Home Children Records - Library and Archives Canada (2023)

  • Background
  • The Records
  • The Database
  • How to Interpret the Results
  • How to Access the Records or Obtain Copies
  • Credits
  • Other Resources

Search: Database


Between 1869 and the late 1930s, over 100,000 juvenile migrants were sent to Canada from the British Isles during the child emigration movement.

Our main Home Children page provides more detailed background information.

The Records

Library and Archives Canada (LAC) holds unique and extensive records about British Home Children, such as passenger lists, Immigration Branch correspondence files and inspection reports, non-government collections such as the Middlemore Home fonds, as well as indexes to some records held in the United Kingdom. Most documents have been created in English.

Members of the British Isles Family History Society of Greater Ottawa (BIFHSGO) and other volunteers, and staff of the Genealogy section at Library and Archives Canada, contributed to the indexing of Home Children names for this database.

This database includes names indexed from the following Canadian immigration records:

  • Passenger lists from 1869 to 1921 and 1925 to 1932 (RG76): These lists constitute the official record of immigration to Canada in those years and are arranged by date and port of arrival. They were consulted to find names of Home Children. The lists have been digitized and can be viewed online through our Passenger Lists 1865-1922 database. Form30A immigration records (1919 to 1924) were not systematically indexed, but other sources were consulted for the years 1922 to 1924.

The annual Sessional Papers for the Immigration Branch were sometimes used to help identify particular parties of children when the passenger lists did not provide precise details.

When passenger lists were not available or partially illegible, other Canadian immigration records were consulted to identify children or help decipher the names such as:

  • Department of Agriculture (RG17): Prior to 1892, the Immigration Branch was under the jurisdiction of the Department of Agriculture. The General Correspondence Series includes some correspondence between the Immigration Branch and various sending organizations. These records are not available on microfilm or online.

  • Immigration Branch, Central Registry Files (RG76 B1a): These files include correspondence between the Immigration Branch and various sending organizations. Files may contain annual reports, information booklets and some lists of the names of children sent to Canada. Relevant files in that series cover the years 1892 to the early 1930s. Available on microfilm and online.

  • Immigration Form 30A (RG76 C1j): From 1919 to 1924, individual Form 30A records were used instead of passenger lists. Available on microfilm and online.

  • Juvenile Inspection Reports (RG76 C4c): These reports, which date mostly from the 1920s, recorded the inspection visits to individual children in the years after their arrival. Available on microfilm and online.

  • Manifest indexes (RG76 C2): Transcripts created by the former Immigration Branch in which the names on each passenger list were grouped alphabetically for that ship. They include fewer details than the corresponding passenger lists. These indexes are arranged by date of arrival, regardless of port. They cover the years 1906 to 1920. Available on microfilm and online.

Names of Home Children were also indexed from non-Canadian immigration records such as:

  • Outwards passenger lists: Passenger lists for ships leaving ports in the United Kingdom. These lists are in the Board of Trade series at the National Archives in England.

  • Records held by of other institutions: When a reference is provided to documents held by another institution, such as the Colonel Laurie's Papers at the Nova Scotia Archives, you must contact the specified office for information about those records.

  • U.S. passenger lists: Some groups of children arrived at American ports and are recorded on American passenger lists held at the U.S. National Archives.

This database also includes names indexed from other various archival records or published sources from the:

  • Canadian Department of Agriculture
  • Canadian Immigration Branch, Central Registry Files
  • Catholic Emigration Association, England
  • Charlotte A. Alexander, England
  • Chorlton Union, England
  • Barnardo's Homes, England
  • Father Berry's Home, England
  • Father Hudson Society Archives, Coleshill, Birmingham, United Kingdom
  • Fegan Distributing Home, Toronto, Ontario
  • Gibb Home, Sherbrooke, Quebec
  • Girls' Friendly Society, England
  • Isle of Man
  • Leeds Board of Guardians, England
  • Middlemore Children's Emigration Homes, England
  • National Children's Home, Hamilton, Ontario
  • Nugent Care and other Catholic Liverpool Agencies, England
  • Soeurs de la Charité, Rimouski, Quebec
  • West Derby Union, children sent to Canada by Father Berry's Home, England
  • Westminster Catholic Diocese, London, England

This database also includes names of Home Children:

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  • Sent by Maria Rye to Canada from 1869 to 1879
  • Enlisted in the Canadian Expeditionary Forces and who died in the First World War.

In addition to the names of Home Children, some of the records that were indexed include the names of:

  • Some unaccompanied juvenile migrants who were not Home Children
  • Some older boys who were recruited for farm training schemes
  • Some older children and young adults who were recruited by immigration agents in the U.K. for farming and domestic work in Canada
  • Some Armenian orphans who arrived with Home Children groups
  • Some young adults who had been in care as children and travelled as chaperones for the organizations

The Database

The database provides access to more than 245,000 names of Home Children from records held at Library and Archives Canada and elsewhere.

The content of the database entries reflects the original language used in the documents. This information was not translated.

Important note: Given that some of the original documents are very difficult to read, some entries in the database may be incorrect and/or incomplete.

Search Screen

The search screen allows you to search by:

  • Keywords
  • Surname
  • Given Name(s)
  • Ship
  • Year of Arrival
  • Code

You can enter optional terms in the Keyword field, such as the destination or sending organization, for example Brockville or Middlemore.

Search Tips

  • Try searching with just the initial for the given name.
  • Try variations of the given name, e.g. Lizzie might be used instead of Elizabeth, Bert for Albert, Jack for John, etc.
  • You can search with just the surname.
  • You can use the * wildcard, e.g. McDon* for McDonell/McDonald, etc.
  • You can leave the other search fields blank if you don't know other details.
  • Do not enter S.S. (Steamship) when searching by name of ship e.g. enter TUNISIAN, not S.S. TUNISIAN.

You can narrow your search by including additional search terms, but keep in mind that if your request is too specific you may rule out possibilities of which you are unaware. For example, the child may have been sent by a different organization than the one you believe, or he/she may have arrived in a different year.

Note that the name of the sending organization might not appear in the passenger list.

The code enables you to find children that travelled together. For references from passenger lists, you will obtain the relevant code in the item page for each child. For more information about the code, see the field description called Children travelling together under the Item Page section below.

When you have entered your search terms, click on "Search". The number of hits found will be shown at the top of the results screen.

How to Interpret the Results

Your search results will be posted as a results summary list from which you will be able to obtain more detailed descriptions.

Search Results Page

The search results page displays the following fields:

  • Surname
  • Given Name(s)
  • Age
  • Gender
  • Ship
  • Year of Arrival

If there is no age, gender, ship or year of arrival associated to an entry, that field will be blank on the search results page.

Click on the underlined surname of a child to access the Item page, which contains additional information specific to that child.

Item Page

Depending on what details are contained in the actual record, the item page will include some, but not all, of the following fields:

  • Given Name(s): The child's given name as recorded on the document. This may be only an initial and not the full name.

  • Surname: The child's surname as recorded on the document.

  • Possible Surname: A spelling variation or a possible surname as suggested by the indexer.

  • Gender: Male or female.

  • Age: The child's age at the time of arrival in Canada.

  • Date of Document on which the age was recorded: The format is yyyy-mm-dd.

  • Date of Birth: The format is yyyy-mm-dd.

  • Place of Birth: The child's place of birth as recorded on the document.

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  • Date of Death: The format is yyyy-mm-dd.

  • Age at Time of Death: Only for children enlisted in the Canadian Expeditionary Force during the First World War.

  • Place of Burial: The place of burial as recorded on the document.

  • Siblings: Given names of any siblings that are identified in the document.

  • Year of Arrival: Year of arrival in Canada.

  • Ship: The name of the ship on which the child arrived in Canada.

  • Date of Departure: Date on which the ship sailed. The format is yyyy-mm-dd.

  • Port of Departure: Port from which the ship sailed.

  • Date of Arrival: Date on which the ship landed. The format is yyyy-mm-dd.

  • Port of Arrival: Port in Canada in which the ship landed. Note that some ships arrived at American ports and the children traveled from there to their Canadian destination by train.

  • Party: Name of the organization that sent the child or with whom he or she traveled. Some smaller organizations sent children with groups from larger agencies.

  • Sent By: Name of the organization that sent the child.

  • Destination: Destination of the child, for example Brockville, where the Quarrier home was located. The passenger lists did not record each child's final destination, which was determined by the receiving home after their arrival.

  • Children travelling together: A code was assigned to each group of children travelling together as found on a passenger list.

  • Comments: Notes recorded on the document or by the researcher regarding the entry. For example "Children listed as from Birmingham, England."

  • Address in United Kingdom: For Middlemore records only. The address as given in the document.

  • Guardian: For Middlemore records only. The name of the guardian of the child as given in the document.

  • Taken into Care by: The name of the individual, organization or Union that took responsibility of the child in England.

  • Date of Admission: The date when the child was admitted into an organization in the British Isles. The format is yyyy-mm-dd.

  • Date of Application: For Middlemore records only. The date when an application was filled to send the child to Canada. The format is yyyy-mm-dd.

  • Date of Document or 1st Document: For Middlemore records only. The format is yyyy-mm-dd.

  • Date of Last Document: For Middlemore records only. The format is yyyy-mm-dd.

  • Place of First Settlement: Place in Canada where the child was first sent into a receiving home or placed with a family.

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  • Individual with whom the child was first placed: The name of the farmer or other individual associated with the child's first placement in Canada.

  • Date of Enlistment: The date when the former Home Child enlisted in the Canadian Expeditionary Force during the First World War. The format is yyyy-mm-dd.

  • Place of Enlistment: The place in Canada where the former Home Child enlisted in the Canadian Expeditionary Force during the First World War.

  • Rank: The rank in the Canadian Expeditionary Force at the time of death.

  • Regimental Number: The regimental number in the Canadian Expeditionary Force.

  • Unit: The unit in the Canadian Expeditionary Force.

  • Event: For the Ups and Downs and Guild Messenger magazines only. Category of the article.

  • Notes: The indexers have noted when details are relevant to a particular child, for example when the name or age were illegible or difficult to decipher. The indexers leave the field blank or interpret it to the best of their ability.

  • Type of Records: Passenger lists or other types of immigration-related records.

  • Title of Record: Title of the document or publication.

  • Page Number

  • Case Number

  • Report Number

  • File Number

  • Total Number of pages in this file

  • Issue Number: For magazines only.

  • Volume Number

  • Family History Library Microfilm Reel Number

  • Microfilm Reel Number: The LAC microfilm reel on which the passenger list or other record appears.

  • Reference: Publication reference or archival reference for this entry, either from Library and Archives Canada or another institution.

  • Source: Name of the organization where the records are held.

  • Database Item Number: Unique number assigned to each entry of the database. NOT to be used for ordering copies.

To suggest a correction, click on the Suggest a Correction link to access an electronic form.

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To return to the Search Results page, click on the Back button of your browser in the upper left corner of your screen.

Important Note: When reading some database entries and the actual records, keep in mind that some comments about the children reflect what was written at the time. Words that would be considered offensive and unacceptable today were unfortunately used in that period.

How to Access the Records or Obtain Copies

This database includes entries from many sources, most of which are held at Library and Archives Canada. First, check carefully the content of the following fields of the database entry you found:

  • Title of Record
  • Page Number
  • File Number
  • Issue Number
  • Volume Number
  • Microfilm Reel Number
  • Reference
  • Source

Then, review the following sections for information about how to access the records.

For sources held at Library and Archives Canada, you can visit LAC and view the records on site. You do not need to pre-order material because most of the items are in self-serve areas. The only exceptions are First World War files that are not yet digitized and records from the RG17 fonds, which must be pre-ordered before your visit.

Entries with References for Microfilm Reels with "C" and "T" Prefixes

Library and Archives Canada does not provide copies of records that are already digitized on our website or on our partner site Héritage. Visit the following sites to view the digitized records online:

  • Passenger lists 1865-1922
  • FamilySearch: Passenger lists, 1881-1922
  • Digitized Microforms: Passenger Lists, 1925-1935
  • Digitized Microforms: Ocean Arrivals Form 30A, 1919-1924
  • Héritage: Immigration Branch: Central Registry Files (RG76 B1a)
  • Héritage: Juvenile Inspection Reports (RG76 C4c)

Search Tip

On Héritage, enter the reel number in the search box, e.g. C-5219. If the reel is digitized, click on the reel title to see the images. You can browse through the page images; the content (text) is not searchable.

Entries with References from RG17, for Microfilm Reels with “A” Prefixes (including Middlemore MG28 I492 records) and for Published Material with CS88 Call Numbers

Those records are not digitized and not available online. You can order a copy of the page from Library and Archives Canada. For costs of copies, see Prices, time frames and delivery-- Regular Copies. On the online order form, be sure to include the child's name and the complete citation as it appears in the database.

Note that there are some duplicate database entries because some RG17 files were included in different indexing projects.

Ordering Copies of Middlemore Records (MG28 I492)

Restrictions apply to the release of information from records less than 100 years old. Records over 100 years are now open; however, many of those records are found on the same microfilm reels as restricted records, which makes the entire reel restricted. For that reason, regardless of the date of the documents you are requesting, you must submit the Application for Access form [PDF 229 KB].

When you submit your online order, you will receive an e-mail acknowledgement with your order number. You can then send a scanned image of the signed form to bac.reproduction.lac@canada.ca with your order number.

Entries with References from Barnardo’s Homes Ups and Downs and the Guild Messenger Magazines

  • Some issues from 1895 to 1903 are digitized on Canadiana. Enter Ups and Downs in the search box.
  • If the database entry includes a microfilm reel number, some of those issues are digitized online at The Dr. Barnardo Magazine Ups and Downs.
  • If the database entry does not include a microfilm reel,or if the issue is not online,you can order a copy of the page from Library and Archives Canada. For costs of copies, see Prices, time frames and delivery-- Regular Copies. On the online order form, be sure to include the child's name and the complete citation as it appears in the database.

Entries with References from the Index of Home Children who died in the First World War

References to the service files of those who served with the Canadian Expeditionary Force can be found in our Soldiers of the First World War 1914-1918 database. Most of the corresponding attestation (enlistment) papers have been scanned and can be viewed online.The complete service files contain documents relating to postings, pay, medical history, hospitalization, medal entitlements, discharge or notification of death, etc.Links to additional information about the files, abbreviations used, and how to read the medal card and other documents, can be found in the database's introductory page.

Library and Archives Canada is digitizing the First World War files.When a file has been digitized, a link called 'Digitized service file - PDF format' is added to the database entry. If there is no pdf link, it means the file has not yet been digitized. See the section in that database's introductory page on How to Order Copies.

For more information about military burials, visit our War Graves page.

Entries with References from Maria Rye Index, 1869-1879

Those database entries include transcripts of some of the records that were consulted by the indexer. For more information about the sources, see the Maria Rye Index, 1869-1879: Notes about the Sources and the Ships.

Entries with References for Records not Held at Library and Archives Canada

  • American Passenger Lists: Some groups of Home Children arrived at American ports and are recorded on American passenger lists held at U.S. National Archives. Those lists have been digitized on Ancestry (subscription required); this site is available free at many public libraries.

  • Colonel Laurie's Papers: That register is held at the Nova Scotia Archives, but a full transcript is available online at Mrs. Louisa Birt's Children 1873-1876.

  • Other sources: When a reference is provided to documents held by any other institution, you must contact the specified office for information about those records.

  • Outward Passenger Lists: Those lists are held at the National Archives in England. They are digitized on Ancestry (subscription required), which is available free at many public libraries, and also on FindMyPast (subscription required).


Library and Archives Canada gratefully acknowledges the contribution of the British Isles Family History Society of Greater Ottawa and its volunteers, without which this project would not have been possible. In particular, we would like to thank John Sayers, who coordinated the BIFHSGO volunteer indexing project and contributed in many ways to the database partnership with LAC.

Library and Archives Canada would like to thank the late Mr. Brian Rolfe, who donated the microfilm of the Dr. Barnardo's Homes Ups and Downs magazine and initiated that indexing project.

Library and Archives Canada would like to thank Gail Collins, who compiled the index to Maria Rye children who were sent to Canada between 1869 and 1879.

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Library and Archives Canada would like to thank Lori Oschefski, Dawn Heuston, Jenn Layne, Carol Black, Dona Crawford, Marjorie Kohli and Perry Snow for their work on identifying Home Children who enlisted in the Canadian Expeditionary Forces during the First World War and who died during the war.

Other Resources

For information about Library and Archives Canada archival records and published sources, as well as links to other organizations and websites, please consult our Home Children, 1869-1932 page.

Files on individual children were created and maintained by the sending organizations. To find out about possible sources, please consult our Guide to Sending Organizations and Receiving Homes.


Does Canada have a national archives? ›

Library and Archives Canada (LAC) helps Canadians gain a better understanding of who they are. It serves as the continuing memory of the federal government and its institutions and as the guardian of Canada's distant past and recent history.

How did the British home children contribute to Canada? ›

Most of the British Home Children sent to Canada were hosted by farm families, where they would be put to work. The boys tended to be employed for farm labour while the girls would perform domestic duties in the home, as well as help out in the fields.

Was Anne of Green Gables a British home child? ›

Did you know that the popular, braided red-headed Anne of Green Gables was a Middlemore "Home Child"? Read more about the real orphans who emigrated to Canada between 1869-1970.

Who runs Library and Archives Canada? ›

Library and Archives Canada
Agency overview
Minister responsiblePablo Rodriguez, Minister of Canadian Heritage
Parent agencyCanadian Heritage
17 more rows

How do I find relatives in Canada? ›

Major indexes, especially census indexes, are great tools for locating ancestors. There may also be indexes to biographies, land records, military records, probate records, and tax records for Canada or one of the provinces.

What is Canadian archival system? ›

The CAS architecture. This involves appraising, selecting, acquiring, conserving, arranging, describing and making accessible archival records in all documentary media, of both public and private origin, which are of enduring value in recording all aspects of Canadian life.

How were home children treated in Canada? ›

While some children did in fact find homes and families in Canada, others found nothing but poverty and misery. While many were well treated, many others experienced appalling living and working conditions and even in some cases psychological, physical or sexual violence.

Why were indigenous children taken from their parents in Canada? ›

And so following the Indian residential schools in Canada, Indigenous children were further being taken from their families, usually justified through means of poverty or addictions. And they would be placed intentionally with non-Indigenous families.

When did orphanages end in Canada? ›

During the 1920's, the growing acceptance of foster care led to orphanage closures.

Where did the Irish orphans settle in Canada? ›

Nearly 90,000 landed at the Grosse Île quarantine station before continuing to places including Québec City, Montréal, Canada West and the United States. The second major point of entry was the Partridge Island quarantine station outside Saint John, New Brunswick, which processed nearly 17,000 migrants.

Were British children sent to Canada in ww2? ›

They were evacuated to Canada as part of a larger group of 24 children evacuated privately from Byron House School in Highgate, London. They stayed in Canada between 1940 and 1944, and were accommodated in a number of large private houses.

What was it like to be a child in Canada in the 1800s? ›

In the 19th century, children and youth were important contributors to the family economy. Most children learned by working alongside adults. Children's work, both paid and unpaid, was crucial to their own and to their families' well-being and survival.

What library is split between US and Canada? ›

The Haskell Free Library and Opera House (French: Bibliothèque et salle d'opéra Haskell) is a Victorian building that straddles the Canada–United States border, in Rock Island (now part of Stanstead), Quebec and Derby Line, Vermont, respectively.

What is the oldest library in Canada? ›

The first known library belonged to Marc LESCARBOT, a scholar and advocate who came to PORT-ROYAL in 1606. Early religious orders accumulated libraries: volumes from the Canadian Jesuit Mission of 1632 and the Jesuit College in Québec City (established 1635) still exist.

Do authors get paid for library books Canada? ›

The Canada Council for the Arts distributes payments to over 18,000 Canadian authors annually through the Public Lending Right (PLR) Program as compensation for free public access to their books in Canadian public libraries.

How can I find my ancestors in Canada for free? ›

Canadian family history: The best websites
  1. Library and Archives Canada.
  2. Canadiana.
  3. Manitoba Archives.
  4. Passenger Lists.
  5. Dictionary of Canadian Biographies.
  6. The Ancestor Hunt.
Mar 27, 2023

What is the best genealogy site for Canada? ›

These websites include a wide range of genealogy resources and links.
  • Ancestry Ancestry is one of LAC's partners. ...
  • Canada GenWeb: find links by province, territory and subject.
  • Canadiana: search digitized historical publications and newspapers.
  • FamilySearch FamilySearch is one of LACs partners.
Dec 19, 2022

How do I find long lost family members in Canada? ›

Searching for a birth family or relative
  1. Adoption Council of Canada / Conseil d'adoption du Canada. ...
  2. Canadian Adoptees Registry. ...
  3. Adoption reunion services. ...
  4. MB: Family Services, post-adoption registry; www.gov.mb.ca/fs/childfam/registry.

What is the difference between records and archival? ›

To put it simply, most records management responsibilities are concerned with how records are created and distributed today, and most archival responsibilities are concerned with how records were used in the past (or how today's records will be viewed by future historians).

What is the difference between archival and archive? ›

An archive is a collection of older things such as books, music, or documents. Many librarians and curators collect and care for archives. Anything archival relates to an archive. An archival record documents everything in an archive, such as an archive of 19th century poetry.

What are the three types of archives? ›

Types of archives
  • College and university archives: typically preserve materials related to the university or college. ...
  • Corporate archives: manage and preserve records of that business. ...
  • Government or national archives: may collect materials related to all levels of government.
Mar 29, 2023

What happened with Indigenous children in Canada? ›

Indigenous children in many parts of Canada were forced to attend residential schools, often far from their communities. Most were operated by churches, and all of them banned the use of Indigenous languages and Indigenous cultural practices, often through violence.

What did Canada do to stop residential schools? ›

To help communities deal with these buildings and the painful memories they represent, Canada committed $100.1 million through Indigenous Services Canada to support community plans to manage former residential school buildings on reserves.

What did Canada do for residential school survivors? ›

In 2005, Canada and nearly 80,000 Survivors reached the Indian Residential School Settlement Agreement in which Canada committed to individual compensation for Survivors, additional funding for the Aboriginal Healing Foundation, and the creation of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission.

How many children's bodies were found in Canada? ›

The effort to fully document the children that never returned home from the schools remains ongoing. The Truth and Reconciliation Commission identified 1,953 children, 477 where additional investigation is required and an additional 1,242 students who have known to have died but their names are not yet known.

What happened to Indigenous children in Canada between 1867 and 1996? ›

Between 1867 and 1996, the Canadian state abducted more than 150,000 Indigenous children from their parents and forced them into these schools as part of a campaign of forced assimilation. Thousands were subject to physical, emotional and sexual abuse. According to the official register, 3,213 died.

What is the 60s scoop in Canada? ›

The term Sixties Scoop was coined by Patrick Johnston, author of the 1983 report Native Children and the Child Welfare System. It refers to the mass removal of Aboriginal children from their families into the child welfare system, in most cases without the consent of their families or bands.

How many children go unadopted in Canada? ›

"Nobody pays much attention to them. It's estimated that more than 20,000 children across Canada are permanent wards of the state, meaning a bureaucracy is their legal guardian. But each year only about 1,200 become adopted, giving them homes.

What is the oldest orphanage in America? ›

The first orphanage was established in the United States in 1729 to care for White children, orphaned by a conflict between Indians and Whites at Natchez, Mississippi.

Did Canada have mother and baby homes? ›

Maternity homes do still exist in Canada and the United States, but the aim today is to support pregnant young women instead of to hide them. Most modern maternity homes include parenting classes and adoption is not treated as the only option for young mothers.

Why are there so many Irish in Canada? ›

Irish surnames are commonplace in Canada, mostly due to huge rates of immigration in the aftermath of Ireland's Great Famine in 1845. Hundreds of thousands of destitute Irish arrived in Canadian harbours like Halifax and Saint John, as well as ports on Lake Ontario.

Why did so many Irish come to Canada? ›

Irish Immigration. Pre-Confederation British North America became home to thousands of people fleeing poverty or oppression in their homelands with hopes to build a better life. In the 1840s, Irish peasants came to Canada in vast numbers to escape a famine that swept Ireland.

What is the most Irish town in Canada? ›

A National Historic Site, the outport community on Fogo Island has survived relatively untouched for eight generations, and is so distinctively Celtic that the BBC called the area “Canada's little-known Emerald Isle.” The Irish Times dubbed it “the most Irish island in the world,” and “Irish on the rocks.”

What happened to children in Canada during the war? ›

During the war, Canadian children contributed and sacrificed in many ways. Youth were constantly encouraged by their teachers, family and friends to support the home front effort. With most able-bodied men overseas, there were not enough farm workers to harvest the crops.

Why did the UK export children to Canada? ›

In the absence of meaningful intervention by the government of the day to assist the poor, well-intentioned philanthropists in Britain literally exported as many as 100,000 Home Children to Canada between 1869 and the Great Depression to serve as cheap farm labour.

How many babies were born after ww2 in Canada? ›

World War II generation includes people born between 1941 and 1945. During that time, the number of births registered every year increased from 255,300 in 1941 to 288,700 in 1945. About 1.4 million people, or 4% of the total population in 2011, were born between 1941 and 1945.

What did British home children do in Canada? ›

British Home Children in Canada

Most of the British Home Children sent to Canada were hosted by farm families, where they would be put to work. The boys tended to be employed for farm labour while the girls would perform domestic duties in the home, as well as help out in the fields.

Who was the first child born in Canada? ›

Jonathan Guy, the son of Newfoundland settler Nicholas Guy, was the first child born to English parents in Canada, and one of the first born in any part of North America within a permanent settlement.

How many indigenous children were taken from Canada? ›

Starting in the 1880's and for much of the 20th century, more than 150,000 children from hundreds of indigenous communities across Canada were forcibly taken from their parents by the government and sent to what were called Residential Schools.

What town is in both Canadian and US? ›

Derby Line is an incorporated village in the town of Derby in Orleans County, Vermont, United States, slightly north of the 45th parallel, the nominal U.S.-Canada boundary. The population was 687 at the 2020 census.

What library sits directly on the border of Canada and the United States? ›

The US-Canada border cuts through the Haskell Free Library and Opera House, built more than 100 years ago.

What is the border between Canada and US called? ›

The border between the United States and Canada is officially known as the "International Boundary," or just the "Canada-U.S. Border" (in French the frontiere Canada-Etats-Unis).

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1. Vancouver Public Library (Central Library Branch) Considered a world-class metropolis, Vancouver is home to one of the most prestigious libraries in the world: the Van...

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The Library of Alexandria

Following Alexander the Great's death in 323 B.C., control of Egypt fell to his former general Ptolemy I Soter, who sought to establish a center of learning in the city of Alexandria. The result was the Library of Alexandria, which eventually became the intellectual jewel of the ancient world.

What country has the oldest library in the world? ›

Both works, as well as 4,000 other rare books, can be found at the world's oldest continually operating library. Al-Qarawiyyin library in Fez, Morocco opened in 1359 C.E., at the University of Al-Qarawiyyin (also the world's oldest, built in 859 C.E.).

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Entry-level positions start at $49,214 per year, while most experienced workers make up to $104,956 per year.

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Public libraries provide books, CDs, DVDs, computer access, Internet access, workshops, classes, and education to everyone in the community – and they're completely free to join! As long as you live in a city, you're entitled to borrow books from the library and you can use all the services they have to offer.

How much money does a librarian make in Canada? ›

Find out what the average Librarian salary is

The average librarian salary in Canada is $70,565 per year or $36.19 per hour. Entry-level positions start at $56,137 per year, while most experienced workers make up to $83,504 per year.

What country is the National Archives in? ›

Located at the National Archives Building in Washington, DC, these exhibits are open every day except Thanksgiving Day and December 25: National Archives Museum. Declaration of Independence. Constitution of the United States.

Who is the chief archivist of Canada? ›

Since her first appointment in August 2019, Leslie Weir has led Library and Archives Canada through a series of exceptional challenges and major initiatives.

Can anyone access the National Archives? ›

Anyone can use the National Archives. You do not need to be an American citizen or to present credentials or a letter of recommendation.

Does the US have National Archives? ›

The National Archives and Records Administration preserves U.S. government records, manages the Presidential Libraries system, and publishes laws, regulations, Presidential, and other public documents.

What is the most famous National Archives? ›

Our most famous early record is Domesday Book, which dates back to 1086, and our more contemporary records include those from Margaret Thatcher's government in the 1980s.

What is the biggest archive in the world? ›

From the Domesday Book to modern government papers, the National Archives' collection of more than 11m historical government and public records is one of the world's largest.

How many National Archives are there in the US? ›

From one building on Pennsylvania Avenue, the National Archives now has over 40 facilities nationwide including field archives, Federal Records Centers, Presidential Libraries, the Office of the Federal Register, the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC), the Information Security Oversight ...

Who runs the Canadian Encyclopedia? ›

A project of the not-for-profit organization Historica Canada, The Canadian Encyclopedia is non-partisan and apolitical. It is not affiliated with any government or political party.

Are national archivists librarians? ›

In broad terms, a librarian tends to help patrons find information and conduct research, while an archivist is in charge of processing, appraising, and cataloging important documents and records. So while at first, the two careers seem similar, the daily routines of these roles are actually quite different.

Who is the current Archivist? ›

Archivists of the United States
Adrienne ThomasNovember 5, 2009
10David FerrieroApril 30, 2022
Debra Steidel WallIncumbent
12 more rows

Why can't you take pictures in The National Archives? ›

Why can't I take photographs in the National Archives Museum? Historical documents are fragile and can fade when exposed to light. The National Archives must balance keeping documents available for visitors to view with our need to preserve them for future generations.

Can you just walk into The National Archives? ›

Entry to the National Archives is free. Reservations are not required for individuals or groups wishing to enter the National Archives Museum through the General Public Entrance, but reservations are strongly suggested between March and Labor Day to avoid potentially long lines outside.

Who took documents out of The National Archives? ›

Robert Bradford Murphy and Elizabeth Irene Murphy-1963

Murphy worked during the evening hours in the research room when only two staff members were present. He also stole documents charged out by other researchers when they left the room for a break.

What is the oldest document in the National Archives? ›

The oldest written record identified so far is a set of fragments from a manuscript Talmud dating from about 1100. The fragments were sent to the State Department in 1933 as evidence to support a claim against Turkey brought by Ephraim Deinard, an antiquities collector.

Can you view National Archives online? ›

Yes, our usual terms of use will still apply – digital copies can be downloaded for non-commercial private use and educational purposes only, and bulk downloads and web crawlers are not permitted.

What are the largest archives in the US? ›

The Library of Congress (LOC) is the world's largest library and one of the United States' premiere research institutions for the early Americas. Its holdings are vast and contain some of humanity's most unique and valuable cultural objects.


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