dogri syntax.

5. Dogri Language and Scripts : Dogre/Dogra Akkhar, Devanagari and Per-sian.Section-B

History of Dogri Literature :1. A brief account of Pre-independence Dogri Literature : Poetry & Prose.2. Development of modern Dogri Poetry and main trends in Dogri Poetry.3. Development of Dogri short-story, main trends & prominent short-story writers.4. Development of Dogri Novel, main trends & contribution of Dogri Novel-ists.5. Development of Dogri Drama & con-tribution of prominent Playwrights.6. Development of Dogri Prose : Essays, Memoirs & Travelogues.7. An introduction to Dogri Folk literature - Folk songs, Folk tales & Ballads.

Paper-IITextual Cristisim of Dogri Literature(Answers must be written in Dogri)

Section-APoetry1. Azadi Paihle Di Dogri Kavita.

The following poets :Devi Ditta, Lakkhu, Ganga Ram, Ramdhan, Hardutt, Pahari Gandhi Baba KanshiRam & Permanand Almast.

2. Modern Dogri Poetry Azadi Bad Di Dogri Kavita The following poets :Kishan Smailpuri, Tara Smailpuri, Mohan Lal Sapolia, Yash Sharma, K.S.Madhukar, Padma Sachdev, Jitendra Udhampuri, Charan Singh and PrakashPremi.

3. Sheeraza Dogri Number 102, Ghazal Ank.The following poets :Ram Lal Sharma, Ved Pal Deep, N.D. Jamwal, Shiv Ram Deep, Ashwini Magotraand Virendra Kesar.

4. Sheeraza Dogri Number 147, Ghazal AnkThe following poets :R.N. Shastri, Jitendra Udhampuri, Champa Sharma and Darshan Darshi.

5. Ramayan (Epic) by Shambhu Nath Sharma (upto Ayodhya Kand)6. Veer Gulab (Khand Kavya) by Dinoo Bhai Pant.

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Section-BProse1. Ajakani Dogri KahaniThe following short story writers :

Madan Mohan Sharma, Narendra Khajuria and B.P. Sathe.2. Ajakani Dogri Kahani Part-II

The following Short Story writters :Ved Rahi, Narsingh Dev Jamwal, Om Goswami, Chhattrapal, Lalit Magotra,Chaman Arora and Ratan Kesar.

3. Khatha Kunj Bhag IIThe following Story writters :Om Vidyarthi, Champa Sharma and Krishan Sharma

4. Meel Patthar (collection of short sto-ries) by Bandhu Sharma5. Kaiddi (Novel) by Desh Bandhu Dogra Nutan6. Nanga Rukkh (Novel) by O.P. Sharma Sarathi.7. Nayaan (Drama) by Mohan Singh.8. Satrang (A collection of one act plays)

The following pay wrights :Vishwa Nath Khajuria, Ram Nath Shastri, Jitendra Sharma, Lalit Magotra andMadan Mohan Sharma.

9. Dogri Lalit NibandhThe following authors :Vishwa Nath Khajuria, Narayan Mishra, Balkrishan Shastri, Shiv Nath, ShyamLal Sharma, Lakshmi Narayan, D.C. Prashant, Ved Ghai, Kunwar Viyogi.


The syllabus consists of two papers, designed to test a first-hand and critical readingof texts prescribed from the following periods in English Literature : Paper I : 1600-1900 and Paper II : 1900-1990.There will be two compulsory questions in each paper : a) A short-notes questionrelated to the topics for general study, and b) A critical analysis of UNSEEN passagesboth in prose and verse.

Paper-IAnswers must be written in English.Texts for detailed study are listed below. Candidates will also be required toshow adequate knowledge of the following topics and movements :The Renaissance : Elizabethan and Jacobean Drama; Metaphysical Poetry; TheEpic and the Mock-epic; Neo-classicism; Satire; The Romantic Movement; The Riseof the Novel; The Victorian Age.

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Section-A1. William Shakespeare : King Lear and The Tempest.2. John Donne. The following poems :

- Canonization;- Death be not proud;- The Good Morrow;- On his Mistress going to bed;- The Relic;

3. John Milton : Paradise Lost, I, II, IV, IX4. Alexander Pope. The Rape of the Lock.5. William Wordsworth. The following poems:

- Ode on Intimations of Immortality.- Tintern Abbey.- Three years she grew.- She dwelt among untrodden ways.- Michael.- Resolution and Independence.

- The World is too much with us.- Milton, thou shouldst be living at this hour.- Upon Westminster Bridge.

6. Alfred Tennyson : In Memoriam.7. Henrik Ibsen : A Doll’s House.

Section-B1. Jonathan Swift. Gulliver’s Travels.2. Jane Austen. Pride and Prejudice.3. Henry Fielding. Tom Jones.4. Charles Dickens. Hard Times.5. George Eliot. The Mill on the Floss.6. Thomas Hardy. Tess of the d’Urbervilles.7. Mark Twain. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.

Paper-IIAnswers must be written in English.Texts for detailed study are listed below. Candidates will also be required toshow adequate knowledge of the following topics and movements :Modernism; Poets of the Thirties; The stream-of-consciousness Novel; Absurd Drama;Colonialism and Post-Colonialism; Indian Writing in English; Marxist, Psychoanalyticaland Feminist approaches to literature; Post-Modernism.

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Section-A1. William Butler Yeats. The following poems:

- Easter 1916- The Second Coming- A Prayer for my daughter.- Sailing to Byzantium.- The Tower.- Among School Children.- Leda and the Swan.- Meru- Lapis Lazuli- The Second Coming- Byzantium.

2. T.S. Eliot. The following poems :- The L ove Song of J.Alfred Prufrock- Journey of the Magi.- Burnt Norton.

3. W.H. Auden. The following poems :- Partition- Musee des Beaux Arts- in Memory of W.B. Yeats- Lay your sleeping head, my love- The Unknown Citizen- Consider- Mundus Et Infans- The Shield of Achilles- September 1, 1939- Petition.

4. John Osborne : Look Back in Anger.5. Samuel Beckett. Waiting for Godot.6. Philip Larkin. The following poems :

- Next- Please- Deceptions- Afternoons- Days- Mr. Bleaney

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7. A.K. Ramanujan. The following poems :- Looking for a Causim on a Swing- A River- Of Mothers, among other Things- Love Poem for a Wife 1- Samll-Scale Reflections on a Great House- Obituary

(All these poems are available in the anthology Ten Twentieth Century IndianPoets, edited by R. Parthasarthy, published by Oxford University Press, NewDelhi).

Section-B1. Joseph Conrad. Lord Jim2. James Joyce. Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man.3. D.H. Lawrence. Sons and Lovers.4. E.M. Forster. A Passage to India.5. Virginia Woolf. Mrs Dalloway.6. Raja Rao. Kanthapura.7. V.S. Naipal. A House for Mr. Biswas.


Answers must be written in French except in the case of question requiringtranslation from French to English.

Section-A1. Main trends in French Literature

a) Classicismb) Rommanticismc) Realism

2. Art in Francea) Romanticismb) Realismc) Impressionism

3. The Vth Republic(a) De Gaulle and the Vth Republique(b) May 1968(c) Pompidou(d) Giscard d’ Estaing(e) Mitterrand(f) Chirac

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4. Translation : French to English (2 pas-sages of socio-politico-economic natureof 200 words each).

Section-B1. Main trends in French Literature

a) Symbolismb) Surrealismc) Theatre of the Absurd

2. Art in Frencha) Surrealismb) Cubismc) Abstract Painting

3. The Vth Republica) Parts politiques en Franceb) Place et rôle du Président de la Ve Republiquec) Le gouvernementd) Le Parlemente) Le Senat

4. Translation : English to French 2 pas-sages of socio-politico-economic nature of200 words each.

PAPER-IIAnswers must be written in French

Section-AThis paper will require an in-depth reading of the following texts and the questions willbe designed to test the candidate’s critical ability.1. XVIIth Century

a) Corneille : Le Cidb) Racine : Andromaquec) Moliere : L’Avare

2. XVIIIth CenturyBeaumarchais: Le Mariage de Figaro

3. XIXth Centurya) Lamartine : Le lac Le Vallonb) Victor Hugo : La Conscience. ElleAvait Pris Ce Pli.....Demain, Dés L’ Aubec) Victor Hugo : Hernanid) Musset : Souvenir. La Nuit de Decembree) Marimee : Colombaf) Balzac : Eugenie Grandetg) Flaubert : Madame Bovaryh) Baudelaire : L’Invitation au Voyage, Recueillement L’Albatros.

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i) Rimbaud : Le Dormeur du Valj) Verlaine : Chanson d’Automne, Mon Reve Familier, II Pleure Dans mon Coeur...

Section-B4. XXth Century

a) Appolinaire : Nuit Rhenane, Le Pont Mirabeaub) Jacques Prevert : Pour Faire Le Portrait d’Un Oiseau, Barbara.c) Paul Eluard : Liberted) Paul Valery : Les Pas, La Fileusee) Andre Gide : La Symphonie pastoralef) Camus : L’Etrangerg) Sartre : Les Mains Salesh) Lonesco : Rhinoceros

Francophonie :a) Gerard Besette : Le Libraireb) Ananda Devi : Le Voile de Draupadic) Cheikh Hamidou : L’Aventure Kane Ambigiüed) Abdellatif Laabi : Poemes en prose

1. L’Arbre a poemes (L’Etreinte du Monde)2. Les Reves viennent mourir sur la page (L’Etreinte du Monde)

5. Essay of general nature on a contempo-rary theme.


Answers must be written in GermanSection-A

1. Structure of Language :Candidates are expected to have a thorough knowledge of German grammarwith reference to specific aspects such as word order, syntactic structures andsemantics.

2. Essay in German :Candidates are expected to demonstrate command over techniques of writtenex-pression in German by writing an essay on a contemporary topic of a generalnature.

Section-B1. Translation of a text of a general na-ture from English into German.2. Socio-political and cultural history of Germany from the 18th century

onwards with special reference to :a. Impact of Enlightenment on German society and cultureb. The impact of Prussian culture on Ger-many.c. Cultural debates in the Weimar Re-public.d. The concept of culture under National Socialism in Germany.

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e. The development of two German lit-eratures and cultures after 1945.f. Reunification of Germany and the problems of cultural pluralism.

g. The role and relevance of German language and literature in the European Union.PAPER-II

(Answers must be written in German)Section-A

1. Development of German literature from the 19th century to the present.Candidates should know the main trends, representative authors and their

important works. The emphasis is not on collecting information on works and authors,but the candidate is expected to identify features of a literary epoch on the basis ofrepre-sentative texts.2. The Study of literary genres.

Candidates must be aware of the characteristic features of the different genreslike Roman, Novelle, Drama, Ballade, Elegie,Marchen, Fabein, Kurzgeschichte.

Section-B1. Perceptions of Literary Interpretation.

Candidates should be aware of various approaches to a critical understanding ofliterature.

2. Study of Selected Texts.a. Goethe : Die Leiden des jungen Werther.b. Schiller : Maria Stuart.c. Eichendorff. Gedichte.d. Gottfried Keller : Kleider machen Leute.e. Thomas Mann : Die vertauschten Kopfe.f. Franz Kafka : Vor Dem Gesetz.g. Friedrich Durrenmatt : Die Physiker.h. Max Frisch : Andorra.i. Heinrich Boll : Die verlorence Ehre der Katharina Blum.j. Ingeborg Bachmann : Alles (aus dem Erzahlband : Das dreBigste Jahr)k. Rose Auslander : Gedichte.l. Christa Wolf : Der geteilte Himmel.m. Gunter Grass : Zunge zeigen.


PAPER - IAnswers must be written in Gujarati

Section-AGujarati Language : Form and history1. History of Gujarati Language with special reference to New Indo-Aryan i.e. last

one thousand years.

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2. Significant features of the Gujarati language: Phonology, morphology and syntax.3. Major dialects: Surti, Pattani, charotari and Saurashtri.History of Gujarati LiteratureMedieval :4. Jaina tradition5. Bhakti tradition: Sagun and Nirgun (Jnanmargi)6. Non-sectarian tradition (Laukik parampara)Modern:7. Sudharak yug8. Pandit yug9. Gandhi yug10. Anu-Gandhi yug11. Adhunik yug

Section-BLiterary Forms : (Salient features, history and development of the following literaryforms):(a) Medieval

1. Narratives: Rasa, Akhyan and Padyavarta2. Lyrical: Pada

(b) Folk3. Bhavai

(c) Modern4. Fiction: Novel and short story5. Drama6. Literary Essay7. Lyrical Poetry

(d) Criticism8. History of theoretical Gujarati criticism9. Recent research in folk tradition

PAPER-IIAnswers must be written in GujaratiThe paper will reqire first hand reading of the texts prescribed and will be designed totest the critical ability of the candidate.

Section-A1. Medieval

(i) Vasantvilas phagu-Ajnatkrut(ii) Kadambari-Bhalan

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(iii) Sudamacharitra-Premanand(iv) Chandrachandravatini varta-Shamal(v) Akhegeeta-Akho

2. Sudharakyug & Pandityug(vi) Mari Hakikat-Narmadashankar Dave(vii) Farbasveerah- Dalpatram(viii) Saraswatichandra-Part-I Govar-dhanram Tripathi(ix) Purvalap- ‘Kant’ (Manishankar Ratnaji Bhatt)(x) Raino Parvat-Ramanbhai Neel-kanth

Section-B1. Gandhiyug & Anu Gandhiyug

(i) Hind Swaraj-Mohandas Kar-machand Gandhi(ii) Patanni Prabhuta- Kanhaiyalal Munshi(iii) Kavyani Shakti- Ramnarayan Vish-wanath Pathak(iv) Saurashtrani Rasdhar Part 1- Zaver-chand Meghani(v) Manvini Bhavai-Pannalal Patel(vi) Dhvani-Rajendra Shah

2. Adhunik yug(vii) Saptapadi-Umashankar Joshi(viii) Janantike- Suresh Joshi(ix) Ashwatthama- Sitanshu Yash-aschandra


Answers must be written in Hindi.Section-A1. History of Hindi Language and Nagari Lipi.

I. Grammatical and applied forms of Apbhransh, Awahatta & Arambhik Hindi.II. Development of Braj and Awadhi as literary language during medieval period.III. Early form of Khari-boli in Siddha-Nath Sahitya, Khusero, Sant Sahitaya,

Rahim etc. and Dakhni Hindi.IV. Development of Khari-boli and Nagari Lipi during 19th Century.V. Standardisation of Hindi Bhasha & Nagari Lipi.VI. Development of Hindi as national Language during freedom movement.VII. The development of Hindi as a National Language of Union of India.VIII. Scientific & Technical development of Hindi Language.IX. Prominent dialects of Hindi and their inter relationship.

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X. Salient features of Nagari Lipi and the efforts for its reform & Standardform of Hindi.

XI. Grammatical structure of Standard Hindi.Section-B

2. History of Hindi Literature.I. The relevance and importance of Hindi literature and tradition of writing

History of Hindi Literature.II. Literary trends of the following four periods of history of Hindi Literature.

A : Adikal-Sidh, Nath and Raso Sahitya.Prominent poets-Chandvardai, Khusaro, Hemchandra, Vidyapati.B : Bhaktikal-Sant Kavyadhara, Sufi Kavyadhara, Krishna Bhaktidharaand Ram Bhaktidhara.Prominent Poets-Kabir, Jayasi, Sur & Tulsi.C: Ritikal-Ritikavya, Ritibaddhakavya & Riti Mukta Kavya.Prominent Poets-Keshav, Bihari, Padmakar and Ghananand.D : Adhunik Kal

a. Renaissance, the development of Prose, Bharatendu Mandal.b. Prominent Writers : Bharatendu, Bal Krishna Bhatt & Pratap Narain Mishra.c. Prominent trends of modern Hindi Poetry : Chhayavad, Pragativad,

Proyogvad, Nai Kavita, Navgeet and Contemporary poetry and JanvadiKavita.Prominent Poets : Maithili Sharan Gupta, Prasad, Nirala, Mahadevi, Dinkar,Agyeya, Muktibodh, Nagarjun.

III. Katha SahityaA. Upanyas & RealismB. The origin and development of Hindi Novels.C. Prominent Novelists : Premchand, Jainendra, Yashpal, Renu and Bhism

Sahani.D. The origin and development of Hindi short story.E. Prominent short Story Writers : Premchand, Prasad, Agyeya, Mohan

Rakesh & Krishna Shobti.IV. Drama & Theatre

A. The origin & Development of Hindi Drama.B. Prominent Dramatists : Bharatendu, Prasad, Jagdish Chandra Mathur,

Ram Kumar Verma, Mohan Rakesh.C. The development of Hindi Theature.

V. CriticismA : The origin and development of Hindi criticism : Saiddhantik, Vyavharik,

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Pragativadi, Manovishleshanvadi & Nai Alochana.B : Prominent critics : Ramchandra Shukla, Hajari Prasad Dwivedi, Ram Vilas

Sharma & Nagendra.VI. The other forms of Hindi prose-Lalit Nibandh, Rekhachitra, Sansmaran,


Answers must be written in Hindi.This paper will require first hand reading of prescribed texts and will test the criticalability of the candidates.Section-A1. Kabir : Kabir Granthawali, Ed, Shyam Sundar Das (First hundred Sakhis.)2. Surdas : Bhramar Gitsar, Ed. Ramchandra Shukla (First hundred Padas)3. Tulsidas : Ramchrit Manas (Sundar Kand) Kavitawali (Uttar Kand).4. Jayasi : Padmawat Ed. Shyam Sundar Das (Sinhal Dwip Khand & Nagmativiyog

Khand)5. Bihari : Bihari Ratnakar Ed. Jagnnath Prasad Ratnakar (First 100 Dohas)6. Maithili Sharan Gupta : Bharat Bharati7. Prasad : Kamayani (Chinta and Sharddha Sarg)8. Nirala : Rag-Virag, Ed. Ram Vilas Sharma (Ram Ki Shakti Puja & Kukurmutta).9. Dinkar : Kurushetra10. Agyeya : Angan Ke Par Dwar (Asadhya Vina)11. Muktiboth : Brahma Rakshas12. Nagarjun : Badal Ko Ghirte Dekha Hai, Akal Ke Bad, Harijan Gatha.

Section-B1. Bharatendu : Bharat Durdasha2. Mohan Rakesh : Ashad Ka Ek Din3. Ramchandra Shukla : Chintamani (Part I)

(Kavita Kya Hai] Shraddha Aur Bhakti)4. Dr. Satyendra : Nibandh Nilaya-Bal Krishna Bhatt, Premchand, Gulab Rai, Hajari

Prasad Dwivedi, Ram Vilas Sharma, Agyeya, Kuber Nath Rai.5. Premchand : Godan, Premchand ki Sarvashreshtha Kahaniyan, Ed. Amrit Rai,

Manjusha - Premchand ki Sarvashreshtha Kahaniyan, Ed. Amrit Rai6. Prasad : Skandgupta7. Yashpal : Divya8. Phaniswar Nath Renu : Maila Anchal9. Mannu Bhandari : Mahabhoj10. Rajendra Yadav : Ek Dunia Samanantar (All Stories)

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(Answers must be written in Kannada)Section-A

A. History of Kannada LanguageWhat is Language? General charecteristics of Language. Dravidian Family ofLanguages and its specific features, Antiquity of Kannada Lan-guage, DifferentPhases of its Develop-ment.Dialects of Kannada Language : Regional and Social Various aspects ofdevelopment of Kannada Language : phonological and Semantic changes.Language borrowing.

B. History of Kannada LiteratureAncient Kannada literature : Influence and Trends. Poets for study : Specifiedpoets from Pampa to Ratnakara Varni are to be studied in the light of contents,form and expression : Pampa, Janna, Nagachandra. Medieval Kannadaliterature : Influence and Trends.Vachana literature : Basavanna, Akka Mahadevi.Medieval Poets : Harihara, Ragha-vanka, Kumar-Vyasa.Dasa literature : Purandra and Kanaka.Sangataya : Ratnakaravarni

C. Modern Kannada literature :Influence, trends and idealogies, Navodaya, Pragatishila, Navya, Dalita andBandaya.


A. Poetics and literary criticism :• Definition and concepts of poetry : Word, Meaning, Alankara, Reeti, Rasa, Dhwani,

Auchitya.• Interpretations of Rasa Sutra.• Modern Trends of literary criticism : Formalist, Historical, Marxist, Feminist,

Post-colonial criticism.B. Cultural History of Karnataka• Contribution of Dynasties to the culture of Karnataka : Chalukyas of Badami and

Kalyani, Rashtrakutas, Hoysalas, Vijayanagara rulers, in literary context.• Major religions of Karnataka and their cultural contributions.• Arts of Karnataka : Sculpture, Architec-ture, Painting, Music, Dance-in the literary

context.• Unification of Karnataka and its impact on Kannada literature.

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PAPER-II(Answers must be written in Kannada)

The paper will require first-hand reading of the Texts prescribed and will be de-signedto test the critical ability of the can-didates.

Section-AA. OLD KANNADA LITERATURE1. Vikramaarjuna Vijaya of Pampa (cantos 12 & 13), (Mysore University Pub.)2. Vaddaraadhane (Sukumaraswamyia Kathe, Vidyutchorana Kathe)B. MEDIEVAL KANNADA LITERATURE :1. Vachana Kammata, Ed: K. Marulasiddappa K.R. Nagaraj (Ban-galore University

Pub.)2. Janapriya Kanakasamputa, Ed. D. Javare Gowda (Kannada and Culture

Directorate, Bangalore)3. Nambiyannana Ragale, Ed., T.N. Sreekantaiah (Ta.Vem. Smaraka Grantha Male,

Mysore)4. Kumaravyasa Bharata : Karna Parva (Mysore University)5. Bharatesha Vaibhava Sangraha Ed. Ta. Su. Shama Rao (Mysore University)

Section-BA. MODERN KANNADA LITERATURE1. Poetry : Hosagannada Kavite, Ed : G.H. Nayak (Kannada Saahitya Parishattu,

Bangalore)2. Novel : Bettada Jeeva-Shivarama Karanta Madhavi-Arupama Niranjana Odalaala-

Devanuru Mahadeva3. Short Story : Kannada Sanna Kathegalu, Ed. G.H. Nayak (Sahitya Academy,

New Delhi).4. Drama : Shudra Tapaswi-Kuvempu. Tughlak-Girish Karnad.5. Vichara Saahitya : Devaru-A.N. Moorty Rao (Pub : D.V.K. Moorty, Mysore.)B. FOLK LITERATURE :1. Janapada Swaroopa-Dr. H.M. Nayak. (Ta. Vem. Smaraka Grantha Male, Mysore.)2. Janapada Geetaanjali-Ed.D. Javare Gowda. (Pub : Sahitya Academy, New Delhi.)3. Kannada Janapada Kathegalu-Ed. J.S. Paramashivaiah, (Mysore Univer-sity.)4. Beedi Makkalu Beledo. Ed. Kalegowda Nagavara (Pub : Bangalore University.)5. Savirada Ogatugalu-Ed : S.G. Imrapura.


(Answers must be written in Kashmiri)Section-A

1. Genealogical relationship of the Kashmiri language: various theories.2. Areas of occurrence and dialects (geo-graphical/ social)3. Phonology and grammar:

i. Vowel and consonant system;

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ii. Nouns and pronouns with various case inflections;iii. Verbs: various types and tenses.

4. Syntactic structure:i. Simple , active and declarative statments;ii. Coordination;iii. Relativisation.

Section-B1. Kashmiri literature in the 14th century (Socio-cultural and intellectual back-groundwith special reference to Lal Dyad and Sheikhul Alam)2. Nineteenth century Kashmiri literature (development of various genres: vatsun;ghazal; and mathnavi).3. Kashmiri literature in the first half of the twentieth century (with special ref-erenceto Mahjoor and Azad; various literary influences).4. Modern Kashmiri literature (with spe-cial refernece to the development of theshort story, drama, novel and nazm).

PAPER-II(Answers must be written in Kashmiri)

Section-A1. Intensive study of Kashmiri poetry upto the nineteenth century:

i) Lal Dyadii) Sheikhul Aalamiii) Habba Khatoon

2. Kashmiri poetry: 19th Centuryi) Mahmood Gami (Vatsans)ii) Maqbool Shah (Gulrez)iii) Rasool Mir (Ghazals)iv) Abdul Ahad Nadim (N’at)v) Krishanjoo Razdan (Shiv Lagun)vi) Sufi Poets (Text in Sanglaab, published by the Deptt. of Kashmiri, University

of Kashmir)3. Twentieth Century Kashmiri poetry (text in Azich Kashir Shairi, published by the

Deptt. of Kashmiri, University of Kashmir)4. Literary criticism and research work: development and various trends.

Section-B1. An analytical study of the short story in Kashmiri.

i) Afsana Majmu’a, published by the Deptt. of Kashmiri, University of Kash-mir.

ii) Kashur Afsana Az, published by the Sahitya Akademiiii) Hamasar Kashur Afsana, published by the Sahitya AkademiThe following short story writers only:Akhtar Mohi-ud-Din, Kamil, Hari Krishan

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Kaul, Hraday Kaul Bharti, Bansi Nirdosh,Gulshan Majid.

2. Novel in Kashmiri:i) Mujrim by G.N. Gowharii) Marun-Ivan Ilyichun, (Kashmiri version of Tolstoy’s The Death of Ivan Iiyich

(Published by Kashmiri Deptt).3. Drama in Kashmiri

i) Natuk Kariv Band, by Hari Krishan Kaulii) Qk Angy Natuk, ed. Motilal Keemu. published by Sahitya Akademi.iii) Razi Oedipus, tr. Naji Munawar, published by Sahitya Akademi.

4. Kashmiri Folk Literature:i) Kashur Luki Theatre by Mohammad Subhan Bhagat, published by Deptt. of

Kashmiri, University of Kashmir.ii) Kashiry Luki Beeth (all volumes) published by the J & K Cultural Academy.


(Answers must be written in Konkani)Section-A

History of the Konkani Language :(i) Origin and development of the language and influences on it.(ii) Major variants of Konkani and their lin-guistic features.(iii) Grammatical and lexicographic work in Konkani, including a study of cases, ad-

verbs, indeclinables and voices.(iv) Old Standard Konkani, new Standard and standardisation problems.

Section-B:History of Konkani literature:Candidates would be expected to be well-acquainted with Konkani literature and itssocial and cultural background and consider the problems and issues arising outof them.(i) History of Konkani literature from its probable source to the present times, with

em-phasis on its major works, writers and movements.(ii) Social and cultural background of the making of Konkani literature from time to

time.(iii) Indian and Western influences on Konkani literature from the earliest to modern

times.(iv) Modern literary trends in the various genres and regions including a study of

Konkani folklore.

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PAPER-II(Answers must be written in Konkani)

Textual Criticism of Konkani LiteratureThe paper will be designed to test the canidate’s critical and analytical abilities.Candidates would be expected to be well-acquainted with Konkani Literature andrequired to have a first-hand reading of the following texts:

Section-AProse1. a) Konkani Mansagangotri (excluding poetry) ed. by Prof. Olivinho Gomes

b) Old Konkani language and literature the Portuguese Role2. a) Otmo Denvcharak-a novel by A.V da Cruz.

b) Vadoll ani Varem-A novel by Anto-nio Pereira.c) Devache Kurpen-a novel by V J P Saldanha.

3. a) Vajralikhani-Shenoy Goem-bab-An anthology-ed. by Shantaram VardeValavalikar

b) Konkani Lalit Niband-Essays-ed. by Shyam Verenkarc) Teen Dasakam-An lAnthology-ed. by Chandrakant Keni.

4. a) Demand-Drama-by Pundalik Naikb) Kadambini- A miscellany of modern Prose-ed. by Prof. OJF Gomes & Smt.

P.S. Tadkodkar.c) Ratha Tujeo Ghudieo-by Smt. Jayanti Naik.

Section-BPoetry1. a) Ev ani Mori: Poetry by Eduardo Bruno de Souza.

b) Abravanchem Yadnyadan-by Luis Mascarenhas.2. a) Godde Ramayan-ed.by R.K. Rao

b) Ratnahar I &II-collection of poems-ed. R.V. Pandit.3. a) Zayo Zuyo-poems-Manohar L. Sardessai.

b) Kanadi Mati Konkani Kavi-Anthol-ogy of Poems-ed. Pratap Naik.4. a) Adrushatache Kalle-Poems by Pandurang Bhangui.

b) Yaman-Poems by Madhav Borkar


History of Maithili Language and itsLiterature

(Answer to be written in Maithili)PART-A

History of Maithili Language1. Place of Maithili in Indo-European lan-guage family.2. Origin and development of Maithili lan-guage. (Sanskrit, Prakrit, Avhatt, Maithili)

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3. Periodic division of Maithili Language. (Beginning, Middle era, Modern era)4. Maithili and its different dialects.5. Relationship between Maithili and other Eastern languages (Bengali, Assamese,Oriya).6. Origin and development of Tirhuta Script.7. Pronouns and Verbs in Maithili Lan-guage.

PART-BHistory of Maithili Literature1. Background of Maithili Literature (Re-ligious, economic, social, cultural).2. Periodic division of Maithili literature.3. Pre-Vidyapati Literature.4. Vidyapati and his tradition.5. Medieval Maithili Drama (Kirtaniya Natak, Ankai Nat, Maithili dramas writ-ten inNepal).6. Maithili Folk Literature (Folk Tales, Folk Drama, Folk Stories, Folk Songs).7. Development of different literary forms in modern era.

(a) Prabandh-kavya(b) Muktak-kavya(c) Novel(d) Short Story(e) Drama(f) Essay(g) Criticism(h) Memoirs(i) Translation

8. Development of Maithili Magazines and Journals.PAPER-II

(Answers must be written in Maithili)The paper will require first-hand reading of the prescribed texts and will test the criticalability of the candidates.

PART-A1. Vidyapati Geet-Shati-Publisher : Sahitya Akademi, New Delhi (Lyrics- 1 to 50)2. Govind Das Bhajanavali-Publisher : Maithili Academy, Patna (Lyrics - 1 to 25).3. Krishnajanm - Manbodh4. Mithilabhasha Ramayana - Chanda Jha (only Sunder-Kand)5. Rameshwar Charit Mithila Ramayan -Lal Das (only Bal-kand)6. Keechak-Vadh-Tantra Nath Jha.7. Datta-Vati-Surendra Jha ‘Suman’ (only 1st and 2nd Cantos).8. Chitra-Yatri

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9. Samakaleen Maithili Kavita - Publisher : Sahitaya Akademi, New Delhi.PART-B

10. Varna Ratnakar - Jyotirishwar (only 2nd Kallol)11. Khattar Kakak Tarang - Hari Mohan Jha.12. Lorik-Vijaya-Manipadma13. Prithvi Putra-Lalit14. Bhaphait Chahak Jinagi-Sudhanshu ‘Shekar’ Choudhary.15. Kirti Rajkamlak-Publisher : Maithili Academy, Patna (First Ten Stories only).16. Katha-Sangrah-Publisher : Maithili Academy, Patna.


(Answers must be written in Malayalam)Section-A

Unit 1-Early phase of Malayalam Language:

1.1 Various theories: origin from proto Dravidian, Tamil, Sanskrit.1.2 Relation between Tamil and Malayalam: Six nayas of A.R. Rajarajavarma.1.3 Pattu school-definition, Ramachari-tam, later pattu works-Niranam works and

Krishnagatha.Unit 2-Linguistic features of :2.1 Manipravalam-definition. Language of early manipravala works-Champu,

Sandesakavya, Chandrotsava, minor works. Later Manipravala works-medievalChampu and Attakkatha.

2.2 Folklore-Southern and Northern bal-lads, Mappila songs.2.3 Early Malayalam prose-Bhashakau-taliyam, Brahmandapuranam, Attap-rakaram,

Kramadipika and Nambiantamil.

Unit 3-Standardisation of Malayalam:3.1 Peculairities of the language of Pana, Kilippattu and Tullal.3.2 Contributions of indigenous and Eu-ropean missionaries to Malayalam.3.3 Characteristics of contemporary Malayalam : Malayalam as administravie

language. Language of scientific and technical literature-media language.Section-B

Literary HistoryUnit-4 Ancient and Medieval Literature:4.1 Pattu-Ramacharitam, Niranam works and Krishnagatha.4.2 Manipravalam-early and medieval manipravala works including attakkatha and

champu.4.3 Folk literature.4.4 Kilippattu, Tullal and Mahakavya.

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Unit 5- Modern Literature-Poerty:5.1 Venmani poets and contemporaries.5.2 The advent of Romanticism-Poerty of Kavitraya i.e., Asan, Ulloor and Vallathol5.3 Poetry after Kavitraya.5.4 Modernism in Malayalam poetry.Unit 6- Modern Literature-Prose:6.1 Drama6.2 Novel6.3 Short story6.4 Biography, travelogue, essay and criti-cism.

PAPER-II(Answers must be written in Malayalam)

This paper will require first hand reading of the texts prescribed and is designedto test the candidate’s critical ability.

Section-AUnit 11.1 Ramacharitam-Patalam 1.1.2 Kannassaramayanam-Balakandam first 25 stanzas.1.3 Unnunilisandesam-Purvabhagam 25 slokas including Prastavana1.4 Mahabharatham Kilippattu-Bhishmaparvam.Unit 22.1 Kumaran Asan-Chintavisthayaya Sita.2.2 Vailoppilli-Kutiyozhikkal.2.3 G. Sankara Kurup-Perunthachan.2.4 N.V. Krishna Variar-Tivandiyile Pattu.Unit 33.1 ONV -Bhumikkoru Charamagitam3.2 Ayyappa Panicker-Kurukshetram.3.3 Akkittam-Pandatha Messanthi3.4 Attur Ravivarma-Megharupan.

Section-BUnit 44.1 O. Chanthu Menon-Indulekha4.2 Thakazhy-Chemmin.4.3 O V Vijayan-Khasakkinte Ithihasam.Unit 55.1 MT Vasudevan Nair-Vanaprastham (Collection).5.2 N S Madhavan-Higvitta (Collection).5.3 C J. Thomas-1128-il Crime 27.Unit 66.1 Kuttikrishna Marar-Bharataparyat-anam

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6.2 M. K Sanu-Nakshatrangalute snehabhajanam6.3 V.T. Bhattathirippad-Kannirum Kinavum.


(Answers must be written in Manipuri)Section-A

Language :a) General characteristics of Manipuri Lan-guage and history of its development; its

importance and status among the Tibeto-Burman Languages of North-East India;recent development in the study of Manipuri language; evolution and study of oldManipuri script.

b) Significant features of Manipuri lan-guage :i) Phonology-Phoneme-vowels, consonants juncture, tone, consonant cluster

and its occurrence, syllable-its structure, pat-tern and types.ii) Morphology : Word-class, root and its types; affix and its types; grammatical

categories gender, number, person, case, tense and aspects, process ofcompounding (samas and sandhi).

iii) Syntax : Word order : types of sentences, pharse and clause structures.Section-B

a) Literary History of Manipuri :Early period (upto 17th century)-Social and cultural background; Themes, dictionand style of the works.Medieval period (18th and 19th century)-Social, religious and political background;Themes, diction and style of the works. Modern period-Growth of major literaryforms; change of Themes, diction and style.

b) Manipuri Folk Literature :Legend, Folktale, Folksong, Ballad, Proverb and Riddle.

c) Aspects of Manipuri Culture :Pre-Hindu Manipuri Faith; Advent of Hinduism and the process of syncreticism.Performing arts-Lai Haraoba, Maha Ras; Indegenous games-Sagol Kangjei, KhongKangjei, Kang.

PAPER II(Answers must be written in Manipuri)

This paper will require first hand reading of the texts prescribed and will be designedto test the candidate’s critical ability to assess them.

Section-AOld and Medieval Manipuri Literature

(a) Old Manipuri Literature1. O. Bhogeswar Singh (Ed.) : Numit Kappa2. M. Gourachandra Singh (Ed.) : Thawanthaba Hiran3. N. Khelchandra Singh (Ed.) : Naothingkhong Phambal Kaba

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4. M. Chandra Singh (Ed.) : Panthoibi Khonggul(b) Medieval Manipuri Literature :1. M. Chandra Singh (Ed.) : Samsok Ngamba2. R.K.Snahal Singh (Ed.) : Ramayana Adi Kanda3. N. Khelchandra SIngh (Ed.) : Dhananjoy Laibu Ningba4. O. Bhogeswar Singh (Ed.) : Chandrakirti Jila Changba

Section-BModern Manipuri Literature :

(a) Poetry and Epic :(I) Poetry :(a) Manipuri Sheireng (Pub) Manipuri Sahitya Parishad, 1988 (ed.)

Kh. Chaoba Singh : Pi Thadoi, Lamgi Chekla Amada, LoktakDr. L. Kamal Singh : Nirjanata, Nirab RajaniA. Minaketan Singh : Kamalda, NonggumlakkhodaL. Samarendra Singh : Ingagi Nong, Mamang Leikai Thambal SatleE. Nilakanta Singh : Manipur, LamangnabaShri Biren : Tangkhul HuiTh. Ibopishak : Anouba Thunglaba Jiba

(b) Kanchi Sheireng. (Pub) Manipur University 1998 (ed.)Dr. L. Kamal Singh : Biswa-PremShri Biren : Chaphadraba Laigi YenTh. Ibopishak : Norok Patal Prithivi

(II) Epic :1. A. Dorendrajit Singh : Kansa Bodha2. H. Anganghal Singh : Khamba-Thoibi Sheireng (San-Senba, Lei Langba,

Shamu Khonggi Bichar)(III) Drama :1. S. Lalit Singh : Areppa Marup2. G.C. Tongbra : Matric Pass3. A. Samarendra : Judge Sahebki Imung(b) Novel, Short-story and Prose :(I) Novel :1. Dr. L. Kamal Singh : Madhabi2. H. Anganghal Singh : Jahera3. H. Guno Singh : Laman4. Pacha Meetei : Imphal Amasung, Magi Ishing, Nungsitki Phibam(II) Short-story :(a) Kanchi Warimacha (Pub) Manipur University 1997 (ed.)

R.K. Shitaljit Singh : Kamala Kamala

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M.K. Binodini : Eigi Thahoudraba Heitup LaluKh. Prakash : Wanom Shareng

(b) Parishadki Khangatlaba Warimacha (Pub) Manipuri Sahitya Parishad 1994 (ed.)S. Nilbir Shastri : Loukhatpa

R.K. Elangba : Karinunggi(c) Anouba Manipuri Warimacha (Pub) The Cultural Forum Manipur 1992 (ed.)

N. Kunjamohon Singh : Ijat TanbaE. Dinamani : Nongthak Khongnang

(III) Prose :(a) Warenggi Saklon [Due Part (Pub) The Cultural Forum Manipur 1992 (ed.)

Kh. Chaoba Singh : Khamba-Thoibigi Wari Amasung Mahakavya(b) Kanchi Wareng (Pub) Manipur University 1998 (ed.)

B. Manisana Shastri : PhajabaCh. Manihar Singh : Lai-Haraoba

(c) Apunba Wareng. (Pub) Manipur University, 1986 (ed.)Ch. Pishak Singh : Samaj Amasung, SanskritiM.K. Binodini : Thoibidu WarouhouidaEric Newton : Kalagi Mahousa (translated by I.R. Babu)

(d) Manipuri Wareng (Pub) The Cultural Forum Manipur 1999 (ed.)S. Krishnamohan Singh : Lan

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Paper-IAnswers must be written in Marathi.

Section-ALanguage and Folk-Iore(a) Nature and Functions of Language (with reference to Marathi)

Language as a signifying system : Langue and Parole; Basic functions; Poeticlanguage; Standard Language and dialect; Language variations according to socialparameters.Linguistic features of Marathi in thirteenth century and seventeenth century.

(b) Dialects of MarathiAhirani; Varhadi; Dangi

(c) Marathi GrammarParts of Speech; Case-system; Prayog-vichar (Voice)

(d) Nature and kinds of Folk-lore(with special reference to Marathi)Lok-Geet, Lok Katha, Lok Natya

Section-BHistory of Literature and Literary Criticism(a) History of Marathi Literature1. From beginning to 1818 AD, with special reference to the following : The

Mahanubhava writers, the Varkari poets, the Pandit poets, the Shahirs, Bakharliterature.

2. From 1850 to 1990, with special reference to developments in the following majorforms : Poetry, Fiction (Novel and Short Story), Drama; and major literary currentsand movements, Romantic, Realist, Modernist, Dalit Gramin, Feminist.

(b) Literary Criticism1. Nature and function of Literature;2. Evaluation of Literature;3. Nature, Objectives and Methods of Criticism;4. Literature, Culture and Society.

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PAPER-IIAnswers must be written in Marathi.Textual study of prescribed literary worksThe paper will require first-hand reading of the texts prescribed and will be designed totest the candidate’s critical ability.

Section-AProse(1) ‘Smritishala’(2) Mahatma Jotiba Phule

“Shetkaryacha Asud; ‘Sarvajanik Satyadharma’(3) S.V. Ketkar ‘Brahmankanya;(4) P.K. Atre ‘Sashtang Namaskar’(5) Sharchchandra Muktibodh ‘Jana Hey Volatu Jethe’(6) Uddhav Shelke ‘Shilan’(7) Baburao Bagul ‘Jevha Mi Jaat Chorli Hoti’(8) Gouri Deshpande ‘Ekek Paan Galavaya’(9) P.I. Sonkamble ‘Athavaninche Pakshi’

Section-BPoetry(1) Namadevanchi Abhangawani’ Ed: Inamdar, Relekar, Mirajkar Modern Book Depot,

Pune(2) ‘Painjan’ Ed : M.N. Adwant Sahitya Prasar Kendra, Nagpur(3) ‘Damayanti-Swayamvar’ By Raghunath Pandit(4) ‘Balakvinchi Kavita’ By Balkavi(5) ‘Vishakha’ By Kusumagraj(6) ‘Mridgandh’ By Vinda Karandikar(7) ‘Jahirnama’ By Narayan Surve(8) ‘Sandhyakalchya Kavita’ By Grace(9) ‘Ya Sattet Jeev Ramat Nahi’ By Namdev Dhasal

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(Answers must be written in Nepali)Section-A

1. History of the origin and development of Nepali as one of the new Indo-AryanLanguages

2. Fundamentals of Nepali Grammar and phonology:(i) Nominal forms and categories :-Gender, Number, Case, Adjectives, Pronouns,

Avyayas(ii) Verbal forms and categories-Tense, Aspects, Voice, Roots and Fixes(iii) Nepali Swara and Vyanjana;

3. Major Dialects of Nepali4. Standardisation and Modernisation of Nepali with special reference to lan-guagemovements (viz. Halanta Bahiskar, Jharrovad etc.)5. Teaching of Nepali language in India-Its history and development with spe-cialreference to its socio-cultural as-pects.

Section-B1. History of Nepali literature with special reference to its development in India.2. Fundamental concepts and theories of literature : Kavya/Sahitya, Kavya Prayojan,

Literary genres, Shabda Shakti, Rasa, Alankara, Tragedy, Comedy, Aesthetics,Stylistics.

3. Major literary trends and movements-Swachchhandatavad, Yatharthavad,Astitwavad, Ayamik Movement, Contemporary Nepali writings, Postmodernism.

4. Nepali folklores (the following folk-form only)- Sawai, Jhyaurey, Selo, Sangini,Lahari.

PAPER-II(Answers must be written in Nepali)

This paper will require first hand reading of the texts prescribed below and questionswill be designed to test the candidate’s critical acumen.


1. Santa Jnandil Das-Udaya Lahari2. Lekhnath Poudyal-Tarun Tapasi (Vishrams III, V, VI, XII, XV, XVIII only)3. Agam Singh Giri-Jaleko Pratibimba : Royeko Pratidhwani (The following

poems only-rasawako Chichy-ahat-sanga Byunjheko Ek Raat, Chhorolai, JalekoPratibimba : Royeko Prati-dhwani, Hamro Akashmani Pani Hunchha Ujyalo, Tihar).

4. Haribhakta Katuwal-Yo Zindagi Khai Ke Zindagi : (The following poems only -Jeevan : Ek Dristi, Yo Zindagi Khai Ke Zindagi, Akashka tara Ke Tara, HamilaiNirdho Nasamjha, Khai Many-ata Yahan Atmahutiko Balidan Ko).

5. Balkrishna Sama-Prahlad

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6. Manbahadur Mukhia-Andhyaroma Banchneharu (The following One-Act playsonly-‘Andhyaroma Banchneharu’, ‘Suskera’).

Section-B1. Indra Sundas-Sahara2. Lilbahadur Chhetri-Brahmaputrako Chheuchhau3. Rupnarayan Sinha-Katha Navaratna (The following stories only-Biteka Kura,

Jimmewari Kasko, Dhanamatiko Cinema-Swapna, Vidhwasta Jeevan).4. Indrabahadur Rai-Vipana Katipaya (The following stories only-Raatbhari Huri

Chalyo, Jayamaya Aphumatra Lekha-pani Aipugi, Bhagi, Ghosh Babu,Chhutyaiyo).

5. Sanu Lama-Katha Sampad (The following stories only-Swasni Manchhey, KhaniTarma Ekdin, Phurbale Gaun Chhadyo, Asinapo Manchhey).

6. Laxmi Prasad Devkota-Laxmi Nibandha Sangraha (The following essays only-Sri Ganeshaya Namah, Nepali Sahityako Itihasma Sarvashrestha Purus, Kalpana,Kala Ra Jeevan, Gadha Buddhiman Ki Guru).

7. Ramkrishna Sharma-Das Gorkha (The following essays only-Kavi, Samaj RaSahitya, Sahityama Sapekshata, Sahityik Ruchiko Praudhata, Nepali SahityakoPragati).


(Answers must be written in Oriya)Section-A

History of Oriya Language(1) Origin and development of Oriya Language- Influence of Austric, Dravidian, Perso-

Arabic and English on Oriya Language.(2) Phonetics and Phonemics : Vowels, Consonants Principles of changes in Oriya

sounds.(3) Morphology : Morphemes (free, bound compound and complex), derivational and

inflectional affixes, case inflection, conjugation of verb.(4) Syntax : Kinds of sentences and their transformation, structure of sentences.(5) Semantics-Different types of change in meaning Euphemism.(6) Common errors in spellings, grammatical uses and construction of sen-tences.(7) Regional variations in Oriya Language (Western, Southern and Northern Oriya)

and Dialects (Bhatri and Desia)Section-B

History of Oriya Literature(1) Historical backgrounds (social, cultural and political) of Oriya Literature of dif-

ferent periods.(2) Ancient epics, ornate kavyas and cpadavalis.(3) Typical structural forms of Oriya Lit-erature (Koili, Chautisa, Poi, Chaupadi,


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(4) Modern trends in poetry, drama short story, novel, essay and literary criticism.PAPER-II

(Answers must be written in Oriya)Critical Study of texts -The paper will require first hand reading of the text and test thecritical ability of the candidate.

Section-APoetry :(Ancient)1. Sãralã Das-Shanti Parva from Mãhãbharãta.2. Jaganãth Das-Bhãgãbate, XI Skandha-Jadu Avadhuta Sambãda.(Medieval)3. Dinãkrushna Dãs-Rasakallola-(Chhãndas-16 & 34)4. Upendra Bhanja-Lãvanyabati (Chhãndas-1 & 2)(Modern)5. Rãdhãnãth Rãy-Chandrabhãgã6. Mãyãdhãr Mãnasinha-Jeevan Chitã7. Satchidãnanda Routray-Kabitã-19628. Ramãkãnta Ratha-Saptama Ritu.Section-BDrama :9. Manoranjan Dãs-Kãtha-Ghodã10. Bijay Mishra-Tata NiranjanãNovel :11. Fakir Mohan Senãpati-Chhamãna Ãthaguntha12. Gopinãth Mohanty-DãnãpãniShort Story :13. Surendra Mohãnty-Marãlãra Mrityu14. Manoj Dãs-Laxmira AbhisaraEssay :15. Chittaranjan Dãs-Taranga O Tadit (First five essays).16. Chandra Sekhar Rath-Mun Satya-dhãrma Kahuchhi (First five essays)

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Paper-I(Pãli Language)N.B. All answers must be written in Pali language in Devanãgarî or RomanScript.

Section-A1. Origin and Homeland of Pãli and its characteristics.2. Pãli Grammar-(I) Technical Terms of Pãli Grammar-Akkhara, Sara, Vyañjana,

Niggahîta, Nãma, Sabbanãma, Ãkhyãta, Upasagga, Nipãta, Abyaya, (II) Kãraka,(III) Samãsa; (IV) Sandhi; (V) Taddhita. (Apaccabodhaka-and Ãdhikãrabo-dhaka-Paccaya); (VI) Etymological derivation of the following words :-Buddho, Bhikkhu, Sãmanero, Satthã, Dhammo, Latãyã, Purisãnam, Tumhe,Amhebhi, Munina, Rattîsu, Phalãya, Atthîsu, Raññam, Sangho.

3. Translation of two Pãli unseen passages into English.Section-B

4. Essays consisting of 300 words on any one of the following :(a) Bhagavã Buddho, (b) Tilakkhanam, (c) Ariyo atthañgiko maggo, (d) Cattãriariyasaccãni, (e) Kammavãdo (f) Paticcasamuppãdo, (g) Nibbãnam paramamsukham, (h) Tipitakam, (i) Dhammapadam, (j) Majjhimã-Patipadã.

5. Summary of Pãli passages.6. Explanation of Pãli verses in Pãli.7. The meaning of following indeclinables (Abyaya and Nipãta) and their use in

candidates’ own Pãli sentences :(I) Atha, (II) Antarã, (III) Addhã, (IV) Kadã, (V) Kittãvatã, (VI) Ahorattam, (VII) Divã,(VIII) Yathã, (IX) Ce, (X) Seyyathîdam, (XI) Vinã, (XII) Kudãcannam, (XIII) Saddhim,(XIV) Antarena, (XV) Kho, (XVI) Mã, (XVII) Evam, (XVIII) Ettha, (XIX) Kira, (XX)Pana.

Paper-II(PÃli Literature)There will be two compulsory questions which must be answered in Pali Languege inDevanagari or Roman Script. The remaining questions must be attempted either inPali or in the medium of examination opted by the candidate.

Section-A(i) Life and teachings of Buddha from the Pãli sources.(ii) History of Pali Literature-Canonical and Non-Canonical with reference to the

following books and authors:Mahãvagga, Cullavagga, Pãtimokkha, Dîgha-Nikãya, Dhammapada, Jãtaka,

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Theragãthã, Therîgãthã,Dîpavamsa, Mahãvamsa, Dãthãvamsa, Sãsanavamsa,Milindapanha, Petakopadesa, Nettippa-karana, Buddhadatta, Buddhaghosa andDhammapãla.

Section-B1. Textual questions, critical comments and annotated translations would be asked

from the following prescribed texts :-(i) Dîghã-Nikãya (Only the Sãmaññaphala-Sutta)(ii) Sutta-nipãta (Only the Khaggavisana-Sutta and Dhaniya-Sutta)(iii) Dhammapada (Only the first five Vaggã-s)(iv) Milindapanha (Only the Lakkhana-panha)(v) Mahavamsa (Only the Tatiya-Sangiti)(vi) Abhidhammattha-sangaha (First, Second and Sixth Chapters)(vii) Pãli Prosody : Vuttodaya-Anutthubha, Indavajirã, Upendavajirã,

Vasantatilakã, Mãlinî, Sikharinî, Upajati, totaka, Dodhaka, Vamsattha.(viii) Pãli Rhetoric : Subodhãlankãrã -Yamaka, Anuppãsa, Rûpaka, Upama,

Atisayutti, Vyatireka, Nidassanã, Atthanta-ranyãsa, Dîpaka, Ditthanta.2. Short Notes on Buddhist concepts dealt within the prescribed texts.3. Explanation of Pãli Verses from the prescribed texts.


There will be two questions which must be answered in Persian. The remaining ques-tions must be answered either in Persian or in the medium of examination opted bythe candidate.Section-A1. (a) Description of the origin and devel-opment of Persian language (to be an-

swered in Persian).(b) Applied Grammar, Rhetorics, Prosody, Idioms and Phrases frequently used.(i) Grammar : Ism and its kinds, Zamir-e-Muttasil and Munfasil, Murakkabi-

Tausifi, Murakkab-i-Izafi, Ismi-Ishara, Musharun Elaih, Fel and its kinds,Tenses, Gardan, singular and plural, Jumleh and its kinds.

(ii) Rhetorics : Tajnees, Ishteqaq, Luzum-mala-yalzum, seyaqatul Aadad, Qalb,Tarsee, Esteaara, Maratun Nazir, Laff-o-Nashr, Iham, Husn-i-Taalil, Tajahuli-Aarefaneh, Talmih, Tansiqus Sifat.

(iii) Prosody : Bahri-Muzara, Ramal, Mutaqarib, Tawil, Hazaj, Kamil.Secton-B

1. Short essay in Persian-250 words (to be answered in Persian).2. History of Persian Literature in Iran and India; Literary criticism and styles; trends

in classical and modern literature; socio-cultural influences, development ofmodern literary genres including drama, novel, short story.

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PAPER-IIThere will be two compulsory questions–one each in textual portions of prose andpoetry which are to be answered in Per-sian. The remaining questions are to beanswered either in Persian or in the me-dium of examination opted by the candi-date.This paper will require first hand reading of the texts prescribed and will be designedto test the candidate’s critical ability.

Section-AProse1. Nizami Aroozi Samarqandi : Chahar Maqala :

(i) Dabiri(ii) Shaairi

2. Qabus.b, Washmgir : Qabus Nama :(i) Dar Shinakhtan-e-Haqq-e-Pidar-wa-Madar(ii) Dar Bishi Justan Az Sukhandani(iii) Dar Talib Ilmi Wa Faqih Wa Fuqaha

3. Sadi Shirazi : Gulistan :(i) Dar Tasir-e-Suhbat.

4. Moh. Awfi : Jawameul Hikayat :(i) First Ten Hikayaat

5. Ziauddin Burney : Tarikh-i-Firozshahi:(i) Wasaya-i-Sultan Balban Be Farzand-e-Buzurg

6. Abul Fazl Ain-e-Akbari:(i) Ain-Khazina-i-Abadi(ii) Ain-e-Shabistan-e-Iqbal(iii) Ain-e-Manzil Dar Yurisha(iv) Ain-e-Cheragh Afrozi

7. Sadiq-i-Hedayat:(i) Dash Akul(ii) Girdab

8. Mohd. Hijazi :(i) Khudkushi(ii) Pezeshk-e-Chashm

Section-BPoetry1. Firadausi : Shahnama :

(i) Rustam-o-Sohrab2. Khayyam : Rubaaiyat (Radif Alif and Be)3. Saadi Shirazi : Bustan: ‘Dar Adl-u-Tadbir-u-Rai’4. Amir Khusrau: Majmua-i-Diwan-e-Khusrau. (Radif Dal)5. Maulana Rum: Mathnawi Maanawi (First Half of Daftar Duwwum)6. Hafiz : (Radif Alif and Dal)

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7. Urfi Shirazi : Qasaaid :(i) Iqbal-e-Karam Migazad Arbabi-Himam Ra.(ii) Har Sukhta Jane Ki Ba Kashmir Dar Ayad.(iii) Sabah-e-Idd Ke Dar Takiyagah-e-Naz-u-Naeem.

8. Ghalib : Ghazaaliyat (Radif Alif)9. Bahar Mashhadi :

(i) Jughd-e-Jung(ii) Sukoot-e-Shab(iii) Damawandiye(iv) Dukhtar-e-Basra

10. Furugh-e-Farrukhzad:(i) Dar Barabad-e-Khuda(ii) Diw-e-Shab

11. Nimayushij :(i) Qu(ii) Khar-Kan

Note :- Textual portions of prose and po-etry are to be explained in Persian com-pulsorily.


Answers must be written in Punjabi in Gurumukhi Script.Section-Aa) Origin of Punjabi language : different stages of development and recent development

in Punjabi language : characteristics of Punjabi phonology and the study of itstones: classification of vowels and consonants.

b) Punjabi morphology : the number-gender system (animate and inanimate),prefixes, affixes and different categories of Post positions: Punjabi word formation:Tatsam. Tad Bhav, forms: Sentence structure, the notion of subject and objectin Punjabi: Noun and verb phrases.

c) Language and dialect; the notions of dialect and idiolect; major dialects of Punjabi;Pothohari, Majhi, Doabi, Malwai, Puadhi; the validity of speech variation on thebasis of social stratification, the distinctive features of various dialects with specialreference to tones. Language and script; origin and development of Gurmukhi;suitability of Gurmukhi for Punjabi.

d) Classical background; Nath Jogi SahitMedieval literature : Gurmat, Sufti, Kissa and Var Janamsakhis.

Section-Ba) Modern trends Mystic, romantic, progressive and neomystic (Vir Singh, Puran

Singh, Mohan Singh, Amrita Pritam, Bawa Balwant, Pritam Singh Safeer, J.S.Neki).

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Experimentalist (Jasbir Singh Ahluwalia, Ravinder Ravi, Ajaib Kamal)Aesthetes (Harbhajan Singh, Tara Singh)Neo-progressive (Pash. Jagtar, Patar)

Origin and Development of Genres :b) Folk literature Folk songs, Folk tales. Riddles, Proverbs.

Epic (Vir Singh, Avtar Singh, Azad Mohan Singh)Lyric (Gurus, Sufis and Modern Lyricists-Mohan Singh Amrita Pritam, Shiv Kumar,Harbhajan Singh)

c) Drama (I.C. Nanda, Harcharan Singh, Balwant Gargi, S.S.Sekhon, Charan DasSidhu)Novel (Vir Singh, Nanak Singh, Jaswant Singh Kanwal, K.S. Duggal, Sukhbir,Gurdial Singh, Dalip Kaur Tiwana, Swaran Chandan)

Short Story (Sujan Singh, K.S. Virk. Prem Parkash, Waryam Sandhu).d) Socio-cultural Sanskrit, Persian Literary influences : and Western.

Essay (Puran Singh, Teja Singh, Gurbaksh Singh)Literary Criticism (S.S. Sekhon, Attar Singh, Kishan Singh, Harbhajan Singh, NajamHussain Sayyad).

PAPER-IIAnswers must be written in Punjabi in Gurumukhi Script.This paper will require first-hand reading of the texts prescribed and will be designedtotest the candidate’s critical ability.

Section-Aa) Sheikh Farid The complete Bani as included in the Adi Granth.b) Guru Nanak Japu Ji Baramah, Asa di Varc) Bulleh Shah Kafiand) Waris Shah Heer

Section-Ba) Shah Mohammad Jangnama (Jang Singhan te Firangian)

Dhani Ram Chatrik (Poet) Chandan VariSufi KhanaNawan Jahan

b) Nanak Singh (Novelist) Chitta LahuPavittar PapiEk Mian Do Talwaran

c) Gurbaksh Singh (Essayist) Zindagi di RasNawan ShivalaMerian Abhul Yadaan.

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Balraj Sahni (Travelogue) Mera Roosi SafarnamaMera Pakistani Safarnama

d) Balwant Gargi (Dramatist) Loha KuttDhuni-di-AggSultan RaziaSant Singh Sekhon (Critic) SahityarthParsidh Punjabi KaviPunjabi Kav Shiromani


Answers must be written in Russian except in the case of questionregarding translation from Russian to English.

(Language and Culture)Section-Ai. Modern Russian Language : Phonetics, Morphology, Syntax, Lexicology,Lexicography and Seman-tics, linguisticsii. Translation from Russian into English and vice-versa.

Section-Bi. Socio-political and economical development of the Russian Federation : Patrioticwar of 1812, October Revolution, Perestroika and Glasnost, disintegration of USSR.Regional & Cultural variations of the Russian Federation.ii. Essay on general topics.

PAPER-II(Answers must be written in Russian)


Literary History and Literary Criticism, Literary movements,Sentimentalism, Ro-manticism, Naturalism, Realism, Critical Realism, Socialism,Acmeism, Symbolism, Futurism; Origin and development of literary genres : Folkliterature, Lyrics and po-ems-A.S. Pushkin, M.U. Lermontov, Alexander Blok, Esenin, V. Mayakovky, AnnaAkhmatova. Epic-L.N. Tolstoy, M. Sholokhov, Short story, novelet, novels-Pushkin,Lermontov, N.V. Gogol, S. Shchedrin, I. Goncharov, I. Turgenev, F.M. Dostoevsky,L.N. Tolstoy, A.P. Chekhov, M. Gorky, M. Sholokhov, I. Bunin, E. Zamyatin, BorisPasternak, A. Solzhenitsyn, M. Bulgakov, Chingiz Aitmatov, V. Rasputin, V. Shukshin,Criti-cism-Belinsky, Dobrolyubov, Chernyshevsky, Pisarev, Drama-Chekhov, Gogol.Influence of socio-political movements on literature.

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Section-BThis part will require first hand reading of the texts prescribed and will be designed totest the candidates’ critical ability.1. A.S. Pushkin Evgeny Onegin2. M.U. Lermontov Hero of our times3. N.V. Gogol Revizor4. I.S. Turgenev Fathers and sons5. F.M. Dostoevsky Crime and Punishment6. L.N. Tolstoy

i. War and Peaceii. Resurrection

7. A.P. Chekhovi. Toskaii. Smert Chinovnikaiii. Chameleon

8. A.M. Gorky Mother9. A. Blok The twelve10. B.B.

i. Cloud in plants Mayakovskyii. Good

11. M. Sholokhov Fate of a man12. B. Pasternak Doctor Zhivago13. Solzhenitsyn One day in the life of Ivan Danisovich14. V. Rasputin Zhivi i Pomni15. Chingiz Aitmatov Bely Porokhod16. V. Shukshin Chudik


There will be three questions as indicated in the question paper which must be an-sweredin Sanskrit. The remaining questions must be answered either in Sanskrit or in themedium of examination opted by the candidate.

Section-A1. Significant features of the grammar, with particular stress on Sanjna, Sandhi,Karaka, Samasa, Kartari and Karmani vacyas (voice usages) (to be answered inSanskrit).2. (a) Main characteristics of Vedic Sanskrit language.

(b) Prominent features of classical Sanskrit language.(c) Contribution of Sanskrit to linguistic studies.

3. General Knowledge of:-(a) Literary history of Sanskit,

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(b) Principal trends of literary criticism(c) Ramayana,(d) Mahabharata(e) The origin and development of literary geners of:Mahakavya, Rupaka (drama), Katha, Akhyayika, Campu,

Khandakavya, Muktaka Kavya.Section-B

4. Essentials of Indian Culture with stress ona) Purusarthasb) Samskarasc) Varnasramavyavasthad) Arts and fine artse) Technical sciences

5. Trends of Indian Philosophya) Mimansab) Vedantac) Nyaya d) Vaisesikae) Sankhyaf) Yogag) Bauddhah) Jainai) Carvaka

6. Short Essay in Sanskrit7. Unseen passage with the questions, to be answered in Sanskrit.

PAPER-IIQuestion from Group 4 is to be answered in Sanskrit only. Question from Groups 1, 2and 3 are to be answered either in San-skrit or in the medium opted by the candi-date.

Section-AGeneral study of the following groups:Group 1a) Raghuvamsam-Kalidasab) Kumarasambhavam-Kalidasac) Kiratarjuniyam-Bharavid) Sisupalavadham-Maghae) Naisadhiyacaritam-Sriharsaf) Kadambari-Banabhattag) Dasakumaracaritam -Dandinh) Sivarajyodayam-S.B. VarnekarGroup 2a) Isavasyopanisad

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b) Bhagavadgitac) Sundarakanda of Valmiki’s Ramayanad) Arthasastra of KautilyaGroup 3a) Svapnavasavadattam- Bhasab) Abhijnanasakuntalam- Kalidasac) Mrcchakatikam-Sudrakad) Mudraraksasam-Visakhadattae) Uttararamacaritam- Bhavabhutif) Ratnavali-Sriharshavardhanag) Venisamharam- BhattanarayanaGroup 4Short notes in Sanskrit on the following:a) Meghadutam-Kalidasab) Nitisatakam-Bhartrharic) Panchtantrad) Rajatarangini-Kalhanae) Harsacaritam-Banabhattaf) Amarukasatakam-Amarukag) Gitagovindam-Jayadeva

Section-BQuestions from Groups 1 & 2 are to be answered in Sanskrit only. (Questionsfrom Groups 3 & 4 are to be answered in Sanskrit or in the medium opted bythe candidate).This Section will require first hand readingof the following selected texts :Group 1(a) Raghuvansam-Canto I, Verses 1 to 10(b) Kumarasambhavam-Canto I, Verses 1 to 10(c) Kiratarjuniyam-Canto I, Verses 1 to 10Group 2(a) Isavasyopanisad-verses-1, 2, 4, 6, 7, 15 and 18(b) Bhagavatgita II chapter verses 13 to 25(c) Sundarakandam of Valmiki Canto 15, Verses 15 to 30 (Geeta Press Edition)Group 3(a) Meghadutam-verses 1 to 10(b) Nitisatakam-Verses 1 to 10 (Edited by D.D. Kosambi Bharatiya Vidya BhavanPublication)(c) Kadambari-Sukanaso-padesa (only)Group 4(a) Svapnavasavadattam Act VI

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(b) Abhijnansakuntalam Act IV verses 15 to 30 (M.R. Kale Edition)(c) Uttararamacharitam Act 1 verses 31 to 47 (M.R. Kale Edition).


(Answers must be written in Santali)Section-A

Part-I History of Santali LanguageI. Main Austric Language family, population and distribution.II. Grammatical structure of Santali Lan-guage.III. Important character of Santali Language : Phonology, Morphology, Syntax,Seman-tics, Translation, Lexicography.IV. Impact of other languages on Santali.V. Standardization of Santali Language.Part-II History of Santali Literature.I. Literary trends of the following four periods of History of Santali Literature.

(a) Ancient literature before 1854.(b) Missionary period : Literature between 1855 to 1889 AD.(c) Medieval period : Literature between 1890 to 1946 AD.(d) Modern period : Literature from 1947 AD to till date.

II. Writing tradition in History of Santali Lit-erature.Section-B

Literary forms - Main characteristics, history and development of following literaryforms.Part-I : Folk Literature in Santali-folk song, folk tale, phrase, idioms, puzzles andKudum.Part-II : Modern literature in Santali(a) Development of poetry and prominent poets.(b) Development of prose and prominent writers.

(i) Novels and prominent Novelists.(ii) Stories and prominent story writers.(iii) Drama and prominent Dramatist.(iv) Criticism and prominent critics.(v) Essay, sketches, memoirs, travelogues and prominent writers.

Santali writers :Shyam Sunder Hembram, Pandit Raghunath Murmu, Barha Beshra, Sadhu

Ramchand Murmu, Narayan Soren ‘Toresutam’, Sarada Prasad Kisku, RaghunathTudu, Kalipada Soren, Sakla Soren, Digambar Hansda, Aditya Mitra ‘Santali’, BabulalMurmu ‘Adivasi’, Jadumani Beshra, Arjun Hembram, Krishna Chandra Tudu, RupchandHansda, Kalendra Nath Mandi, Mahadev Hansda, Gour Chandra Murmu, Thakur PrasadMurmu, Hara Prasad Murmu, Uday Nath Majhi, Parimal Hembram, Dhirendra Nath

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Baske, Shyam Charan Hembram, Damayanti Beshra, T.K. Rapaj, Boyha BiswanathTudu.Part-III : Cultural Heritage of Santali tradition, customs, festival and rituals (birth,marriage and death).

PAPER-II(Answers must be written in Santali)

Section-AThis paper will require in-depth reading of the following texts and the questions will bedesigned to test the candidates’ criticial ability.Ancient Literature :Prose(a) Kherwal Bonso Dhorom Puthi-Majhi Ramdas Tudu “Rasika”.(b) Mare Hapramko Reyak Katha-L.O. Scrafsrud.(c) Jomsim Binti Lita-Mangal Chandra Turkulumang Soren.(d) Marang Buru Binti-Kanailal Tudu.Poetry(a) Karam Sereng-Nunku Soren.(b) Devi Dasain Sereng-Manindra Hansda.(c) Horh Sereng-W.G. Archer.(d) Baha Sereng-Balaram Tudu(e) Dong Sereng-Padmashri Bhagwat Murmu ‘Thakur’(f) Hor Sereng-Raghunath Murmu.(g) Soros Sereng-Babulal Murmu “Adivasi”(h) More Sin More Nida-Rup Chand Hansda(i) Judasi Madwa Latar-Tez Narayan Murmu.

Section-BModern LiteraturePart-I : Poetry(a) Onorhen Baha Dhalwak-Paul Jujhar Soren.(b) Asar Binti-Narayan Soren “Tore Sutam”(c) Chand Mala-Gora Chand Tudu.(d) Onto Baha Mala-Aditya Mitra “Santali”(e) Tiryo Tetang-Hari Har Hansda(f) Sisirjon Rar-Thakur Prasad Murmu.Part-II : Novels(a) Harmawak Ato-R. Karstiars (Transla-tor- R.R. Kisku Rapaz).(b) Manu Mati-Chandra Mohan Hansda(c) Ato Orak-Doman Hansda(d) Ojoy Gada Dhiphre-Nathenial MurmuPart-III : Stories(a) Jiyon Gada-Rup Chand Hansda and Jadumani Beshra.

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(b) Mayajaal-Doman Sahu, ‘Samir’ and Padmashri Bhagwat Murmu ‘Thakur’Part-IV : Drama(a) Kherwar Bir-Pandit Raghunath Murmu(b) Juri Khatir-Dr. K.C. Tudu(c) Birsa Bir-Ravi Lal TuduPart-V : Biography

Santal Ko Ren Mayam Gohako-Dr. Biswanath Hansda.


(Answers must be written in Sindhi)(Arabic or Devanagari script)

Section-A1. (a) Origin and evolution of Sindhi language-views of different scholars.

(b) Significant linguistic features of Sindhi language, including those pertainingto its phonology, morphology and syntax.

(c) Major dialects of the Sindhi language.(d) Sindhi vocabularly-stages of its growth, including those in the pre-partition

and post-partition periods.(e) Historical study of various Writing Systems (Scripts) of Sindhi.(f) Changes in the structure of Sindhi language in India, after partition, due to

influ-ence of other languages and social condi-tions.Section-B

2. Sindhi literature through the ages in context of socio-cultural conditions in the re-spective periods :a. Early medieval literature upto 1350 A.D. including folk literature.b. Late medicval period from 1350 A.D. to 1850 A.D.c. Renaissance period from 1850 A.D. to 1947 A.D.d. Modern period from 1947 and onwards.(Literary genres in Modern Sindhi literature and experiments in poetry, drama,novel, short story, essay, literary criticism, biography, autobiography, memoirs,and travelogues.)

PAPER-II(Answers must be written in Sindhi)

(Arabic or Devanagari script).This paper will require the first-hand reading of the texts prescribed and will be de-signed to test the candidates’ critical abil-ity.

Section-AReferences to context and critical appreciation of the texts included in this section.(1) Poetry

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a. “Shah Jo Choond Shair” : ed. H.I. Sadarangani, Published by Sahitya Akademi(First 100 pages)

b. “Sachal Jo Choond Kalam” : ed. Kalyan B. Advani Published by Sahitya Akademi(Kafis only)

c. “Sami-a-ja Choond Sloka” : ed. B.H. Nagrani Published by Sahitya Akademi(First 100 pages)

d. “Shair-e-Bewas” : by Kishinchand Bewas (“Saamoondi Sipoon” portion only)e. “Roshan Chhanvro” : Narayan Shyamf. “Virhange Khanpoije Sindhi Shair jee Choond” : ed. H.I. Sadarangani Published

by Sahitya Akademi(2) Dramag. “Behtareen Sindhi Natak” (One-act Plays) : Edited by M. Kamal Published by

Gujarat Sindhi Academy.h. “Kako Kaloomal” (Full-length Play) : by Madan JumaniSection-BReferences to context and critical appre ciationof the texts included in this section.a. ‘Pakheeara Valar Khan Vichhrya’ (Novel) : by Gobind Malhib. ‘Sat Deenhan’ (Novel) : by Krishan Khatwanic. ‘Choond Sindhi Kahanyoon’ (Short Sto-ries) Vol. III. : Edited by Prem Prakash,

Pub-lished by Sahitya Akademi.d. ‘Bandhan’ (Short Stories) : Sundari Uttamchandanie. ‘Behtareen Sindhi Mazmoon’ (Essays) : Edited by Hiro Thakur, published by

Gujarat Sindhi Akademi.f. ‘Sindhi Tanqeed’ (Criticism) : Edited by Harish Vaswani : Published by Sahitya

Akademi.g. ‘Mumhinjee Hayati-a ja Sona Ropa varqa’ (Autobiography) : by Popati Hiranandanih. “Dr. Choithram Gidwani” (Biography) : by Vishnu Sharma


PAPER-IAnswers must be written in Tamil.

Section: APart: 1 History of Tamil LanguageMajor Indian Language Families-The place of Tamil among Indian languages in generaland Dravidian in particular-Enumeration and Distributionof Dravidian languages.The language of Sangam literature-The language of medieval Tamil: Pallava periodonly-Historical study of Nouns, Verbs, adjectives, adverbs Tense markers and casemarkers in Tamil.Borrowing of words from other languages into Tamil-Regional and social dialects-

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difference between literary and spoken Tamil.Part: 2 History of Tamil LiteratureTolkappiyam-Sangam Literatue-The division of Akam and puram-The secularcharacteristics of Sangam Literature-The development of Ethical literature-Silappadikaram and Manimekalai.Part: 3 Devotional literature (Alwars and Nayanmars) The bridal mysticism in Alwarhymns-Minor literary forms (Tutu, Ula, Parani, Kuravanji)Social factors for the development of Modern Tamil literature: Novel, Short story andNew Poetry-The impact of various political ideologies on modern writings.

Section:BPart:1 Recent trends in Tamil StudiesApproaches to criticism: Social , psychologiocal, hostorical and moralistic-the use ofcriticism-the various techniques in literature: Ullurai, Iraicchi, Thonmam (Myth)Otturuvagam (allegory), Angadam (Satire), Meyppadu, Padimam(image), Kuriyeedu(Symbol), Irunmai (ambiguity)-The concep[t of comparative literature-the principle ofcomparative literature.Part: 2 Folk literature in Tamil:Ballads, Songs, proverbs and riddles-Sociological studyof Tamil folklore. Uses of translation-Translation of Tamil works into other languages-Development of journalism in Tamil.Part: 3 Cultural Heritage of the TamilsConcept of Love and War-Concept of Aram-the ethical codes adopted by the ancientTamils in their warfare-customs, beliefs, rituals, modes of worship in the five Thinais.The cultural changes as revealed in post sangam literature-cultural fusion in themedieval period (Jainism & Buddhism). The development of arts and architecturethrough the ages (Pallavas, later cholas, and Nayaks). The impact of various political,social, religious and cultural movements on Tamil Society. The role of mass media inthe cultural change of contemporary Tamill society.

PAPER-IIAnswers must be written in Tamil.The paper will require first hand reading of the Text prescribed and will be designed totest the critical ability of the candidate.

Section-: APart: 1 Ancient Literature(1) Kuruntokai (1-25 poems)(2) Purananurui (182-200 poems)(3) Tirukkural Porutpal : Arasiyalum Amaichiyalum (from Iraimatchi to Avaianjamai)Part : 2 Epic Literature(1) Silappadikaram: Madhurai Kandam only.

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(2) Kambaramayanam: Kumbakarunan Vadhai PadalamPart 3: Devotional Literature(1) Tiruvasagam: Neetthal Vinnappam(2) Tiruppavai: (Full Text)

Section-: BModern LiteraturePart:1 Poetry(1) Bharathiar: Kannan Pattu(2) Bharathidasan: Kudumba Vilakku(3) Naa. Kamarasan: Karuppu MalarkalProse(1) Mu. Varadharajanar. Aramum Arasiyalum(2) C N Annadurai: Ye! Thazhntha Tamilagame.Part : 2 Novel, Short story and Drama(1) Akilon: Chittirappavai(2) Jayakanthan: Gurupeedam(3) Cho: Yarukkum VetkamillaiPart: 3 Folk Literature(1) Muthuppattan Kathai Edited by Na. Vanamamalai, (Publication: MaduraiKamaraj University)(2) Malaiyaruvi, Edited by Ki. Va Jagannathan (Publication: Saraswathi, Mahal,Thanjavur)


PAPER-IAnswers must be written in Telugu.

Section-ALanguage1. Place of Telugu among Dravidian languages and its antiquity-Etymological history

of Telugu, Tenugu and Andhra.2. Major linguistic changes in phonological, morphological, grammatical and

syntactical levels, from Proto-Dravidian to old Telugu and from old Telugu toModern Telugu.

3. Evolution of spoken Telugu when compared to classical Telugu-Formal andfunctional view of Telugu language.

4. Influence of other languages and its impact on Telugu.

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5. Modernization of Telugu language.(a) Linguistic and literary movements and their role in modernization of Telugu.(b) Role of media in modernization of Telugu (Newspapers, Radio, TV etc.)(c) Problems of terminology and mechanisms in coining new terms in Telugu

in various discourses including scientific and technical.6. Dialects of Telugu-Regional and social variations and problems of standardization.7. Syntax-Major divisions of Telugu sentences-simple, complex and compound

sentences-Noun and verb predications-Processes of nominlization andrelativization-Direct and indirect reporting-conversion processes.

8. Translation-Problems of translation, cultural, social and idiomatic-Methods oftranslation-Approaches to translation-Literary and other kinds of translation-varioususes of translation.

Section-BLiterature1. Literature in Pre-Nannaya Period-Marga and Desi poetry.2. Nannaya Period-Historical and literary background of Andhra Mahabharata.3. Saiva poets and their contribution-Dwipada, Sataka, Ragada, Udaharana.4. Tikkana and his place in Telugu literature.5. Errana and his literary works-Nachana Somana and his new approach to poetry.6. Srinatha and Potana-Their woks and contribution.7. Bhakti poets in Telugu literature-Tallapaka Annamayya, Ramadasu, Tyagayya.8. Evolution of prabandhas-Kavya and prabandha.9. Southern school of Telugu literature-Raghunatha Nayaka, Chemakura Vankatakavi

and women poets-Literary forms like yakshagana, prose and padakavita.10. Modern Telugu Literature and literary forms-Novel, Short Story, Drama, Playlet

and poetic forms.11. Literary Movements : Reformation, Nationalism, Neo-classicism, Romanticism

and Progressive, Revolutionary movements.12. Digambarakavulu, Feminist and Dalit Literature.13. Main divisions of folk literature-Performing folk arts.

PAPER-IIAnswers must be written in Telugu.This paper will require first hand reading of the prescribed texts and will be designedto test the candidate’s critical ability, which will be in relation to the followingapproaches.i) Aesthetic approach-Rasa, Dhwani, Vakroti and Auchitya-Formal and Structural-

Imagery and Symbolism.

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ii) Sociological, Historical, Ideological, Psychological approaches.Section-A

1. Nannaya-Dushyanta Charitra (Adiparva 4th Canto verses 5-109)2. Tikkana-Sri Krishna Rayabaramu (Udyoga parva -3rd Canto verses 1-144)3. Srinatha-Guna Nidhi Katha (Kasi-khandam, 4th Canto, verses 76-133)4. Pingali Surana-Sugatri Salinulakatha (Kalapurnodayamu 4 Canto verses, 60-

142)5. Molla-Ramayanamu (Balakanda including avatarika)6. Kasula Purushothama Kavi-Andhra Nayaka Satakamu

Section-B7. Gurajada Appa Rao-Animutyalu (Short stories)8. Viswanatha Satyanarayana-Andhra prasasti9. Devulapalli Krishna Sastry-Krishnapaksham (excluding Urvasi and Pravasam)10. Sri Sri-Maha prastanam.11. Jashuva-Gabbilam (Part I)12. C. Narayana Reddy-Karpuravasanta rayalu.13. Kanuparti Varalakshmamma-Sarada lekhalu (Part I)14. Atreya-N.G.O.15. Racha konda Visswanatha Sastry-Alpajaeevi.


(Answers must be written in Urdu)Section-ADevelopment of Urdu Languagea) Development of Indo-Aryan

(i) Old Indo-Aryan(ii) Middle Indo Aryan(iii) New Indo Aryan

b) Western Hindi and its dialects Brij Bhasha Khadi Boli, Haryanavi Kannauji,Bundeli-Theories about the origin of Urdu Languagec) Dakhani Urdu-Origin and development, its significant linguistic features.d) Social and Cultural roots of Urdu language- and its distinctive features. Script,Phonology, Morphology, Vocabulary.

Section-Ba) Genres and their development :

(i) Po-etry : Ghazal, Masnavi, Qasida, Marsia, Rubai, Jadid Nazm,(ii) Prose : Novel, Short Story, Dastan, Drama, Inshaiya, Khutoot, Biography.

b) Significant features of :

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(i) Deccani, Delhi and Lucknow schools(ii) Sir Syed move-ment, Romantic movement, Progressive movement, Modernism.

c) Literary Criticism and its development with reference to Hali, Shibli, KaleemuddinAhmad, Ehtisham Hussain, Ale-Ahmad Suroor.d) Essay writing (covering literary and imaginative topics)

PAPER-II(Answers must be written in Urdu)

This paper will require first hand reading of the texts prescribed and will be designedto test the candidate’s critical ability.Section-A1. Mir Amman Bagho-Babar2. Ghalib Intikhab-e-Khutoot-e-Ghalib3. Mohd. Husain Nairang-e-Khayal Azad4. Prem Chand Godan5. Rajendra Singh Apne Dukh Mujhe Bedi Dedo6. Abul Kalam Azad Ghubar-e-Khatir

Section-B1. Mir Intikhab-e-Kalam-e-Mir (Ed. Abdul Haq.)2. Mir Hasan Sahrul Bayan3. Ghalib Diwan-e-Ghalib4. Iqbal Bal-e-Jibrail5. Firaq Gul-e-Naghma6. Faiz Dast-e-Saba7. Akhtruliman Bint-e-Lamhat

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Q. What is the restriction on number of attempts in Civil ServicesExaminations?

Ans. Number of attemptsCivil Service Examination - General-4, OBC-7, SC/ST- No restriction

Q. Is there any relaxation in number of attempts for physicallyhandicapped?

Ans. Yes, Provided further that a physically handicapped will get as many attemptsas are available to other non-physically handicapped candidates of his or hercommunity, subject to the condition that a physically handicapped candidatebelonging to the General Category shall be eligible for seven attempts. Therelaxation will be available to the physically handicapped candidates who areeligible to avail of reservation applicable to such candidates.

Q. Can a candidate who has completed his education from an open school/University apply for Commissions Examination?

Ans. Yes, provided it is a recognized University and he possess the educationalqualifications prescribed for the exam and is otherwise eligible

Q. Whether a candidate belonging to a community included in the OBClist of states but not in the Central list of OBCs is eligible for agerelaxation, reservation etc. for Commission’s Examinations?

Ans. No. Only candidates belonging to communities which are included in the Centrallist of OBCs are eligible for such concessions.

Q. Can a candidate choose an optional subject, which he has not studiedat graduate/PG level?

Ans. Yes.Q. If a candidate has applied for the CS (P) Examination but has not

appeared at any paper in the CS (P) Examination will it be counted asan attempt?

Ans. No. An attempt is counted only if a candidate has appeared in at least onepaper in CS (P) Examination.

Q. Is a candidate who has done his graduation without passing class Xand class XII eligible for Civil Service Examination?

Ans. Yes.Q. Can a candidate write different papers of Civil Service (Main)

Examination in different languages?

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Ans. No, Candidates have the option to write their answers either in English or inany one of the Eighth schedule languages.

Q. Can a candidate write the Civil Service (Main) Examination in Englishand take the interview in Hindi or any other Indian language?

Ans. If a candidate opts an Eighth schedule language for the CS (Main) Examinationhe will have the option to take the interview in same language or in English.

Q. After the written examination, on what criterion is the answer bookssent for evaluation? Is it on Roll no. basis or based on centre ofexamination? That is, will a particular examiner/set of examiners getto evaluate answer books only of a particular center or a particulargroup of Roll nos.?

Ans. Mixing of the answer books received from different venues is done beforesending them for evaluation. Computer-based randomized fictitious code no.is given to each answer-book before evaluation.

Q. Are answer books segregated/sorted based on community of thecandidate?

Ans. This is not done at any stage of the evaluation process.Q. Is it likely that my evaluated performance suffers because my answer

books were evaluated by a strict examiner, while another candidatebenefits as his answer books were evaluated by a liberal examiner?

Ans. The Paper Setter, who is an eminent person in his field, normally acts as theHead Examiner, and wherever the number of candidates in a particular subjectis very large, the Commission appoints Additional Examiners for valuation ofanswer books.To achieve uniformity in valuation, where more than one Examiner is involved,the Commission arranges a meeting of the Head Examiner with the AdditionalExaminers after the Examination is over. At this stage, they discuss thoroughlythe question paper, the appropriate answers and decide the standard ofevaluation.To further bring about uniformity of assessment inter se the Examiners, thefollowing procedure is undertaken:The Head Examiner conducts a sample survey of answer books of eachAdditional Examiner to verify whether the uniform standards of evaluation evolvedin the meeting of Examiners have actually been followed. Depending on thestandard adopted by the Additional Examiner, the Head Examiner may confirmthe awards without any change if the Examiner has correctly followed thestandard decided upon, or may carry out upward / downward moderation as

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considered necessary to ensure maximum possible degree of uniformity inthe evaluation process.Therefore, the aspect of inter examiner variation in standards of evaluation in aPaper affecting candidates’ performance is taken care of adequately.

Q. Can I know the question-wise marks awarded to me for a paper?Ans. In a competitive examination, what is relevant is not the absolute performance

of a candidate, but his/her relative performance that in fact determines whetherthe candidate qualifies and , if so, his/her position in the merit list. Accordingly,as already explained above, the evaluation process does not end after initialevaluation by an Examiner. Moderation, wherever applied, is on the total awardinitially given (the so-called raw marks) and not on question-wise basis.Therefore, once the evaluation process is complete, neither raw marks norquestion-wise marks subsist. What subsists is the candidates total score ina paper awarded at the end of the evaluation process and this award is normallymade available to the candidate in due course on the Commissions websitethrough a query-based application software.

Q. Are there any open Examinations where subject-wise/paper wise marksof each candidate are not made accessible/available to him/her?

Ans. Yes; in the Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination.This is because the Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination is simply andpurely a shortlisting/elimination exercise to select candidates for the MainExamination and as such the scores obtained in this Examination are notcommunicated to candidates.

Q. Can I know the marks of other candidates who took the Examinationfrom the Commission?

Ans. It is important to remember though a Constitutional Body, the Commissionsrole is advisory. The Examinations it conducts are for recommendingcandidates to Government based on clear requisitions received fromGovernment. Therefore, as regards those who have finally qualified in anExamination, the detailed results, application/biodata forms of all such aresent to the concerned Ministry/Department for all further processing. Therefore,once these results are sent to the concerned Ministry/Department, theconcerned Ministry/Department becomes the natural and proper custodian ofthese results and it would only perhaps be proper for queries pertaining to theresults of qualified candidates to be addressed to the concerned Ministry/Department.As regards candidates who do not qualify finally, the right of information of a

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citizen has to be balanced against the right of privacy of an unsuccessfulcandidate who has not qualified for appointment to public service. The feedbackreceived by the Commission shows that there are candidates who do not wanttheir marks to be in the public domain. While a case can be made out forhaving the marks of those who qualified finally for public appointment in thepublic domain, no such public interest argument can be invoked for candidateswho have not qualified and there is no reason why such candidates’ scoresshould willy-nilly be forced into the public domain.

Q. If the overall marks of two or more candidates are equal, how is relativemerit between such candidates decided?

Ans. Tie-breaking principles are applied to decide inter se merit among candidateshaving the same overall marks. The principles adopted for each Examinationare given in attached Annexure.

Q. Wherever evaluation standards are set or moderation is applied, arethese different for different mediums (languages) in which a particularsubject/paper Examination is written?

Ans. No. The evaluation standards/moderation for a Paper are not medium-specific.In other words, if the Rules of the Exam provide that a Paper can be written inany of ,say, English/Hindi/a recognized Indian language; then the medium inwhich a candidate writes the Paper will not be a factor in determining evaluationstandards or the moderation to be applied.

Q. Is it possible that evaluation/assessment could be affected by theknowledge of a candidate’s identity?

Ans. No. Before evaluation, the Roll no. written on every answer book is detachedand computer-based randomized fictitious code no. is given. At no stage ofthe evaluation process ( including the moderation stage) is the actual Roll no./identity of the candidate known to any of the Examiners/officials associated inthe process.

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General Studies - 2010 (Mains)


Time Allowed : Three Hours Maximum Marks : 300


• Each question is printed both in Hindi and in English.

• Answers must be written in the medium specified in the Admission Certificateissued to you, which must be stated clearly on the cover of the answer-bookin the space provided for the purpose. No marks will be given for the answerswritten in a medium other than that specified in the Admission Certificate.

• Candidates should attempt all questions strictly in accordance with theinstructions given under each questions.

• The number of marks carried by each question is indicated at the end of thequestion.

1. Answer the following (in about 250 words for each answer) 20 x 2 = 40

a) Disputes between the riparian states on sharing of river water in post-Independence India are becoming increasingly complex.” Objectively analysethe major disputes in this connection, with special reference to the SouthernStates.

b) Critically examine the differing estimates for (i) poverty figures, and (ii) GDPgrowth data for April-June, 2010, that have been in the news recently. In yourview, what estimates are more reflective of the ground reality, and why?

2. Answer any two of the following in about 150 words each: 12 x 2 = 24

a) “Dalhousie’s predecessors had acted on the general principles of avoidingannexations, if these could be avoided. Dalhousie actted on the principles ofannexation, if he could do so legitimately. His annexations were both of warand peace.” Analyse.

b) With respect to Cooperative Societies, what are the salient features of the106th and 111th Constitutional Amendment Bills as at present?

c) “Small-holder farms need to be strengthened to achieve national food security.”Do you agree with this assessment? Substantiate.

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3. Answer any two of the following in about 150 words each: 12x2 = 24

a) Comment on the spatial components in urban solid waste management intthe country.

b) Assess the contributions made by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research(ICAR) in agricultural development.

c) List the significant local storms of the hot-weather season in the country andbring out their socio-economic impact.

4. Answer any two of the following in about 150 words each: 12x2=24

a) What are the grounds of disqualification of a Member of Parliament fromeither House? Quote relevant provisions in your answer.

b) Distinguish between the objectives, structure and functioning of the ‘KendriyaVidyalaya Sangathan’ and “Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti’.

c) Bring out the salient features of the evolution and the current status of the‘Bharat Stage’ vehicle emission norms in the country.

5. Write brief but precise notes on any six of the following. Your answer shouldnot exceed 50 words in each case. 5 x 6 = 30

a) Transhumance in India

b) Frontogeneis fna Frontolysis

c) Golden Revolution

d) Sea-floor spreading

e) Legislative powers assigned to the Rajya Sabha under Art. 249 and Art. 312of the Constitution.

f) Causes for dominant dendritic pattern of drainage in the Gangetic plains.

g) ‘Bread-of-bulk’ towns.

6. Answer any three of the following in about 150 words each: 12x3=36

a) While bringing out their salient features, distinguish between either ‘Madhubani’Art and ‘Manjusha’ Art or ‘Rajasthani’ schools of painting and the ‘Pahari’school of painting.

b) Bring out the powers and responsibilities attached to the office of the Speakerof the Lok Sabha.

c) Distinguish between the following four literary awards:

i) Jnanpith Award

ii) Sahitya Akademi Award

iii) Vyas Samman

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iv) Saraswati Samman

d) After the September Ist changes, do you think that Unit Linked InsurancePlans (ULIPs) and Mutual Funds (MFs) are on a level playing field?Substantiate your answer from the perspective of an ordinary investor.

7. Answer any five of the following in about 150 words each: 12x5=60

a) What do you understand by ‘repo rate’ and ‘reverse repo rate’? What are theimplications in raising tthese rates?

b) “Cost-benefit analysis should not be the sole consideration, while deciding tohost events like the Commonwealth Games.” Critically comment on thisperspective.

c) List any eight ‘Ramsar’ wetland sites located in India. What is the ‘MontreuxRecord’ and what Indian sites are included in this Record?

d) Are the ‘Dedicated Freight Corridor’ railway project and the ‘GoldenQuadrilateral’ road project mutually complementary or Competitive? Assess.

e) “Upliftment of the neglected sections of society will be best served with manymore centres of the Indira Gandhi National Tribal University”. Expand on theassertion made.

f) Comment on the salient features of the recent draft Model Real Estate(Regulation of Development) Act of the Ministry of Housing and Urban PovertyAlleviation of the Central Government.

8. Answer each of the following, briefly but precisely. Each answer should beless than 50 words. 5 x 6 = 30

a) How is disagreement between the Legislative Council and the LegislativeAssembly of a State in passing of an ordinary Bill, resolved?

b) Comment on the recent HFC-23 emissions controversy that includes in itsambit some Indian companies.

c) Comment on the recommendations of the Wadhwa Commission on the PublicDistribution System.

d) What are the salient features of the National Oil Spill Disaster ContingencyPlan?

e) You arrive first at the scene where a bus accident has just occurred. Whatemergency measures should you immediately and safely adopt?

f) Bring out the sectoral and state-wise distribution patterns of Foreign DirectInvestment (FDI) inflows into the country.

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9. Write brief notes on each of the following, in about 20 words each: 2 x 8 = 16

a) Contributions of Latika Ghosh to the freedom struggle

b) Bhai Maharaj Singh as a freedom fighter

c) Chandrayaan-II

d) Agni-V

e) Babli Project

f) ‘Swavalamban’ Scheme

g) National Investment Fund

h) ‘Aerostat’ balloon

10. Who are the following and why have they been in the news recently? (Eachanswer should not exceed 20 words) 2x8=16

a) Divya Ajithkumar

b) N. C. Saxena

c) Islam A. Siddiqui

d) Swarnalatha Cherukutty

e) Nitin Nohria

f) Deepak Mondal

g) Gaurav Singh Saini

h) Upendra Liimaye

General Studies - 2010 (Mains)


Time Allowed : Three Hours Maximum Marks : 300


• Each question is printed both in Hindi and in English.

• Answers must be written in the medium specified in the Admission Certificateissued to you, which must be stated clearly on the cover of the answer-bookin the space provided for the purpose. No marks will be given for the answerswritten in a medium other than that specified in the Admission Certificate.

• Candidates should attempt all questions strictly in accordance with theinstructions given under each questions.

• The number of marks carried by each question is indicated at the end of thequestion.

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1. Answer the following in not more than 250 words each: 20x2=40

a) Critically examine the implications of the disintegration of the Soviet Unionon India’s security and strategic perspectives. What further responses wouldyou suggest in India’s foreign policy to accommodate these implications.

b) Evaluate India’s approach towards meeting the country’s growing energydemands. Compare the success of this approach with that of another Asiangiant which has perhaps the fastest growing energy demand.

2. Answer any four of the following in not more than 150 words each: 12x4=48

a) How far have Japan’s principles of Hikaku San Gensoku impacted bilateralties with India?

b) Assess the contributions of Indian diaspora in the Caribbean.

c) Do you agree with the view that Israel is a natural ally of India?

d) Bring out the FDI and employment implications of China being a manufacturinghub and India a services hub.

e) Have the Uruguay Round negotiations and the resultant Trade RelatedIntellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) agreement helped in resolving tradeconflicts arising out of variations in different nations IPR regimes? Also listthe steps taken by India to conform to TRIPS.

f) Examine the recent developments towards the solution of the Bangladesh-Myanmar maritime boundary dispute. What implications do these have forIndia?

3. Answer any eight of the following in not more than 50 words each: 5x8=40

a) Compare and contrast the role of the IMF with that of the World Bank.

b) What are the major capacity-building and reconstruction projects beingundertaken by India in Aghanistan?

c) Bring out tthe significance of GDI and GEM as components of the UN’sHuman Development Report (HDR). Comment on India’s relative rankingswith regard to HDI and GDI.

d) What is ‘Round Tripping’ in the context of FDI inflow, and why has it been inthe news recently in the case of India?

e) Comment on the reason for the recent hike in visa processing fees for certaincategories of US visas. What is the likely impact of this hike on India?

f) In the context of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change(UNFCCC), distinguish between ‘Annex I’ and ‘Annex II’ countries.

g) Highlight the role of the Indian peacekeeping contingent as part of MONUSCO.

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h) List the salient features of the Riyadh declaration and the bilateral agreementsbetween India and Saudi Arabia signed earlier this year.

i) Comment on the reasons for the recent economic crisis in the so-called‘PIGS’ countries of Europe.

4. Answer any two of the following in not more than 150 words each: 12x2=24

a) Examine the opportunities for a lasting West Asia peace solution in the contextof the ‘historic’ talks started in September 2010.

b) Has the February agreement between the Sudanese government and theJustice and Equality Movement (JEM) been more successful in ending thestrife in Darfur than the Abuja peace agreement of 2006? Evaluate.

c) Comment on the present status of the Biological Weapons Convention (BWC).What important issues, do you think, need to be taken up at the seventhreview conference of the BWC scheduled for 2011?

5. Answer any four of the following in not more than 150 words each: 12x4=48

a) Bring out the applications of computer models in studying climate changes,with special reference to the community earth system model (CESM).

b) What is phytoremediation? Discuss its applications.

c) Explain and differentiate among ‘Plasma’, ‘LCD’ and ‘LED’ televisiontechnologies.

d) What is cloud computing? Bring out its essential features and list itsadvantages and limitations.

e) Discuss the applications of nanotechnology in the health care sector.

6. Comment on any three of the following in not more than 50 words each:5x3=15

a) Rotterdam Convention

b) The Mavi Marmara incident

c) Significance of the Kampala declaration of the International Criminal Court(ICC)

d) Trial chamber of the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC)and its recent verdict.

7. Comment on any six of the following in not more than 50 words each: 5x6=30

a) MRSA infection

b) HRP-2M Choromet

c) Maglev vehicles

d) Super absorbent polymers (SAP)

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e) Ginkgo biloba


g) Various generations of mobile phone technology

8. Who/what are the following and why have they been in the news recently?(Your answers should be in a sentence or two only): 3x8=24

a) Craig Venter

b) Shahran Amiri

c) Wolfram Alpha

d) ‘Dreamliner’ aircraft

e) Blue gene project

f) Predator drones

g) Deepwater Horizon incident

h) ACTN 3 gene

9. a) The distribution of rent of 150 residential houses surveyed in a locality is asfollows:

Rent in Rs. Number of Houses

101-150 10

151-200 18

201-250 27

251-300 35

301-350 30

351-400 16

401-450 8

451-500 6

Find i) The percentage of houses having rent higher than Rs. 300.

ii) The percentage of houses having rent more than Rs. 250 but less thanRs. 401. 5

b) Work out the trend values by any suitable method from the following datashowing the number of murders (in thousand) in a country for the years1985-1995. 5

Year 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990

Murders 19.0 20.6 20.1 20.7 21.5 24.7

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Year 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995

Murders 24.7 23.8 24.5 23.3 21.6

c) The data on the total investment on different heads under the eighth five yearplan are shown below:

If the total proposed outlay on different heads is Rs. 4,34,100 crores at 1991-92 prices, obtain separately the proposed outlay on each of the heads andmake an overall comment. 4

d) Represent the following data through a suitable diagram: 3

Region A B C D

Married Criminals 95 80 63 32

Unmarried Criminals 72 25 41 26

10. a) Data on flight arrivals from several cities for two airlines are shown below forthe last six months. 5

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Table: Citywise “ontime and delayed flights” for airlines A and BAirline A Airline B

Ontime Delayed Ontime DelayedCity I 497 62 694 117City II 221 12 4840 415City III 212 20 383 65City IV 503 102 320 129City V 1841 305 201 61It is known that City II was mostly sunny and City V was mostly foggy duringthe six month period of data collection. Compare the performance of the twoairlines A and B over the cities in terms of percentage of delayed flights.What iis your conclusion when the data on all the cities are combined?

b) The arithmetic mean of two observations is 127.5 and their geometric meanis 60. Find (i) the two observations and (ii) their harmonic mean.

c) The following table shows the number of bushels of wheat and corn producedin a farm during tthe years 1950-1960.

Express the yearly number of bushels of wheat and corn as percentages oftotal annual production. Graph the percentages by suitable bar charts andcomment. 4

Year No. of bushesl of Wheat No. of bushels of corn1950 200 751951 185 901952 225 1001953 250 851954 240 801955 195 1001956 210 1101957 225 1051958 250 951959 230 1101960 235 100

d) Following are the maximum daily temperature (ºC) recorded in a week in aparticular city:

38, 40, 36, 35, 30, 32, 34

During that week the average maximum daily temperature in another citywas 92ºF. Determine which city on the average, has higher maximum dailytemperature during that week. 2

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Essay(Compulsory)(Mains) - 2010

Time Allowed : Three Hours Hours Maximum Marks : 200


• The essay must be written in the medium specified in the AdmissionCertificate issued to you. The name of the medium must be stated clearlyon the cover of the answer-book in the space provided for the purpose. Nocredit will be given to the essay written in a medium other than that specifiedin the Admission Certificate.

• (Examiners will pay special attention to the candidate’s grasp of his material,its relevance to the subject chosen, and to his ability to think constructivelyand to present his ideas concisely, logically and effectively.)

Write an essay on any one of the following topics : 2001. Geography may remain the same; history need not.2. Should a moratorium be imposed on all fresh mining in tribal areas of the

country?3. Preparedness of our society for India’s global leadership role.4. From traditional Indian philanthropy to the Gates-Buffett model—a natural

progression or a paradigm shift?

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English (Compulsory)

(Mains) - 2010

Time allowed : Three hours Maximum Marks : 300


Candidates should attempt ALL questions.

The number of marks carried by each question is indicated at the end of thequestion.

Answers must be written in ENGLISH.

1. Write an essay in about 300 words on any one of the following: 100

a) Increasing consumerism in the middle class in India.

b) Are traditional forms of protest no longer effective?

c) The Nuclear Civil Liability Bill.

d) To feed our increasing population,forest areas need to be cleared toincrease land area available for cultivation. Do you agree?

e) Need to check politicisation of Sports bodies in India.

2. Read the following passage carefully and based on it, answer the questionsgiven below it in clear, correct and concise language: 5 x 15 = 75

According to the findings of a recent government survey there are anestimated 3.3 million registered NGOs working in the country one for every 400Indians. Not only has the number of NGOs in India risen dramatically but sohas their influence. In some of India’s flagship development efforts—the NationalRural Employment Guarantee Act, the National Rural Health Mission, the Rightto Education or even the draft Right to Food Act—NGOs have been at theforefront both in formulating these laws and policies and in implementing them.NGOs have helped voice the concerns of some of India’s most vulnerable groupsand focus the attention of the government on critical, social and developmentissues. They have also spearheaded efforts to expose corruption and mal-administration in government bringing in much needed transparency.

But despite the growing influence of NGOs in India today, we know very littleabout them their structure, activities, sources of funding and, more importantly,how accountable they are to the people they represent. This is alarming giventhe crores of rupees in development aid that NGOs receive from the governmentand from donors every year. Ironically, though NGOs have been watchdogs ofthe government for many years, there has been little regulation or monitoring of

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their own activities. Leading many to ask a very fundamental question whowatches the watches?

Interestingly, although India has probably the world’s highest NGOpopulation, the debate on NGO accountability is still in its nascent stages.Across the world, NGOs have been experimenting with different ways ofaddressing the issue of accountability; Indian NGOs would do well by learningfrom these efforts. For example, NGOs in Kenya are legally required to complywith the Code of Conduct for NGOs developed by the National Council of NGOs,a self-regulatory body set up under the NGO Coordination Act in 1990. Thecode ensures that NGOs comply with basic ethical and governance standards.Similarly, in Uganda, the NGO Quality Assurance Mechhanism (QuAM) certifiesNGOs against a set of quality standards designed to ensure NGO credibility.In Chile, Chile Transparente has developed transparency standards for NGOswhich required organisations to publish online information about their mission,vision, activities, staff, details of funding, etc.

1. What are India’s important development schemes?

2. How do NGOs help ‘Vulnerable groups’ in India?

3. What do we know about the structure, activities and sources of funding ofthe NGOs in India?

4. Whom does the author describe as watchers? Why?

5. How do the NGOs in otther nations deal with the issue of accountability?

3. Make a precis of the following passage in about 210-230 words. Failure to writewithin the stipulated word limit may result in deduction of marks. The precismust be written on the separate precis sheets ___________________

In many respects “Sakuntala” is comparable to the more idyllic comedies ofShakespeare and Kanva’s hermitage is surely not far from tthe Forest of Arden.The plot of the play, like many of Shakespeare’s plots, depends much onhappy chances and on the super-natual, which, of course, was quite acceptableto the auidence for which Kalidasa wrote. Its characters, even to the minorones, are happily delineated individuals. Kalidasa makes no pretence to realism,but his dialogue is fresh and vigorous. In fact the dialogue of the better Sanskritplays generally seems based on vernacular, and is full of idiomatic expressions.Indian playgoers did not demand the conflict of feelings and emotions which isthe chief substance of serious European drama, butt Kalidasa was quite capableof portraying such conflict effectively. His beauties and merits are tarnished byany translation, but few who can read him in the original would doubt that, bothas poet and dramatist, he was one of the great men of the world.

There were many other dramatists. Sudraka, probably Kalidasa’s approximate

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contemporary, has left only one play. The Little Clay _____ (________). This isthe most realistic of Indian dramas, untravelling a complicated story, rich inhumour and pathos and crowded with action of the love of a poor brahman,Carudatta for the virtuous courtezan Vasantasena; this story is interwoven withone of political intrigue, leading upto the overthrow of the wicked king Palaka,and the play contains a vivid trial scene, after which the hero is saved fromexecution at the last moment. It is notable for its realistic depiction of city life,and for its host of minor characters, all of whom are drawn with skill andindividuality. It has more than once been performed in translation on the Europeanstage, and, to a Western audience, is certainly the most easily appreciated ofIndian plays.

Visakhadatta (?6th century) was the dramatist of politics. His only completesurviving play. The Minister’s Signet Ring (Mudraraksasa), deals with theschemes of the wily Canakya to foil the plots of Raksasa, the minister of thelast of the Nandas, and to place Candragupta Maurya firmly on the throne. Theplot is exceedingly complicated, but is worked out with great skill, and the playis beautifully constructed to lead up, like “The Little Clay Cart”, to a patheticscene where one of the chief characters is saved from death by impalement atthe last moment.

Second only to Kalidasa in the esteem of the critics was Bhavabbati, who livedat Kanyakubja in the early 8th century. Three of his plays survive—Malati andMadhava, “The Later Deeds of Rama” (Uttararamacarita). The first is a lovestory with a pseudo-realistic background, full of incident of an exciting or horrifictype, in which the heroine is more than once rescued from death, while the twolatter plays tell the story of Rama. By Western standards as a dramatistBhavabhuti falls short of those we have mentioned earlier. His plots are weaklyconstructed and his character lack individuality. His greatness rests on hisdeep understanding of sorrow; in his treatment of the pathetic and the terriblehe perhaps excels Kalidasa.

4. a) Rewrite the following sentences after making necessary corrections, ifany—

i) I lie half of a mile from here.

ii) Do you like music? “I like”.

iii) Do you like some more coffee?

iv) He worked like a waiter for two years.

v) Like what does she look?

vi) I know him since 1960.

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vii) I wasn’t used to drive a big car.

viii) He suggested me to try the main car park.

ix) I have never met so nice person.

x) Too many Mathematics is usually taught in schools.

b) Rewrite following sentences inserting suitable article(s), wherevernecessary: 5

i) My grandfather had had hard life.

ii) She hit him in stomach.

iii) Queen had dinner with President.

iv) My friend is in hospital.

c) Rewrite the following sentences inserting suitable prepositions in the bblankspaces: 5

i) I am angry _____ her ____ lying.

ii) I was red ________ anger at his remarks.

iii) Could you explain this rule _________ me please?

iv) People have always been kind ________ men.

d) Give the antonyms of the following adjectives: 5

i) common

ii) loyal

iii) formal

iv) mature

v) sensitive

5. Answer as directed:

a) Rewrite the following sentences using the passive structure: 5

i) She gave her sistet the car.

ii) I had already shown the suspect’s photograph to the policewoman.

iii) They believe him to be dangerous.

iv) They made him tell them everything.

v) They elected me President.

b) Change the following sentences into indirect speech: 5

i) He wrote in his letter, “I saw Poonam at the threatre a couple of daysago.”

ii) The forecast says, “It will rain tomorrow.”

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iii) He said to me, “It would be nice if I could see you again.”

iv) I said, “If I had any money I’d buy you a drink.”

v) The teacher said, “Why don’t you work harder?”

c) Rewrite the following sentences, changing them into simple ones: 5

i) I wonder who I should invite.

ii) Show him what he should do.

iii) She couldn’t decide whether she should answer his letter.

iv) He didn’t know where he should park his car.

v) Tell me when I should pay.

d) Add a tag question at the end of each of the following sentences: 5

i) Pooja can speak French.

ii) The meeting is at ten.

iii) You didn’t speak to Mohan.

iv) She wouldn’t like a pet.

v) Harish gave you a cheque.

e) Rewrite the following sentences using ‘it’ in the beginning as a preparatorysubject: 5

i) To make mistakes is easy.

ii) To wait for people who were late made him angry.

iii) My ambition was to retire at thirty.

iv) Your task is to get across the river without being seen.

v) For you to ask Ramesh would be a big mistake.

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Indian LanguageHindi

(Compulsory) — 2010

Time allowed : Three hours Maximum Marks : 300

InstructionsCandidates should attempt ALL questions.The number of marks carried by each question is indicated at the end of thequestion.Answers must be written in Hindi (Devanagari Script) unless otherwise di-rected.In the case of Question No. 3, marks will be deducted if the precis is muchlonger or shorter than the prescribed length.

1- fuEufyf[kr fo"k; esa l s fdl h , d fo"k; i j yxHkx 300 ' kCnksa esafuca/k fyf[k, % 100

i) D; k dkuwu ekuj{kk gR; k, a* jksd l drk gS\ii) [kk| feykoV dk [kr jkAiii) vU/kfo' okl cuke r d.kki jdrkAiv) f' k{kk vkSj l kekft d i fjorZuAv) D; k l wpuk dk vf/kdkj vf/kfu; e LoPN vkSj U; k; i w.kkZ i z' kkl u l qfuf' pr

dj l drk gS\2- fuEufyf[kr x| ka' k dks l ko/kkuh l s i f<+, rFkk x| ka' k ds vUr eas i wNs

x; s i z' uksa ds Li "V] l gh vkSjl af{kIr Hkk"kk eas mÙkj nhft , % 6 x 10 = 60

l kSj Åt kZ] t ks l ewph Åt kZ uohdj.k dk fgLl k gS] i qjkus bZU/kuksa i jgekjh fuHkZjrk de djus dk , dek= jkLrk gSA i qjkus bZU/ku dqN l e;ds mi jkar T; knk egaxs vkSj fojy gksus t k jgs gSaA l kSj Åt kZ dkmi ; ksx gekjs i i Foh xzg ds i ; kZoj.kh; l arqyu vkSj t kjh xzhu gkmli zHkko dks de djus dh , dek= dqat h gSA l kSj Åt kZ ds mi ; ksxh xq.kksads ckot wn vHkh rd u rks bl dk O; ki d i Sekus i j bLrseky fd; k t kjgk gS vkSj u i qjkus bZU/ku o fodYi ds : i esa bl s LohÏ fr feyjgh gSA ; g bl fy, Hkh fd bl dh i zkS| ksfxdh vi s{kkÏ r T; knk egaxh

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gSa fQj Hkh bl dh i zkS| ksfxdh esa ; qxkUrdkjh l q/kkj fd, t k jgs gSa t ksbl dh dherksa esa deh yk jgs gSa] vkSj fuf' pr : i esa kgs eUnxfr l sgh l gh bl s , d O; ogk; Z fodYi cuk jgs gSaA l jdkj }kjk i zofrZrt okgj yky usg: l kSj Åt kZ fe' ku bl fn' kk esa , d /kkj .kh; r FkkÅt kZ ds LoPN l zksr dh i zkfIr dk vkn' kZoknh dne gSAl kSj Åt kZ {ks= jkst xkj l ft r djus dh fn' kk esa vk' kk t xkrk gSA ; g{ks= ' kks/k vkSj i zkS| ksfxdh uokpkj esa Hkkjh fuos' k djrk gS rFkk jkst xkjdh fn' kk esa mPp o fo' ks"khÏ r i n l ft r djrk gSA; | fi fo| qr mRi knu eas Hkkjr fo' o esa NBs LFkku i j gS rFkkfi Hkkjresa vHkh Hkh xgjjk fo| qr l adV gSA l kSj Åt kZ gh fo| qr l adV ?kVkl drh gSA ; g l ai w.kZ i kfjfLFkfrdh; r a= dk xBu djsxk vkSj Åt kZ dsmRi knu ds {ks= esa ekax dh c<+ksÙkjh djsxkA vkt vR; f/kd ekax okysl kSj i n l kSj Åt kZ ; a= LFkki uk vkSj vfHk; kaf=dh; i fj: i fof/k ds{ks= esa gSA bl m| ksx ds fodkl ds fy, t : jh gS fd u; s dkS' ky dhof¼ }kjk] mRi knu dh dherksa esa deh dj o O; ki kjkUr j dherksa dsl arqyu l s dherksa esa deh ykbZ t k; sA

i) gesa i qjkus bZU/ku i j vi uh fuHkZjrk de D; ksa djuh pkfg, \ii) l kSj Åt kZ ds mi ; ksx ds D; k ykHk gS\iii) l kSj Åt kZ dk i i z; ksx Hkh rd yksdfi z; D; ksa ugha cuk; k x; k\iv) l kSj Åt kZ dks l kekU; t uks dh i gqap ds {ks= esa ykus ds fy, D; k&D; k

fd; k t k jgk gS\v) gekjs ; qokvksa ds fy, mPp fdLe ds i n l kSj Åt kZ {ks= dSl s mi yC/k

djk l drk gS\vi) l kSj Åt kZ fdl r jg de egaxh dh t k l drh gS\

3- fuEufyf[kr x| ka' k dk l a{ksi .k ewy x| ka' k dh ' kCn&l a[; k dh , d&frgkbZesa i zLrqr djsA ' kh"kZd l q>kuk vfuok; Z ugha gSa ' kCn&l hek ds vUrxZrl a{ksi .k u djus i j vad dkV fy, t k, axsA l a{ksi .k vyx l s fu/kkkZfjrdkxt ksa i j gh fy[ksa o mUgsa vPNh r jg l s mÙkj&i qfLr dk ds l kFkcka/k ysa% 60

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; fn dyk dks gj fo' ks"k ; qx dks vfHkO; Dr djuk gS rks fuf' pr ghml s chr s ; qxksa ds l hekUrksa dks rksM+uk gksxk vkSj i qjkuh dYi ukvksa dhl hekvksa o ekufl d <kaps dks >Vduk gksxkA t hou , d l r r i zokggSA ml dh xfr Økafr ; ksa dh i zfØ; k ds nkSjku Rofjr gksrh gS t c i fjorZurhoz vkSj vkewypwy gksr s gSaA , sl s nkSj esa l kekft d t : jr as vxzxkehl kaLÏ frd i zofÙk; ksa ds fy, ncko cukrh gS & , d r jg l s i qjkuh t M+ksadks <hyk djrh gqbZ t ks i qjkus i zk: i vkSj u; s t Ueus okys ds chp , d}a} l ft r djrh gSA i zkphu l aLÏ fr ds l eFkkZd i fjorZu l s Mj djt ks rksM+ dksf' k' kksa l s ; FkkfLFkfr cuk, j[kus dk ; Ru djr s gSa] os Lo; adks uSfrd ewY; ksa vkSj l H; rk dk l aj{kd ?kksf"kr dj Mkyrs gSa rFkk uvkus okys gj i zokg dks Vkyrs jgr s gSaA bl s i fjorZu ds l eFkZd ughapkgrs os i qjkus ekudksa vkSj fu; eksa dh voKk djrs gSaA l kekft d i fjorZudh gj vkÏ fr , d l kaLÏ fr d i zk: i dh ekax djr h gS t ks vi uht : jrksa dks Lo; a O; Dr djrh gS t Sl s fd i qjkuh ft l s foxr ; qx usjpk Fkk] vc ubZ ' kfDr vkSj ubZ rduhd dk mi ; ksx ugha dj i krho vi uh oLrq/kkj.kk esa u; s vkn' kksZ dks i zfr fcfEcr ugha dj l drhAbl l anHkZ esa i qjkuh l aLÏ fr ; ksa ds l eFkZd vl kaLÏ frd vkSj ; gka rdfd ccZjrki w.kZ r jhdksa dks vi ukr s gS ft udh , d l e; mUgksaus Lo; ami s{kk vkSj HkRl Zuk dh FkhA t c dksbZ ' kfDr i zxfr ' khy ugha jg i krhog neuudkjh cu t krh gSA uu; k l ekt gh l aLÏ fr vkSj foKku dhgj ' kk[kk esa dykdkj dks l ewps fodkl ds fy, vol j i znku djl drk gSAvkt vO; ofLFkr l ekt ds dkj.k t hou dk l a' ys"k.k VwV pqdk gSft l esa gj ' kk[kk dh xfr fof/k , d nwl js l s vyxk xbZ gS] nk' kZfudoSKkfud l s vyxk x; k gS] dykdkj bat hfu; j l s rFkk , d o l cvfoHkDr t hou ds egku LoUneku l at ky l s vyxk x; s gSa t c fdgj , d l arqyu l kSUn; Z vkSj i w.kZrk ds js[kkadksa dks t ksM+us okyk dkjdgSA mnkgj.k ds fy, vc ; kaf=d ; a= Hkh : <+ xf.kr h; js[kkadksa esa

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fo"kkne; gok vkSj /kqa, ds t M+ vkSj vkosxghu t ud ugha ekus t kr smUgsa l kekU; : i l s uhps dh /kjrh vkSj Åi j ds egkO; kse t sl k ghLohdkj fd; k t krk gS] t sl s i zkphu i qjkxkFkkvksa esa uSi q.; vkSj t hoUr rkds xfreku o uk; dRoi w.kZ oÙk Lohdkj fd, t kr s gsaA ; a= vkt euq";vaxksa ds foLrkj cu x; s gSaA os cr kr s gSa fd euq"; us ful xZ i jvi uk opZLo LFkkfi r fd; k gS] ; g rRoksa i j ml ds fot ; ] vfHk; kudh xkFkk gSA ; g yM+kbZ euq"; ft ruh gh i qjkuh gSA ; g l a?k"kZ i fji w.kZl kSUn; Z] y; ] l axhr vkSj jaxksa l s Hkjk i wjk gSAvxj euq"; us vi uh det ksjh l s ; a=ksa dks Lo; a i j i zHkqRo dh vuqefrnh gS rks ; g ; a= dk nks"k ugha gS ft l s euq"; us Lo; a l t k gS ml hds }kjk cuk; k x; k gS vkSj u"V fd; k t krk gSa i jfuank dh ; g Hkw[kLo; a euq"; dks Hkh xzl ysA jsfM; ks dsoy euq"; ds QsQM+ksa dk /ofufoLrkjdgS] VsyhQksu ml ds dku dkA gokbZ t gkt i j R; kSjh p<+kuk vkSj[kM+[kM+krh xzkeh.k cSyxkM+h dk vuqxeu dfoRo U; k; Hkh ugha gS ; gdsoy nfd; kuwl h l kEi znkf; drk gSA gy Hkh , d ; qxkUrdkjh vkfo"dkjt Sl k fd vkt VSªDVj gSA u; s mi dj.kksa dks x<+us dh euq"; dh v{k;i zfrHkk dh mi s{kk djuk l kekft d i fjorZuksa ds fu; eksa dh mi s{kk djukgS] vkSj dksbZ Hkh l Ppk dykdkj , sl h mi s{kk dh l keF; Z ugha t qVkl drkA ^, d dykdkj t Sfod i z; kst u t Sl k mRi knu djrk gS] , sl hekU; r k gS i z[; kr eSfDl dksokl h dykdkj fjosjk fM; kxks dh fd t Sl s, d i sM+ Qwy vkSj Qy i Snk djrk gS vkSj cjl Hkj ds [kks; s i =ksavkfn dk foyki ugha djr k t kur s gq, fd u; s ekSl e esa og fQjQwysxk vkSj Qy nsxkkA dyk dks fl QZ D; k gS dks fpf=r ugha djukgS vfi rq D; k gksxk u fd vkSl r feykoVh vkdka{kkvksa dks] u fl QZgrk' k djus okyh i jkt ; ksa dks cfYd : i kUr fjr djus okyh l aHkkoukvksadks vfHkO; Dr djuk gSA

4- fuEufyf[kr vaxzst h x| ka' k dk fgUnh esa vuqokn dhft , % 20The world does not need extraordinarily talented people. It does not

need highly skilled people either. It has plenty of super intelligent

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people. We need ordinary people with extraordinary motivation. M.

K. Gandhi was an ordinary man with amazing motivation to

establish truth and justice. The Wright brothers were ordinary

people with a dream of flying.

You can also achieve exceptional results if you are inspired with

a higher ideal. Replacing inspiration with information has led to

knowledge being viewed as drudgery rather than as pleasure.

Education has degenerated to data being transmitted from teacher

to the tanght without igniting the minds of the young with a higher


How many of us wake up inspired, looking forward to a day of

service? Who among us finds exhilaration in contributing to

society? Life changes magically from boredom to excitement when

you are inspired to serve. You redefine norms and achieve the

impossible, paving the way to outstanding success. You find

happiness at work, not in escaping from it. Most importantly, you

evolve spiritually and attain Godhood.

Inspiration gives ordinary people the courage and hope to make

life better for themselves and for the posterity. Find inspiration and

life will transform into an exciting adventure of self-discovery.

5- fuEufyf[kr fgUnh x| ka' k dk vaxzst h esa vuqokn dhft , %vkt foKku ds l kekft d nkf; Roksa ds ckjs esa cksyr s gq, eSa mu pht ksads ckjs esa Hkh cksywaxk t ks ; qok yksxksa ds fy, vi s{kkÏ r vkl ku gSafdUrq c<+h mez ds yksxksa dks l e>us esa dfBuA ; g bl fy, fd ; qokyksx , d xq.k l s l Ei Uu gSa t ks l kekU; : i esa dqN cjl ksa ckn f' kfFkyi M+ t krk gSA og gS dYi uk' khyrk dk xq.kA dYi uk' khyrk , sl k xq.k gSt ks foKku dk vi fjgk; Z vax gS vkSj uSl fxZd : i l s ; qokvksa dks i znÙkgSA nq%[kn ckr ; gh gS fd c<+rh mez ds l kFk ; g xq.k l w[k t krk gSAfQj Hkh ; g xq.k gS ft l dh vkt ds gekjs l al kj dks i zpqj ek=k esa

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t : jr gSAfi Nyh r hu l fn; ksa l s foKku dh [kkst ksa us l ekt i j vi uk i zHkkoNksM+k gS] i jUrq l kekU; : i l s ykksxksa us ; g ugha l e>k fd gekjsfo' o dks ml us dSl s i zHkkfor fd; k] mUgksaus bl dh i jokg Hkh ugha dhAU; wVu ds l e; l s euq"; dks cks/k gqvk fd i zkS| ksfxdh l s t ks fd foKkudh [kkst ksa i j vk/kkfjr gS i zpqj vkjke vkSj ykHk fy, t k l dr s gSaArc yksxksa us t kuuk vkjaHk fd; k fd foKku ds l al xZ l s cuh vkS"kf/k; ksa l s yack t hou ft ; k t k l drk gSAfy; ksuknksZ n foa' kh ds l e; l s yksxksa us l jkguk dh fd foKku ; q¼ksaesa fot ; i kus dk HkkSfrd l g; ksxh cu l drk gSA t Sl s&t Sl s cjl chr s, d i zkS| ksfxd HkkSfrdokn fodfl r gqvk] u; s i zkS| ksfxd Kku dh ekaxr st l s r st r j gqbZ] T; knk l s T; knk yksx oSKkfud vkSj rduhdh fo' ks"kKcuus yxsA

d) fuEufyf[kr eqgkojksa vkSj yksdksfDr ; ksa eas l s fdUgha i kap dk vFkZ Li "Vdjr s gq, mudk okD; ksa esa i z; ksx dhft , 5 x 4 = 20

i) nw/k /kqykii) vke ds vke xqBfy; ksa ds nkeiii) xky ct kukiv) fl j eqaMkrs gh vksys i M+sv) gkFk daxu dks vkjl h D; kvi) ukp u t kus vkaxu Vs<+kvii) Åaph nqdku Qhds i dokuviii) nw/k dk nw/k i kuh dk i kuhix) xjhc dh t ks: l cdh HkkHkh

[k) fuEufyf[kr okD; ksa esa l s fdUgha i kap ds ' kq}: i fyf[k, % 5 x 2 = 10

i) eka us i q= dks ykSVus dk vknsl fn; kAii) ; g l aLÏ fr ohHkkx dk ekeyk gSAiii) Hkkjr esa uSrhdrk dh deh l s l eL; k, a c<+ jgh gSA

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iv) l M+d nq?kZVukvksa esa cgqr yksd ejr s gSaAv) v[kckjksa esa l c r jg dh [kcjsa Ni rk gSAvi) ?kksM+s cSyksa l s r st nkSM+hh gSAvii) l wjt i f' pe esa fudyrk gS vkSj i wjc esa Mwcrk gSAviii) ohjrk euq"; dh xq.k gSAix) vt qZu vkbZ nzkSi nh x; kAx) >wddj i z.kke djksA

x) fuEufyf[kr ; qXeh esa l s fdUgha i kap dk okD; ksa esa bl r jg i z; qDrdhft , fd mudk vFkZ Li "V gks t k, vkSj muds chp dk mÙkj Hkhl e> esa vk t k, % 5 x 2 = 10

i) deZ & Øeii) f' k{k.k & i zf' k{k.kiii) l aHkkx & l aHkkjiv) i zrki h & i zyki hv) vkjk/ku & vkjk/kdvi) fuxZe & fuxevii) dksey & dksi yviii) nqyZHk & nqxZeix) mRdV & mn~HkVx) l axfr & fol axfr

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A set of 21 sample questions for Paper-I and Paper-II of the Civil Services (Preliminary)

Examination, on the revised syllabus and pattern, are given below. These questionsare indicative of the type of questions that may be constructed and used by UPSC in

Paper-I and Paper II of Civil Services (Preliminary) examination, 2011. However, neitherthe content nor the structure/type of questions may be construed as being exhaustiveor limiting the freedom of UPSC to set questions based on the syllabus prescribed forthe examination.

It may be noted that as per the existing practice, both the question papers would bebilingual (English and Hindi), except for some questions specifically intended to

test English Language Comprehension skills, which would be in English only.


1. With reference to Simon Commission’s recommendations, which one of the

following statements is correct?(a) It recommended the replacement of diarchy with responsible government

in the provinces.(b) It proposed the setting up of inter-provincial council under the Home

Department.(c) It suggested the abolition of bicameral legislature at the Centre

(d) It recommended the creation of Indian Police Service with a provision forincreased pay and allowances for British recruits as compared to Indianrecruits.

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2. A geographic area with an altitude of 400 metres has following characteristics:

Month J F M A M J J A S O N D


Maximum Temp.


31 31 31 31 30 30 29 28 29 29 30 31


Minimum Temp.


21 21 21 21 21 21 20 20 20 20 20 20

Rainfall (mm) 51 85 188 158 139 121 134 168 185 221 198 86

If this geographic area were to have a natural forest, which one of the following

would it most likely be?(a) Moist temperate coniferous forest (b) Montane subtropical forest(c) Temperate forest (d) Tropical rain forest.

3. Other than Jatropha curcas, why is Pongamia pinnata also considered a good

option for the production of bio-diesel in India?1. Pongamia pinnata grows naturally in most of the arid regions of India.

2. The seeds of Pongamia pinnata are rich in lipid content of which nearlyhalf of oleic acid.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?(a) 1 only (b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 24. If a potato is placed on a pure paper plate which is white and unprinted and

put in a microwave oven, the potato heats up but the paper plate does not.This is because:

(a) Potato is mainly made up of starch whereas paper is mainly made up ofcellulose

(b) Potato transmits microwaves whereas paper reflects microwaves(c) Potato contains water whereas paper does not contain water

(d) Potato is a fresh organic material whereas paper is a dead organicmaterial

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5. With reference to India, consider the following:1. Nationalization of Banks2. Formation of Regional Rural Banks3. Adoption of villages by Bank Branches

Which of the above can be considered as steps taken to achieve the ‘financialinclusion” in India?

(a) 1 and 2 only (b) 2 and 3 only(c) 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3.

6. Consider the following actions by the Government:1. Cutting the tax rates

2. Increasing the government spending3. Abolishing the subsidiesIn the context of economic recession, which of the above actions can beconsidered a part of the “ fiscal stimulus” package?

(a) 1 and 2 only (b) 2 only(c) 1 and 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3

7. Excessive release of the pollutant carbon monoxide (CO) into the air mayproduce a condition in which oxygen supply in the human body decreases.

What causes this condition?

(a) When inhaled in to the human body, CO is converted into CO2(b) The inhaled CO has much higher affinity for haemoglobin as compared to

oxygen(c) The inhaled CO destroys the chemical structure of haemoglobin

(d) The inhaled CO adversely affects the respiratory centre in the brain8. What are the possible limitations of India in mitigating the global warming at

present and in the immediate future?1. Appropriate alternate technologies are not sufficiently available.

2. India cannot invest huge funds in research and development.3. Many developed countries have already set up their polluting industries in

India.Which of the statement given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only (b) 2 only(c) 1 and 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3

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9. With reference to the Constitution of India, consider the following:1. Fundamental Rights 2. Fundamental Duties3. Directive principles of State PolicyWhich of the above provisions of the Constitution of India is/are fulfilled by the

National Social Assistance Programme launched by the Government of India?(a) 1 only (b) 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 310. With reference to Lok Adalats, which of the following statements is correct?

(a) Lok Adalata have the jurisdiction to settle the matters at pre-litigative stageand not those matters pending before any court

(b) Lok Adalats can deal with matters which are civil and not criminal in nature(c) Every Lok Adalat consists of either serving or retired judicial officers only

and not any other person(d) None of the statements given above is correct

11. Which one of the following statements is an appropriate description ofdeflation?

(a) It is a sudden fall in the value of a currency against other currencies(b) It is a persistent recession in both the financial and real sectors of


(c) It is a persistent fall in the general price level of goods and services(d) It is a fall in the rate of inflation over a period of time.

OBSERVATION AND ANALYSISAs per our observation and analysis of the above mentioned sample questions

given by UPSC, the aspirants may note that all the questions of Paper-I havealready appeared in General Studies question paper in the Civil Services(Preliminary) Examination, 2010, which was held on 23rd May, 2010.It can thus be inferred that UPSC has retained the same pattern, format and

difficulty level for Paper-I (previously known as General Studies Paper). In otherwords, UPSC has brought about no change in Paper-I.

PAPER-IIRead the following passage and answer the given questions. Your answers

should be drawn from the content of given passage only.The economy of contemporary India is a great paradox. It is a strange

combination of outstanding achievements as well as grave failures. Since

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independence, India has achieved remarkable progress in overcoming itseconomic backwardness. From being a very poor country in the 1950s anda ‘basket case’ in the mid 1960s, it has emerged as the fourth largesteconomy in the world (in terms of purchasing power parity). Our economy has

become one of the fastest growing economies in the world. Now the countryis one of the leading players in the world knowledge economy with vast

intellectual capital and booming software and information technology services.While our country has joined the league of the world’s top five fastest growing

economies, we are in the bottom 20 among all countries in terms of theHuman Development Index. While the country is celebrating its growth rate

and technological wonders, it is witnessing social contradictions and theparadox and ironies of development. Thus, there are ‘two Indias’ incontemporary India.

1. Why is the Indian economy considered ‘a great paradox’?

(a) It is a leading player in information technology services with low levels ofliteracy.

(b) There is poverty amidst plenty in agricultural produce.(c) It is one of the largest economies with low human development.

(d) It has scientific achievements with social contradictions.

2. Why is India being referred to as a leading player in the world knowledgeeconomy?

1. India’s knowledge base in science and technology is one of the world’sbest.

2. India has huge reserves of human intellectual capitals and informationtechnology services.

3. India is among the World’s five fastest growing economics and technologyreserves.

4. India has a huge reservoir of human capital and scientific knowledge exportpotential..3. What does the author imply by the phrase ‘two Indias’?

(a) There is the India that has vast intellectual capital and the other that islargely illiterate.

(b) There is the India of burgeoning growth and the India of widespread wantand misery.

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(c) There is the India of progressive mindsets and the other who are sociallyconservative.

(d) There is an India of outstanding achievements combined with giganticfailures.

4. Consider the following statement and also the conclusions. Answer thequestion that follows:

Statement : Education is in the Concurrent List. The State government cannotbring reforms in education without the consent of Central Government.

Conclusion I : For bringing about quick reforms in education, it should be inthe State List.

Conclusion II: States are not willing to bring about quick reforms in Education.Which one of the following is correct?(a) Conclusion –I only follows from the statement.(b) Conclusion –II only follows from the statement.

(c) Both conclusions I & II follow from the statement(d) Neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follow from the statement

5. Five persons P, Q, R, S, T are sitting in a row. Q is between P and T. To findwho among them is in the middle, which of the information given in the

following statements is/are sufficient?

1. P is left of Q and right of S.2. R is at the right end.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:(a) 1 only (b) 2 only

(c) Either 1 or 2 (d) Both 1 and 2

6. Which one among 1263 12,6,3,2 is the smallest one?

(a) 2 (b) 3 3

(c) 6 6 (d) 12 127. The following pie charts show that a man spends 10% on clothes, 20% on

rent, 30% on food and rest on miscellaneous items in the month of Januaryand spends 15% on clothes, 25% on rent, 35% on food and rest on

miscellaneous items in the month of February.

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Cloths Rent Food Miscellaneous


Consider the following statements:1. The money spent on food over rent in the month of January is same as

the money spent on food over rent in the month of February.2. The money spent on rent over clothes is same as money spent on food

over rent in the month of January.Which of the statements given above is/are correct?(a) 1 only (b) 2 only(c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Note: The following question would be in English Language only to test

English Language Comprehension.8. Whenever I had occasion to indulge in these surreptitious feasts, dinner at

home was out of question. My mother would naturally ask me to come andtake my food and want to know the reason why I did not wish to eat. I would

say to her, ‘I have no appetite today; there is something wrong with mydigestion.’ It was not without compunction that I devised these pretexts. Iknew I was lying, and lying to my mother. l also knew that, if my mother andfather came to know of my having become a meat-eater, they would be deeply

shocked. This knowledge was gnawing at my heart.Why did the author devise some pretexts not without compunction ?

(a) He wanted to keep away from home some times.(b) Surreptitious feasts thrilled him.

(c) Dinners outside were better than at home.(d) He wanted to eat meat.

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9. You have come across a case wherein an old sick lady is unable to submither life certificate and claim pension to meet her treatment expenses. Knowingyour superior’s procedural approach in handling issues, you…(a) Go strictly as per the procedures

(b) Take initiative to help the lady arranging for alternative documents(c) Assist the lady with some money on your own but do not compromise on

procedures.(d) Avoid some procedural steps since you understand the necessity of the

lady.10. You along with your friend were chatting in a restaurant over a cup of coffee.

Suddenly you heard an intense sound of blast very close by. You….(a) Jump on your feet and hold your friend tightly(b) Take your look away from the source of noise and start praying for the best(c) Start locating the source of noise

(d) Start shouting for help

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Date/Day Forenoon Session Afternoon Session

9.00 A. M. to 12.00 P.M. 2.00 P. M. to 5.00 P. M.

29.10.2010 General Studies Paper-I General Studies Paper-II


30.10.2010 Essay English


31.10.2010 Indian Language —

(Sunday) {Assamese/Bengali/Bodo/Dogri/





(Devanagari/Arabic Script)/Tamil/


02.11.2010 Political Science & International Political Science & International

(Tuesday) Relations Paper-I/ Relations Paper-II/

Public Administration Paper-I Public Administration Paper-II

03.11.2010 Geography Paper-I Geography Paper-II


04.11.2010 History Paper-I History Paper-II


08.11.2010 Literature of Literature of

(Monday) Arabic/Assamese/Bengali/Bodo/ Arabic/Assamese/Bengali/Bodo/

Chinese/Dogri/English/French/ Chinese/Dogri/English/French/

German/Gujarati/Hindi/Kannada/ German/Gujarati/Hindi/Kannada/

Kashmiri/Konkani/Maithili/ Kashmiri/Konkani/Maithili/

Malayalam/Manipuri/Marathi/Nepali/ Malayalam/Manipuri/Marathi/Nepali

Oriya/Pali/Persian/Punjabi/Russian/ Oriya/Pali/Persian/Punjabi/Russian/

Sanskrit/Santali/Sindhi (Devanagari/ Sanskrit/Santali/Sindhi (Devanagari/

Arabic Script)/Tamil/Telugu/Urdu Arabic Script)/Tamil/Telugu/Urdu

Language Paper-I Language Paper-II

09.11.2010 Philosophy Paper-I Philosophy Paper-II


10.11.2010 Sociology Paper-I/ Sociology Paper-II/

(Wednesday) Anthropology Paper-I Anthropology Paper-II

11.11.2010 Psychology Paper-I Psychology Paper-II


12.11.2010 Zoology Paper-I Zoology Paper-II

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13.11.2010 Law Paper-I Law Paper-II


15.11.2010 Economics Paper-I Economics Paper-II


16.11.2010 Commerce & Accountancy Paper-I/ Commerce & Accountancy Paper-II

(Tuesday) Management Paper-I Management Paper-II

18.11.2010 Civil Engg. Paper-I/Electrical Engg. Civil Engg.Paper-II/Electrical Engg.

(Thursday) Paper-I/Mechanical Engg. Paper-I/ Paper-II/Mechanical Engg. Paper-II/

Medical Science Paper-I Medical Science Paper-II

19.11.2010 Botany Paper-I Botany Paper-II


20.11.2010 Mathematics Paper-I/ Mathematics Paper-II/

(Saturday) Statistics Paper-I Statistics Paper-II

22.11.2010 Agriculture Paper-I/ Agriculture Paper-II/

(Monday) Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Animal Husbandry & Veterinary

Science Paper-I Science Paper-II

23.11.2010 Physics Paper-I Physics Paper-II


25.11.2010 Chemistry Paper-I Chemistry Paper-II


26.11.2010 Geology Paper-I Geology Paper-II


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